# blood

## Definitions

• THEY SWORE THE BLOOD-REVENGE
• WordNet 3.6
• v blood smear with blood, as in a hunting initiation rite, where the face of a person is smeared with the blood of the kill
• n blood temperament or disposition "a person of hot blood"
• n blood the fluid (red in vertebrates) that is pumped through the body by the heart and contains plasma, blood cells, and platelets "blood carries oxygen and nutrients to the tissues and carries away waste products","the ancients believed that blood was the seat of the emotions"
• n blood people viewed as members of a group "we need more young blood in this organization"
• n blood the descendants of one individual "his entire lineage has been warriors"
• n blood a dissolute man in fashionable society
• ***

SPRINKLING THE BLOOD
Taking the Blood Pressure
When I come to think the matter over in cold blood
CIRCULATION OF THE BLOOD

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
• Interesting fact: Dueling is legal in Paraguay as long as both parties are registered blood donors
• Blood A bloodthirsty or murderous disposition. "He was a thing of blood , whose every motion
Was timed with dying cries."
• Blood A man of fire or spirit; a fiery spark; a gay, showy man; a rake. "Seest thou not . . . how giddily 'a turns about all the hot bloods between fourteen and five and thirty?""It was the morning costume of a dandy or blood ."
• Blood (Stock Breeding) Descent from parents of recognized breed; excellence or purity of breed.
• Blood Descent; lineage; especially, honorable birth; the highest royal lineage. "Give us a prince of blood , a son of Priam.""I am a gentleman of blood and breeding."
• Blood Relationship by descent from a common ancestor; consanguinity; kinship. "To share the blood of Saxon royalty.""A friend of our own blood ."
• Blood Temper of mind; disposition; state of the passions; -- as if the blood were the seat of emotions. "When you perceive his blood inclined to mirth."
• Blood The fleshy nature of man. "Nor gives it satisfaction to our blood ."
• Blood The fluid which circulates in the principal vascular system of animals, carrying nourishment to all parts of the body, and bringing away waste products to be excreted. See under Arterial.
• Blood The juice of anything, especially if red. "He washed . . . his clothes in the blood of grapes."
• Blood The shedding of blood; the taking of life, murder; manslaughter; destruction. "So wills the fierce, avenging sprite,
Till blood for blood atones."
• Blood To bleed.
• Blood To give (hounds or soldiers) a first taste or sight of blood, as in hunting or war. "It was most important too that his troops should be blooded ."
• Blood To heat the blood of; to exasperate. "The auxiliary forces of the French and English were much blooded one against another."
• Blood To stain, smear or wet, with blood. "Reach out their spears afar,
And blood their points."
• ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
• Interesting fact: The water inside of a coconut is identical to human blood plasma. Many lives in third world countries have been saved from coconut water fed through an IV
• n blood The fluid which circulates in the arteries and veins. From it the solid tissues take their food and oxygen, and into it they discharge their waste products. The blood is red in vertebrates, except amphioxus, and colorless, red, bluish, greenish, or milky in other animals. In passing through the lungs (see circulation) it is oxygenated and gives up carbon dioxid; then, after passing through the heart, it is carried as arterial blood by the arteries to the tissues; from the tissues it is returned to the heart through the veins, deprived of its nutrient properties, as venous blood. The venous blood of the Craniota is dark-red, the arterial bright-scarlet. The specific gravity of human blood in health is about 1.055. The blood consists of a fluid pale-yellow plasma and semi-solid corpuscles; the latter constitute between one third and one half of it; they are of two kinds, red and white. In a cubic millimeter of healthy human blood there are about 5,000,000 corpuscles, the red being to the white on the average about as 350 to 1. The red corpuscles are flat biconcave disks, non-nucleated and almost always round in mammals, and nucleated and almost always oval in other Craniota. Their diameter averages in man about 7.5 micromillimeters ( inch), while in Amphiuma tridactylum the longer diameter is 67.2 micromillimeters ( inch). Their color is due to hemoglobin, which constitutes about 90 per cent. of their dried substance. The white corpuscles are nucleated, slightly larger than the red in man, and exhibit active amœboid movements. Animal blood is used in clarifying sugar, in making animal charcoal, as a manure, and in many other ways.
• n blood Blood that is shed; bloodshed; slaughter; murder.
• n blood The responsibility or guilt of shedding the blood of others.
• n blood From being popularly regarded as the fluid in which more especially the life resides, as the seat of feelings, passions, hereditary qualities, etc., the word blood has come to be used typically, or with certain associated ideas, in a number of different ways. Thus— The vital principle; life.
• n blood Fleshly nature; the carnal part of man, as opposed to the spiritual nature or divine life.
• n blood Temper of mind; natural disposition; high spirit; mettle; passion; anger: in this sense often accompanied with cold or warm, or other qualifying word. Thus, to commit an act in cold blood is to do it deliberately and without sudden passion. Hot or warm blood denotes a temper inflamed or irritated; to warm or heat the blood is to excite the passions.
• n blood A man of fire or spirit; a hot spark; a rake.
• n blood Persons of any specified race, nationality, or family, considered collectively.
• n blood Birth; extraction; parentage; breed; absolutely, high birth; good extraction: often qualified by such adjectives as good, base, etc.
• n blood One who inherits the blood of another; child; collectively, offspring; progeny.
• n blood Relationship by descent from a common ancestor; consanguinity; lineage; kindred; family.
• n blood That which resembles blood; the juice of anything, especially if red: as, “the blood of grapes,” Gen. xlix. 11.
• n blood A disease in cattle.
• n blood A commercial name for red coral.
• n blood Offspring; progeny; child or children: as, one's own flesh and blood should be preferred to strangers.
• n blood To be put to death.
• blood To let blood from; bleed by opening a vein.
• blood To stain with blood.
• blood Hence To give a taste of blood; inure to the sight of blood.
• blood To heat the blood of; excite; exasperate.
• blood To victimize; extract money from (a person); bleed.
• n blood In animal-breeding, and by analogy in plant-breeding, the peculiar character of an individual conceived as transmissible.
• blood In leather-coloring, to apply a coating of blood to, in order to obtain a good black.
• ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
• Interesting fact: Seven percent of a humans body wieght is made up of blood
• n Blood blud the red fluid in the arteries and veins of men and animals: descent, of human beings, good birth: relationship, kindred: elliptically for a blood-horse, one of good pedigree: a rake or swaggering dandy about town: the blood-royal, as in 'princes of blood:' temperament: bloodshed or murder: the juice of anything, esp. if red: the supposed seat of passion—hence temper, anger, as in the phrase, 'his blood is up,' &c.: the sensual nature of man
• v.t Blood to make bloody
• ***

