bend

Definitions

  • Bending Boards into Shape after Boiling Them
    Bending Boards into Shape after Boiling Them
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v bend cause (a plastic object) to assume a crooked or angular form "bend the rod","twist the dough into a braid","the strong man could turn an iron bar"
    • v bend bend a joint "flex your wrists","bend your knees"
    • v bend change direction "The road bends"
    • v bend turn from a straight course, fixed direction, or line of interest
    • v bend form a curve "The stick does not bend"
    • v bend bend one's back forward from the waist on down "he crouched down","She bowed before the Queen","The young man stooped to pick up the girl's purse"
    • n bend curved segment (of a road or river or railroad track etc.)
    • n bend diagonal line traversing a shield from the upper right corner to the lower left
    • n bend movement that causes the formation of a curve
    • n Bend a town in central Oregon at the eastern foot of the Cascade Range
    • n bend a circular segment of a curve "a bend in the road","a crook in the path"
    • n bend an angular or rounded shape made by folding "a fold in the napkin","a crease in his trousers","a plication on her blouse","a flexure of the colon","a bend of his elbow"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Common Bend Common Bend
Blazing the trail by bending down and breaking branches Blazing the trail by bending down and breaking branches
Boat Knot.  Sheet bend and Toggle. Clove Hitch  Half Hitch  Timber Hitch Boat Knot. Sheet bend and Toggle. Clove Hitch Half Hitch Timber Hitch

