battery

Definitions

  • Exterior and Sectional View of a Battery of Tower Dry Kilns
    Exterior and Sectional View of a Battery of Tower Dry Kilns
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n battery an assault in which the assailant makes physical contact
    • n battery the heavy fire of artillery to saturate an area rather than hit a specific target "they laid down a barrage in front of the advancing troops","the shelling went on for hours without pausing"
    • n battery a device that produces electricity; may have several primary or secondary cells arranged in parallel or series
    • n battery a series of stamps operated in one mortar for crushing ores
    • n battery a collection of related things intended for use together "took a battery of achievement tests"
    • n battery a unit composed of the pitcher and catcher
    • n battery group of guns or missile launchers operated together at one place
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Daniell's battery Daniell's battery
Planté's storage battery Planté's storage battery
Faure storage battery Faure storage battery
Battery-jar aquarium Battery-jar aquarium
THE WHEELS OF A MOUNTAIN BATTERY THE WHEELS OF A MOUNTAIN BATTERY
VIEW ON THE BATTERY, CHARLESTON, SOUTH CAROLINA VIEW ON THE BATTERY, CHARLESTON, SOUTH CAROLINA

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Duracell, the battery-maker, built parts of its new international headquarters using materials from its own waste
    • Battery (Mil) A company or division of artillery, including the gunners, guns, horses, and all equipments. In the United States, a battery of flying artillery consists usually of six guns.
    • Battery (Elec) A number of coated jars (Leyden jars) so connected that they may be charged and discharged simultaneously.
    • Battery A number of similar machines or devices in position; an apparatus consisting of a set of similar parts; as, a battery of boilers, of retorts, condensers, etc.
    • Battery (Metallurgy) A series of stamps operated by one motive power, for crushing ores containing the precious metals.
    • Battery (Elec) An apparatus for generating voltaic electricity.
    • Battery (Mil) Any place where cannon or mortars are mounted, for attack or defense.
    • Battery The act of battering or beating.
    • Battery The box in which the stamps for crushing ore play up and down.
    • Battery (Baseball) The pitcher and catcher together.
    • Battery (Law) The unlawful beating of another. It includes every willful, angry and violent, or negligent touching of another's person or clothes, or anything attached to his person or held by him.
    • Battery (Mil) Two or more pieces of artillery in the field.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The dirt extracted to build the foundation of the World Trade Center in New York City was dumped into the Hudson River. The community of Battery City Park now resides on that dirt.
    • n battery The act of battering; attack or assault, with the view of beating down, as by a battering-ram or by ordnance.
    • n battery In law, the unlawful beating of another. The least degree of violence, or even the touching or spitting in the face of another, in anger or insolence, constitutes a battery. Every battery includes an assault, though an assault does not necessarily imply that it must be such as to threaten a battery. See assault.
    • n battery The instrument or agency employed in battering or attacking: as, a battery of guns; a battery of abuse. Specifically
    • n battery Milit.: A body of cannon for field operations, consisting generally of from 4 to 8 guns, with complement of wagons, artillerymen, etc. The armament of a ship of war: as, the Colorado's battery consists of 46 nine-inch guns.
    • n battery The personnel or complement of officers and men attached to a military battery.
    • n battery In fortification, a parapet thrown up to cover the gunners and others from the enemy's shot, with the guns employed; a fortified work mounting artillery.
    • n battery In base-ball, the pitcher and catcher together: as, the work of the battery was excellent.
    • n battery In frictional elect., a number of Leyden jars usually arranged with their inner coatings connected together, and their outer coatings also connected, so that they may all be charged and discharged at the same time. If arranged so that the inner coating of one is in connection with the outer coating of the next, and so on, they are said to be charged (or discharged) in cascade.