## Quotations

• Sir Walter Scott
“Ambition breaks the ties of blood, and forgets the obligations of gratitude.”
• Joyce Carol Oates
“We are linked by blood, and blood is memory without language.”
• Charles F. Kettering
“The future can be anything we want it to be, providing we have the faith and that we realize that peace, no less than war, required blood and sweat and tears.”
• Charles Kingsley
“Young blood must have its course, lad, and every dog its day.”
• Martin Luther
“No one need think that the world can be ruled without blood. The civil sword shall and must be red and bloody.”
• Don Marquis
“Blood will tell, but often it tells too much.”

## Idioms

Bad blood - If people feel hate because of things that happened in the past, there is bad blood between them.
***
Blood and thunder - An emotional speech or performance is full of blood and thunder.
***
Blood from a turnip - It is impossible to get something from someone if they don't have it, just as you cannot get blood from a turnip.
***
Blood is thicker than water - This idiom means that family relationships are stronger than others.
***
Blood is worth bottling - (AU) If an Australian says to you "Your blood is worth bottling", he/she is complimenting or praising you for doing something or being someone very special.
***
Blood out of a stone - If something is like getting blood out of a stone, it is very difficult indeed.
***
Blood, sweat and tears - If something will take blood, sweat and tears, it will be very difficult and will require a lot of effort and sacrifice.
***
Blue blood - Someone with blue blood is royalty.
***
Curdle your blood - If something is very frightening or disturbing, it curdles your blood.
***
***
Hot-blooded - Someone who is hot-blooded is easily excitable or passionate.
***
In cold blood - If something is done in cold blood, it is done ruthlessly, without any emotion.
***
In your blood - A trait or liking that is deeply ingrained in someone's personality and unlikely to change is in their blood. A similar idiom is 'in his DNA.'
***
Make your blood boil - If something makes your blood boil, it makes you very angry.
***
New blood - If something needs new blood, it has become stale and needs new ideas or people to invigorate it.
***

## Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. blod, blood, AS. blōd,; akin to D. bloed, OHG. bluot, G. blut, Goth. blōþ, Icel. blōð, Sw. & Dan. blod,; prob. fr. the same root as E. blow, to bloom. See Blow to bloom