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: A monkey was once tried and convicted for smoking a cigarette in South Bend, Indiana
    • Bend A band.
    • Bend (Naut) A knot by which one rope is fastened to another or to an anchor, spar, or post.
    • Bend A turn or deflection from a straight line or from the proper direction or normal position; a curve; a crook; as, a slight bend of the body; a bend in a road.
    • Bend (Mining) Hard, indurated clay; bind.
    • Bend (Her) One of the honorable ordinaries, containing a third or a fifth part of the field. It crosses the field diagonally from the dexter chief to the sinister base.
    • Bend (Med) same as caisson disease. Usually referred to as the bends.
    • Bend (Leather Trade) The best quality of sole leather; a butt. See Butt.
    • Bend To apply closely or with interest; to direct. "To bend his mind to any public business.""But when to mischief mortals bend their will."
    • Bend To be inclined; to be directed. "To whom our vows and wished bend ."
    • Bend To be moved or strained out of a straight line; to crook or be curving; to bow. "The green earth's end
      Where the bowed welkin slow doth bend ."
    • Bend To bow in prayer, or in token of submission. "While each to his great Father bends ."
    • Bend To cause to yield; to render submissive; to subdue. "Except she bend her humor."
    • Bend (Naut) To fasten, as one rope to another, or as a sail to its yard or stay; or as a cable to the ring of an anchor.
    • Bend To jut over; to overhang. "There is a cliff, whose high and bending head
      Looks fearfully in the confined deep."
    • Bend To strain or move out of a straight line; to crook by straining; to make crooked; to curve; to make ready for use by drawing into a curve; as, to bend a bow; to bend the knee.
    • Bend To turn toward some certain point; to direct; to incline. "Bend thine ear to supplication.""Towards Coventry bend we our course.""Bending her eyes . . . upon her parent."
    • Bend Turn; purpose; inclination; ends. "Farewell, poor swain; thou art not for my bend ."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Back in 1924, a monkey was convicted in South Bend of the crime of smoking a cigarette and sentenced to pay a 25 dollar fine and the trial costs.
    • n bend A band; a bond; a fetter; in plural, bands; bonds; confinement.
    • n bend A band or clamp of metal or other material used to strengthen or hold together a box or frame.
    • n bend Nautical: That part of a rope which is fastened to another or to an anchor.
    • n bend A knot by which a rope is fastened to another rope or to something else. The different sorts are distinguished as fisherman's bend, carrick-bend, etc. See cut under carrick-bend.
    • n bend One of the small ropes used to confine the clinch of a cable.
    • n bend plural The thick planks in a ship's side below the waterways or the gun-deck port-sills. More properly called wales. They are reckoned from the water as first, second, or third bend. They have the beams, knees, and foot-hooks bolted to them, and are the chief strength of the ship's sides.
    • n bend [See etym.] The action of bending, or state of being bent or curved; incurvation; flexure: as, to give a bend to anything; to have a bend of the back.
    • n bend An inclination of the body; a bow.
    • n bend An inclination of the eye; a turn or glance of the eye.
    • n bend Inclination of the mind; disposition; bent. Farewell, poor swain; thou art not for my bend
    • n bend A part that is bent; a curve or flexure; a crook; a turn in a road or river, etc.: as, the bend of a bow, or of a range of hills.
    • n bend A curved or elbow-shaped pipe used to change direction, as in a drain.
    • n bend A spring; a leap; a bound.
    • n bend A “pull” of liquor.
    • n bend In mining, indurated clay, or any indurated argillaceous substance.
    • bend To bring or strain into a state of tension by curvature, as a bow preparatory to launching an arrow.
    • bend Hence Figuratively, to brace up or bring into tension, like a strong bow: generally with up.
    • bend To curve or make crooked; deflect from a normal condition of straightness; flex: as, to bend a stick; to bend the arm.
    • bend To direct to a certain point: as, to bend one's course, way, or steps; to bend one's looks or eyes.
    • bend Figuratively, to apply closely: said of the mind.
    • bend To incline; determine: said of a person or of his disposition: as, to be bent on mischief.
    • bend To cause to bow or yield; subdue; make submissive: as, to bend a man to one's will.
    • bend Nautical, to fasten by means of a bend or knot, as one rope to another, or to an anchor; to shackle, as a chain-cable to an anchor.
    • bend To be or become curved or crooked.
    • bend To incline; lean or turn; be directed: as, the road bends to the west.
    • bend To jut over; overhang.
    • bend To bow or be submissive: as, to bend to fate.
    • bend To spring; bound.
    • bend To drink hard.
    • n bend A band or strip used to bind around anything; a strip, whether as a fastening or as an ornament; a fillet, strap, bandage, etc.; specifically, a ribbon or bandeau for the head, used by ladies in the fifteenth century.
    • n bend A name in the leathertrade for a butt or rounded crop cut in two; the half of a hide of sole-leather that was trimmed and divided before tanning.
    • n bend In heraldry, one of the nine ordinaries, consisting of a diagonal band drawn from the dexter chief to the sinister base: when charged, it occupies a third of the field; when uncharged, a fifth. Bearings are said to be in bend when they are placed upon the field obliquely in the direction of the bend; the field is said to be divided per bend when divided diagonally in that direction, usually by a straight line, but sometimes a broken line, battled, undé, or the like, or by a still more complicated mark of division. See bend-wise. Also applied to a row of charges arranged in bend. In bend sinister and per bend sinister are used in a similar way.
    • n bend An obsolete form of band.
    • n bend Power; ability: as, that is above my bend.
    • n bend A segmental plate or ring on which the movable carding-surfaces of a revolving flat cotton-carding machine run and are adjusted in their relation to the main cylinder or drum.
    • n bend plural Same as caisson-disease.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Pennies, plural, have value to most Americans. A penny, singular, does not. Almost half of Americans say they would not bother to bend over to pick up a penny on the street, but more than half of us report having stashes of pennies laying around the house.
    • v.t Bend bend to curve or bow: to make crooked: to turn or incline—mostly in passive, to be inclined to, towards, to be given to: to subdue: to direct to a certain point: to apply closely, to strain, to nerve one's self to:
    • v.i Bend to be crooked or curved: to incline in any direction: to stoop: to lean: to bow in submission (with to, before, towards):—pa.p. bend′ed or bent
    • n Bend a curve or crook: the bent part of anything; (her.) one of the nine ordinaries, consisting of the space contained between two parallel lines crossing the shield diagonally from dexter chief to sinister base. It is said to occupy a fifth part of the shield unless charged, when it occupies a third part—its diminutives are the Bendlet, Cotise, and Ribbon
    • n Bend bend in leather, half a butt cut lengthwise.
    • v.t Bend bend (naut.) to tie, fasten, make fast
    • ***

Quotations

  • Aesop
    Aesop
    “The little reed, bending to the force of the wind, soon stood upright again when the storm had passed over.”
  • Robert Green Ingersoll
    Robert%20Green%20Ingersoll
    “He stands erect by bending over the fallen. He rises by lifting others.”
  • Bruce Lee
    Bruce%20Lee
    “Notice that the stiffest tree is most easily cracked, while the bamboo or willow survives by bending with the wind.”
  • Scottish Proverb
    Scottish Proverb
    “Better bend than break.”
  • Walter Savage Landor
    Walter%20Savage%20Landor
    “People, like nails, lose their effectiveness when they lose direction and begin to bend.”
  • William Congreve
    William%20Congreve
    “Music hath charms to soothe the savage breast, to soften rocks, or bend a knotted oak.”

