benefice

Definitions

  • The Madonnas, under their iron canopies, looked down, serene and beneficent
    The Madonnas, under their iron canopies, looked down, serene and beneficent
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v benefice endow with a benefice
    • n benefice an endowed church office giving income to its holder
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Benefice A favor or benefit.
    • Benefice An ecclesiastical living and church preferment, as in the Church of England; a church endowed with a revenue for the maintenance of divine service. See Advowson.
    • Benefice (Feudal Law) An estate in lands; a fief.
    • v. t Benefice To endow with a benefice.Commonly in the past participle
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n benefice In feudal law, originally, a fee or an estate in lands granted for life only, and held ex mero beneficio (on the mere good pleasure) of the donor. Such estates afterward becoming hereditary, the word feud was used for grants to individuals, and benefice became restricted to church livings.
    • n benefice An ecclesiastical living; a church office endowed with a revenue for its proper fulfilment; the revenue itself. The following terms of canon law are frequently found associated with this word, which is of historical importance: A benefice involving no other obligation than service in the public offices of the church is simple; if the cure of souls is attached to it, double; if with a certain rank attached, dignitary or major; the two former without rank, minor. Thus, a chantry was a simple benefice; a prebend gives the right to only a part of the income of a canonry attached to a collegiate or cathedral church; while the benefice is perpetual and has a charge, though there are some (called manual, from their being in the hands of the one conferring them) revocable. The benefice is said to be regular if held by one qualified to fulfil the duties of the office; secular if held by a layman; and in commendam when in the charge of one commended by the proper authorities until one duly qualified to fulfil its duties is appointed. In the last-named case the discharge of the office is provided for at the expense of the holder. (See abbé.) A benefice is received by election, for example, by a chapter, or from a patron, who is properly said to present to it, or is conferred by the proper ecclesiastical superior; these nominations, in the Roman Catholic Church, regularly need confirmation from the pope. His action may cause a benefice to be reserved or affected (which see); or the collation is made alternative, that is, to the pope and regular patron or superior, according to the months in which the benefice falls vacant, by definite system.
    • n benefice Benefit.
    • benefice To endow or invest with a benefice.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Benefice ben′e-fis any kind of church promotion or dignity, esp. with cure of souls, such as rectories, vicarages, and other parochial cures, as distinguished from bishoprics, deaneries, cathedral preferments, &c.: an ecclesiastical living
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. bénéfice, L. beneficium, a kindness , in LL. a grant of an estate, fr. L. beneficus, beneficent; bene, well + facere, to do. See Benefit
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Through Fr. from L. beneficium.

Usage

In literature:

Towards the Ettrick Shepherd his beneficence was munificent.
"The Modern Scottish Minstrel, Volumes I-VI." by Various
The pontiff's pretensions to confer minor benefices are equally rejected.
"The Rise of the Hugenots, Vol. 1 (of 2)" by Henry Martyn Baird
And lastly, the king promised him an ecclesiastical benefice.
"Erasmus and the Age of Reformation" by Johan Huizinga
But it is competition still, and the reason competition will remain is because it is beautiful, beneficent and right.
"Little Journeys to the Homes of the Great, Vol. 13" by Elbert Hubbard
The whole business is a creation, and a beneficent one.
"Little Journeys to the Homes of the Great, Volume 11 (of 14)" by Elbert Hubbard
And I feel gratefully the beneficent effect of such a presence in my house.
"Jewel Weed" by Alice Ames Winter
The very aspect of the domestic hearth was picturesque, and must have had a beneficent influence.
"Customs and Fashions in Old New England" by Alice Morse Earle
Beneficent use and wont save us this trouble.
"Folkways" by William Graham Sumner
Next to home, I should cite Private Beneficence, the scenes of Charity, and the chamber of sickness, as within the sphere of woman.
"The Young Maiden" by A. B. (Artemas Bowers) Muzzey
Of all revolutions, this proved the most beneficent.
"A Modern History, From the Time of Luther to the Fall of Napoleon" by John Lord
Smith College was founded through the beneficence of Sophia Smith, who gave $400,000.
"Colleges in America" by John Marshall Barker
He felt none of his usual impatience for the beneficent cigarette.
"Black Oxen" by Gertrude Franklin Horn Atherton
O wonderful, beneficent gold!
"Children's Literature" by Charles Madison Curry
He tried to control their acceptance of benefices in plurality.
"Bell's Cathedrals: The Cathedral Church of Ripon" by Cecil Walter Charles Hallett
At this rate how much longer could he play the beneficent parent?
"The Prodigal Father" by J. Storer Clouston
But this is not the only avenue to beneficence which the war opens.
"The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 15, No. 87, January, 1865" by Various
New life enters everywhere, springs up beneficent, the Incubus of Debt once rolled away.
"Past and Present" by Thomas Carlyle
I endeavour actually to deliver myself from this last mark of her beneficence.
"Eastern Tales by Many Story Tellers" by Various
For other countries the deliberations of this Congress were not so beneficent.
"A History of the Nineteenth Century, Year by Year" by Edwin Emerson
You see the beneficent effect of legislation, do you not?
"Carmen Ariza" by Charles Francis Stocking
***

