bile

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n bile a digestive juice secreted by the liver and stored in the gallbladder; aids in the digestion of fats
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Bile produced by the liver is responsible for making your feces a brownish, green colour
    • n Bile A boil.
    • Bile (Physiol) A yellow, or greenish, viscid fluid, usually alkaline in reaction, secreted by the liver. It passes into the intestines, where it aids in the digestive process. Its characteristic constituents are the bile salts, and coloring matters.
    • Bile Bitterness of feeling; choler; anger; ill humor; as, to stir one's bile .
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n bile An inflamed tumor; a boil. See boil.
    • n bile A yellow bitter liquid secreted by the liver and collected by the biliary ducts to be conveyed into the duodenum. Its most important constituents are the bile-salts, sodium glycocholate and sodium taurocholate, and the bile-pigments, bilirubin and biliverdin, with cholesterin. The bile renders the contents of the duodenum alkaline. It aids the emulsionizing of the fats, apparently by increasing the solubility of soaps, assists the passage of the fats through the intestinal walls, and stimulates peristalsis. Also called gall.
    • n bile Figuratively, ill nature; peevishness; bitterness of feeling: because the bile was fancied to be the seat of ill humor.
    • n bile An obsolete form of bill.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Bile bīl a thick bitter fluid secreted by the liver—yellow in man and carnivorous animals, green in vegetable feeders:
    • n Bile bīl (fig.) ill-humour
    • ***

Quotations

  • Horace
    Horace
    “My liver swells with bile difficult to repress.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. byle, bule, bele, AS. ble, bl,; skin to D. buil, G. beule, and Goth. ufbauljan, to puff up. Cf. Boil a tumor, Bulge
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.—L. bilis.

Usage

In literature:

Get the bile out o' yer gizzards 'fore mornin', 'f ye value yer good looks.
""Where Angels Fear to Tread" and Other Stories of the Sea" by Morgan Robertson
The elements of the bile are in the blood in excess of the power of the liver to eliminate them.
"Searchlights on Health: Light on Dark Corners" by B.G. Jefferis
I like a biled dinner any way.
"The Bishop of Cottontown" by John Trotwood Moore
Leopold had put on a "biled shirt," as he called it, and dressed himself in his best clothes.
"The Coming Wave" by Oliver Optic
But treat him with contempt, and it raises his bile directly.
"Dead Man's Land" by George Manville Fenn
The nephew had since gone into diplomacy to strengthen his bile.
"Lippincott's Magazine of Popular Literature and Science, Vol. 12, No. 32, November, 1873" by Various
But in Royle for the local Ryle we find the same broadening which has given boil, a swelling, for earlier bile.
"The Romance of Names" by Ernest Weekley
Dat ar chick'n fixin's, dey look lak deyer good, yet 'taint familious wid me lak dat ar bile ham.
"Nights With Uncle Remus" by Joel Chandler Harris
He were more bigger than I was, so I swallered my bile and sued him.
"The Wit and Humor of America, Volume VIII (of X)" by Various
N. The gall bladder with its duct joining the hepatic duct to form the common bile duct.
"Surgical Anatomy" by Joseph Maclise
Jupiter governed the liver, Saturn the gall, Mercury the lungs, Mars the bile, and Venus the loins.
"Memoirs of Extraordinary Popular Delusions and the Madness of Crowds" by Charles Mackay
Regulate the bile and you regulate the brain from which mental vagaries proceed.
"Fairy Fingers" by Anna Cora Mowatt Ritchie
Those four different humors are only four different ways of modifying bile with fat.
"The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 14, No. 85, November, 1864" by Various
Fever, colds, ague, rheumatics, scarlatina, jaundice, bile; Deborah could cure them all, and a dozen diseases besides.
"Roger Trewinion" by Joseph Hocking
Tobacco smoke is more deleterious than ale, teetotaller; bile more potent than brandy.
"The Romany Rye A Sequel to 'Lavengro'" by George Borrow
A couple of patent-mixture pills that were supposed to increase the bile flow.
"Cum Grano Salis" by Gordon Randall Garrett
We forgot what Jones told us about the dampers, and she kept a biling.
"Peck's Sunshine Being a Collection of Articles Written for Peck's Sun, Milwaukee, Wis. - 1882" by George W. Peck
I have at least stirred the bile of those who would not have the world grow wiser, and only fools now snarl at me.
"The Best of the World's Classics, Restricted to Prose, Vol. VIII (of X) - Continental Europe II." by Various
Bile choked him; this blow had struck him too suddenly.
"A Nobleman's Nest" by Ivan Turgenieff
Collect a specimen of bile from the gall bladder in similar manner.
"The Elements of Bacteriological Technique" by John William Henry Eyre
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In poetry:

Thomas Carlyle
Suffered with his bile.
He wrote Sartore Restartus;
But that shan’t part us.
"Clerihew – Carlyle" by Edmund Clerihew Bentley
Some said that his liver was short of bile,
And some that his heart was over size,
While some kept arguing, all the while,
He was crammed with tubercles up to his eyes.
"The Stethoscope Song. A Professional Ballad" by Oliver Wendell Holmes
Thy present trouble will not hurt thee more,
Than does the purge that carries off the bile,
But rather make thee fitter than before,
To relish life and pleasure yet a while.
"A Letter From Sir Lewis Mansel Of Margam, In Glamorganshire, As 'Tis Suppos'd, To The Vicar Prichard" by Rees Prichard
Friend Jonathan is just as fierce and spiteful—
The braggadocio would be quite delightful—
But loss of blood, and jaundiced bile, poor fellow,
Have made him giddy, and all objects yellow.
"November Findings--1862" by Janet Hamilton
You brag about shootin' up windows and lights,
But try shootin' biscuits for twelve appetites:
When you crawl from your roll and the ground it is froze
Then who biles the coffee that thaws out your nose?
"Punchin' Dough" by Henry Herbert Knibbs
“The billy biled, the tea was made,
They sat and ate their fill,
But Jack upon his broad back laid,
Snored like a fog-horn still;
‘We’ll save some tea to scald him,’ said
The peaceful Corney Bill.
"The Sleeping Beauty" by Henry Lawson

In news:

The gallbladder stores bile produced by the liver, and delivers it to the first part of the small intestine (duodenum), where it aids in the digestion of fat.
On songs like "Bile Towers" and "Skin From Skull," Perry's guttural growls and demonic screeches sound like they come not from her abdomen, but straight from the bowels of hell.
Cholesterol plays a role in the synthesis of steroid hormones (except retinoic acid) and the synthesis of bile acids.
After a fiery campaign, it's time to move past the bile and forge ahead for the middle class.
This product bulletin describes the efficacy and safety of Welchol, a bile acid sequestrant.
In Chagrin Valley Little Theater 's 'God of Carnage,' the bile is out of balance.
Alyson Knight & Jacob Biles, July 23, 2011, First Scots Presbyterian Church & the Historic Rice Mill Building.
After just one date with Aly Knight, US Marine Jake Biles was deployed overseas for six months.
Without the side order of bile.
Fight fans at times wish Vitali Klitschko and l'il brother Wladimir would let their pulses race, let the bile boil, show some spunk, instead of staying in focused mode for the entirety of their bouts.
Eric Bilings in his office in Arlington.
The division is more than the mere perception one might get from witnessing the partisan gridlock in Washington on most of the key issues or listening to the political bile being spewed on radio and TV talk shows.
Beatlesque harmonies, Costello-esque bile, really bad romance: Yep, it's an Aimee Mann album.
Emmanuel Bile, Caleb Womack, Adam Licciardi and Justin King are accused of raping a University of Massachusetts student in her dorm room .
In this Monday, Oct 22, 2012 photo, Emmanuel Bile, 18, of Pittsfield, Mass, appears for arraignment on rape charges in Eastern Hampshire District Court in Belchertown, Mass.
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In science:

There were no assumptions on the mechanism of process in publications of the authors. On the contrary the authors of work thought that systemic process is caused only by disorder of production and circulation of bile acids (Baltabaev 2005).
Model of pathogenesis of psoriasis. Part 1. Systemic psoriatic process
How bile acids confer gut mucosal protection against bacteria.
Model of pathogenesis of psoriasis. Part 1. Systemic psoriatic process
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