Idioms

Bend over backwards - If someone bends over backwards, they do everything they can to help someone.
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Bend someone's ear - To bend someone's ear is to talk to someone about something for a long-enough period that it becomes tiresome for the listener.
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Round the bend - If someone has gone round the bend, they have stopped being rational about something. If something drives you round the bend, it irritates you or makes you angry.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
AS. bendan, to bend, fr. bend, a band, bond, fr. bindan, to bind. See Bind (v. t.), and cf. 3d & 4th Bend
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Old Eng. bendan.

Usage

In literature:

Hooliam, with a wave of his paddle, resumed his journey, and presently disappeared around a bend.
"The Woman from Outside" by Hulbert Footner
Those frames or bends of timber, of an equal capacity or area, which are equally distant from the ship's centre of gravity.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
Presently the dugout came flying around a bend in the creek above.
"The Huntress" by Hulbert Footner
They usually set down the courses and distances on the bends.
"The Young Alaskans on the Missouri" by Emerson Hough
I wonder if other wayfarers through New England greet, as I do, with special affection the old house on the bend of the road?
"Penguin Persons & Peppermints" by Walter Prichard Eaton
When at what he judges a safe distance he again hangs pendent, bending his head back to look earnestly at us.
"The Log of the Sun" by William Beebe
She moved steadily along the winding creek till she came to a bend in its course.
"The Fighting Edge" by William MacLeod Raine
Bend trunk forward, back arched and head thrown back.
"Manual of Military Training" by James A. Moss
From the head of the bend came the long and deepened breathing of a coal boat.
"Shawn of Skarrow" by James Tandy Ellis
This woman was bending from the carriage in conversation with a man and woman on the sidewalk.
"Hester's Counterpart" by Jean K. Baird
The tree bends for-ward slightly, and the branches hang quite down to the ground just like green hair.
"Fairy Tales of Hans Christian Andersen" by Hans Christian Andersen
As if drawn by a magnet, he bends lower over the quiet form and so feels the sleeper's breath.
"The Wagnerian Romances" by Gertrude Hall
But my strength has its limit, my courage its end, The time has now come when I, too, leave Bay Bend.
"Three Women" by Ella Wheeler Wilcox
Learn to bend by gentleness and quietly.
"Fireside Stories for Girls in Their Teens" by Margaret White Eggleston
Bend body to left as far as you can, sliding left hand down the thigh.
"The Art of Stage Dancing" by Ned Wayburn
I've always wished that bluff at the deep bend didn't hide us from each other's sight.
"Winning the Wilderness" by Margaret Hill McCarter
On ahead they could see the Fraser swinging in from its southwest bend to meet them.
"The Young Alaskans in the Rockies" by Emerson Hough
The river gives a big bend round to left, then another to the right, and then one more to the left, jest like a wriggling wum.
"Hunting the Skipper" by George Manville Fenn
There would not be another Mulberry Bend.
"The Battle with the Slum" by Jacob A. Riis
He devoured his food noisily, bending low over his plate.
"The Flockmaster of Poison Creek" by George W. Ogden
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In poetry:

Bends their Good-Night,
Kissed and smiled:--
Each was mother,
Each was child.
"A Little Memory" by Aldous Huxley
When He bends down, sun-wise,
Intemperable eyes;
Most proud,
When utterly bowed.
"Any Saint" by Francis Thompson
Leaning out of dim space
Over field and town,
Some hushed mother face
Peers, bends down;
"Break Of Day" by John Gneisenau Neihardt
The light mimosas bended low
To do her honour,
As in that rosy morning glow
I gazed upon her.
"The River Maiden" by Victor James Daley
Before me bends the rye
When through the fields I stray
And glad the forest hears
My pipe and song alway.
"The Song Of The Spensthrift" by Ivan Nikitin
I would walk a crooked road
And wonder at each bend.
I am afraid of straight roads
With their certain end.
"Crooked Roads" by Edith Mirick

