• WordNet 3.6
    • n benzene a colorless liquid hydrocarbon; highly inflammable; carcinogenic; the simplest of the aromatic compounds
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Benzene (Chem) A volatile, very inflammable liquid, C6H6, contained in the naphtha produced by the destructive distillation of coal, from which it is separated by fractional distillation. The name is sometimes applied also to the impure commercial product or benzole, and also, but rarely, to a similar mixed product of petroleum.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n benzene A hydrocarbon (C6H6) formed whenever organic bodies are subjected to destructive distillation at a high temperature, and obtained commercially from coal-tar. It is a clear, colorless liquid, of a peculiar ethereal, agreeable odor, used in the arts as a solvent for gums, resins, fats, etc., and as the material from which aniline and the aniline colors are derived. Also called benzol, benzolin.
    • n benzene Same as benzin or benzine.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Benzene ben′zēn a compound of carbon and hydrogen, discovered by Faraday in 1825, in a tarry liquid resulting from the distillation of oil. It is found amongst the products of the destructive distillation of a great many organic bodies, but the most abundant source is coal-tar. It must not be confounded with benzine or benzoyl, which names have at different times been used for benzene
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
From Benzoin


In literature:

The purity of the product depends upon the quality of the benzene from which the nitrobenzene was prepared.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Part 1, Slice 1" by Various
In the case of benzene, carbon is deposited, and with both liquids fluorides of hydrogen and carbon are evolved.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 832, December 12, 1891" by Various
Six atoms of carbon and six of hydrogen put together in a certain way make benzene.
"Recent Developments in European Thought" by Various
C. and washed with benzene, which takes away an enormous quantity of fatty matter.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 841, February 13, 1892" by Various
Remove paint stains with benzene or turpentine, machine oil with cold water and Ivory soap, vaseline with turpentine.
"The Complete Home" by Various
It is one of the coal tar products, an inflammable liquid, resembling benzene.
"Creative Chemistry" by Edwin E. Slosson
So last spring we secured a supply of benzene hexachloride.
"Northern Nut Growers Association Report of the Proceedings at the Thirty-Eighth Annual Meeting" by Northern Nut Growers Association
Benzene (C6H6) at 20 deg.
"On Laboratory Arts" by Richard Threlfall
The principal solvents are ether, chloroform, alcohol, turpentine, benzene, and naphtha.
"Textiles" by William H. Dooley
It is readily soluble in alcohol, ether and benzene.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Part 1, Slice 1" by Various

In news:

No safety concerns have arisen from tests for the cancer-causing chemical benzene in soft drinks, the Food and Drug Administration said Tuesday.
Accompanying your report on microscopic computer-generated images of benzene molecules is an article on August Kekule, the chemist who in 1865 suggested the modern formula for the benzene molecule (Science Times, Aug 16).
Tests Show Less Benzene In Fracking Zone.
The report does not show the concentrations of those chemicals or that the carcinogens , including naphthalene and benzene, have endangered drinking water near the drilling sites in Colorado.
A construction worker tests for benzene Monday at the site of a gasoline leak in Washington County.
Revision of D6839 - 02(2007) Standard Test Method for Hydrocarbon Types, Oxygenated Compounds and Benzene in Spark Ignition Engine Fuels by Gas Chromatography.
The KPPC plant, which produces benzene and paraxylene, is operated by EQUATE Petrochemical Company K.S.C.
FUNDAMENTAL UNIT Cycloparaphenylenes (top), made by Bertozzi and coworkers in 9-, 12-, and 18-benzene-ring sizes, are basic building blocks (highlighted bonds) of armchair carbon nanotubes (bottom).
Crews try to clean up a black substance that the EPA says contains cancer-causing benzene.
Solubility and Henry's Law constants for water in benzene and its derivatives.
Solubility of Water in Benzene Derivatives.
Women who live in Texas neighborhoods with high levels of benzene, a pollutant from refineries and tailpipes, are more likely to have babies with a serious neurological defect, according to a new study.
Asia benzene jumps up by $25/ tonne on supply concerns.
The brewmeister of Brooklyn Brewery says toxic fracking chemicals like methanol, benzene, and ethylene glycol (found in anti-freeze) could contaminate his beer by leaking into New York's water supply.
That spill contained benzene and other carcinogens which have now "disappeared into the environment," as Exxon puts it.

In science:

To illustrate this fact, we compare LSD, HF, PZ, and non-Koopmans predictions for the photoemission spectrum (PES) of benzene in Table III and fullerene in Table IV.
Koopmans' condition for density-functional theory
We employ fully relaxed geometries for benzene and the LSD atomic structure of C60 , which is found to be in excellent agreement with the NMR experimental geometry.68 Focusing first on benzene, we observe that LSD underestimates electron binding energies with errors as large as 4.35 eV for low-lying states.
Koopmans' condition for density-functional theory
Similarly to benzene, LSD energy predictions for fullerene are significantly underestimated.
Koopmans' condition for density-functional theory
The case of the diffusion of benzene in zeolites with random ionic inclusions has been studied experimentally and has important technological applications .
Effective drift and diffusivity in non-Gaussian random gradient flows
Ross, Molecular Orbital Calculations of the Lower Excited Levels of Benzene, Configuration Interaction Included, J.
The many-Electron Problem in Novel Low-Dimensional Materials