bard

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v bard put a caparison on "caparison the horses for the festive occasion"
    • n bard an ornamental caparison for a horse
    • n bard a lyric poet
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Bard A piece of defensive (or, sometimes, ornamental) armor for a horse's neck, breast, and flanks; a barb. [Often in the pl.
    • Bard A professional poet and singer, as among the ancient Celts, whose occupation was to compose and sing verses in honor of the heroic achievements of princes and brave men.
    • Bard (Cookery) A thin slice of fat bacon used to cover any meat or game.
    • Bard Defensive armor formerly worn by a man at arms.
    • Bard Hence: A poet; as, the bard of Avon.
    • Bard Specifically, Peruvian bark.
    • Bard The exterior covering of the trunk and branches of a tree; the rind.
    • v. t Bard (Cookery) To cover (meat or game) with a thin slice of fat bacon.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n bard A poet and singer among the ancient Celts; one whose occupation was to compose and sing verses in honor of the heroic achievements of princes and brave men, and on other subjects, generally to the accompaniment of the harp. The Welsh bards formed a hereditary order regulated by laws, and held stated festivals for competition, called eisteddfods, which after a long suspension were revived in the eighteenth century. (See eisteddfod.) There was also a hereditary gild of bards in Ireland, many of whom attained great skill.
    • n bard Formerly, in Scotland, a strolling musician; a minstrel: classed with vagabonds, as an object of penal laws.
    • n bard In modern use, a poet: as, the bard of Avon (Shakspere); the Ayrshire bard (Burns).
    • n bard A scold: applied only to women.
    • n bard Any one of the pieces of defensive armor used in medieval Europe to protect the horse. There is no record of any general use of such armor in antiquity or among Oriental peoples, or in the European middle ages before the fifteenth century. Housings of different kinds of stuff, sometimes quilted and wadded in exposed parts, the saddle with its appurtenances, and occasionally a chamfron, were all the defense provided for horses until that time. The piece of armor most commonly used after the chamfron (which see) was the bard of the breast. See poitrel. The croupière, or part covering the haunches, was added at the close of the fifteenth century; but after the wars of the Roses the bards reached their fullest development, and the upper part of the body of the horse was covered as completely with steel as the body of his rider. See croupière.
    • n bard Hence plural The housings of a horse, used in tourneys, justs, and processions during the later middle ages. They were most commonly of stuff woven or embroidered with the arms of the rider.
    • n bard plural Armor of metal plates, worn in the sixteenth century and later. See armor.
    • bard To caparison with bards, as a horse; to furnish or accoutre with armor, as a man.
    • n bard A strip of bacon used to cover a fowl or meat in roasting.
    • bard To cover with thin bacon, as a bird or meat to be roasted.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Bard bärd a poet and singer among the ancient Celts: a poet—dims. Bard′ling, Bard′let, poetaster
    • n Bard (obs.) the protective covering of a war-horse or a man-at-arms
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Of Celtic origin; cf. W. bardd, Arm. barz, Ir. & Gael. bard, and F. barde,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. barde—Sp. albarda, pack-saddle, perh. from Ar. al-barda‛ah; al, the, and barda‛ah, mule's pack-saddle.

Usage

In literature:

From Burns' 'A Bard's Epitaph.
"The Prose Works of William Wordsworth" by William Wordsworth
Each philosopher, each bard, each actor has only done for me, as by a delegate, what one day I can do for myself.
"Essays" by Ralph Waldo Emerson
He was jealous, and his usual urbanity was sorely tried by the Irish bard.
"The Disentanglers" by Andrew Lang
Scarcely a month after this repeal, Bard of Pennsylvania solemnly addressed Congress on the matter.
"The Suppression of the African Slave Trade to the United States of America" by W. E. B. Du Bois
Bard was another son of theirs.
"Laxdæla Saga" by Anonymous
Then Bard and Olaf said, "Think ye not that these Icelanders will make game of you sluggards; take rather your weapons and guard your goods".
"The story of Burnt Njal" by Anonymous
The poet Burns cultivated the society of Mr Reid, who proved a warm friend, as he was an ardent admirer, of the Ayrshire bard.
"The Modern Scottish Minstrel , Volume I." by Various
The bard was of illustrious lineage, and of handsome person.
"The Poetry of Wales" by John Jenkins
I will, however, quote from "The Sleeping Bard, or Visions of the World, Death and Hell," his translation of Elis Wyn's "Y Bardd Cwsg.
"George Borrow The Man and His Books" by Edward Thomas
The career of the Bard of Ettrick was drawing to a close.
"The Modern Scottish Minstrel, Volume II." by Various
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In poetry:

I am cold, no matter how I warm
Or clothe me;
O Winter, greater bards have sung
I loathe thee!
"To Winter" by Eugene O Neill
Peace is best! If life was hard
Peace came next.
Thus the scholar, thus the bard,
Lies unvext.
"James Lionel Michael" by Henry Kendall
The Bard begins to tear
His hyacinthine tresses,
Or polishes with care
Last years returned M.S.S.
"A Pastoral" by P G Wodehouse
Thou recallest bards,
Who, in solitary chambers,
And with hearts by passion wasted,
Wrote thy pages.
"To An Old Danish Songbook" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
I leave such sentimental show
To bards like Shelley, Keats, and Poe
I merely spill
Some ink, Myrtil-
La, thus.
"To Myrtilla Again" by Franklin Pierce Adams
Above the dying exile hung
The vision of the bard,
As faltered on his failing tongue
The song of good Bernard.
"Norembega" by John Greenleaf Whittier

In news:

PBS series 'Shakespeare Uncovered' to dig deep into Bard's plays.
He is 21, grew up in Berkeley and attends Bard College and the Bard College Conservatory of Music in Annandale-on-Hudson, N.Y.
Setting of Bard classic moved to 1917.
Several Bard-inspired Asian offerings join summer lineup.
Doubront, Bard fill out Red Sox rotation.
FORT MYERS — Boston manager Bobby Valentine says Felix Doubront and Daniel Bard will fill out the Red Sox rotation.
The left-handed Doubront will take the fourth spot and the right-handed Bard will be the fifth starter.
Ready for anything after riffing Bard.
The Bard's 'All's Well That Ends Well'.
Barde knew of him through a friend and commissioned a wizard-dragon combination for his front-yard stump.
Deauville Director Bruno Barde Calls Festival ' Glamorous Without Any Stress'.
In Roberts's punk- gothic , evocative take on Richard III, a co-production with his own Prague Shakespeare Festival, one of the Bard's most popular and accessible works blazes with terrible fury.
Concerning the prime cuts of this weekend's international group racing, let's paraphrase a bit from The Bard: Age cannot wither nor custom stale their infinite variety.
The founder of the Dead Poets Society of America is halfway to his goal of visiting the gravesites of 500 bards.
The Bard Gets A New Venue.
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In science:

Bard and Andrey Bogdanov: PeriodicCipherswithSmallBlocks and Cryptanalysis of KeeLoq, In Tatra Mountains Mathematic Publications, post-proceedings of Tatracrypt 2007 conference, to appear in 2008.
Statistics of Random Permutations and the Cryptanalysis Of Periodic Block Ciphers
Bard, David Wagner: Algebraic and Slide Attacks on KeeLoq, Older preprint with an incorrect speci fication of KeeLoq, av ailable at eprint.iacr.org/2007/062/.
Statistics of Random Permutations and the Cryptanalysis Of Periodic Block Ciphers
Bard et al., 2000] Bard, E., Raisbeck, G., Yiou, F., and Jouzel, J. (2000).
A selection of papers with some relevance to the investigation of the Sun-Climate link: Papers on Data, Methods and Commentary
Newton and fminunc converge, mNewton normally uses less iterations than fminunc and converges to points with smaller kg (xk )k except 2 problems bard and deconvu.
A Globally and Quadratically Convergent Algorithm with Efficient Implementation for Unconstrained Optimization
For all problems except bard, cliff, deconvu, sisser, and vardim, the modified Newton uses fewer iterations than L-CG-Descent, L-BFGS, and CG-Descent 5.3 to converge to the minimum.
A Globally and Quadratically Convergent Algorithm with Efficient Implementation for Unconstrained Optimization
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