## Usage

### In literature:

In his lifetime the Mollycoddle may be the slave of the Red-blood; but after his death, he is his master, though the Red-blood know it not.
"Appearances" by Goldsworthy Lowes Dickinson
Prepare also several blood agar cultures from the heart blood of the rabbit, label them all O.C.
"The Elements of Bacteriological Technique" by John William Henry Eyre
The blood had been studied time and again and the characteristic appearance of the blood of a malarial patient was well known.
"Insects and Diseases" by Rennie W. Doane
His shirt is stained with blood, and it is his own blood this time.
"Our Home in the Silver West" by Gordon Stables
Joints derive an abundant blood supply through the articular arteries.
"Manual of Surgery Volume Second: Extremities--Head--Neck. Sixth Edition." by Alexander Miles
Blood was pouring out of his mouth and more blood was running from a hole in his chest.
"The Saracen: Land of the Infidel" by Robert Shea
A river of blood had poured out of his leg when Lorenzo drew out the arrow, and he had fainted.
"The Saracen: The Holy War" by Robert Shea
The blood burned in him, her voice ran to him like fire.
"The Rainbow" by D. H. (David Herbert) Lawrence
All that blood in the water made a fine sight, made him yearn all the more to wet his hands with blood.
"Shaman" by Robert Shea
O'Connor's picture stood in flesh and blood before him.
"The Valley of Silent Men" by James Oliver Curwood
He believed there must somehow be blood relationship between all animals.
"The Meaning of Evolution" by Samuel Christian Schmucker
Upon the knees were dried mud and blood, and upon the legs were other blood stains.
"The Mysterious Murder of Pearl Bryan" by Unknown
Though the weapons of blood are laid aside, the mighty controversy is still undecided.
"Henry IV, Makers of History" by John S. C. Abbott
Every man who supports the Home Rule Bill incurs the stigma of blood-guiltiness.
"Ireland as It Is" by Robert John Buckley (AKA R.J.B.)
H. F. Mueller has described a fourth formed constituent of the blood, and given it the name of "=haemoconiae=" or "=blood atoms=," "blood dust.
"Histology of the Blood" by Paul Ehrlich
The sight of blood excites a tiger; so, too, the sight of the blood of her victim infuriated Dona Consolacion.
"Friars and Filipinos" by Jose Rizal
In Naples he had witnessed the miraculous liquefaction of the blood of St. Januarius.
"Carmen Ariza" by Charles Francis Stocking
This causes a more energetic action of the heart and blood-vessels, and a consequent rush of blood back to the skin.
"A Treatise on Anatomy, Physiology, and Hygiene (Revised Edition)" by Calvin Cutter
Despite all the infusions of other bloods, and they've been large, Great Britain is our mother country.
"The Guns of Europe" by Joseph A. Altsheler
The life of the flesh is in the blood; and it is not blood He demands really; it is life, and life has been forfeited.
"Wondrous Love" by Dwight Moody
***

### In poetry:

The old man
lies in mud and blood.
Under him he feels
the books.
"He Was Lucky" by Anna Swirszczynska
You bowed
to the crown of blood
pierced
by a rusty nail
"One Summer" by Ernesto Trejo
The horses broke Jezebel
Under their feet.
Jehu, the blood-stained,
Went in to meat.
"Jezebel" by Ethel Clifford
My bosom pants wildly!
My blood hotly flows!
A helmet, and hose!
"From Egmont" by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
CHRYSANTHUS.
Reject then
That mistrust; in blood and fire
Martyrdom the rite effecteth:--
"The Purgatory Of St. Patrick - Act III" by Denis Florence MacCarthy
Redeemed with precious Blood
From death and sin,
Sons of the Triune GOD,
They entered in.
"The 'Athletes Of The Universe'" by Samuel John Stone