In poetry:

In Virtue's cause they take a noble aim;
'Tis theirs in sweetest harmony to blend
Wit with Compassion, Sympathy with Fame,
Pleasure the means, Beneficence the end.
"Lines Written At Kilkenny, On The Theatricals Of That City" by Sir John Carr
That love which changed-for wan disease,
For sorrow that had bent
O'er hopeless dust, for withered age-
Their moral element,
And turned the thistles of a curse
To types beneficent.
"The Primrose of the Rock" by William Wordsworth
Silver will rust, and gold with use will waste,
Rich lawns and silks to moths will prove a prey,
Our bread will mould, our liquors lose their taste;
But never will beneficence decay.
"Advice To Distribute To The Poor, According To Every One's Circumstances And Abilities" by Rees Prichard
At her approach the bolts were drawn,
And inward swung the temple gate,
Revealing in the light of dawn
The marble form immaculate,
The effigy of heaven's queen,
Sublime, beneficent, serene.
"The Gift Of Juno" by John Lawson Stoddard
The heart has tendrils like the vine,
Which round another's bosom twine,
Outspringing from the living tree
Of deeply-planted sympathy;
Whose flowers are hope, its fruits are bliss,
Beneficence its harvest is.
"Blessings of Instruction" by John Bowring
Wherefore this old philanthropist, this shrewd old farming man,
He sat him down and pondered long, and thus evolved a plan -
A simple scheme, beneficent, and calculated so
That it would guard the interests of Josiah, Jim and Joe.
"Dad's Philanthropic Plan" by C J Dennis

In news:

In a world where the gap between the haves and the have-nots is often painfully apparent, beneficent and philanthropic efforts by some of the world's wealthiest sound pretty good.
John Muir, who dubbed the snow-capped Sierra the "Range of Light," and whose musings about their divinity shaped his generation's faith in nature's holy beneficence, spent a lot of time in Los Angeles.
John Muir , who dubbed the snow-capped Sierra the "Range of Light," and whose musings about their divinity shaped his generation's faith in nature's holy beneficence, spent a lot of time in Los Angeles.
The beneficent reign of divine Love is always near.
BEFORE millions of television viewers, under the dewy and beneficent gaze of Oprah Winfrey, the two of them traded moony glances.
"One act of beneficence, one act of real usefulness ,is worth all the abstract sentiment in the world.".
Today's Washington is more interested in exploiting such beneficence.
All hail Mitt the Mighty, or perhaps Barack the Beneficent.
An erratic genius and his sober-sided partner made their product a household necessity and built fortunes which their numerous progeny have spent in ways both beneficent and bizarre.
***