• WordNet 3.6
    • n billiards any of several games played on rectangular cloth-covered table (with cushioned edges) in which long tapering cue sticks are used to propel ivory (or composition) balls
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Billiards used to be so popular at one time that cigarette cards were issued featuring players
    • n Billiards A game played with ivory balls o a cloth-covered, rectangular table, bounded by elastic cushions. The player seeks to impel his ball with his cue so that it shall either strike (carom upon) two other balls, or drive another ball into one of the pockets with which the table sometimes is furnished.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Mary Queen of Scots was a skilful billiards player
    • n billiards A game played by two or more persons, on a rectangular table of special construction (see billiard-table), with ivory balls, which the players, by means of cues, cause to strike against each other. Formerly in the United States the game was played with four balls on a table having six pockets, the players scoring both for caroms and for driving the balls into the pockets. (See carom.) This is nearly the present English game. Since, however, expert players could continue an inning at the game thus played almost without limit, the pockets were dispensed with and counting was made to depend entirely upon caroms. Later, professional players adopted what is known as the French game, in which only three balls are used, and this was modified to the champions game, in which a line, called a balkline, is drawn crossing each corner of the table diagonally, within which two counts only can be made. Experts now play also cushion-caroms, in which the cue-ball must touch the cushion before hitting the second object-ball, or hit the second ball again on a return from the cushion; the balkline game, which is the same as the champions' game, but with balk-lines 14 inches from the cushion all round the table; and the bank-game, in which the cue-ball must hit the cushion before touching any other ball. [The singular form, billiard, is occasionally used, and is always employed in composition.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The first plastic ever invented was celluloid in 1868. It's still used today to make billiard balls.
    • n Billiards bil′yardz a game played with a cue or mace and balls on a table having pockets at the sides and corners
    • ***


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. billiard, billiards, OF. billart, staff, cue form playing, fr. bille, log. See Billet a stick
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. billardbille, a ball.


In literature:

As they came in at the billiard-room door, Mr. Palliser was there to meet them.
"Can You Forgive Her?" by Anthony Trollope
Captain Danton, Sir Ronald, and the Doctor were playing billiards at the other end of the rambling old house.
"Kate Danton, or, Captain Danton's Daughters" by May Agnes Fleming
I was quite an expert at billiards long before I was ever heard of as a ball player.
"A Ball Player's Career" by Adrian C. Anson
It had formerly been a club, for there were billiard tables in the upper room.
"The Great War As I Saw It" by Frederick George Scott
His "professors" he generally picked up at the Stadt Gotha where he played billiards.
"Villa Elsa" by Stuart Henry
I said I could, and took him up to the billiard-table.
"Chapters from My Autobiography" by Mark Twain
We are Billiard and Toady these days.
"Tabitha's Vacation" by Ruth Alberta Brown
There was also a billiard table which looked as if it had seen much service.
"A Journey Through France in War Time" by Joseph G. Butler, Jr.
Miss Heredith proceeded with rustling dignity to the billiard room.
"The Hand in the Dark" by Arthur J. Rees
A narrow black scarf, presumably his evening tie, was twisted tightly about his neck by means of a billiard cue inserted in it.
"Winsome Winnie and other New Nonsense Novels" by Stephen Leacock
Have you seen him do a straight-arm balance on the billiard-table?
"The Right Stuff" by Ian Hay
The billiard-room, visible through the folding-doors, was deserted.
"Roger Ingleton, Minor" by Talbot Baines Reed
Afterwards, Druce and I had tea in the billiard-room, and went on to join you in the library.
"The Fortunes of the Farrells" by Mrs. George de Horne Vaizey
She didn't see anything more of Buddy for a couple of hours, and then she caught him as he came up from the billiard-room.
"Shorty McCabe" by Sewell Ford
In proportion as he excels in billiards he will be lacking in business, and vice versa.
"Dollars and Sense" by Col. Wm. C. Hunter
No, I won't take the whole set; I can't afford a caddie to go round a billiard room with me.
"Punch, or the London Charivari, Vol. 146, January 28, 1914" by Various
During the week, billiards has been much resorted to.
"A Week's Tramp in Dickens-Land" by William R. Hughes
She stretched out her arms, turned, and disappeared through the lounge into the billiard-room.
"The Immortal Moment" by May Sinclair
When I got back, Piero was playing billiards with his servant.
"A House-Party" by Ouida
He could not play tennis, croquet or billiards.
"A Soldier's Trial" by Charles King

In poetry:

" No billiard-rooms - no stately trees -
No croquet-grounds or pineries."
"Ah!" sighed the agent, "very true:
This property won't do for you."
"The Reverend Simon Magus" by William Schwenck Gilbert
The maker of Bonnets ferociously planned
A novel arrangement of bows:
While the Billiard-marker with quivering hand
Was chalking the tip of his nose.
"The Hunting Of The Snark " by Lewis Carroll
The maker of Bonnets ferociously planned
A novel arrangement of bows:
While the Billiard-marker with quivering hand
Was chalking the tip of his nose.
"Fit The Fourth - The Hunting" by Lewis Carroll
Nature, it seems is the popular name
for milliards and milliards and milliards
of particles playing their infinite game
of billiards and billiards and billiards.
"Atomyriades" by Piet Hein
A Billiard-maker, whose skill was immense,
Might perhaps have won more than his share—
But a Banker, engaged at enormous expense,
Had the whole of their cash in his care.
"The Hunting Of The Snark " by Lewis Carroll
We've billiards, bowls an' tennis courts, we've teas an' motor-rides;
We've concerts nearly every night, an' 'eaps o' things besides;
We've all the best of everything as much as we can eat —
But my 'eart — my 'eart's at 'ome in 'Enry Street.
"The Convalescent" by Cicely Fox Smith

In news:

Valley Billiards owner Burley Hartin dabs his eyes while his business near New Alexandria smolders in the background on Friday.
In search for the $40,000 Rock Girl, the top 10 girls headed to Big Dog Billiards to get some votes while dressed in costume.
Ashley' Moose I highlight Northern Billiards Shooters play.
Cue up for a night of amusement at Pocketeer Billiards .
Pocketeer Billiards offers a unique night out.
Probably not, unless you're a billiards bully.
Save 50% off Billiards Lessons.
Philly DealYo is offering you half off billiards lessons through 2 deals at Leah's Power Pool Club.
Prince Harry gets naked during game of strip billiards in Vegas.
Following the Union County Animal Protection Society's benefit concert with Cousin Earl at Hills' Billiards on Saturday, Board President Sandra Maguire said UCAPS deposited $1,880.56 in donations into its bank account.
Chris's Billiards 4637 N Milwaukee Ave. 4637 N Milwaukee 773-286-4714.
Chalk Ping Pong & Billiards Lounge.
Billiards ' Mike Massey to appear for benefit.
Ocean's 8 at Brownstone Billiards.
Chalk Ping Pong & Billiards Lounge presents PINK PONG, an October benefit for Breast Cancer Awareness.

In science:

In billiard systems the first non-direct contribution to R is given by a sum Pp R(p) (~ri , ~rj ) over usually few classical tra jectories p hitting the boundary once.
Semiclassical Construction of Random Wave Functions for Confined Systems
Here A is the billiard area, and φp takes into account the boundary conditions at the reflection point, as given e.g. in .
Semiclassical Construction of Random Wave Functions for Confined Systems
Moreover this semiclassical correlation yields closed analytical expressions for statistical quantities for chaotic systems as the stadium-, cardiod-, or Sinai-billiard, since in these cases all the parameters required are readily calculated from geometrical considerations.
Semiclassical Construction of Random Wave Functions for Confined Systems
First we show the role of confinement effects by considering points ~r close to the boundary of a billiard system.
Semiclassical Construction of Random Wave Functions for Confined Systems
The moduli spaces of holomorphic differentials and, in particular, their volumes are important in ergodic theory, for example, for the study of billiards in rational polygons .
The uses of random partitions
Quantum chaos has been experimentally observed for the irregular energy spectra in atom-optics billiards [6, 7].
Quantum correlations from Brownian diffusion of chaotic level-spacings
The reason is that the wave equation for the electromagnetic field in the cavity has the same form as the Schr¨odinger equation for a two–dimensional quantum billiard, if the geometry of the cavity and the boundary conditions are chosen appropriately.
Lectures on random matrix theory and symmetric spaces
In the latter case the mean free path of the electrons is large compared to the size of the system and we speak of a bal listic system. A ballistic quantum dot is very similar to a billiard and is described by Wigner–Dyson statistics (see Fig. 3).
Lectures on random matrix theory and symmetric spaces
In particular, the Wigner-Dyson statistics had to be observed in clean metal particles (quantum billiards) provided their shape was such that classical motion would be chaotic.
Random Matrices and Supersymmetry in Disordered Systems
Brownian motion ensembles and parametric correlations of the transmission eigenvalues: applications to coupled quantum billiards and to disordered systems. J.
Correlation functions for random involutions
We want to emphasize that since the problem of a quantum wave in a 2D billiard (Schr¨odinger equation) is equivalent to that of a TM wave inside a 2D waveguide with Dirichlet boundary conditions (Helmholtz equation),8 our analysis is applicable to both, electronic and electromagnetic setups.
Design of switches and beam splitters using chaotic cavities
Finally, we want to stress that the choice of the cosine billiard as waveguide cavity does not restrict the applicability of our results, since the construction of frequency selective switches and beam splitters, as described above, only requires a cavity characterized by an incomplete horseshoe.
Design of switches and beam splitters using chaotic cavities
Anderson metalinsulator transition for electrons in disordered systems , and later in pseudointegrable systems or in certain diffractive billiards .
Intermediate quantum maps for quantum computation
Star graphs [36, 136] have provided simple examples of systems with intermediate level statistics similar to the one observed in ˇSeba billiards and a precise connection has been established in ref. .
Functionals of the Brownian motion, localization and metric graphs
Keating, Star graphs and ˇSeba billiards, J.
Functionals of the Brownian motion, localization and metric graphs