atonement

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n atonement the act of atoning for sin or wrongdoing (especially appeasing a deity)
    • n atonement compensation for a wrong "we were unable to get satisfaction from the local store"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Atonement Reconciliation; restoration of friendly relations; agreement; concord. "By whom we have now received the atonement .""He desires to make atonement Betwixt the Duke of Gloucester and your brothers."
    • Atonement Satisfaction or reparation made by giving an equivalent for an injury, or by doing of suffering that which will be received in satisfaction for an offense or injury; expiation; amends; -- with for. Specifically, in theology: The expiation of sin made by the obedience, personal suffering, and death of Christ. "When a man has been guilty of any vice, the best atonement be can make for it is, to warn others.""The Phocians behaved with, so much gallantry, that they were thought to have made a sufficient atonement for their former offense."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n atonement Reconciliation after enmity or controversy; settlement, as of a difference; concord.
    • n atonement Satisfaction or reparation made for wrong or injury, either by giving some equivalent or by doing or suffering something which is received in lieu of an equivalent.
    • n atonement In theology, the reconciliation of God and man by means of the life, sufferings, and death of Christ.
    • n atonement This doctrine assumes that sin has made a spiritual separation between God and the human soul. Different systems of theology explain differently the method of reconciliation, and therefore use the word atonement with different meanings. The early fathers generally stated the doctrine in the terms of Scripture, and it was not until the time of the Reformation that the differences in philosophical statement were clearly marked. The modern statements may be grouped under four general heads, as follows: A reparation or satisfaction for sin made by the sufferings of Christ as a substitute for the sinner, and in lieu of the punishment to which the sinner was justly amenable. Such satisfaction is regarded as necessary either to satisfy the justice of God, and so make forgiveness possible, or to satisfy the law of God, produce the public impression which punishment would have produced, and so make forgiveness safe. The former is known as the satisfaction, the latter as the governmental theory.
    • n atonement The entrance of God into humanity, that he may thereby drive out sin and make the human race at one with himself.
    • n atonement The majority of orthodox divines, whether in the Roman Catholic or the Protestant churches, ordinarily hold one of the above views or a combination formed from them. In general, the former opinion is held in the Calvinistic school of theology, the latter opinion
    • n atonement in the more modern Broad Church school.
    • n atonement In Unitarian theology, the moral result produced by the influence exerted on mankind by the life and death of Christ, leading men to repentance and to God. This is sometimes known as the moral influence theory of the atonement.
    • n atonement In New Church (Swedenborgian) theology, the union and accord of flesh and spirit in man, and so the union and accord of man with God by a spiritual change wrought in the individual.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • ns Atonement the act of atoning; reconciliation: expiation: reparation: esp. (theol.) the reconciliation of God and man by means of the incarnation and death of Christ
    • ***

Quotations

  • R. A. Torrey
    R. A. Torrey
    “I am ready to meet God face to face tonight and look into those eyes of infinite holiness, for all my sins are covered by the atoning blood.”
  • Horace
    Horace
    “Undeservedly you will atone for the sins of your fathers.”
  • Sir Richard Steele
    Sir%20Richard%20Steele
    “Nothing can atone for the lack of modesty; without which beauty is ungraceful and wit detestable.”
  • Edward G. Bulwer-Lytton
    Edward%20G.%20Bulwer-Lytton
    “What is past is past, there is a future left to all men, who have the virtue to repent and the energy to atone.”
  • Lord Byron
    Lord%20Byron
    “The beginning of atonement is the sense of its necessity.”
  • Robert Frost
    Robert%20Frost
    “No memory of having starred atones for later disregard, or keeps the end from being hard.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Literally, a setting at one,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
See Atone, above.

Usage

In literature:

We will try to find a way to atone.
"Friday, the Thirteenth" by Thomas W. Lawson
I will atone for the past if I can!
"The Redemption of David Corson" by Charles Frederic Goss
No other sacrifice could make atonement.
"Sermons on Various Important Subjects" by Andrew Lee
I stand here to atone for my mother's sin, for she boasted of me once that I was fairer than the Queen of the Fishes.
"Young Folks Treasury, Volume 2 (of 12)" by Various
No ordinary atonement would do.
"The Quest of the Silver Fleece" by W. E. B. Du Bois
The 'prayaschit' is an expiating atonement by which the person humbles himself in public.
"Rambles and Recollections of an Indian Official" by William Sleeman
But her smile could still atone for all shortcomings.
"Far to Seek" by Maud Diver
The atonement is a continual ethical process in the heart of the religious man.
"Edward Caldwell Moore" by Edward Moore
But this was at once atoned for.
"The Seeker" by Harry Leon Wilson
Thus must I now the confidence atone Thyself extorted from me!
"Iphigenia in Tauris" by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
For that he must atone.
"Kenny" by Leona Dalrymple
You have failed most miserably in the past: let the future years be years of repentance and atonement.
"Uncle Max" by Rosa Nouchette Carey
The new Pharaoh's first move, under the guidance of Tiy, was to proclaim Aton the only true god, and to name himself high priest of that deity.
"The Treasury of Ancient Egypt" by Arthur E. P. B. Weigall
Thus there was a perfect atonement.
"The Way of Salvation in the Lutheran Church" by G. H. Gerberding
It has been shown that your assertion is unfounded, yet you persist in it, and offer no atonement.
"Guy Rivers: A Tale of Georgia" by William Gilmore Simms
The question is, Did it require an infinite atonement to put away sin?
"The Great Commission" by C. H. (Charles Henry) Mackintosh
Either Christ's atoning sacrifice is sufficient or it is not.
"Notes on the book of Exodus" by C. H. (Charles Henry) Mackintosh
This gives us the very loftiest idea of atonement.
"Notes on the Book of Leviticus" by C. H. Mackintosh
The Atonement is as wide as the race of man.
"Expositor's Bible: The Epistles of St. John" by William Alexander
The gospel points me to an atonement made for me in the death of Jesus Christ, and bids me look by faith to the sacrifice of the cross.
"Bible Emblems" by Edward E. Seelye
***