In news:

MARGARET FOSMOE South Bend Tribune WSBT-TV.
Patricia Rios lives in one of the homes right at the bend on Mesquite Avenue across from Demuth Park, she recalls how her husband got in an accident on the street.
Seated leg presses-one-third knee bends on one leg, then both.
Coaxial Cable Assembly Offers Minimum Bend Radius.
Coaxial Cable Assembly Offers Minimum Bend Radius.
Bend bike business sees growth.
Start your Tuesday night with Coin-Operated Radio, a genre-bending blend of music from folk to hip hop and everything between.
South Bend Common Council questions mayor on wiretapping scandal.
South Bend Tribune Staff Report South Bend Tribune.
BOB WIENEKE South Bend Tribune South Bend Tribune.
SOUTH BEND – South Bend and Raymond never did get into much of an offensive rhythm, but it hardly mattered to the 700 fans as the two archrivals provided plenty of fireworks on Homecoming at Koplitz Field House Saturday night.
Iva Mae Banwart of West Bend died Monday, Jan 16, 2012, at the West Bend Care Center.
South Bend 4, Dayton 3 (South Bend wins series 2-1).
SOUTH BEND – A new direct flight from South Bend to the west has taken off.
ANDREW S HUGHES South Bend Tribune South Bend Tribune.
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In science:

Therefore, the “Lorentz” force significantly bends the particle tra jectory leading to a large Hall angle Eq.(6.10) and, probably, to Landau quantization.
Paraxial propagation of a quantum charge in a random magnetic field
We are used to think of an inflection point as a point where, roughly speaking, the direction changes in which the curve is bending.
Sextactic points on a simple closed curve
If cell-wall bending is the mechanism of deformation, Gibson and Ashby have shown that E should vary cubicly (n = 3) with density.
Elastic moduli of model random three-dimensional closed-cell cellular solids
We conclude that it is not possible to describe the Young’s modulus of the partially open cell model in terms of a contribution of ‘edge-bending’ and ‘plate-stretching’.
Elastic moduli of model random three-dimensional closed-cell cellular solids
It would be ideal to resolve the modulus into components from edge-bending and plate-stretching.
Elastic moduli of model random three-dimensional closed-cell cellular solids
In general, the problem of bend sequence generation is a challenging (and provably hard ) coordinated motion planning problem.
When Can You Fold a Map?
M - R Constraints One of the crucial bits of physics that makes compactness constraints possible is the bending of photon tra jectories in a strong gravitational field.
Oscillations During Thermonuclear X-ray Bursts
Including the phase shift straightens out the bend in the phase evolution.
Oscillations During Thermonuclear X-ray Bursts
The bend may be a precursor to what will become the peak of the globular cluster luminosity function.
The Formation of Star Clusters
Data for p = 0.75 and p = 1 shown in Fig. 4 have a clear upwards bending, which we interpret as a crossover from critical (with ν < 2) to statistical (ν = 2) fluctuations.
Phase coexistence and finite-size scaling in random combinatorial problems
Instead, we can interpret this equation of motion as the transfer matrix of a polymer wandering (but not back bending) on a 2D (n, t)-lattice with defect lines (at specific n along the t direction).
Anomalous Roughness, Localization, and Globally Constrained Random Walks
The activity of the dynein molecular motors coupled to the microtubules leads to periodic bending deformations and waves along the cilium.
Mechanical oscillations at the cellular scale
In the case of sperm, the flagellum propagates bending waves from the head towards the tail .
Mechanical oscillations at the cellular scale
The same physical mechanism can also generate oscillatory modes and bending waves along elastic filaments which interact with many motors as in the case of cilia [24, 25, 26].
Mechanical oscillations at the cellular scale
Internal stresses generated by the motors are thus directly coupled to bending deformations of the elastic microtubule doublets which are all bundled in parallel.
Mechanical oscillations at the cellular scale
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