• WordNet 3.6
    • adj basal especially of leaves; located at the base of a plant or stem; especially arising directly from the root or rootstock or a root-like stem "basal placentation","radical leaves"
    • adj basal of primary importance
    • adj basal serving as or forming a base "the painter applied a base coat followed by two finishing coats"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • a Basal Relating to, or forming, the base.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • basal Of or pertaining to the base; constituting the base; fundamental.
    • basal Pertaining to the base of a part or organ. On or near the base: as, a basal mark.
    • basal Nearest the base: as, the basal joint, or the four basal joints of an insect's antenna.
    • basal In ichthyology, of or pertaining to the basalia. See basale.
    • basal In the wings of Diptera, one of the elongate cells near the base of the wing between the second and fifth or second and sixth longitudinal veins; they are numbered, the first being the one nearest the costal margin.
    • n basal One of the basal joints of the branches of a crinoid, bearing the radials.
    • n basal In ichthyology, the basisphenoid.
    • basal In a typical solitary coral, as Caryophyllia, that part of the skeleton which is between the zoöid and the surface of attachment.
    • n basal Same as genital plate (which see, under genital).
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • adjs Basal pertaining to or situated at the base, esp. of the skull
    • ***


Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.—L.—Gr. basisba-, in bainein, to go.


In literature:

It has been found by DuBois that the basal metabolism in boys of twelve is 25 per cent.
"Food in War Time" by Graham Lusk
D. Action on motor-centres of Cerebellum and Basal Ganglia.
"On Snake-Poison: its Action and its Antidote" by A. Mueller
This basal portion is often tinged with the purplish hue of the spores.
"Student's Hand-book of Mushrooms of America, Edible and Poisonous" by Thomas Taylor
The cleavage is perfect parallel to the basal pinacoid, and less marked parallel to the prism.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 5" by Various
Acute rhombohedra in combination with the basal pinacoid are also frequent, giving crystals of octahedral aspect.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 7" by Various
This is known as the ~basal rate of metabolism~, and constitutes the normal ~basal requirements~.
"Dietetics for Nurses" by Fairfax T. Proudfit
Numerous isolated basal plates of the pelvic girdle have revealed details of structure but no information on the orientation.
"A New Genus of Pennsylvania Fish (Crossoperygii, Coelacanthiformes) from Kansas" by Joan Echols
Appendages of 2nd pair, with their basal segments uniting in the middle line below the mouth, weakly chelate at apex.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 3" by Various
The reaction always begins at the basal sharp point of the hair.
"Handbook of Medical Entomology" by William Albert Riley
The bracket should turn on a basal hinge or pivot, to admit of swinging it forward or backward.
"The Practical Garden-Book" by C. E. Hunn
The crystals often show simply the hexagonal prism and basal plane.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 9, Slice 3" by Various
A treatment for cobra-bite is to take a chicken, and make a deep incision into the beak at the basal end.
"Omens and Superstitions of Southern India" by Edgar Thurston
The structure of the branches is identical with that of the basal part.
"Freshwater Sponges, Hydroids & Polyzoa" by Nelson Annandale
The lower jaw is commonly large and heavy, and the chin is pointed, as the bones converge directly from the basal angle.
"In the Andamans and Nicobars" by C. Boden Kloss
Illustrative action by each person in the group or by the group as a whole is basal.
"Dramatic Technique" by George Pierce Baker
On the deep surface of the choroid is a structureless basal lamina.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 10, Slice 1" by Various
We rode in the basal gloom of it, no more than lost ants there, at an immeasurable depth in the atmosphere.
"The Sea and the Jungle" by H. M. Tomlinson
Sa, Dorsal bristle of the basal part.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 11, Slice 5" by Various
Webbing between fingers one and two is basal in all species.
"A Synopsis of Neotropical Hylid Frogs, Genus Osteocephalus" by Linda Trueb
Those that enter into geometric proofs are basal; those that form part of the conversational language of geometry are not.
"The Teaching of Geometry" by David Eugene Smith

In news:

Cell Communication in the Basal Cells of the Human Epidermis .
Post-mortem measurement of glutamic acid decarboxylase, choline acetyltransferase and dopamine in basal ganglia.
President Clinton's physician informed him today that the lesion removed from his back in last week's physical examination tested positive for basal cell carcinoma, a type of skin cancer, White House officials said.
If you want to predict ovulation , you can monitor your basal temperature, your cervix, or your cervical discharge.
It is the death of these gene-damaged cells that causes the skin to eventually peel away after a sunburn, but basal cells just beneath the outer skin can also be genetically damaged by the sun and eliminated by the fas process.
Nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome and fetal rhabdomyoma : A case study.
The Star Wars legend consulted doctors after discovering the growth was a non-cancerous basal cell carcinoma and recently went under the knife to treat the condition.
He had been treated for the same type of cancer — basal cell carcinoma — in 2008, when he had a small spot removed near his right ear.
Doctors removed basal cell carcinoma, a common, slow-growing form of skin cancer , from the right side of his nose.
Basal readers rely more on analysis and documentation and less on students' personal experiences.
Basal and squamous cell skin cancers (considered non- melanomas ) start at the base of the skin's outer layer (the epidermis) in the basal and squamous cells.
The remaining percent is due to your resting or basal metabolic rate (BMR).
This is called your basal metabolic rate or BMR.
Matrix Pharmaceutical Inc said yesterday that its trial of Accusite Injectable Gel, a treatment for basal-cell cancer, had been delayed, leading to a sharp selloff of its stock.
I was just diagnosed with skin cancer – basal cell carcinoma to be exact.

In science:

One could also think of a modification in which not only basal species, but also other species can become extinct spontaneously.
Biological Evolution and Statistical Physics
They are very similar to the previous calculations[2,3], though Fig. 1 shows bandstructures along all the symmetry axes; the Γ-K-M-Γ lines is parallel to the A-H-L-A lines on the basal plane and the Λ, U and P axes are along the c-axis (see Fig. 3 (a)).
Energy bandstructures of MgB2 and the related compounds
According to Banhart (1999) and from electron irradiation studies, the essential types of radiation damage up to intermediate temperatures are the rupture of basal planes (due to shift of the C-atoms out of the plane) and the aggregation of interstitials into small dislocation loops between the graphene layers.
Induced Magnetic Order by Ion Irradiation of Carbon-Based Structures
Such trees have not been used in calculating diameter increments, and have only been used in calculating stand basal areas.
Effects of Selection Logging on Rainforest Productivity
The file also contained records of tree species and dbh, and stand variables such as site quality, stand basal area and soil parent material.
Effects of Selection Logging on Rainforest Productivity
The d-vector ˆx ± i ˆy lies in the basal plane, which for illustrative purpose is depicted by yellow arrows in Fig. 1(a).
Evaluation of Spin-Triplet Superconductivity in Sr2RuO4
They are the states with the orbital angular momentum Lz = +1 or −1 as represented by big arrows in Fig. 1(b); the Cooper-pair spins lie in the basal plane as d ⊥ S.
Evaluation of Spin-Triplet Superconductivity in Sr2RuO4
The d-vector rotates within the basal plane in response to the external magnetic fields.
Evaluation of Spin-Triplet Superconductivity in Sr2RuO4
Color online) (a) Low-field Knight shift of Sr2RuO4 with the field parallel to the basal ab plane.
Evaluation of Spin-Triplet Superconductivity in Sr2RuO4
Figure 12 represents C/T with the magnetic field rotating in the basal plane.
Evaluation of Spin-Triplet Superconductivity in Sr2RuO4
Color online) (left) Fourfold oscillation of specific heat of Sr2RuO4 under field rotation within the basal plane.
Evaluation of Spin-Triplet Superconductivity in Sr2RuO4
Such SOI within a Cooper pair yields the spins orienting parallel to L, thus d k ab by the energy corresponding to 64 mT.107 Within the five d-vector states allowed in the tetragonal crystal symmetry, a d-vector in the basal plane may be constructed as a mixing of four of the states.
Evaluation of Spin-Triplet Superconductivity in Sr2RuO4
We note that if the d-vector lies in the basal plane, as illustrated in Fig. 1(c), the pinning within the basal plane must be extremely weak because of the tetragonal symmetry.
Evaluation of Spin-Triplet Superconductivity in Sr2RuO4
Since the principal axis for the oxygen quadrupole moment lies in the basal plane, 1/T 1 consists of the spin fluctuations of both the in-plane and out-of-plane components.
Evaluation of Spin-Triplet Superconductivity in Sr2RuO4
The calculated result predicts that the superconducting gap should be strongly anisotropic in the basal plane: gap minimum on the γ Fermi surface should exist near the zone boundary, and nearly-zero gap minima on the α and β Fermi surfaces should exist at the diagonal points.
Evaluation of Spin-Triplet Superconductivity in Sr2RuO4