benzoic acid

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n benzoic acid a white crystalline solid occurring in many resins
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Benzoic acid a peculiar vegetable acid, C6H5.CO2H, obtained from benzoin, and some other balsams, by sublimation or decoction. It is also found in the urine of infants and herbivorous animals. It crystallizes in the form of white, satiny flakes; its odor is aromatic; its taste is pungent, and somewhat acidulous.
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Usage

In literature:

When the mixture is distilled, the benzoic acid passes over in the form of benzoic ether.
"The Art of Perfumery" by G. W. Septimus Piesse
Then procure a small quantity of benzoic acid, which exists in the shape of snowy crystals.
"St. Nicholas Magazine for Boys and Girls, Vol. 5, October 1878, No. 12" by Various
It contains a little opium, some benzoic acid, oil of anise, and camphor.
"Alcohol: A Dangerous and Unnecessary Medicine, How and Why" by Martha M. Allen
These consist of resinous juices combined with a peculiar acid, called the benzoic acid.
"Conversations on Chemistry, V. 1-2" by Jane Marcet
It contains cinnamic acid, but not benzoic acid.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Part 1, Slice 2" by Various
Buff precipitate = benzoic acid, and other acids related to benzoic acid.
"The Elements of Bacteriological Technique" by John William Henry Eyre
Preservatives, such as boric, salicylic, or benzoic acids and their salts, are sometimes added.
"The Home Medical Library, Volume V (of VI)" by Various
Benzoic Benzotic acid Flowers of benzoin.
"Elements of Chemistry," by Antoine Lavoisier
Benzoic acid is pseudo-tetragonal, the principal axis being remarkably long; there is no cleavage at right angles to this axis.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 1" by Various
Nitric acid oxidizes it to benzoic acid and acetic acid.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 4" by Various
If heated it gives off benzoic acid.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 6" by Various
By this means the first compound is transformed into benzoic aldehyde, and the second into benzoic acid.
"Coal" by Raphael Meldola
It can be hydrolyzed, by a special enzyme, into salicin and benzoic acid.
"The Chemistry of Plant Life" by Roscoe Wilfred Thatcher
When fused with caustic potash, it gives benzoic acid.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 2" by Various
Tobacco contains benzoic acid as preservative, and sometimes saltpetre to aid burning.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia. Vol. 1 Part 1" by Various
It is soluble in alcohol and ether, and capable of yielding benzoic acid.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia. Vol. 1 Part 3" by Various
The use of benzoic acid (benzoate of soda) as a food preservative illustrates several phases of the controversy.
"Food Poisoning" by Edwin Oakes Jordan
Nitration of benzoic acid gives chiefly meta-nitro-benzoic acid.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Slice 6" by Various
It is excreted when many aromatic compounds, such as benzoic acid and toluene, are taken internally.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 13, Slice 5" by Various
Such are benzoic acid, borax, or boracic acid.
"A Civic Biology" by George William Hunter
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In science:

Variation of the diffusivity of benzoic acid in water with concentration.
On the Sieder state correction and its equivalent in mass transfer
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