bitter

Definitions

  • Bitters being chased by a rooster
    Bitters being chased by a rooster
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj bitter marked by strong resentment or cynicism "an acrimonious dispute","bitter about the divorce"
    • adj bitter proceeding from or exhibiting great hostility or animosity "a bitter struggle","bitter enemies"
    • adj bitter expressive of severe grief or regret "shed bitter tears"
    • adj bitter causing a sharply painful or stinging sensation; used especially of cold "bitter cold","a biting wind"
    • adj bitter harsh or corrosive in tone "an acerbic tone piercing otherwise flowery prose","a barrage of acid comments","her acrid remarks make her many enemies","bitter words","blistering criticism","caustic jokes about political assassination, talk-show hosts and medical ethics","a sulfurous denunciation","a vitriolic critique"
    • adj bitter causing a sharp and acrid taste experience "quinine is bitter"
    • adj bitter very difficult to accept or bear "the bitter truth","a bitter sorrow"
    • adv bitter extremely and sharply "it was bitterly cold","bitter cold"
    • v bitter make bitter
    • n bitter the property of having a harsh unpleasant taste
    • n bitter the taste experience when quinine or coffee is taken into the mouth
    • n bitter English term for a dry sharp-tasting ale with strong flavor of hops (usually on draft)
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Additional illustrations & photos:

A BITTER NIGHT A BITTER NIGHT

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: People over the age of fifty will start to lose their dislike for foods that taste bitter
    • n Bitter (Naut) AA turn of the cable which is round the bitts.
    • n Bitter Any substance that is bitter. See Bitters.
    • Bitter Causing pain or smart; piercing; painful; sharp; severe; as, a bitter cold day.
    • Bitter Causing, or fitted to cause, pain or distress to the mind; calamitous; poignant. "It is an evil thing and bitter , that thou hast forsaken the Lord thy God."
    • Bitter Characterized by sharpness, severity, or cruelty; harsh; stern; virulent; as, bitter reproach. "Husbands, love your wives, and be not bitter against them."
    • Bitter Having a peculiar, acrid, biting taste, like that of wormwood or an infusion of hops; as, a bitter medicine; bitter as aloes.
    • Bitter Mournful; sad; distressing; painful; pitiable. "The Egyptians . . . made their lives bitter with hard bondage."
    • v. t Bitter To make bitter.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Beer has a bitter taste and slightly pungent aroma because of lupulin, a substance found in hops.
    • bitter Having a harsh taste, like that of wormwood or quinine. Formerly the word was applied to pungent and to salt things, as well as to those to which it is now nearly always restricted.
    • bitter Hence Unpalatable; hard to swallow, literally or figuratively: as, a bitter pill; a bitter lesson.
    • bitter Hard to be borne; grievous; distressful; calamitous: as, a bitter moment; bitter fate.
    • bitter Causing pain or smart to the sense of feeling; piercing: painful; biting: as, bitter cold; “the bitter blast,”
    • bitter Harsh, as words; reproachful; sarcastic; cutting; sharp: as,“bitter taunts,”
    • bitter Cherishing or exhibiting animosity, hate, anger, or severity; cruel; severe; harsh; stern: as, “bitterest enmity,” Shak., Cor., iv. 4; “bitter enemies,”
    • bitter Evincing or betokening intense pain or suffering: as, a bitter cry.
    • n bitter That which is bitter; bitterness.
    • n bitter Specifically A bitter medicine, as a bitter bark or root, or an infusion made from it. See bitters.
    • bitter To make bitter; give a bitter taste to; embitter.
    • n bitter Nautical, a turn of a cable round the bitts.
    • n bitter An old form of bittern.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Chocolate was introduced into the United States in 1765 when cocoa beans were brought from the West Indies to Dorchester, Massachusetts.Cocoa butter is the natural fat of the cocoa bean. It has a delicate chocolate aroma, but is very bitter tasting. It is used to give body, smoothness, and flavor to eating chocolate.
    • Bitter (Spens.), used for Bittern
    • adj Bitter bit′ėr biting or acrid to the taste: sharp: painful
    • n Bitter any substance having a bitter taste
    • Bitter (Spens.) used for Bittern.
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Quotations

