• WordNet 3.6
    • n aurochs large recently extinct long-horned European wild ox; considered one of the ancestors of domestic cattle
    • n aurochs European bison having a smaller and higher head than the North American bison
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Aurochs (Zoöl) The European bison (Bison bonasusorBison Europæus), once widely distributed, but now nearly extinct, except where protected in the Lithuanian forests, and perhaps in the Caucasus. It is distinct from the Urus of Cæsar, with which it has often been confused.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n aurochs A species of wild ox or buffalo, the bonasos of Aristotle, bison of Pliny, the European bison, Bos or Bison bonasus of modern naturalists. This animal was once abundant in many parts of the continent of Europe, especially in the neighborhood of large forests. The spread of population has nearly exterminated it, and were it not for the protection afforded by the emperor of Russia to a few herds which inhabit the forests of Lithuania and of Kuban in the Caucasus, it would soon become extinct. Also called urochs, urox, and, wrongly, auroch and aurock. See urus.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Aurochs awr′oks the European bison or wild ox.
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
G. auerochs, OHG. ūrohso,; ūr,cf. AS. ūr,) + ohso, ox, G. ochs,. Cf. Owre Ox
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Ger. auerochs. Old High Ger. ûrohso, ur (L. urus, Gr. ouros), a kind of wild ox, and ochs, ox.


In literature:

Near him grazed an aurochs bull with a cow and a calf, close beside a lone rhinoceros asleep in a dust-hole.
"The People that Time Forgot" by Edgar Rice Burroughs
On the reverse side of this piece of horn were represented the heads of two aurochs or bisons.
"The Prehistoric World" by E. A. Allen
Bison europaeus (aurochs): 12 to 15.
"The Geological Evidence of The Antiquity of Man" by Charles Lyell
Then there fell by his hand a buffalo, an elk, four grim aurochs, and a bear, nor could deer or hind escape him, so swift and wight was he.
"Hero Tales and Legends of the Rhine" by Lewis Spence
In the last century these woods were tenanted by wild aurochs and the ibex, but both are extinct now in Hungary.
"Round About the Carpathians" by Andrew F. Crosse
The Horn of Uri and her shield, with the chiefly towering crests of the German helm, attest the terror of these Aurochs herds.
"Our Fathers Have Told Us" by John Ruskin
The man seized the long crooked horn of the aurochs, which hung ready on one of the posts of the tent, and sounded it three times.
"A Captive of the Roman Eagles" by Felix Dahn
It has indeed been suggested that the figure of the aurochs was taken from a domesticated ox, but this is a mistaken idea.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 8" by Various
So when Hmelnitski heard of this he began to roar like a wounded aurochs.
"With Fire and Sword" by Henryk Sienkiewicz
Aurochs, elks, chamois, bears have almost disappeared, whereas a century ago they were widely diffused in Europe.
"The Pros and Cons of Vivisection" by Charles Richet