beneath

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adv beneath in or to a place that is lower
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The center of the earth is almost 4000 miles beneath our feet.
    • Beneath Below, as opposed to heaven, or to any superior region or position; as, in earth beneath .
    • Beneath In a lower place; underneath. "The earth you take from beneath will be barren."
    • Beneath Lower in place, with something directly over or on; under; underneath; hence, at the foot of. "Beneath the mount.""Beneath a rude and nameless stone he lies."
    • Beneath Lower in rank, dignity, or excellence than; as, brutes are beneath man; man is beneath angels in the scale of beings. Hence: Unworthy of; unbecoming. "He will do nothing that is beneath his high station."
    • Beneath Under, in relation to something that is superior, or that oppresses or burdens. "Our country sinks beneath the yoke."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The chameleon has several cell layers beneath its transparent skin. These layers are the source of the chameleon's color change. Some of the layers contain pigments, while others just reflect light to create new colors. Several factors contribute to the color change. A popular misconception is that chameleons change color to match their environment. This isn't true. Light, temperature, and emotional state commonly bring about a chameleon's change in color. The chameleon will most often change between green, brown and gray, which coincidently, often matches the background colors of their habitat.
    • beneath In a lower place, position, or state, literally or figuratively.
    • beneath Below, as opposed to on high, or in heaven or other superior region.
    • beneath Below; under: with reference to what is overhead or towers aloft: as, beneath the same roof.
    • beneath Underneath, whether in immediate contact with the under side of, or further down than; lower in place than: as, to place a cushion beneath one; beneath one's feet; beneath the surface: sometimes with verbs of motion: as, he sank beneath the wave.
    • beneath Under the weight or pressure of; under the action or influence of: as, to sink beneath a burden.
    • beneath Lower than, in rank, dignity, degree, or excellence; below: as, brutes are beneath man; man is beneath the angels.
    • beneath Unworthy of; unbecoming; not equal to; below the level of: as, beneath contempt.
    • beneath Synonyms Under, etc. See below.
    • beneath Lower.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The height and width of modern American battleships was originally determined by insuring they had to be able to go beneath the Brooklyn Bridge and through the Panama Canal.
    • prep Beneath be-nēth′ under, or lower in place: inside of, behind: unworthy the dignity of, unbecoming.
    • ***

Quotations

  • Stanislaw J. Lec
    Stanislaw J. Lec
    “When you jump for joy, beware that no one moves the ground from beneath your feet.”
  • Richard Hovey
    Richard Hovey
    “I do not know beneath what sky nor on what seas shall be thy fate; I only know it shall be high, I only know it shall be great.”
  • Charles Haddon Spurgeon
    Charles%20Haddon%20Spurgeon
    “Friendship is one of the sweetest joys of life. Many might have failed beneath the bitterness of their trial had they not found a friend.”
  • Lord Greville
    Lord Greville
    “A generous man places the benefits he confers beneath his feet; those he receives, nearest his heart.”
  • Edward Young
    Edward%20Young
    “Those who build beneath the stars build too low.”
  • Francois De La Rochefoucauld
    Francois%20De%20La%20Rochefoucauld
    “When our hatred is violent, it sinks us even beneath those we hate.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. benethe, bineoðen, AS. beneoðan, benyðan,; pref. be-, + neoðan, nyðan, downward, beneath, akin to E. nether,. See Nether
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. bi-nathan.

Usage

In literature:

For how long must she sit and talk inanities with this mother whose only child was lying fathoms deep beneath the sea?
"A Sheaf of Corn" by Mary E. Mann
The prominent curves of her breast were concealed beneath a small yellow jacket with red flowers.
"The Dead Command" by Vicente Blasco Ibáñez
Yet I may perhaps see the round sun once more before he disappears beneath the horizon.
"Fairy Tales of Hans Christian Andersen" by Hans Christian Andersen
I believe you entertain the most sincere and earnest faith in that symbol which now lies beneath your hand.
"Wagner, the Wehr-Wolf" by George W. M. Reynolds
They had sung his praise by these silvery brooks, and kneeled in prayer beneath these chestnut trees.
"Pilgrimage from the Alps to the Tiber" by James Aitken Wylie
This, however, she never thought of; or, if it came to her mind, she considered it quite beneath her notice.
"The Cryptogram" by James De Mille
Here they tore and gorged and quarreled till, some fifteen minutes later, their last foothold sank beneath them.
"In the Morning of Time" by Charles G. D. Roberts
Black hair showed beneath the hat.
"Tharon of Lost Valley" by Vingie E. Roe
His eyes were half hidden beneath shaggy brows.
"The Web of the Golden Spider" by Frederick Orin Bartlett
THE POOL BENEATH THE FARMSTEAD.
"Creatures of the Night" by Alfred W. Rees
The mouth was a sharp slit beneath the flat nose.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science April 1930" by Various
Beneath the trees we saw feeding many herds of plant men.
"The Gods of Mars" by Edgar Rice Burroughs
At this height, the city lights lay spread in a glare of blue and yellow beneath us.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, March 1930" by Various
He had just had a bath in the stream where ice water gushed from beneath a snowbank.
"A Mountain Boyhood" by Joe Mills
From beneath the pile of furs he drew a heavy revolver which he carefully examined.
"The Hound From The North" by Ridgwell Cullum
Then out of the depths beneath emerged the shadowy shape of the landing-stage.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, August 1930" by Various
The lips beneath the trim gray mustache drew themselves into a hard line.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, June, 1930" by Various
Sir Henry's horses and himself and carriage were beneath the bricks and mortar.
"Daughters of the Revolution and Their Times" by Charles Carleton Coffin
He paused and listened intently and decided that the sound must come from the slope beneath him.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, October, 1930" by Various
Directly beneath the shark the stranger came, till at last there was no more than the space of a few feet between the two giant shapes.
"The Haunters of the Silences" by Charles G. D. Roberts
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In poetry:

There! break out
Your wings and fly:
No tenderer creature
Beneath the sky.
"The Ladybird" by Clive Sansom
The city: a maelstrom
of frenzied crowds.
Roaming hordes
beneath gray clouds.
"The City" by Eberhard Arnold
I watch Inesilla
Thy window beneath,
Deep slumbers the villa
In night's dusky sheath.
"A Serenade" by Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin
I watch Inesilla
Thy window beneath,
Deep slumbers the villa
In night's dusky sheath!
"A Serenade" by Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin
—How many lie forgot
In vaults beneath,
And piece-meal rot
Without a fame in death?
"His Poetry His Pillar" by Robert Herrick
Thick foliage
Placid beneath warm suns,
Tawn fore-shores
Washed in the cobalt of oblivions;
"'The Age Demanded'" by Ezra Pound

In news:

Edrington and Robinson pot plants in a bench with sink, then start some seedlings— including tomatoes — beneath the south-facing windows of an old garage-style door fixed in place.
(File Photo)Central High School student Kelley Rolfe finds herself in an awkward predicament as she and her partner, Brittany Brown, maneuver their canoe beneath a fallen tree on Pigeon Creek.
Beneath its historical leanings and classic veneer, it's utterly gaga for girls who love boys who love boys.
According to BP, the Helix Q4000 latched onto the blowout preventer a mile beneath the sea.
Ex-teen runaway Vera Boldis lovingly eyes her mop-topped man-child from beneath a pinned-up lace veil.
The partisan rancor beneath Boehner's rhetoric.
This month, they published a comic book and they're also in the NY Museum of Modern Art, but that's so par-for-the-course for BERG that it passes beneath public notice.
The fiber wrap will protect the viaduct when the world's largest diameter tunnel boring machine passes beneath the structure in late 2013.
But what rides beneath the action is.
Like the unseen geothermal energy that fuels the famous bathing pool at Reykjavík's Blue Lagoon, the city's design community is also simmering just beneath the surface.
Pima County Regional Flood Control District (RFCD) announces construction of north bank improvements and widening of The Loop on the Rillito River, beneath the Oracle Road bridge.
More startlingly, that galaxy of hairy, multicolor tattoos lies hidden beneath a sharp and sober suit.
Christine Andreas and Jason Robert Brown are among the dozens of performers who will appear at the new nightspot located beneath Studio 54 in the coming months.
The 16-year-old boxer wants to fight beneath the brightest lights the sport has to offer.
Cailean stands beneath a spotlight in a blinding snowstorm.
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In science:

The magnetosphere size is RA > 1.5 · 1010 cm, i. e. the magnetosphere is completely hidden from the observer beneath the photosphere of the outflowing wind (Rout ≈ 4 · 1011 cm).
Spectral study of MWC560. Parameters of the system, the hot source and the jets
Figure 3 gives the two cases where the string beneath the foot node of an auxiliary tree has been recognized (in some other tree) and where the GOT Of oot function encodes the proper state such that the right part of an auxiliary tree can be recognized.
Incremental Parser Generation for Tree Adjoining Grammars
Momentum conservation implies that any sudden change in a person’s center-of-mass motion will produce a corresponding sudden displacement of the floor and the ground beneath the floor; in Sec.
Human Gravity-Gradient Noise in Interferometric Gravitational-Wave Detectors
Now consider the noise h(t) produced in a gravitationalwave interferometer by a walking person, whose feet at location ~x′ produce a horizontal force Fj (t) on the floor and thence on the ground beneath the floor.
Human Gravity-Gradient Noise in Interferometric Gravitational-Wave Detectors
The rear passive/plastic shield (not shown) will lie directly beneath the VA-TA board.
Design and Testing of a Prototype Pixellated CZT Detector and Shield for Hard X-Ray Astronomy
The ASICs are mounted under the black rectangular cover visible beneath the collimator, and the connector that leads to the DAQ board is shown at the bottom of the figure.
Design and Testing of a Prototype Pixellated CZT Detector and Shield for Hard X-Ray Astronomy
For p, q ∈ Z let Tp,q be the tangle in the 3–ball S 3 − Int B shown in Figure 3.1, where n denotes n positive half-twists, if n ≥ 0 , and |n| negative half-twists, if n < 0 ; this is obtained from the tangle Tp shown in [15; Figure 4.1(a)] by adding q horizontal half-twists beneath the p vertical half-twists.
Small surfaces and Dehn filling
The photons are emitted from the star’s surface into the vacuum region beneath the inner crust (∼ 103 fm in size).
Quark Stars and Color Superconductivity: A GRB connection ?
The maximum lies about 0.05 solar radii beneath the photosphere. (Graph courtesy NSF’s National Solar Observatory).
Angular momentum transport in the solar supergranulation layer
This is housed in a 10.6 m tunnel (∼ 16 m.w.e) at Stanford Underground Facility beneath the University of Stanford.
Detection Rates for Kaluza-Klein Dark Matter
The diversity of geologically isolated extremophiles is thought to provide our best guide to possibilities for life beneath the surface of Mars, for example.
Reference Design Project Book: NUSEL-Homestake
The former proposed sinking a vertical shaft at a site near Yucca Mountain, Nevada, and the latter advocated excavating a long tunnel beneath Mt.
Reference Design Project Book: NUSEL-Homestake
The vibrartion of the dimer beneath the tip on Si(001) surface is excited to the higher vibrational number n by the STM current through the incoherent ladder climbing of the vibrational states at low temperatures.
Vibration of the Dimer on Ge(001) Surface Excited Coherently by STM Current
The effective temperature of the vibration on the dimer beneath the tip strongly deviates from the substrate temperature T and reaches a few hundred Kelvin for the typical values of STM current at low temperatures lower than 20K on the boron doped (B-doped) Si(001) substrate.
Vibration of the Dimer on Ge(001) Surface Excited Coherently by STM Current
The high increase of the deexcitation rate causes the steep decrease of the probability of the incoherent ladder climbing of the vibrational states and that of the effective temperature of the dimer beneath the tip on Si(001) substrate.
Vibration of the Dimer on Ge(001) Surface Excited Coherently by STM Current
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