• WordNet 3.6
    • adj benign pleasant and beneficial in nature or influence "a benign smile","the benign sky","the benign influence of pure air"
    • adj benign kindness of disposition or manner "the benign ruler of millions","benign intentions"
    • adj benign not dangerous to health; not recurrent or progressive (especially of a tumor)
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Cat scratch disease, a benign but sometimes painful disease of short duration, is caused by a bacillus. Despite its name, the disease can be transmitted by many kinds of scratches besides those of cats.
    • Benign Exhibiting or manifesting kindness, gentleness, favor, etc.; mild; kindly; salutary; wholesome. "Kind influences and benign aspects."
    • Benign Of a kind or gentle disposition; gracious; generous; favorable; benignant. "Creator bounteous and benign ."
    • Benign Of a mild type or character; as, a benign disease.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • benign Of a kind disposition; gracious; kind; benignant; favorable.
    • benign Proceeding from or expressive of gentleness, kindness, or benignity.
    • benign Favorable; propitious: as, benign planets.
    • benign Genial; mild; salubrious: applied to weather, etc.
    • benign Mild; not severe; not violent; not malignant: used especially in medicine: as, a benign medicine; a benign disease. Synonyms Gracious, etc. See benignant.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • adj Benign ben-īn′ favourable, esp. in astrology, as opposed to malign: gracious: kindly:
    • adj Benign ben-īn′ (med.) of a mild type, as opposed to malignant: salubrious
    • ***


  • Giambattista Vico
    Giambattista Vico
    “The nature of peoples is first crude, then severe, then benign, then delicate, finally dissolute.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. benigne, bening, OF. benigne, F. bénin, fem. bénigne, fr. L. benignus, contr. from benigenus,; bonus, good + root of genus, kind. See Bounty, and Genus
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. benigne—L. benignus, for benigenus; bene, well, genus, born.


In literature:

He smiled benignantly upon his nieces.
"Aunt Jane's Nieces in Society" by Edith Van Dyne
With the sun was associated a supreme power that presided over the universe, benignant and eternal.
"Beacon Lights of History, Volume I" by John Lord
These paintings of the Saints upon the walls Have all familiar and benignant faces.
"The Golden Legend" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
The earth was never so beautiful nor the sky so benign.
"Atlantic Monthly, Volume 2, Issue 10, August, 1858" by Various
To relieve Africa from famine, was another of the benign reasons which had been assigned for continuing the trade.
"The History of the Rise, Progress and Accomplishment of the" by Thomas Clarkson
His face always wore a placid and benignant expression.
"Beacon Lights of History, Volume XI" by John Lord
The potent fluid softened him somewhat, and a half-formed intention to keep the news from Mr. Kybird melted away beneath its benign influence.
"At Sunwich Port, Complete" by W.W. Jacobs
Lady Maulevrier smiled benignly, as at an inoffensive ignorance.
"Phantom Fortune, A Novel" by M. E. Braddon
Prince Biscari is a benign, courtly old man, and greatly esteemed here.
"The Lands of the Saracen" by Bayard Taylor
The Canon in the chair smiled benignantly, with an expression that I can only compare to buttered rolls.
"The Romance of Zion Chapel [3d ed.]" by Richard Le Gallienne
How benign and unruffled it was!
"Essays in Rebellion" by Henry W. Nevinson
The gentleness and benignity of the Emperor Aurelius, have been celebrated in story and song.
"The Anti-Slavery Examiner, Part 3 of 4" by American Anti-Slavery Society
The gentleness and benignity of the Emperor Aurelius, have been celebrated in story and song.
"The Anti-Slavery Examiner, Omnibus" by American Anti-Slavery Society
In due time came Brigham, strolling between Elder Wardle and Bishop Wright, bland, affable, and benignant.
"The Lions of the Lord" by Harry Leon Wilson
Autumn passed on into winter without a change of expression in the benign face of nature.
"The Man From Brodney's" by George Barr McCutcheon
He was tall and spare, but with a benign expression of countenance.
"Brave Tom" by Edward S. Ellis
But he concealed his cruelty and his avarice under a mask of benignity.
"By Advice of Counsel" by Arthur Train
This Turn hath made Amends; thou hast fulfill'd Thy Words, Creator bounteous and benign!
"The Spectator, Volumes 1, 2 and 3" by Joseph Addison and Richard Steele
Delightful land, in wildness ev'n benign, The glorious past is ours, the future thine!
"The Mirror of Literature, Amusement, and Instruction, No. 388" by Various
Where is that benign countenance?
"The Young Captives" by Erasmus W. Jones

In poetry:

There, with benign regard,
Our hymns He deigns to hear;
Though unrevealed to mortal sense,
Our spirits feel Him near.
"Stand Up and Bless the Lord" by James Montgomery
Bright was the guiding star that led,
With mild, benignant ray,
The Gentiles to the lowly shed,
Where the Redeemer lay.
"Bright was the guiding star that led," by Harriet Auber
The beautous star, whose light benign
His palace halls illum'd,
Will shine no more upon a name
By truth and honour doom'd.
"A Ballad" by Janet Hamilton
So when expectation rising,
Cheers us with her ray benign;
How with ev'ry branch of sorrow,
Hope's celestial tendrils twine.
"Expectation" by Elizabeth Bath
The other dream ran fast and free,
As the moon benignly shed
Her golden grace on the smiling face
In the little trundle-bed.
"The Dreams" by Eugene Field
Never print, poor child, a lay on
Love and tears and anguishing,
Lest a cooled, benignant Phaon
Murmur, "Silly little thing!"
"For A Lady Who Must Write Verse" by Dorothy Parker

In news:

Approach to benign tumors of the palate: Analysis of 28 cases.
Rivers' surgery removes benign polyp.
The Celtics sent out a release Tuesday evening confirming coach Doc Rivers had successful surgery to remove a benign polyp from his throat.
Vac's Thursday Whacks on Nuggets' hardballing, Devils' driving, and the most benign mug shot ever.
Texts to murder trial jurors prove benign .
Sheryl Crow Has Benign Brain Tumor.
Benign Neglect as Immigration Policy.
Cryoablation Device for Benign Breat Tumors.
Harnessing the Benign Aggression of Ladybugs.
When Beverly Browning of Mesa, Arizona, checked into a hospital for a biopsy in 2003, she was thrilled the test was benign, but dismayed to receive a $9,500 bill .
Sheryl Crow has a benign brain tumor .
Italy's top court has ruled that a businessman developed a benign brain tumor because he held a cellphone to his ear for hours daily for his job and deserves worker's compensation.
Rhode Island Education Commissioner Deborah Gist underwent successful surgery to remove a benign brain tumor , the governor's office said Wednesday.
Sheryl Crow's benign brain tumor : why breast cancer increases risk.
Meningiomas Are Most Often Benign, Slow-Growing.

In science:

The notion of ob ject’s localization, which seems so benignly obvious in classical mechanics, undergoes a radical change when distances are smaller than the Compton wavelength of the ob ject.
Zeno meets modern science
But baryon oscillations will have a different, and possibly benign, set of systematics – issues of mode coupling, redshift space distortions, biasing, and simply obtaining sufficient high S/N observations need to be actively researched.
Seeing the Nature of the Accelerating Physics: It's a SNAP
Of course, since this performance represents a worst case situation, it is not truly indicative of the degradation incurred for more benign choices of densities gj in Fj with j = 0, 1.
Robust Hypothesis Testing with a Relative Entropy Tolerance
Four of my first six papers were published there, and he reviewed those papers with meticulous but benign care: no logical detail escaped him, and the papers are much the better for it.
1953: An unrecognized summit in human genetic linkage analysis
Although benign by LHC standards, the ILC environment poses challenges of its own.
ILC Reference Design Report Volume 1 - Executive Summary
The investigators used cDNA microarrays containing 9984 genes to profile tissue samples from various stages of prostate cancer (normal adjacent prostate, benign prostatic hyperplasia, localized prostate cancer, advanced metastatic prostate cancer).
Multiple testing procedures under confounding
If the nonlinearity is benign, it is still very effective.
Continuous-Discrete Path Integral Filtering
Of course, for small time steps and if the time dependence is benign, the error in using this or the end points is small.
Continuous-Discrete Path Integral Filtering
Even in the simple and comparatively benign CPL model this gives rise to counter-intuitive effects on general parameter constraints, which we study here.
Parameters and pitfalls in dark energy models with time varying equation of state
This is an appropriate example, not only because of the current consensus of using the CPL as a standard (Albrecht et al. 2006), but also because the it is a fairly benign evolution.
Parameters and pitfalls in dark energy models with time varying equation of state
Serum protein fingerprinting coupled with a pattern-matching algorithm distinguishes prostate cancer from benign prostate hyperplasia and healthy mean.
Test for bandedness of high-dimensional covariance matrices and bandwidth estimation
We have confidence, however, that the faults uncover some obvious errors and, even in the most benign interpretation, some instances of bad object-oriented design.
What Good Are Strong Specifications?
The definition of the low energy effective action (1) implies one more important structural element which is not explicit in the notation: by definition of the trace ’tr’, the energy integration/summation over any continuous and analytically benign function of the energy indices ǫ produces zero (e.g. tr {ˆǫ} = 0).
Wigner-Dyson Statistics from the Keldysh Sigma-Model
It is the scale below which the neglected extended structure of the effective fields becomes benign.
Panel discussion on chiral extrapolation of physical observables
The threshold can then be improved by enumerating the number of benign locations.
Deriving a Fault-Tolerant Threshold for a Global Control Scheme