In poetry:

Outspoke the man, in Truth's own might:
"Lord, half my goods I give the poor;
If one I've taken more than right
With four I make atonement sure!"
"Zacchaeus" by George MacDonald
Darius. Here I swear,
By him who sits enthroned in yon bright sun,
Thy blood shall be atoned! One these thy foes
Thou shalt have ample vengeance.
"Daniel. A Sacred Drama" by Hannah More
The dead are dead — let that atone:
And though with equal hand we strew
The blooms on saint and sinner too,
Yet God will know to choose his own.
"To E.S. Salomon" by Ambrose Bierce
Yet, gracious God, thy power and love
Has made the curse a blessing prove;
Those dreadful suff'rings of thy Son
Atoned for sins which we had done.
"Psalm 69 part 1" by Isaac Watts
Throughout the world, there is not one
That can for his own sins atone,
'Till the Lamb's blood he shall obtain,
To pay his price, and ease his pain.
"An Exhortation To Give God Thanks For Our Redemption Through Christ" by Rees Prichard
And know that nothing can atone
For sin, before the Godhead's throne,
Besides Christ's death, and precious blood,
And the obedience which he show'd —
"Advice To Those Who Are Desirous Of Obtaining God's Favour, And Forgiveness Of Their Sins" by Rees Prichard

In news:

A graphic artist demands that the History channel atone for stealing his digital resurrection of Jesus and Abraham Lincoln.
Christian tradition is to atone for sins on Ash Wednesday.
D&H to Distribute ATON Products.
Harrisburg, Penn.-based D&H Distributing agreed to carry ATON 's line of audio and video signal routing products for custom installations.
ATON Dynamic Level Adjustment (DLA) Series.
ATON premiers the Dynamic Level Adjustment (DLA) series of speaker selectors, designed for multiroom routing and audio level control, and offering both radio frequency (RF) and infrared (IR) control.
ATON Takes Speaker World by Storm.
Cybex is a German baby gear company that manufactures a sleek car seat called the Aton .
Bemidji State looking to atone for last season's loss at U-Mary.
UT defense can atone if it delivers in upcoming stretch against quality Big 12 offenses.
TCU's Brandon Carter promises to atone for last year's dropped pass against SMU.
NU defense striving to atone for horrible 2011.
Redskins center Erik Cook ready to atone for last year's Buffalo game.
Scorpions look to atone for opening rout.
Leader's Rep to Ahmadinejad: ' Atone '.
***

In science:

In the original scenario of the inflationary Universe, the adiabatic mode of the inflaton fluctuation sources the curvature perturbation when the perturbation leaves the horizon.
Free light fields can change the predictions of hybrid inflation
The generation of the curvature perturbation at the end of inflation is basically caused by (1) modulation of the coupling constants or (2) two-field hybrid inflation in which both inflaton fields are coupled to the waterfall field.
Free light fields can change the predictions of hybrid inflation
One thing that is common in the previous models of the “end of inflation” scenario is that the extra light field has an explicit coupling to the inflaton sector .
Free light fields can change the predictions of hybrid inflation
In our model the additional fields are not coupled to the inflaton sector, but it changes the definition of the adiabatic field.
Free light fields can change the predictions of hybrid inflation
This defines the “inflaton sector” of the model.
Free light fields can change the predictions of hybrid inflation
In this paper, we consider a similar mechanism of generating curvature perturbation at the end of inflation, but in contrast to the usual scenario, the additional fields are decoupled from the inflaton sector.
Free light fields can change the predictions of hybrid inflation
Keeping the inflaton φ in the potential given by Eq.(1), we introduce free light fields (ϕi ), which have no explicit interaction with the waterfall field χ.
Free light fields can change the predictions of hybrid inflation
To illustrate what happens in this model, we show the simplest calculation, in which one “standard” inflaton φ and one additional light field ϕ have the same quadratic potential with the same mass mφ = mϕ ≡ m.
Free light fields can change the predictions of hybrid inflation
Using the conventional δN formalism, we showed that the fields that are decoupled from the inflaton sector can play significant role in creating the curvature perturbation.
Free light fields can change the predictions of hybrid inflation
To be specific, we introduce an inflaton field Φ that realizes slow-roll inflation, a tunneling field σ that governs the tunneling dynamics, and a curvaton field φ that contributes to the curvature perturbation of the universe [12, 13].
Non-Gaussian bubbles in the sky
The inflaton dominates the energy density of the universe during inflation but rapidly decays to radiation after the end of inflation, On the other hand, the energy density of the curvaton field is negligible during inflation but its decay is delayed after inflation so that it gradually begins to dominate the universe.
Non-Gaussian bubbles in the sky
Approximating the universe during inflation by an exact de Sitter spacetime, the inflaton behaves as a cosmic clock and determines an appropriate time-slicing, namely, a spatially flat time-slicing of the de Sitter spacetime.
Non-Gaussian bubbles in the sky
In our model, the evolution of the universe after the inflaton and the tunneling field decay, is exactly the same as the ordinary curvaton scenario .
Non-Gaussian bubbles in the sky
At the time t = tcurv when the curvatons decay, the energy density of the universe consists of that of radiation ρr generated from the decay of the inflatons and that of the curvaton ρφ .
Non-Gaussian bubbles in the sky
During this period the potential energy of the inflaton field is redistributed into a homogeneous and isotropic hot plasma of particle excitations.
Non-thermal fixed points: universality, topology, & turbulence in Bose gases
***