bacillus

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n bacillus aerobic rod-shaped spore-producing bacterium; often occurring in chainlike formations; found primarily in soil
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Cat scratch disease, a benign but sometimes painful disease of short duration, is caused by a bacillus. Despite its name, the disease can be transmitted by many kinds of scratches besides those of cats.
    • n Bacillus (Biol) A variety of bacterium; a microscopic, rod-shaped vegetable organism.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n bacillus In anatomy, a little rod or rod-like body, as one of the rods of the retina.
    • n bacillus An individual of the genus Bacillus.
    • n bacillus [capitalized] A so-called genus of the microscopical vegetable organisms known as bacteria, having the form of very slender straight filaments, short or of moderate length, and consisting of one or more elongated cylindrical joints. Several forms, or species, are recognized. Of these, B. subtilis is found in rennet, and is the agent in butyric fermentation; B. anthracis causes the disease known as anthrax or charbon; and B. amylobacter is one of the species which produce putrefaction. Other species are believed to cause tuberculosis, leprosy, and cholera. The comma bacillus, which is asserted to be always present in the course of the last-named disease, is peculiar in having a more or less curved form. See Bacterium and Schizomycetes.
    • n bacillus [capitalized] In entomology, a genus of orthopterous gressorial insects, of the family Phasmidæ, the walking-sticks.
    • n bacillus Medicine made up into a long round figure like a stick.
    • n bacillus In sponges, a microstrongyle; a form of spicule.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Bacillus ba-sil′us properly the name of a distinct genus of Schizomycetes, but popularly used in the same sense as Bacterium
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
NL., for L. bacillum. See Bacillariæ
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Low L. bacillus, dim. of baculus, a rod.

Usage

In literature:

F., it is certainly sufficient to destroy the tubercle bacillus.
"Outlines of Dairy Bacteriology, 8th edition" by H. L. Russell
The bacillus which causes tetanus or lockjaw will illustrate this.
"Insects and Diseases" by Rennie W. Doane
But I searched the collection in vain for the real bacillus of the slum.
"The Battle with the Slum" by Jacob A. Riis
Stockman isolated the tubercle bacillus from a series of cases of "phosphorus necrosis" investigated by him.
"Manual of Surgery Volume Second: Extremities--Head--Neck. Sixth Edition." by Alexander Miles
THE STOLEN BACILLUS: and other Incidents.
"Lover or Friend" by Rosa Nouchette Carey
The same is true of Schizomycetes, to which all the bacteria, bacillus, spirillum, and vibrio, and a number of other groups belong.
"The Mushroom, Edible and Otherwise" by M. E. Hard
Bacillus of typhoid fever, 351.
"Rural Hygiene" by Henry N. Ogden
Ireland is a kind of laboratory for the culture of the mandarin bacillus.
"The Island Mystery" by George A. Birmingham
Others, however, deny this and point out that the bacillus of abortion can be demonstrated in nearly every case.
"Special Report on Diseases of Cattle" by U.S. Department of Agriculture
I learned a bit about it and some of the habits of the ubiquitous bacillus.
"Confessions of a Neurasthenic" by William Taylor Marrs
And now the mighty Hunger Bacillus stood alone, gloomy and defiant.
"Punch, or the London Charivari, Vol. 98, 1890.05.10" by Various
I am sure my wife is proof against the hysterical bacillus.
"'Jena' or 'Sedan'?" by Franz Beyerlein
During this epidemic Koch discovered the comma bacillus.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 3" by Various
The word is also applied to comma-shaped objects, such as the "comma-bacillus," the causal agent in cholera.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 7" by Various
Bacillus lactis acidi, 86.
"Outlines of dairy bacteriology" by H. L. Russell
THE STOLEN BACILLUS: and other Incidents.
"The Little Schoolmaster Mark" by J. H. Shorthouse
We could comprehend the encroaching dead line of the spreading yellow fever bacillus.
"A Republic Without a President and Other Stories" by Herbert Ward
The evidence upon which this bacillus is regarded as the cause of food poisoning is not altogether convincing.
"Food Poisoning" by Edwin Oakes Jordan
The basis was laid in 1894, when the plague bacillus was first discovered.
"Handbook of Medical Entomology" by William Albert Riley
G. Wells.= THE STOLEN BACILLUS, and other Stories.
"Evolution" by Frank B. Jevons
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In news:

New Test Method for Applying Aerosolized Bacillus Spores as Dry Inocula to Inanimate Surfaces.
Thrill Us, Chill Us, but Don't Bacillus .
A shift in the microbe population of pasteurized milk from Bacillus ssp.
Two research groups have begun to identify the genes that make the anthrax bacteria, Bacillus anthracis, such a dangerous pathogen—by comparing the anthrax genome to those of two closely related bacteria.
They include a bacillus that produces antibiotic compounds that can kill other bacteria as well as foot fungi, and a type of clostridial bacterium .
Among your skin's true warrior clans is Bacillus subtilis, which can kill other bacteria and even foot fungi, also found on belly buttons .
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In science:

Some exclusion observed for Bacillus genus may result from a modification of the unsupervised classification implementation; on the other hand, the entities of that genus are spaced at the head of the bullet (see Figure 1). A distribution of genomes over two classes looks rather complicated and quite irregular.
Codon Usage Bias Measured Through Entropy Approach
Koutroumpas, K., Cinquemani, E., Kouretas, P., Lygeros, J.: Parameter identification for stochastic hybrid systems using randomized optimization: A case study on subtilin production by Bacillus subtilis.
Global parameter identification of stochastic reaction networks from single trajectories
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