blast

Definitions

  • Blast furnace
    Blast furnace
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v blast shrivel or wither or mature imperfectly
    • v blast shatter as if by explosion
    • v blast criticize harshly or violently "The press savaged the new President","The critics crucified the author for plagiarizing a famous passage"
    • v blast fire a shot "the gunman blasted away"
    • v blast use explosives on "The enemy has been shelling us all day"
    • v blast hit hard "He smashed a 3-run homer"
    • v blast make with or as if with an explosion "blast a tunnel through the Alps"
    • v blast create by using explosives "blast a passage through the mountain"
    • v blast apply a draft or strong wind to to "the air conditioning was blasting cold air at us"
    • v blast make a strident sound "She tended to blast when speaking into a microphone"
    • n blast a very long fly ball
    • n blast intense adverse criticism "Clinton directed his fire at the Republican Party","the government has come under attack","don't give me any flak"
    • n blast a highly pleasurable or exciting experience "we had a good time at the party","celebrating after the game was a blast"
    • n blast a sudden very loud noise
    • n blast an explosion (as of dynamite)
    • n blast a strong current of air "the tree was bent almost double by the gust"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Fallot Air Blast Fallot Air Blast
Fallot Air Blast, and Cylinder Fallot Air Blast, and Cylinder

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Gloucestershire airport in England used to blast Tina Turner songs on its runways to scare birds away
    • Blast A flatulent disease of sheep.
    • Blast A forcible stream of air from an orifice, as from a bellows, the mouth, etc. Hence: The continuous blowing to which one charge of ore or metal is subjected in a furnace; as, to melt so many tons of iron at a blast .
    • Blast A sudden, pernicious effect, as if by a noxious wind, especially on animals and plants; a blight. "By the blast of God they perish.""Virtue preserved from fell destruction's blast ."
    • Blast A violent gust of wind. "And see where surly Winter passes off,
      Far to the north, and calls his ruffian blasts ;
      His blasts obey, and quit the howling hill."
    • Blast Hence, to affect with some sudden violence, plague, calamity, or blighting influence, which destroys or causes to fail; to visit with a curse; to curse; to ruin; as, to blast pride, hopes, or character. "I'll cross it, though it blast me.""Blasted with excess of light."
    • Blast The act of rending, or attempting to rend, heavy masses of rock, earth, etc., by the explosion of gunpowder, dynamite, etc.; also, the charge used for this purpose. "Large blasts are often used."
    • Blast The exhaust steam from and engine, driving a column of air out of a boiler chimney, and thus creating an intense draught through the fire; also, any draught produced by the blast.
    • Blast The sound made by blowing a wind instrument; strictly, the sound produces at one breath. "One blast upon his bugle horn
      Were worth a thousand men."
      "The blast of triumph o'er thy grave."
    • Blast To be blighted or withered; as, the bud blasted in the blossom.
    • Blast To blow; to blow on a trumpet. "Toke his blake trumpe faste
      And gan to puffen and to blaste ."
    • Blast To confound by a loud blast or din. "Trumpeters,
      With brazen din blast you the city's ear."
    • Blast To injure, as by a noxious wind; to cause to wither; to stop or check the growth of, and prevent from fruit-bearing, by some pernicious influence; to blight; to shrivel. "Seven thin ears, and blasted with the east wind."
    • Blast To rend open by any explosive agent, as gunpowder, dynamite, etc.; to shatter; as, to blast rocks.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: In 1982, a cactus in Phoenix, Arizona killed a man. David Grundman fired two shotgun blasts at a giant saguaro cactus that ended up falling on top of him
    • n blast A subtle kind of matter supposed by Van Helmont, a Dutch mystic philosopher, to be radiated from the stars and to produce effects opposite to those of heat.
    • n blast A blowing; a gust or puff of wind; especially, a strong and sudden gust.
    • n blast A forcible stream of air from the mouth, from bellows, or the like.
    • n blast Hence A jet of exhaust-steam thrown into a smoke-stack to assist the draft.
    • n blast In metallurgy, the air forced into a furnace for the purpose of accelerating combustion. A furnace is said to be in blast when it is in operation, out of blast when stopped, either temporarily or permanently.
    • n blast The sound made by blowing a wind-instrument, as a horn or trumpet; strictly, the sound produced by one breath.
    • n blast Any sudden, pernicious, or destructive influence upon animals or plants; the infection of anything pestilential; a blight.
    • n blast Hence—7. Any withering or destructive influence; a curse.
    • n blast The product of a blast or blight; a bud which never blossoms.
    • n blast The charge of gunpowder or other explosive used at one firing in blasting operations.
    • n blast The explosion of inflammable air in a mine.
    • n blast A flatulent disease in sheep.
    • n blast A smoke of tobacco.
    • n blast Synonyms Gust, etc. See wind, n.
    • blast To blow; puff; breathe hard; pant.
    • blast To smoke tobacco.
    • blast To boast; brag; speak ostentatiously.
    • blast To wither; be blighted.
    • blast To burst as by an explosion; blow up.
    • blast To blow forth or abroad; hence, to utter loudly; proclaim.
    • blast To break or tear to pieces (rocks or similar materials) by the agency of gunpowder or other explosive. In the ordinary operations of mining the rocks are attacked, or broken into fragments of manageable size, by blasting.
    • blast To confound or stun by a loud blast or din; split; burst.
    • blast To blow or breathe on so as to injure, as a sudden gust or destructive wind; cause to fade, shrivel, or wither; check the growth of and prevent from coming to maturity and producing fruit; blight, as trees or plants.
    • blast To blight or cause to come to nothing, as by some pernicious influence; bring destruction, calamity, or infamy upon; ruin: as, to blast pride, hopes, reputation, happiness.
    • blast To curse; strike with the wrath of heaven.
    • blast See blasto-.
    • n blast In mining, a fall of water down a mine-shaft designed to produce or quicken ventilation.
    • n blast In the West Indies, a disease of the sugar-cane, probably caused by an acarid now known as the sugar-cane mite. The species is still unde-scribed.
    • n blast In zoology, one of the spindle-shaped, spore-like bodies in the life-cycle of certain Sporozoa, such as the malarial parasite.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Blast blast a blowing or gust of wind: a forcible stream of air: sound of a wind instrument; an explosion of gunpowder: anything pernicious
    • v.t Blast to strike with some pernicious influence, to blight: to affect with sudden violence or calamity: to rend asunder with gunpowder
    • ***