    • n battery In voltaic elect., a voltaic cell, or more properly a number of voltaic cells (see cell) arranged together so as to give a powerful current of electricity. The way in which the cells are coupled depends upon the nature of the current which is desired and the relation between the external and internal resistance. (See resistance.) For example, if the cells are arranged in series, the copper of the first with the zinc of the next, and so on, the result is to give) the maximum electromotive force; on the other hand, if arranged abreast, all the zincs being connected together, and all the copper plates together, the electromotive force is the same as for a single cell, but the internal or battery resistance is diminished, and hence the strength of the current or the quantity of electricity may, under certain conditions, be much increased. The first method is sometimes spoken of in popular language as the arrangement for intensity, the second for quantity. An early form of battery was Volta's pile, and another his couronne des tasses, or “crown of cups.” The different kinds of battery are named according to the materials or the form of the cells of which they are composed, or the way in which the cells are arranged. Some of the commoner kinds are the Daniell, Grove, Bunsen, Le Clanché, gravity, bichromate, etc. For a description of these and others, see cell.
    • n battery In optics, a series of lenses or of prisms, as in the spectroscope, combined in use.
    • n battery In machinery, an assemblage of similar constructions or parts: as, a battery of boilers; a battery of stamps in a stamping-mill; a battery of sugar-kettles.
    • n battery In the manufacture of nitric acid, a combination of large bottles and carboys serving as a condensing apparatus for the acid vapors.
    • n battery In hat-making, a large open boiler containing water to which some sulphuric acid has been added. It is surrounded by planks which slope toward the center, and is used in felting.
    • n battery Metals, or articles of metal, especially of brass or copper, wrought by hammering; hammered metals or utensils; especially, apparatus for preparing or serving meals; all metallic utensils of service for the kitchen. Compare batteria.
    • n battery An oblong box submerged to the rim in the water, used as a boat, and for concealment, by persons engaged in shooting wild fowl; a sink-boat.
    • n battery In coal-mining: A structure built of timber, to keep the coal in the breast or prevent it from sliding down the shute. A platform on which miners stand while working in thin and steeply pitching beds of coal.
    • n battery In lumbering, two or more donkey-engines for dragging logs, set at intervals on along skid-road.
    • n battery In indigo-manuf., a series of vats which are conducted as a unit. They may be either steeping-vats or beating-vats. See vat.
    • n battery A set of stamps in a stamp-mill, comprising the number which fall in one mortar.
    • n battery In cœlenterates, a group of stinging-cells.
    • n battery A shield or shelter designed to hide the shooters in a grouse-drive; a butt used on English and Scotch moors. They are usually formed of blocks of peat or turf, cut with a spade and built up in the form of a wall, circular, horseshoe, or semicircular in shape.
    • n battery In harpsichord music, an effect produced by striking a chord in quick repetition for greater sonority. It was indicated by prefixing a vertical curve to the notes of the chord.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The word "snorkel" comes from the German word "schnoerkel", which was a tube used by German submarine crews in WW2. The subs used an electric battery when traveling underwater, which had to be recharged using diesel engines, which needed air to run. To avoid the hazard of surfacing to run the engines, the Germans used the schnoerkel to feed air from the surface into the engines.
    • n Battery bat′ėr-i (Shak.) a wound: a number of cannon with their equipment: the place on which cannon are mounted: the men and horses attending one battery, constituting the unit in the artillery: an instrument used in electric and galvanic experiments:
    • n Battery bat′ėr-i (law) an assault by beating or wounding: apparatus for preparing or serving meals
    • ***

Idioms

Recharge your batteries - If you recharge your batteries, you do something to regain your energy after working hard for a long time.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. batterie, fr. battre,. See Batter (v. t.)

