automaton

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n automaton a mechanism that can move automatically
    • n automaton someone who acts or responds in a mechanical or apathetic way "only an automaton wouldn't have noticed"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Automaton A self-moving machine, or one which has its motive power within itself; -- applied chiefly to machines which appear to imitate spontaneously the motions of living beings, such as men, birds, etc.
    • Automaton Any thing or being regarded as having the power of spontaneous motion or action. "So great and admirable an automaton as the world.""These living automata , human bodies."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n automaton That which is self-moving, or has the power of spontaneous movement, but is not conscious.
    • n automaton Specifically A self-acting machine, or one which is actuated in such a manner as to carry on for some time certain movements without the aid of external impulse. In this respect clocks and watches, with a vast number of other machines, may be denominated automata; but the term more specifically denotes an apparatus in which the purposely concealed power is made to imitate the voluntary or mechanical motions of living beings, such as men, horses, birds, fishes, etc.
    • n automaton A living being acting mechanically or as a mere machine, especially without consciousness; a person or an animal whose actions are purely involuntary or mechanical.
    • n automaton A person who acts in a monotonous routine manner, without active intelligence, especially without being fully aware of what he is doing.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Automaton aw-tom′a-ton a self-moving machine, or one which moves by concealed machinery: a living being regarded as without consciousness: the self-acting power of the muscular and nervous systems, by which movement is effected without intelligent determination: a human being who acts by routine, without intelligence
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. fr. Gr. , neut. of self-moving; self + a root ma, man, to strive, think, cf. to strive. See Mean (v. i.)
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. automatos, self-moving—autos, self, and a stem mat-, to strive after, to move.

Usage

In literature:

He seemed almost an automaton.
"Rimrock Trail" by J. Allan Dunn
He was an automaton, a sleep-walker.
"The Copper-Clad World" by Harl Vincent
It was as if an automaton spoke.
"Polly of Lady Gay Cottage" by Emma C. Dowd
They looked like automatons: beings from whom life had been drained.
"Pirates of the Gorm" by Nat Schachner
Close after them came the three automatons of yellow men.
"The Affair of the Brains" by Anthony Gilmore
In the grasp of this mental, metal monster he was a mere automaton.
"Raiders of the Universes" by Donald Wandrei
Only Bentley understood that the driver ahead was an automaton, a man whose brain did not know the meaning of fear.
"The Mind Master" by Arthur J. Burks
Weakly, like automatons they shuffled into it.
"Under Arctic Ice" by H.G. Winter
Was James Watt an automaton?
"Harper's New Monthly Magazine, Volume 1, No. 3, August, 1850." by Various
For the present she was a mere automaton.
"The Hound From The North" by Ridgwell Cullum
No one was expected to be a mere automaton, useful but replaceable.
"A History of Giggleswick School" by Edward Allen Bell
What automatons these wild creatures are, apparently so wise on some occasions and so absurd on others!
"Under the Maples" by John Burroughs
The automatons turned to face them.
"The Cartels Jungle" by Irving E. Cox, Jr.
She looked like a creature who could feel and think: not an automaton, worked by ingenious machinery.
"Brooke's Daughter" by Adeline Sergeant
Unless you are an automaton, you cannot rest happy in the fact that you and she do not disagree.
"The Kempton-Wace Letters" by Jack London
Now she looked dull and moved about in Jake's wake like an automaton.
"Room Number 3" by Anna Katharine Green
Dr. Grey stepped to her side and offered his arm, but she took no notice of the act, and walked on as if she were an automaton.
"Vashti" by Augusta J. Evans Wilson
Meanwhile up-stairs the child had gone through with the bath and the supper like an automaton in Nelly's hands.
"The House of Fulfilment" by George Madden Martin
He obeyed as mechanically as an automaton.
"The Children of the World" by Paul Heyse
He led her to the floor and took her in his arms, but he had an impression of guiding an automaton about the room.
"The Guarded Heights" by Wadsworth Camp
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In poetry:

"Or come we of an Automaton
Unconscious of our pains?…
Or are we live remains
Of Godhead dying downwards, brain and eye now gone?
"Nature's Questioning" by Thomas Hardy
Even the winged skeleton of your bleached ideal
Is not so frightening as that clean smooth
Automaton of your uprisen self,
Machine American.
"The Evening Land" by D H Lawrence

In news:

Another newly-fashionable pursuit is celebrated by a scarce automaton titled "Coquette Cycliste" in the Roullet et Decamps catalog.
An intriguing entry in the auction is an automaton depicting the Lost Expedition of Sir John Franklin in 1845 (estimate $8,345-$12,519).
In computer science, an automaton is an abstract machine (or idealized computer) that can serve as a model of computation.
A given automaton has a finite set of states, a finite set of input and output symbols (its alphabet), and rules that specify what happens for a given input.
A new absorbing multiaction learning automaton that is epsilon-optimal is introduced.
It is a hierarchical discretized pursuit nonlinear learning automaton that uses a new algorithm for positioning the actions on the leaves of the hierarchical tree.
French Automaton Doll, ca 1900 PBS.
Jumeau Automaton , ca.1900 PBS.
Seattle trio Automaton throws the fat in the fire with this set of feverish indie rock tunes.
The zombies aren't one-note automatons, snailing across the blood-spattered stage at the Promethean Theatre with arms outstretched in one direction.
As a young student, I railed against memorization and my "Draconian, pseudo-fascist teachers" who demanded that I spit out the answer for "6 times 7" like a soulless automaton.
How process-control automaton has transformed the industrial world over the last 30 years – although widely recognized – remains a great untold story.
It was the chess computer Deep Blue of its time, a turban -wearing automaton that defeated all comers.
Chinese roboticists have built a small, fabric-clutching robot that pulls itself up pants and shirts by creating wrinkles with its pair of gripper wheels, according to the IEEE Spectrum Automaton blog.
Hugo 's only friend is also the only thing he has to remember his father by, a broken metallic automaton that the pair was in the middle of repairing before the fire.
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In science:

The state of an automaton represents the state of a gene with two possible values (on-off ).
Self-Organized Critical Random Boolean Networks
In the performance of an automaton is defined as the number of steps that it is in ma jority during a given set of steps.
Self-Organized Critical Random Boolean Networks
An automaton in ma jority means that it has the same state as the ma jority of the automata.
Self-Organized Critical Random Boolean Networks
If an automaton does not change its state in the attractor, a connection is added to it.
Self-Organized Critical Random Boolean Networks
Initially, Ki neighbors and a look-table of bias p are assigned to each automaton.
Self-Organized Critical Random Boolean Networks
If the number of 0’s in the input of a Boolean function is greater than one and the local connectivity of its corresponding automaton is Ki (t) > 2, a connection of this automaton (randomly chosen) will be cut.
Self-Organized Critical Random Boolean Networks
The automaton i has a connectivity Ki (t) = 3 and an input vector composed by two 0′s and one 1.
Self-Organized Critical Random Boolean Networks
Disconnection of an automaton i with Ki (t) = 3.
Self-Organized Critical Random Boolean Networks
At t + 1/2 one of the automaton connections is randomly cut and its Boolean function is changed (by a look-table with bias p = 0.5).
Self-Organized Critical Random Boolean Networks
The value of the automaton state (vertical axis) is represented as black if it is one, and white otherwise.
Self-Organized Critical Random Boolean Networks
If the automaton state is maintained, then there is only a small increase in the RBN mean connectivity.
Self-Organized Critical Random Boolean Networks
If the automaton state changes, it is possible to cause a disconnection, originating an avalanche via branching.
Self-Organized Critical Random Boolean Networks
If we interpret a(t) as the probability for an arbitrary automaton to remain in the same state at both t − 1 and t, the term aK (t) (t) gives the probability that all the inputs of a given automaton are the same for t − 1 to t.
Self-Organized Critical Random Boolean Networks
In that case, there is still a probability that this particular automaton remains in the same state at t and t + 1 by chance.
Self-Organized Critical Random Boolean Networks
The variable Φk = pk + kpk−1 (1 − p) is the automaton probability to maintain its connectivity by chance.
Self-Organized Critical Random Boolean Networks
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