• WordNet 3.6
    • adj axial situated on or along or in the direction of an axis
    • adj axial of or relating to or resembling an axis of rotation
    • adj axial relating to or attached to the axis "axial angle"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Axial (Anat) Belonging to the axis of the body; as, the axial skeleton; or to the axis of any appendage or organ; as, the axial bones.
    • Axial Of or pertaining to an axis; of the nature of, or resembling, an axis; around an axis. "To take on an axial , and not an equatorial, direction."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • axial Pertaining to or of the nature of an axis.
    • axial Situated in an axis or in the axis.
    • axial In anatomy, pertaining to the somatic as distinguished from the membral portions of the body; not appendicular. Axial parts or organs are, in general, divided into epaxial, hypaxial, and paraxial, according as they are situated over, under, or alongside the spinal column.
    • axial In geology, forming the axis, central dominating portion, or crest of a mountain-range. The central or axial portions of many mountain-ranges consist of crystalline, azoic, or archæan rocks; this is especially true of the numerous ranges of the North American Cordilleras.
    • axial Sometimes axal.
    • axial A nerve running in a special groove on the floor of the main brachial groove and proceeding from the aboral or dorsal nervous system. It sends branches to the muscles of the arms and to the supposed sensory endings in the ectoderm.
    • axial The projection of the crystallographic axes of a given species, as used, for example, in the drawing of crystals.
    • n axial In mathematics, an axial pencil.
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In literature:

In both classes, the action involves the use of some sort of epicyclic train, since the motions to be explained are both orbital and axial.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 447, July 26, 1884" by Various
It should be noticed that the chapel is not placed axially to this gallery.
"Byzantine Churches in Constantinople" by Alexander Van Millingen
In figures 85, 86, and 87 the relation of the tail (or its axial fiber) to the centrosome is shown.
"Studies in Spermatogenesis (Part 1 of 2)" by Nettie Maria Stevens
Biotite is, however, readily distinguished by its darker colour, strong pleochroism, and small optic axial angle.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Slice 7" by Various
They are likewise repeated by inverted folds, the axial planes being usually inclined to the S.E.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 8" by Various
These planes are the cross-sections and the axial planes of the bar.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 9, Slice 2" by Various
An anterior lateral trailing flagellum may modify this axial rotation, and help in steering.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 10, Slice 4" by Various
One of the important functions of a fold is its direction; this of course depends upon the orientation of the axial plane.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 10, Slice 5" by Various
Unripe fruit cut lengthwise, showing the thick axial placenta bearing numerous small seeds.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 10, Slice 7" by Various
For every voluntary act of sight there are two adjustments of the eyes, namely, focal and axial.
"Visual Illusions" by Matthew Luckiesh
Similarly an axial pencil may be projective to an axial pencil.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 11, Slice 6" by Various
"American Pomology" by J. A. Warder
The axial energy abstracted, sooner or later, recurs to the atmospheric machine.
"The Energy System of Matter" by James Weir
The angle between Op1 and Op2 is called the "optic axial angle"; and the plane OAC in which they lie is called the "optic axial plane.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 7" by Various
From the neck to the end of the tail centrally runs a bundle of fibrils, the axial filament.
"Essays In Pastoral Medicine" by Austin ÓMalley
The electric response to geotropic stimulus is studied by the two methods of Axial and Vertical Rotation.
"Life Movements in Plants, Volume II, 1919" by Sir Jagadis Chunder Bose
Fontaine similarly employed two concentric axial flow turbines formed in the same casing.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 14, Slice 1" by Various
The central part constitutes a somewhat prominent ridge, the axial part of it being the medullary plate.
"The Works of Francis Maitland Balfour, Volume 1" by Francis Maitland Balfour
Do the limbs attach directly to the axial skeleton?
"Elementary Zoology, Second Edition" by Vernon L. Kellogg
Those at St Catherine's are of cast-iron with copper bell mouth, and have a total axial length of 22 ft.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 16, Slice 6" by Various

In news:

In 1949, Karl Jaspers introduced the notion of an "axial age" to describe a few centuries around the middle of the first millennium B.C.
Rock Candy RCC's Jessica Downing Joins The Axial Rock Crawling Competition Team.
Axial is pleased to announce that accomplished rock crawler, Jessica Downing, has joined the Axial Rock Crawling Team.
Some manufacturers differentiate between axial and diagonal cutting speeds.
Axial dimensions have been reduced.
On this machine, three spindles at one station reach a radial face and two axial faces.
Helios for Axial Scorpion and HPI Wheely King.
CKRC has taken the guess work out of mounting a winch on the Axial Wraith.
STRC has released new gear to help you trick out your Axial EXO Buggy or Wraith .
Version 2 CNC Machined HD Aluminum Diff Cases for Axial Wraith .
Axial has now released their popular Wraith as a kit.
CKRC has taken the guess work out of mounting a winch on the Axial Wraith .
The two axial principles of our age—tribalism and globalism—clash at every point except one: they may both be threatening to democracy.
Bosch Rexroth has recently released a new variable displacement axial piston pump, dubbed the A1VO.
For Whidbey General Hospital trauma patients, this scenario describes the current diagnostic imaging experience involving Computer Axial Tomography.

In science:

In addition, there are theoretical work suggesting that the NCEX cross-sections on 10B and 11B are sensitive to the axial isoscalar component of NC interactions and the strange quark content of the nucleon.
A CsI(Tl) Scintillating Crystal Detector for the Studies of Low Energy Neutrino Interactions
The isospin or vector symmetry rotates both chiralities in the same way whereas the axial SU(2) group rotates them in the opposite direction.
Random Matrix Theory and Chiral Symmetry in QCD
Thus, in the vacuum, the axial part of the symmetry group G is broken spontaneously.
Random Matrix Theory and Chiral Symmetry in QCD
If the quark masses are nonzero, the axial SU(Nf ) subgroup with U = V −1 is broken explicitly by the mass term.
Random Matrix Theory and Chiral Symmetry in QCD
What is much more important than the explicit breaking, however, is the spontaneous breaking of the axial-flavor symmetry.
Random Matrix Theory and Chiral Symmetry in QCD
For an axial-flavor–symmetric ground state, the vacuum expectation value h ¯ψψi = h ¯ψRψL i + h ¯ψLψR i would be zero.
Random Matrix Theory and Chiral Symmetry in QCD
Thus, the vector symmetries are unbroken whereas the axial symmetries are maximally broken.
Random Matrix Theory and Chiral Symmetry in QCD
The reasons why the axial symmetries are maximally broken are less well understood.
Random Matrix Theory and Chiral Symmetry in QCD
The Vafa-Witten theorem, prohibiting the spontaneous breaking of global vector symmetries and assuming maximum breaking of the axial symmetries, thus predicts a pattern of spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking given by SU(2Nf ) → Sp(2Nf ).
Random Matrix Theory and Chiral Symmetry in QCD
Through the geodesic analysis of a static and axially symmetric space time, we present conditions on the state equation of an isotropic perfect fluid p = ωd, when it is considered as dark matter in spiral galaxies.
Quintessence-like Dark Matter in Spiral Galaxies
On the other hand, the exact symmetry of the halo is still unknown, but it is reasonable to suppose that the halo is symmetric with respect to the rotation axis of the galaxy, so we choose the space time to be axial symmetric.
Quintessence-like Dark Matter in Spiral Galaxies
The phase function F1 only depends on the difference in the azimuthal angles associated with bk and bk′ , because of the axial symmetry of the scatterer around the direction of the magnetic field.
Transport mean free path for Magneto-Transverse Light Diffusion: an alternative approach
In the large N limit, the ratio of B (E 2) values is 2 for the harmonic vibrator and 10/7 both for the γ -unstable rotor and the axially symmetric rotor.
Collective states from random interactions
Because of the axial symmetry the nonzero eigenvalues of the Euclidean Dirac operator D appear in pairs ±λk .
Randomness on the Lattice
As opposed to the “filter ” type mode selection of the TDS, the SICA structure uses “geometric ” mode selection : a small radial slot in the iris does not intercept radial nor axial surface currents, so it will not perturb the accelerating TM01 mode (nor any other TM0n mode).
Design of a 3 GHz Accelerator Structure for the CLIC Test Facility (CTF 3) Drive Beam