average

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj average lacking special distinction, rank, or status; commonly encountered "average people","the ordinary (or common) man in the street"
    • adj average around the middle of a scale of evaluation "an orange of average size","intermediate capacity","medium bombers"
    • adj average approximating the statistical norm or average or expected value "the average income in New England is below that of the nation","of average height for his age","the mean annual rainfall"
    • adj average relating to or constituting the middle value of an ordered set of values (or the average of the middle two in a set with an even number of values) "the median value of 17, 20, and 36 is 20","the median income for the year was $15,000"
    • adj average relating to or constituting the most frequent value in a distribution "the modal age at which American novelists reach their peak is 30"
    • adj average lacking exceptional quality or ability "a novel of average merit","only a fair performance of the sonata","in fair health","the caliber of the students has gone from mediocre to above average","the performance was middling at best"
    • v average compute the average of
    • v average achieve or reach on average "He averaged a C"
    • v average amount to or come to an average, without loss or gain "The number of hours I work per work averages out to 40"
    • n average an intermediate scale value regarded as normal or usual "he is about average in height","the snowfall this month is below average"
    • n average a statistic describing the location of a distribution "it set the norm for American homes"
    • n average (sports) the ratio of successful performances to opportunities
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: On average, a person has two million sweat glands
    • Average (Com) A contribution to a loss or charge which has been imposed upon one of several for the general benefit; damage done by sea perils.
    • Average A mean proportion, medial sum or quantity, made out of unequal sums or quantities; an arithmetical mean. Thus, if A loses 5 dollars, B 9, and C 16, the sum is 30, and the average 10.
    • Average (Com) A tariff or duty on goods, etc.
    • Average According to the laws of averages; as, the loss must be made good by average contribution.
    • Average (Com) Any charge in addition to the regular charge for freight of goods shipped.
    • Average Any medial estimate or general statement derived from a comparison of diverse specific cases; a medium or usual size, quantity, quality, rate, etc. "The average of sensations."
    • Average In the English corn trade, the medial price of the several kinds of grain in the principal corn markets.
    • Average Pertaining to an average or mean; medial; containing a mean proportion; of a mean size, quality, ability, etc.; ordinary; usual; as, an average rate of profit; an average amount of rain; the average Englishman; beings of the average stamp.
    • Average (OLd Eng. Law) That service which a tenant owed his lord, to be done by the work beasts of the tenant, as the carriage of wheat, turf, etc.
    • Average (Com) The equitable and proportionate distribution of loss or expense among all interested.
    • Average To divide among a number, according to a given proportion; as, to average a loss.
    • Average To do, accomplish, get, etc., on an average.
    • Average To find the mean of, when sums or quantities are unequal; to reduce to a mean.
    • v. i Average To form, or exist in, a mean or medial sum or quantity; to amount to, or to be, on an average; as, the losses of the owners will average twenty five dollars each; these spars average ten feet in length.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: On average people fear spiders more than they do death
    • n average In old law, a kind of service owed by tenants to their superior. The nature of the service is not clear. It is usually explained as service done with beasts of burden, but this appears to rest on a doubtful etymology (see above).
    • n average A duty or tax upon goods.
    • n average A small charge payable by the shippers of goods to the master of the ship, over and above the freight, for his care of the goods. Hence the clause, in bills of lading, “paying so much freight, with primage and average accustomed.”
    • n average A small charge paid by the master on account of the ship and cargo, such as pilotage, towage, etc.: called more specifically petty average.
    • n average A loss, or the sum paid on account of a loss (such as that of an anchor), when the general safety is not in question, and which falls on the owner of the particular property lost: called more specifically particular average.
    • n average A contribution made by the owners of a ship's freight and cargo, in proportion to their several interests, to make good a loss that has been sustained or an expense incurred for the general safety of the ship and cargo. Thus, when for the safety of a ship in distress any destruction of property is incurred, either by cutting away the masts, throwing goods overboard, or in other ways, all persons who have goods on board or property in the ship (or the insurers) contribute to the loss according to their average, that is, according to the proportionate value of the goods of each on board. Average in this sense is also called general average.
    • n average A sum or quantity intermediate to a number of different sums or quantities, obtained by adding them together and dividing the result by the number of quantities added; an arithmetical mean proportion. Thus, if four persons lose respectively $10, $20, $30, and $40, the average loss by the four is $25.
    • n average Any medial amount, estimate, or general statement based on a comparison of a number of diverse specific cases; a medium.
    • average To find the arithemetical mean of, as unequal sums or quantities; reduce to a mean.
    • average To result in, as an arithmetical mean term; amount to, as a mean sum or quantity: as, wheat averages 56 pounds to the bushel.
    • average To divide among a number proportionally; divide the total amount of by the number of equal shares: as, to average a loss.
    • n average The stubble and grass left in corn-fields after harvest.
    • n average A mode of estimating, by comparison, the strength or weakness of a billiard play. The total points divided by the number of innings give the average of a game, and the aggregated points of all the games, divided by their total innings (but nut the combined single averages divided by the number of games) gives the general or grand average.
    • n average In cricket: The aggregate number of runs a batsman has scored, divided by the number of his completed innings.
    • n average The aggregate number of runs scored from a bowler, divided by the number of batsmen he has ‘dismissed.’
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In a year, an average person uses the toilet 2500 times a year
    • n Average av′ėr-āj the mean value or quantity of a number of values or quantities: any expense incurred beyond the freight, payable by the owner of the goods shipped, as in the phrase Petty average: any loss or damage to ship or cargo from unavoidable accidental causes—Particular average. Again, General average is the apportionment of loss caused by measures taken for the ship's safety, as cutting away the masts, throwing overboard cargo, accepting towage, or the like
    • adj Average containing a mean value: ordinary
    • v.t Average to fix an average
    • v.i Average to exist in, or form, a mean quantity
    • ***