  • Victor Hugo
    Victor%20Hugo
    “Strong and bitter words indicate a weak cause.”
  • Arthur Rimbaud
    Arthur%20Rimbaud
    “One evening I sat Beauty on my knees --And I found her bitter --And I reviled her.”
  • Dante Alighieri
    Dante%20Alighieri
    “O conscience, upright and stainless, how bitter a sting to thee is a little fault!”
  • Henry David Thoreau
    Henry%20David%20Thoreau
    “I am sorry to think that you do not get a man's most effective criticism until you provoke him. Severe truth is expressed with some bitterness.”
  • Sidney J. Harris
    Sidney%20J.%20Harris
    “A cynic is not merely one who reads bitter lessons from the past; he is one who is prematurely disappointed in the future.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “CYNIC: One who not only reads bitter lessons from the past, but who is prematurely disappointed with the future.”

Idioms

Bitter end - If you do something to the bitter end, you do it to the very end, no matter how unsuccessful you are.
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Bitter pill to swallow - A bitter pill to swallow is something that is hard to accept.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
AS. biter,; akin to Goth. baitrs, Icel. bitr, Dan., Sw., D., & G. bitter, OS. bittar, fr. root of E. bite,. See Bite (v. t.)

Usage

In literature:

And there are pears, but the cherries are all gone save the bitter wild ones.
"A Little Girl in Old Philadelphia" by Amanda Minnie Douglas
He came to believe it at last, and then his heart was very bitter against her.
"Wee Wifie" by Rosa Nouchette Carey
But apparently it did not, for I never heard her allude to this experience with bitterness.
"A Son of the Middle Border" by Hamlin Garland
Is it wise to call those that are stronger than ourselves into our wigwam, when their hearts are bitter against us?
"The Bridge of the Gods" by Frederic Homer Balch
It was a bitterly cold day, and a light fall of snow had whitened the ground.
"Lover or Friend" by Rosa Nouchette Carey
She felt the bitter cold numbing her feet and legs.
"Shaman" by Robert Shea
Blanch and pound four ounces of almonds, and a few bitter ones, with a spoonful of water.
"The Cook and Housekeeper's Complete and Universal Dictionary; Including a System of Modern Cookery, in all Its Various Branches," by Mary Eaton
Acerbum means bitter to the taste.
"The Mushroom, Edible and Otherwise" by M. E. Hard
During all those six years there had been friction and bitterness between us.
"Cleo The Magnificent" by Louis Zangwill
Bitterer than the contempt for a hard man is the contempt for a soft man who is betrayed by a vice of mercy.
"In a Little Town" by Rupert Hughes
The betting went briskly to the bitter end.
"When the West Was Young" by Frederick R. Bechdolt
He had quite forgotten the second horseman in his bitter interest in the policeman.
"The Law-Breakers" by Ridgwell Cullum
She was fighting bitterly with death.
"The Shepherd of the North" by Richard Aumerle Maher
It might become hard or bitter: it could never become cruel.
"At the Crossroads" by Harriet T. Comstock
And mine is bitter because yours is bitter.
"Marion Fay" by Anthony Trollope
Why had her thought been so bitter when she told herself that she had no right to give the man her sympathy?
"Name and Fame" by Adeline Sergeant
A storm of bitterness wrung the man's heart.
"The One-Way Trail" by Ridgwell Cullum
It was with a bitter heart that she walked on into the house.
"Tante" by Anne Douglas Sedgwick
Poor Blondine wept bitterly.
"Old French Fairy Tales" by Comtesse de Ségur
And she who erred so bitterly; has she not expiated still more bitterly?
"On the Heights" by Berthold Auerbach
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In poetry:

Loathing for life,
despite all the glitter.
Bloody vines’ drunken
torment bitter.
"The City" by Eberhard Arnold
I gather you,
Bitter with salt,
Sun-bleached, rock-scarred, moon-harried,
Fuel for my fire.
"Fires Of Driftwood" by Isabel Ecclestone Mackay
Columbia redeemed
From slavery's bitter sway;
The name she once blasphemed,
Her hope and stay!
"Redeemed!" by Alfred Gibbs Campbell
But tumbled houses hurt me
As people who have seen
The bitter side of loving
Like Mary Magdalene.
"Old Houses" by Edith Mirick
'Tis the immortal Flame
In mortal life that's bitter,
Or than all sweet sweeter
Though life burns down.
"But Most Thy Light" by John Freeman
BUT. Oh, bitter is my cup!
However could I do it?
I mixed those children up,
And not a creature knew it!
"HMS Pinafore: Act II" by William Schwenck Gilbert

In news:

Bitter Memories of a ' Dirty War ' The Nation.
Johnson's Bitter Departure Dishearten 's Baltimore Fans.
African-Americans continue to embrace the ideal, despite some bitterness over the dream's being deferred.
CLEVELAND — The bitterness felt in Cleveland over the loss of Cavaliers star LeBron James is reflected on the outside of Friday's newspaper.
No matter how this election turns out, most people are ready to celebrate the end of a bitter, seemingly endless campaign season.
In the history books, Monday will go down as the moment when bitter enemies allowed the yearning for peace to triumph over their enduring enmity.
The response from small-time investors to Facebook's debut as a public company has been equal parts frustration, confusion and bitterness.
Many here are bitter toward the nearly two-thirds of the 800,000 Kuwaitis who fled or stayed abroad during the war, a feeling compounded by the delay before the Emir 's return.
Their discovery was a landmark in the history of endocrinology , coming after more than 30 years of bitter competition.
Ranking the 10 most enduringly bitter defeats in D-FW sports history.
THE 10 MOST BITTER DEFEATS IN D-FW SPORTS HISTORY: When it comes to curses, Dallas might not have the ghost of Babe Ruth hanging over its head, but that doesn't mean it's always been easy being a sports fan in D-FW.
My epiphany occurred on a bitter cold Sunday afternoon, the snow having momentarily given way to a stray and fleeting glimpse of the actual sun — lately as rare as a celebrity sighting at Ingles.
Lack of bitterness over parting with Colts an example to all aging superstars.
My hands were as dry as parchment when I checked into Washington's Donovan House hotel on a bitterly cold day last winter.
No matter who wins the presidential election today, some folks are going to be bitter.
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In science:

This situation was filled with perjury, disputation, and bitterness.
On the Complete Solution to the Most General Fifth Degree Polynomial
Low temperatures are achieved using a 3H e/4H e dilution refrigerator, while the magnetic field is provided either by a superconducting solenoid or a Bitter magnet, or a combination of the two.
Flatland Electrons in High Magnetic Fields
Satellite line intensities were compared with calculations using Thomas-Fermi (Dubau et al., 1981) and Z-expansion (Bitter et al., 1984), and ∼10% difference is found.
Atomic Data for X-ray Astrophysics
Such a measurement was carried out by Bitter et al. (1979) for He-like Fe in tokamak.
Atomic Data for X-ray Astrophysics
Of all parts of carrying out research, from having an idea, to scaring up money and colleagues, to the bitter end of going uncited, the least pleasant part is surely the proof reading.
Astrophysics in 2006
The bitter taste in food is instinctively perceived as bad but with time people get to like the taste of the coffee and the beer, for example.
Comparison between the two definitions of AI
He will be bitterly missed, but his memory will live on.
Homological properties of cochain Differential Graded algebras
Beiersdorfer, P., Bitter, M., Marion, M., Olson, R.E. 2005a, Charge-exchange-produced K-shell X-ray emission from Ar16+ in a tokamak plasma with neutral-beam injection, Phys.
X-rays from solar system objects
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