• WordNet 3.6
    • adj backed having a back or backing, usually of a specified type
    • adj backed used of film that is coated on the side opposite the emulsion with a substance to absorb light
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

"He gave me back the half-crown." "He gave me back the half-crown."
"The robin came back with a worm." "The robin came back with a worm."
The "Hog's Back." The "Hog's Back."
A Dip in the Hog's Back A Dip in the Hog's Back
Bench made with Pinned Mortise-and-Tenon Joints, Low Back Bench made with Pinned Mortise-and-Tenon Joints, Low Back
Dad Leaned Against a Lamp Post and Scratched his Back 364 Dad Leaned Against a Lamp Post and Scratched his Back 364
Josiah turned his back on me Josiah turned his back on me

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The high jump method of jumping head first and landing on the back is called the Fosbury Flop.
    • a Backed băkt Having a back; fitted with a back; as, a backed electrotype or stereotype plate. Used in composition; as, broad-backed; hump-backed .
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Tossing coins into fountains, dates back more than 2,000 years ago.
    • backed In composition, having a back (with the quality or characteristic noted in the first part of the word): as, a high-backed chair; hump-backed; broad-backed.
    • backed In archery, having the back made of a separate piece from the belly: said of a bow. See bow.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The phrase "jet lag" was once called "boat lag", back before airplanes existed.
    • adj Backed as in humpbacked
    • ***


  • Italian Proverb
    Italian Proverb
    “Once the game is over, the king and the pawn go back into the same box.”
  • Lee Iacocca
    “We at Chrysler borrow money the old fashion way. We pay it back.”
  • Wizard of Oz Movie
    Wizard of Oz Movie
    “I know that if I ever go looking for my heart's desire, I'll never go any further than my own back yard. For if it isn't there, I never really lost it. (Dorothy)”
  • Tony Arata
    Tony Arata
    “I'll do my dreaming with my eyes wide open, and I'll do my looking back with my eyes closed.”
  • Mick Jagger
    Mick Jagger
    “It is all right letting yourself go, as long as you can get yourself back.”
  • Edwin Markham
    “Bowed by the weight of centuries he leans upon his hoe and gazes on the ground, the emptiness of ages in his face, and on his back the burden of the world.”


Back burner - If an issue is on the back burner, it is being given low priority.
Back foot - (UK) If you are on your back foot, you are at a disadvantage and forced to be defensive of your position.
Back number - Something that's a back number is dated or out of fashion.
Back the wrong horse - If you back the wrong horse, you give your support to the losing side in something.
Back to back - If things happen back to back, they are directly one after another.
Back to square one - If you are back to square one, you have to start from the beginning again.
Back to the drawing board - If you have to go back to the drawing board, you have to go back to the beginning and start something again.
Back to the salt mines - If someone says they have to go back to the salt mines, they have to return, possibly unwillingly, to work.
Back to the wall - If you have your back to the wall, you are in a difficult situation with very little room for manoeuvre.
Be on the pig's back - If you're on the pig's back, you're happy / content / in fine form.
Behind someone's back - If you do something behind someone's back, you do it without telling them.
Break the back of the beast - If you break the back of the beast, you accomplish a challenge.
By the back door - If something is started or introduced by the back door, then it is not done openly or by following the proper procedures.
Cast your mind back - If somebody tells you to cast your mind back on something, they want you to think about something that happened in the past, but which you might not remember very well, and to try to remember as much as possible.
Fall off the back of a lorry - (UK) If someone tries to sell you something that has fallen of the back of a lorry, they are trying to sell you stolen goods.


Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. bæc, Sw. bak, Dan. bag.