Usage

In literature:

Now disconnect the wires from the battery.
"How it Works" by Archibald Williams
Ruggles, with his three brigades, and Hodgson's battery of Louisiana artillery, and Ketchum's battery, moved upon Sherman's front.
"My Days and Nights on the Battle-Field" by Charles Carleton Coffin
It has a speed of from 2-1/2 to 3 miles an hour when equipped with dry batteries or storage batteries.
"Boys' Book of Model Boats" by Raymond Francis Yates
Batteries commanding the road which crossed this isthmus seemed, at the time, quite sufficient to defend the town.
"The Siege of Boston" by Allen French
The Allies reenforced, and with two 6-inch guns resumed the attack on October 14, 1914, when the German batteries were soon silenced.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume III (of VIII)" by Various
The battery which I mentioned just now is in the wood on this side of it to our right.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume II (of VIII)" by Various
The artillery was organized into companies commonly called batteries.
"War from the Inside" by Frederick L. (Frederick Lyman) Hitchcock
Rock and Teach distributed the best of the men among the guns of the spar-deck battery on the port side.
"Sir Henry Morgan, Buccaneer" by Cyrus Townsend Brady
The two other batteries were to the south of Hill 312; there was also a supporting battery of six 90-mm.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume IV (of 8)"
The Dvina front along its entire length was once more the subject of a violent artillery attack from German batteries on May 5, 1916.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume V (of 8)"
Two German battery positions were destroyed here by bombing from aeroplanes.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume VI (of VIII)" by Various
The First, Fifth, Sixth and Seventh Michigan regiments and Pennington's battery were all on the ground near the railroad station.
"Personal Recollections of a Cavalryman" by J. H. (James Harvey) Kidd
Darkness was falling; but the field where the batteries were planted was so level that the gunners could do wonderful execution.
"Three Years in the Federal Cavalry" by Willard Glazier
The actual work on the battery is finished when the battery cables are fastened to the battery terminals.
"The Automobile Storage Battery" by O. A. Witte
A battery consists of two pieces of different kinds of metal, or a metal and some carbon, in a chemical solution.
"Common Science" by Carleton W. Washburne
A train will hold two battalions of infantry, two thousand men, or a battery of artillery with full equipment.
"The Note-Book of an Attache" by Eric Fisher Wood
Passing along the trench, I filmed a mitrailleuse battery in action, which was literally mowing down the Germans as fast as they appeared.
"How I Filmed the War" by Lieut. Geoffrey H. Malins
Major Geiger, of the same Regiment, and Captain Hayden, of the Dubuque Battery, had two horses shot under them.
"The Battle of Atlanta" by Grenville M. Dodge
That battery was none of theirs.
"Si Klegg, Book 2 (of 6)" by John McElroy
Regiment after regiment fell into line as we filed past, for our battery was to take the lead.
"Our Battery" by Orlando P. Cutter
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In poetry:

Above the cloud what lights are gleaming?
God's batteries are those,
Or souls of soldiers, homeward streaming
To banquet with their foes?
"The Western " by Herbert Ashley Asquith
The battery grides and jingles,
Mile succeeds to mile;
Shaking the noonday sunshine
The guns lunge out awhile,
And then are still awhile.
"The Day's March" by Robert Nichols
The battery grinds and jingles,
Mile succeeds to mile;
Shaking the noonday sunshine,
The guns lunge out a while
And then are still a while.
"The Approach" by Robert Nichols
Death and Destruction they belched forth in vain,
We grimly defied their thunder;
Two columns of foot and batteries twain,
We rode and cleft them asunder.
"The Trumpet Of Gravelotte" by Hermann Ferdinand Freiligrath
But, under the twelve-inch guns of the black land-batteries
The hacked bright hulk, in a glory of crackling spars,
Moved to her goal
Like an immortal soul;
"The Vindictive" by Alfred Noyes
Nay, once it was also a fortress wall, and the weight of a
vast battery.
But now it is a burning hearthstone only,
Massive old altar of his own burnt offering.
"St. Luke" by D H Lawrence

In news:

We dry camp quite a bit and have a trailer with two 12-volt batteries.
Aesop rock battery labor days def jux.
Will advanced batteries charge up the Midwest economy.
Three years ago, the advanced battery industry in the United States existed only in the imagination.
President Obama speaks at the LG- Chem 's Compact Power lithium-ion battery-making plant groundbreaking on the Tulip City's far southeast corner.
Holland's new advanced battery industry has brought a lot of hype to town in the past year, but now it's backing that up with some jobs.
The Chevy Volt will use electric batteries made by LG Chem in Holland (July 15, 2010).
President Barack Obama and Holland Mayor Kurt Dykstra sit in an electric Ford Focus, at the groundbreaking ceremony at Compact Power, Inc, a subsidary of LG Chem Ltd, a battery plant, Thursday, July 15, 2010, in Holland, Mich.
Mark Copier The Grand Rapids Press A new battery manufacturing plant will be built on vacant land off 48th Street, east of Waverly Road in Holland.
How to choose the battery charger that's best for your boating needs.
A month before that, we paid about $2,000 to fix a faulty fuel pump and an electrical system that tended to drain batteries.
Coda ditches plan to build car-battery factory in Columbus.
CODA Holdings Acquires Battery Management Systems Leader EnergyCS.
Also makes lithium-ion batteries for vehicles.
THESE NEW LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES run 33% longer with a 33% increased lifespan over traditional rechargeable batteries.
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In science:

A plausible estimate might be no more than a few hours, since that is the maximum length of time over which a battery could supply the required amount of power.
How the sun shines
Since the space volume can be large, one performs a battery of tests which for each cube ∆ tell us whether the random part in that cube ∆ has an exceptionally large norm or not.
Random Matrices and the Anderson Model
This battery of tests is called a large/small field analysis in constructive theory.
Random Matrices and the Anderson Model
We sub ject the resultant bit streams to a battery of standard benchmark statistical tests for randomness and show that these bit streams are statistically the same as a perfect random bit stream.
Random Numbers from Astronomical Imaging
Examples of such bit streams are examined in Section 3 using a battery of statistical tests to evaluate their randomness.
Random Numbers from Astronomical Imaging
To evaluate the randomness of our bit stream, we sub ject it to a battery of benchmark statistical tests.
Random Numbers from Astronomical Imaging
Abstract] The prime numbers look like a randomly chosen sequence of natural numbers, but there is still no strict theory to determine ‘Randomness’. In these years, cryptography has developed a battery of statistical tests for randomness. In this paper, we just apply these methods to study the distribution of primes.
Pseudo Random test of prime numbers
Even though this provides the best performance among all three cases, it is impractical since sensor nodes are low energy devices and it is often difficult, if not impossible, to replenish their batteries.
Optimal Distortion-Power Tradeoffs in Sensor Networks: Gauss-Markov Random Processes
Second, sensor nodes have limited battery power without recharging capabilities.
Threshold-Controlled Global Cascading in Wireless Sensor Networks
Next, they are battery operated and thus their performance tend to deteriorate as power is exhausted.
Threshold-Controlled Global Cascading in Wireless Sensor Networks
Ax (y ) = Xe∈E (Of course, in order to drive this current in a real network, appropriate batteries must be wired into the edges.
Linearly edge-reinforced random walks
Quality of randomness of long sequences of bits produced by our prototype was evaluated by three batteries of statistical tests: ENT , DIEHARD and STS version 1.5 for Linux .
Quantum random number generator
DIEHARD is a renown battery of tests which is most sensitive to various problems likely to appear in pseudorandom generators.
Quantum random number generator
We have applied a battery of a posteriori software statistical tests to the privacy enhanced output, but we stress that these tests are only used to verify that the QRBG has been correctly implemented: the guarantee of the QRBG security and randomness relies on the measurement of H∞ .
Secure self-calibrating quantum random bit generator
Assume now that each mobile terminal is interested both in having its data received with as small as possible error probability at the AP, and in making optimal use of the energy stored in its battery.
Power control and receiver design for energy efficiency in multipath CDMA channels with bandlimited waveforms
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