Quotations

  • Heartland Advisor
    Heartland Advisor
    “It takes a real storm in the average person's life to make him realize how much worrying he has done over the squalls.”
  • Michel Eyquem De Montaigne
    Michel%20Eyquem%20De%20Montaigne
    “I consider myself an average man, except in the fact that I consider myself an average man.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “If your batting average is high enough, the Big League will find you.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “When you're average, you're just as close to the bottom as you are the top.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “The average girl would rather have beauty than brains because she knows the average man can see much better than he can think.”
  • Hugh Maclennan
    Hugh Maclennan
    “A novel must be exceptionally good to live as long as the average cat.”

Idioms

Average Joe - An average Joe is an ordinary person without anything exceptional about them.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OF. average, LL. averagium, prob. fr. OF. aver, F. avoir, property, horses, cattle, etc.; prop. infin., to have, from L. habere, to have. Cf. F. avérage, small cattle, and avarie,perh. of different origin) damage to ship or cargo, port dues. The first meaning was perhaps the service of carting a feudal lord's wheat, then charge for carriage, the contribution towards loss of things carried, in proportion to the amount of each person's property. Cf. Aver (n.) Avercorn Averpenny

Usage

In literature:

The difference in the ages of the married men and women is 4.5 years on the average; the number of children per family is about 4 (3.77).
"The Modern Woman's Rights Movement" by Kaethe Schirmacher
The average of all five estimates is 3,124.
"The Aboriginal Population of the North Coast of California" by Sherburne Friend Cook
There is, however, no such average height maintained in any part of the group.
"The Story of Malta" by Maturin M. Ballou
In the central hills the rainfall averages 90 to 95 inches.
"The Panama Canal" by J. Saxon Mills
The barley and oats must, upon an average, be a light crop.
"Rural Rides" by William Cobbett
Over this ridge the average depth is about 1700 fathoms.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 8" by Various
With the exception of twelve pebbles averaging 3.5 mm in diameter in the one, the stomachs of the loons were empty.
"Birds Found on the Arctic Slope of Northern Alaska" by James W. Bee
As a rule stock that is seven eighths pure is not distinguishable from average pure stock of the same breed.
"Our Domestic Birds" by John H. Robinson
The average annual rainfall is about 30 in.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Slice 4" by Various
The average number of poor maintained in the two workhouses during the previous 18 years had been 1,282.
"Norfolk Annals A Chronological Record of Remarkable Events in the Nineteeth Century, Vol. 1" by Charles Mackie
The average for all the railroads of the United States is $67,936 per mile.
"How to Invest Money" by George Garr Henry
Average width 7 feet, average length 40 feet, average depth 8 inches.
"Fishes of Chautauqua, Cowley and Elk Counties, Kansas" by Artie L. Metcalf
It is estimated that 3,225,000 persons in the British Islands live in overcrowded dwellings, with an average of three persons in each room.
"Britain for the British" by Robert Blatchford
On the other hand, the nature of their life produced a very high average.
"The African Colony" by John Buchan
The average maximum for the year is about 87 deg., the average minimum about 62 deg.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Slice 6" by Various
Kent, being an average young man, did not analyze the quality of it.
"The Boss of Wind River" by A. M. Chisholm
Forty-three of these young gar averaged 2.1 inches in total length (T.L.).
"Fish Populations, Following a Drought, in the Neosho and Marais des Cygnes Rivers of Kansas" by James Everett Deacon
The first average and the second average are then combined into a third average, which is the final index.
"The Value of Money" by Benjamin M. Anderson, Jr.
To speak of an average temperature, or of an average rainfall in Spain, is only to mislead.
"Spain" by Wentworth Webster
Average Daily Weight 216 Pounds.
"The Mail Pay on the Burlington Railroad" by Anonymous
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In poetry:

The millions fast that I may feast,
And drudge that I may play;
But Average, complacent priest,
Condones the wrong away:
"Prosperity" by Bernard O Dowd
An average man was Private Flynn,
Good stuff for soldiering, no doubt;
Troublesome when the drink was in,
A quiet lad when it was out.
"The Vision" by Katharine Tynan
Most read of readers, if you've read
The works of any old succeeder,
You know that he, too, must have said:
"I've never seen an Average Reader."
"Ballade Of The Average Reader" by Franklin Pierce Adams
Confusedly. The leaves of a single tree
May differ among themselves more than they do
From other species, so you have to find,
All blandly says the book, "an average leaf."
"Learning the Trees" by Howard Nemerov
SPLENDOR of ended day, floating and filling me!
Hour prophetic—hour resuming the past!
Inflating my throat—you, divine average!
You, Earth and Life, till the last ray gleams, I sing.
"Song At Sunset" by Walt Whitman
The Moral: All the girls on earth
Exaggerate their proper worth.
They think the very shoes they wear
Are worth the average millionaire;
Whereas few pairs in any town
Can be half-sold for half a crown!
"How Fair Cinderella Disposed Of Her Shoe" by Guy Wetmore Carryl

In news:

Downgraded the animator to Below Average from Average.
DOE Report Predicts Oil, Diesel Price Average to Stay Nearly the Same The US Department of Energy has lowered its projections for crude oil prices for the fourth quarter and expects diesel fuel to average $4 per gallon during the quarter.
Americans are expected to travel an average distance of 760 miles this year, an increase from the 726 miles the average traveler expected to drive last year.
The average American washer swallows 40 gallons per load—more than one-fifth of the average total household water use.
(San Diego's average electric rate of 20 cents per kilowatt-hour (kWh) is higher than the national average of 13 cents, a typical household can expect an ROI in less than a year.
The average height for each tree was 80 feet and the average age was 60 years.
Capital Bikeshare members are more likely to be employed than the average DC resident, and they save an average of $819 a year by using the service.
The 15-year fixed-rate average also declined, falling to 2.66 percent with an average 0.6 point.
About 5 to 2 in favor of a warmer than average May compared to a cooler than average one (47% to 20%).
Great Falls was slightly above average on temperatures but below average on precipitation (surprise, surprise).
The nation as a whole is averaging 4 degrees Fahrenheit above average for the year.
The average distance from College Park to the Terrapins' new Big Ten opponents is 560 miles, almost 200 miles farther than the average trip to an ACC opponent.
It is not particularly fun to discuss the average man, nor the average bug.
Average retail gasoline prices in Illinois have risen 2.1 cents per gallon in the past week, averaging $3.54/g yesterday.
Average retail gasoline prices in Maryland have fallen 5 cents per gallon in the past week, averaging $3.44 per gallon .
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In science:

We use a version6 of the coherent potential approximation (CPA) to calculate (averaged and conditionally averaged) Green’s functions.
Interplay of Disorder and Correlations
Therefore, we may also interpret the average as an average over the eigenvalues with probability distribution determined by the gauge field dynamics.
Random Matrix Theory and Chiral Symmetry in QCD
What is the separation of scales that takes place in quantum spectra? The two basic scales are the average level spacing and the scale of the variation of the average level spacing.
Random Matrix Theory and Chiral Symmetry in QCD
There are two essentially different procedures to do this, spectral averaging and ensemble averaging.
Random Matrix Theory and Chiral Symmetry in QCD
The average level spacing at E is then obtained by averaging over many level spacings around E .
Random Matrix Theory and Chiral Symmetry in QCD
In this case, the average spacing can be obtained by averaging the spacing at E over each member of the ensemble.
Random Matrix Theory and Chiral Symmetry in QCD
In both cases, the average spectral density of the unfolded spectrum becomes ¯ρ(x) = 1, so that the sequence {xn} has an average level spacing equal to unity.
Random Matrix Theory and Chiral Symmetry in QCD
For example, one may calculate the average spectral density by ensemble averaging but, in order to get better statistics, calculate the correlation functions by both ensemble averaging and spectral averaging.
Random Matrix Theory and Chiral Symmetry in QCD
The average spectral density is equal to the average particle density.
Chiral Random Matrix Model for Critical Statistics
This quantity SN (t) is the result of a double average: an average over random walks on a given lattice followed by an average over different realizations of the lattice.
II. Territory covered by N random walkers on stochastic fractals. The percolation aggregate
The quantity we are interested in, SN (t), is, for disordered media, the result of a double average: an average over the walks that the N random walkers can perform over a given lattice, followed by an average over many (ideally, all) realizations of the random lattice.
II. Territory covered by N random walkers on stochastic fractals. The percolation aggregate
Cn , the average over the action of Tp on the marginal distribution, τ (p) , corresponding to the first p variables, is equal to the marginal distribution of the average over the action of Tn on τ .
Invariant subspaces of Voiculescu's circular operator
Therefore, λ = 0 is a special point, and the average spectral density on the scale of the average level spacing shows universal properties.
Spectral Universality of Real Chiral Random Matrix Ensembles
We first give our results for the average local dynamical susceptibilities and then translate these to results for the long-time behavior of the corresponding average autocorrelation functions.22 The leading behavior is the same for both α = z and α = x, so we drop all superscripts.
Dynamics and transport in random quantum systems governed by strong-randomness fixed points
Also note that in the opposite regime ln(Ω0 /ω ) > pL/lv , unlike in the bulk regime, σ ′ (ω , L) is not self-averaging; in this regime, the plotted average over different samples represents roughly the distribution of the lowest gap in the system.
Dynamics and transport in random quantum systems governed by strong-randomness fixed points
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