In literature:

The Indian, having fastened his blanket on the pony's back to his satisfaction, sprang upon his back, and began to lash him with a quirt.
"Ted Strong in Montana" by Edward C. Taylor
She went to the baker's to buy him some bread, But when she came back the poor dog was dead.
"Childhood's Favorites and Fairy Stories" by Various
Then the kid dropped behind him, fighting back-to-back.
"Police Your Planet" by Lester del Rey
There was no answer; so I led the horse to the stable boy and hurried back to see if Hamilton were inside.
"Lords of the North" by A. C. Laut
So she took him back again to the redolent shadows, back to the silences where dreams are born.
"The Seventh Noon" by Frederick Orin Bartlett
Then he threw back his shoulders and spoke directly to Tess.
"The Secret of the Storm Country" by Grace Miller White
A second squad back caught it near the side-line, tucked it under his arm and started back.
"Left End Edwards" by Ralph Henry Barbour
Back to the right of the house was the smokehouse, kept full of meat, and further back was the big barns.
"Slave Narratives, Oklahoma" by Various
She backed down the steps and made her way to the back door.
"The Best Short Stories of 1917" by Various
Lylda would be back by then; no sooner would she have heard of Loto's loss than he would bring him back to her.
"The Girl in the Golden Atom" by Raymond King Cummings
Poor man give bout 1-1/2 hours for noon whe' I get two hours back home en I never go back de next day.
"Slave Narratives Vol. XIV. South Carolina, Part 2" by Works Projects Administration
When he got back, she'd have wanted a reasonable explanation for what has been going on.
"Legacy" by James H Schmitz
Face and back, face and back, face and back, Sordello whirled before Daoud.
"The Saracen: Land of the Infidel" by Robert Shea
King Louis wants to go on crusade to win back the Holy Land with the help of the Tartars.
"The Saracen: The Holy War" by Robert Shea
If the gel balks at all that line of stuff I'll stand back of her to quit an' come back to Three Star.
"Rimrock Trail" by J. Allan Dunn
If I did, I would come back, as you come back, time after time.
"Peter the Brazen" by George F. Worts
So the jury was called back, and Mrs. Greening was excused, and Hammer wiped off the sweat and pushed back his cuffs.
"The Bondboy" by George W. (George Washington) Ogden
Two days after, de woman have her mind back.
"Slave Narratives: a Folk History of Slavery in the United States From Interviews with Former Slaves" by Work Projects Administration
There was a high-backed chair, and a velvet-covered dais for the high-backed chair.
"The Missourian" by Eugene P. (Eugene Percy) Lyle
Our arrangements were very simple; the chairs were few and pushed back easily, and we had an old set of gloves.
"Gold" by Stewart White

In poetry:

Back he then repairs;
See how swells the tide!
How each pail he bears
Straightway is supplied!
"The Pupil In Magic" by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
So now,
Losing the three last night,
Takeing them back today,
Dripping and dark the woods . . .
"Poetry" by Ernest Hemingway
"I think this race favors the
closers," he said to the back of
my neck. "the track looks
"I like your books" by Charles Bukowski
It was your voice I heard,
You waked and loved me so —
I send you back this word,
I know, I know!
"Message" by Sara Teasdale
Devil-gotten sinners,
Throwing back their heads,
Fiddling for their dinners,
Kissing for their beds.
"The Dark Girl's Rhyme" by Dorothy Parker
Mally's hert played wallop,
Kenned him or he spak:
"Are ye no deid, Johnnie?
Is't yersel come back?"
"Ower The Hedge" by George MacDonald

In news:

Manifest , a monthly arts showcase held at The CampHouse, 1427 Williams St, will offer back-to-back events this weekend.
( Tyler Ennis scored back-to-back goals in the first period to lead a high scoring affair for the Buffalo Sabres who beat Adler Mannheim of Germany 8-3 in the exhibition finale.
Quarterback Reese Carlisle (center back) calls a play, lined up with runnings backs, Noel Cabrera, left and Jonatan Kriqi during a Marco Island Academy football practice.
It's Back Throw Back Thursday.
Wet and dry segmented diamond blades from Multiquip's Diamond Back Diamond Back Cutting Division enhance the performance of each Mason Pro Masonry Saw.
Why an Afghan warlord, once backed by the CIA and with a reputation for shocking brutality, is back in the news.
Vander Meer , who pitched back-to-back no-hitters in '38, still had one left.
Safety concerns raised after back-to-back patient killings at Perkins.
The new offering is backed with a money-back guarantee.
LSU wide receiver Russell Shepard (10) carries past Alabama defensive back Ha'Sean Clinton-Dix (6), defensive back Dee Milliner (28), and linebacker Trey DePriest (33) during the first half of an NCAA college football game in Baton Rouge, La.
You'd hope that young legs wouldn't be bothered by a back-to-back at the beginning of the season.
After a 3½-month journey, a NASA spacecraft flew over the moon's south pole, fired its engine and dropped into orbit in the first of two back-to-back arrivals over the New Year's weekend.
I know we're all saving money nowadays, but you can't justify having the same referee in back-to-back games, on back-to-back nights, in the playoffs.
Historically, back care and rehabilitation strategies have focused on corrective exercises that engage the lower back in isolation and in one plane of motion.
Executive Director of the Center for Urban Transformation, Orrin Williams, examines the meaning of sankofa, which can be translated as "it is not bad to go back for that which you have forgotten" or "looking back to move forward".