### In news:

The brain, nervous system and red blood cells cannot function without continuous supply of energy from blood glucose .
They found a correlation between elevated blood glucose levels and reduced cerebral blood volume, or blood flow, in the dentate gyrus, an indication of reduced metabolic activity and function in that region of the brain.
One or both of the men then stabbed the deer until it finally died, an action that left the car and both men spattered in blood , and blood seeping out of the back of the car.
"I had no idea of what happened — I saw a lot of blood , wounds to the neck, and a lot of blood ," Oakland County Sheriff's Detective Steven Zdravkowski testified Monday afternoon in Judge Leo Bowman's courtroom.
LINCOLN — Free food for blood was the deal during a blood drive at Lincoln Mall that day, but Maxine Renning wasn't allowed to donate — she was running a slight temperature.
Donnall Thomas, who showed that it was possible to transplant bone marrow to save the lives of patients dying from blood cancer and other blood disorders, a discovery that earned him a Nobel Prize, died on Saturday in Seattle.
Is serving up free blood pressure tests as part of a series of cardiovascular health efforts in May for National High Blood Pressure Education Month and in support of the federal Million Hearts initiative.
Senior Carly Manderfeld donates blood for the first time during the American Red Cross Blood Drive Tuesday at Cathedral High School in New Ulm.
A machine filtered out my sickled red blood cells in exchange for roughly 10 pints of normal red blood cells .
Cells that line the intestine and blood vessels, along with white blood cells that control inflammation caused by trauma, were virtually eliminated during the process of digesting formula.
For the guy who just opened a $300 bill from Lancaster General Health for five minutes worth of blood work, the six- and seven-figure compensation for top LGH officials may be enough to get that blood boiling. A total of 106 units of blood were collected during an American Red Cross blood drive Sept 25 and 26 at Countryside Christian Church. Uncontrolled diabetes can damage the tiny blood vessels of the retina, allowing the vessels to leak blood, a condition called diabetic retinopathy, says K. It clearly indicates we can diagnose from blood and create a blood diagnosis test for depression. NEW YORK — Nipro Diagnostics ' TRUEresult Blood Glucose Meter for the second consecutive year received a "recommended" rating from Consumer Reports as part of the publication's review of blood glucose meters in its October issue. *** ### In science: Both have been shown to cause damage in the area of the brain known as the hippocampus. It has been hypothesized that both can reach the brain from the thoracic cavity via major blood vessels. Scientific Evidence for Hydrostatic Shock MAS96], whereas a significant fraction of deer remain on their feet for 5 seconds or so until they collapse from loss of blood. In addition, ruminants (such as deer and goats) are more resistant to brain injury than humans because their pre-mating dominance rituals involve head butting [SHA02]. The Ballistic Pressure Wave Theory of Handgun Bullet Incapacitation For example, haemopoetic stem cells can differentiate into blood cells but not nerve cells. Gene profiling for determining pluripotent genes in a time course microarray experiment The blood pressure of each rat (in mm Hg) is recorded over different points in time, from 1 to 9 recordings, after the induced heart attack. Improved testing inference in mixed linear models The main goal is to investigate the effect of halothane on the blood pressure. Improved testing inference in mixed linear models Figure 2 shows plots of blood pressure versus time for each rat. Improved testing inference in mixed linear models At the outset, we consider a model where blood pressure varies linearly with time, possibly with different intercepts and slopes for each concentration of halothane, and with intercept and slope random effects to account for animalto-animal variation. Improved testing inference in mixed linear models In other words, the analysis carried out using the modiﬁed tests suggests that the blood pressure is not affected by the administration of halothane at the concentrations considered in the experiment. Improved testing inference in mixed linear models In this work, a AC magnetic ﬁeld is applied in the direction perpendicular to the ﬁlaments, and the presence of a body (here, a red blood cell), breaks the right-left symmetry in the continuous response of the ﬁlament. The hydrodynamics of swimming microorganisms From the blood samples taken at each time point, cellular mRNA expression was measured using Affymetrix microarray technology for approximately 22,000 genes. Bayesian testing of many hypotheses$\times\$ many genes: A study of sleep apnea
It was originally proposed during World War II to reduce the total number of blood tests required to detect soldiers with Syphilis , .
Boolean Compressed Sensing and Noisy Group Testing
Instead of conducting a separate blood test for each and every soldier, the idea was to pool blood samples from many soldiers and test them simultaneously.
Boolean Compressed Sensing and Noisy Group Testing
For example, in blood testing the positive sample might get diluted in one or more tests leading to potential misses of infected blood samples.
Boolean Compressed Sensing and Noisy Group Testing
Intuitively, the problem can be described as follows: Suppose that, in a population of n individuals, it is suspected that up to d of them (known as defectives) carry a certain disease that can be diagnosed by testing blood samples.
Derandomization and Group Testing
The idea of group testing was introduced during World War II in order to reduce the cost of large scale blood tests by pooling blood samples together .
Note on Noisy Group Testing: Asymptotic Bounds and Belief Propagation Reconstruction
***