• WordNet 3.6
    • n begum a Muslim woman of high rank in India or Pakistan
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Begum In the East Indies, a princess or lady of high rank.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • begum To daub or cover with gum.
    • n begum The title of a Hindu princess or lady of high rank.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Begum bē′gum a Hindu princess or lady of rank.
    • ***


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Per., fr. Turk., perh. properly queen mother, fr. Turk. beg,see Beg (n.)) + Ar. umm, mother
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Urdu begam.


In literature:

It was precisely the same impulse which had caused him to pursue Warren Hastings for his cruelties towards the Begums of Oude.
"Shelley, Godwin and Their Circle" by H. N. Brailsford
Thus we stood for a few seconds, when Brigadier Hope passed the signal for the assault on the Begum's Kothee.
"Reminiscences of the Great Mutiny 1857-59" by William Forbes-Mitchell
His mother, the Begum, is dead, and has left him enough in jewels to purchase an empire.
"Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, Volume 59, No. 368, June 1846" by Various
The throne has descended in the female line since 1844, when Sikandar Begum became ruler.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Slice 6" by Various
Throw up the sponge; the Begum has won it fairly.
"Barren Honour: A Novel" by George A. Lawrence
Meanwhile, Sumro Begum grasped with a firm hand the reins of government.
"Told by the Death's Head" by Mór Jókai
Other passengers got ready for them in advance, but the little begum in front of me did nothing.
"The High Heart" by Basil King
He was understood to be the son of a German adventurer in India, of the name of Summer, who espoused the late Begum Oomroo.
"The International Monthly, Volume 4, No. 1, August, 1851" by Various
Messrs. Begum & Swear, Chancery Lane, are acting for him.
"The Squire's Daughter" by Silas K(itto) Hocking
I am only too thankful he was able to subdue that fiery harpy, the Begum.
"The Red Year" by Louis Tracy

In news:

Hena Begum, a 14-year-old old Bangladeshi girl, was publicly flogged recently in Shariatpur, 35 miles outside of the capital, Dhaka after being accused of having an affair with her 40-year-old old married cousin.
Shabana Begum finishes a broadsheet that features a photo of the current chief minister of Tamil Nadu.
Ruksana Begum was arrested in July and pleaded guilty last month to possessing material useful to terrorists.
New bride Ruksana Begum had al-Qaeda material.
0Yolanda Begum was the front runner in the race for Cameron County Justice of the Peace Place 2, Pct.
Featured artists have included Abbas Akhavan, Rana Begum, and Shirin Aliabadi.

In science:

Figure 5: The HI absorption spectrum (bottom) from our EVLA pilot observations (Begum et al., submitted).
Galaxy evolution begins at home: GALFA, EVLA, and GASKAP
Begum et al. 2010), the impact of shockwaves and explosions (e.g.
Proceedings of the 2011 New York Workshop on Computer, Earth and Space Science
For example, the offset of the gasrich dwarf galaxies from the stellar TF relation disappears when their gas mass is taken into account (McGaugh et al. 2000; Begum et al. 2008).
The GALEX Arecibo SDSS Survey. IV. Baryonic Mass-Velocity-Size Relations of Massive Galaxies
But sometimes, say Whitmore et al. (2005), it’s just the clouds’ time and nothing shocking is needed18 Having lots of gas around is a necessary condition for star formation, but apparently not a sufficient one (Begum et al. 2006 on GMRT H I maps of relatively small galaxies).
Astrophysics in 2006
This galaxy was investigated in the HI line with the GMRT Indian radio telescope and its HI distribution was found to be highly asymmetric (Begum 2006).
H-alpha Survey of the Local Volume: Isolated Southern Galaxies