In science:

Now a back-end can use the strings we have provided in generated code, and it will work correctly (if the back-end generates Java and not C or some other language). A back-end may need some extra information such as a package to put the generated code in and a name to give to the generated parser.
Extensible type checker for parser generation
In some situations it is also convenient to have several back-end pro files for the same language, for example , when one needs to compare performance of different implementations or while migrating from one back-end to another.
Extensible type checker for parser generation
The covering map ρ : fM → M pulls back the groupoid G2 to a groupoid ρ−1G2 by pulling back its arrows.
Riemannian geometry as a curved pre-homogeneous geometry
From the distributional equivalence of pull-back and forward orbits, Lemma 23 establishes the existence of a unique almost equilibrium uA , i.e., a unique equilibrium measure for the process n eP (t)o from the distributional equivalence of pull-back and forward orbits.
Gossip and Distributed Kalman Filtering: Weak Consensus under Weak Detectability
Manual Database Back-Up This test case verifies whether user with sufficient privileges can back up database 1.
Software Design Document, Testing, Deployment and Configuration Management of the UUIS--a Team 2 COMP5541-W10 Project Approach
Fifty users enter their requests (excluding back-up requests) simultaneously and initiate the transactions. System performs all transactions (except for back-up) and outputs the results within five seconds.
Software Design Document, Testing, Deployment and Configuration Management of the UUIS--a Team 2 COMP5541-W10 Project Approach
Any map γ : ∆ → N with γ (0) = 0 lifts to ˆγ : ∆ → ˆN and the pull-back by ˆγ of X ′ p is isomorphic to the family we have constructed in (3.1), beginning with the pull back γ ∗X of X to ∆.
Stability, birational transformations and the Kahler-Einstein problem
Using the switches located between the back-to-back horns one can modulate on/off a single pair of horns while leaving all the others open in order to access the visibility measured by this pair of horns alone.
QUBIC: The QU Bolometric Interferometer for Cosmology
The “pushing back” of most of the entropy back into the state recycles the bits, and improves greatly the efficiency.
Bit recycling for scaling random number generators
Back-end PRNGs To test the speed of the following algorithms, we used four different back-end PRNGs. (sfmt_sse) The SIMD oriented Fast Mersenne Twister(SFMT) ver. 1.3.3 by Mutsuo Saito and Makoto Matsumoto (compiled with SSE support) (xorshift) The xorshift generator by G.
Bit recycling for scaling random number generators
A.1 Speed of back-end RNGs and Ad hoc functions These tables list the average time (in nanoseconds) of the back-end RNGs and the ad hoc functions (see the C code in sec. B.2 on page 20); these same data are plotted as red crosses in the plots of the next section.
Bit recycling for scaling random number generators
Instead of having the infalling observer send his information out, we could just have the observer turn back (or be pulled back with a rope), and then we could observe the data in his bit back at infinity.
Losing information outside the horizon
The reference time was determined with a Na-source located at equal distance from the LAr-cell and the LSC, and using the two back-to-back 511 keV γ ’s.
Search for WIMPs in liquid argon
Alice sends that particles back to Bob who uses his corresponding particles of the entangled pair to do a CNOT operation, making |ψi i turn back to the original state.
Quantum Communication Complexity of Quantum Authentication Protocols
At LO (n = 2), the two jets in the event are exactly back-to-back in the azimuthal plane.
A Forward Branching Phase-Space Generator