Quotations

  • William Penn
    William%20Penn
    “The tallest trees are most in the power of the winds, and ambitious men of the blasts of fortune.”
  • Charles Swindoll
    Charles Swindoll
    “Stand still... and refuse to retreat. Look at it as God looks at it and draw upon His power to hold up under the blast.”
  • Desiderius Erasmus
    Desiderius%20Erasmus
    “They take unbelievable pleasure in the hideous blast of the hunting horn and baying of the hounds. Dogs dung smells sweet as cinnamon to them.”
  • Dylan Thomas
    Dylan Thomas
    “The force that through the green fuse drives the flower. Drives my green age that blasts the roots of trees is my destroyer.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “Patience is counting down without blasting off”
  • Mary Elizabeth Hewitt
    Mary Elizabeth Hewitt
    “A sumptuous dwelling the rich man hath. And dainty is his repast; but remember that luxury's prodigal hand keeps the furnace of toil in blast.”

Idioms

Have a blast - It means "to have a lot of fun".
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
AS. blǣst, a puff of wind, a blowing; akin to Icel. blāstr, OHG. blāst, and fr. a verb akin to Icel. blāsa, to blow, OHG. blâsan, Goth. blēsan,in comp.); all prob. from the same root as E. blow,. See Blow to eject air

Usage

In literature:

Blast him, he got off too easy!
"Edison's Conquest of Mars" by Garrett Putnam Serviss
The captain has sent me to say that the worst o' this blast is over, and you've nothing to fear.
"The Red Eric" by R.M. Ballantyne
This was the last hole which the man intended to blast that night.
"Deep Down, a Tale of the Cornish Mines" by R.M. Ballantyne
We'll blast as soon as I have you tied down in a stasis field.
"Planet of the Damned" by Harry Harrison
There was a roar of blasting, and rocks hurtled down on us.
"The Trail of '98" by Robert W. Service
The oaks outside, like the elms at the back of the house, were moving in the blast.
"The Long Roll" by Mary Johnston
The full blast of the wind was upon her, and helping the driving action of the billows.
"The Frozen Pirate" by W. Clark Russell
Suddenly a hot blast of air took their hats off.
"The Forbidden Trail" by Honoré Willsie
But a plaid, wi' bare houghs, He braves the bleakest norlan' blast.
"The Modern Scottish Minstrel, Volumes I-VI." by Various
The sun was barely clear of the horizon when the silver needle of my ship lifted in the gray field, then blasted into space.
"The Misplaced Battleship" by Harry Harrison (AKA Henry Maxwell Dempsey)
Blast furnace gas, as implied by its name, is a by-product from the blast furnace of the iron industry.
"Steam, Its Generation and Use" by Babcock & Wilcox Co.
The force of an inductor blast is nothing to joke about.
"The Best Made Plans" by Everett B. Cole
The door opened, some one spoke; and then, as if before a north blast, all the glow and glory of Janet's joy froze within her!
"Janet of the Dunes" by Harriet T. Comstock
A blast from one of those would have burned all four of us in that enclosed room.
"Greylorn" by John Keith Laumer
Ask the simoom that sweeps like a cruel furnace blast over this forsaken region.
"Wealth of the World's Waste Places and Oceania" by Jewett Castello Gilson
There were six blasts from the whistle, and six blasts meant U-boats.
"The U-boat hunters" by James B. Connolly
His ship blasts off in a couple of days and he figures to be on it.
"Starman's Quest" by Robert Silverberg
And the siren sent its dismal blasts out into the grayness all about.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, May, 1930" by Various
Then a stream of fire shot earthward, and Bell held up his hand and arm into the blast of the slip stream.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, June, 1930" by Various
Far below him on the yellow, sun-blasted floor, a fleck of shadow had moved.
"Two Thousand Miles Below" by Charles Willard Diffin
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In poetry:

The sixth, he had a bugle,
And when he blew a blast,
The stoutest of his foemen
Would fly before him fast:
"The Heroes Of Dovrefeld (From The Old Danish)" by George Borrow
The demons blast her to and fro;
She has no quiet place,
Enough a woman still, to know
A haunting dim disgrace.
"Mary Magdalene" by George MacDonald
Oh the wold, the wold,
Oh the wold, the wold!
Oh the mystery
Of the blasted tree
On the wold, the wold, the wold!
"Wind" by Sydney Thompson Dobell
Not alone dim Autumn's blast
Echoes from yon tablet sear,—
Distant music of the Past
Steals upon the poet's ear.
"Lines To A Withered Leaf Seen On A Poet's Table" by Jones Very
This morning a trumpet blast
Made all the cottage quake;
It came so sudden and shook so fast
It blew me wide awake.
"Willie's Question" by George MacDonald
"But ye take up that bugle-horn,
An blaw a blast for me;
I ha a brother i the kingis court
Will come me quickly ti."
"Rose The Red And White Lily" by Andrew Lang

In news:

Unmanned space plane blasts off.
An Atlas 5 rocket blasted off with the unmanned space plane Saturday afternoon from Cape Canaveral .
Delta IV rocket blasts off from Cape Canaveral .
SpaceX Dragon set to blast off to space station.
Concluding his first major attack on Romney during the debate, Newt Gingrich blasted Romney for refusing to eliminate the capital gains tax entirely, instead limiting it to those with less than $200,000 in taxable income.
Lawmakers blast Toyota chief despite apology.
CaribbeanSEA Hosts Beach Blast.
Shofar blast heralds Holy Days that start Sunday.
Last week my wife and I each took the entire week off and decided to be a tourist in Northwest Florida and boy did we have a blast.
Blast away cellulite with the right exercises and nutrition.
Cain blasts critics for ' character assassination '.
Cain blasts " character assassination " against him.
Spectators walk away disappointed after Eagle & Phenix Dam blast.
Questions linger on Basayev's death in truck blast.
Chechen Rebel Leader Basayev Killed in Blast.
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In science:

Figure 9 depicts the bipolar morphology of a representative blast following an AIC.
Multi-Dimensional Explorations in Supernova Theory
The ejecta have an entropy on the order of 20-50 kB /baryon, and the electron fraction is bimodal, with peaks at 0.25 (due to the neutrino-driven wind) and 0.5 (due to the original blast and the wind along the pole).
Multi-Dimensional Explorations in Supernova Theory
We also develop a more practical signalling method, which we refer to as the distributed D-BLAST architecture, to achieve the 2 × 2 MIMO DMT lower bound.
Cooperative Multiplexing in a Half Duplex Relay Network: Performance and Constraints
The D-BLAST structure to be introduced later will give an operational interpretation for this system.
Cooperative Multiplexing in a Half Duplex Relay Network: Performance and Constraints
Theorem 4: For the system described in (2), the distributed D-BLAST structure with the MMSE SIC algorithm achieves the optimal DMT lower bound as indicated in Theorem 2.
Cooperative Multiplexing in a Half Duplex Relay Network: Performance and Constraints
Generally speaking, the performance advantage of the distributed D-BLAST lies in the use of parallel channel coding methods (e.g. the use of independent codebooks in the above analysis) for each message.
Cooperative Multiplexing in a Half Duplex Relay Network: Performance and Constraints
We note that recently developed parallel channel codes for point-to-point MIMO systems might be applied directly to the distributed D-BLAST structure here (e.g., see the bit-reversal permutation codes in ).
Cooperative Multiplexing in a Half Duplex Relay Network: Performance and Constraints
IV. D I S TR IBUT ED D -BLAST The DMT-tradeoff presented in Theorem 2 might be obtained by using an Maximum-likelihood (ML) decoder at the destination, which is extremely complex for large values of L. A simpler decoder is thus desired.
Cooperative Multiplexing in a Half Duplex Relay Network: Performance and Constraints
Clearly this structure mimics a D-BLAST structure, which was originally proposed for point-to-point MIMO .
Cooperative Multiplexing in a Half Duplex Relay Network: Performance and Constraints
It has been shown that D-BLAST with minimal mean-squared error (MMSE) successive interference cancellation (SIC) is DMT-optimal for a point-to-point MIMO system .
Cooperative Multiplexing in a Half Duplex Relay Network: Performance and Constraints
FIG. 7: Azimuthally symmetric numerical simulations of the Gross-Pitaevskii equation for the blast wave experiments.
Formation of Quantum Shock Waves by Merging and Splitting Bose-Einstein Condensates
For SNRs, post-shock turbulence could be generated by pre-shock interstellar turbulence, or, at least in young SNRs like SN 1006, by clumps of ejecta and/or long RT fingers affecting the contact discontinuity and blast shock.
The turbulent destruction of clouds - I. A k-epsilon treatment of turbulence in 2D models of adiabatic shock-cloud interactions
For this discussion we will assume that the blast wave is adiabatic, i.e. is constant with time, and effectively spherically distributed.
Short Gamma Ray Bursts and their Afterglow Signatures in Dense Stellar Systems
As the blast wave expands into the cluster winds, strong temporal variations compared to the canonical powerlaw decay can thus be produced as a result of changes on the properties of the star cluster, especially the mass-loss rates of the stars and their number density.
Short Gamma Ray Bursts and their Afterglow Signatures in Dense Stellar Systems
Large-scale density inhomogeneities in the circumburst medium are, however, likely to result in distortions of the ejecta that might be more readily observed as the blast wave evolves into the non-relativistic phase.
Short Gamma Ray Bursts and their Afterglow Signatures in Dense Stellar Systems
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