atomic number 14


  • WordNet 3.6
    • n atomic number 14 a tetravalent nonmetallic element; next to oxygen it is the most abundant element in the earth's crust; occurs in clay and feldspar and granite and quartz and sand; used as a semiconductor in transistors
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In science:

Narrow-bandwidth biphotons are ideal for a number of recently proposed protocols for long-distance quantum communication based on coherent interaction between single photons and atomic ensembles [14, 15], which require efficiently absorbing biphotons and storing the entanglement.
Narrow-Band Biphoton Generation near Atomic Resonance
Here νk (t) is the number of clusters containing k copper atoms, Vs is the simulation volume, Rk is defined similarly to Eq. (3): Rk = a(3k/8π)1/3 , and sums over k in (14) include only clusters with k ≥ Nc where Nc is the “critical” size chosen.
Studies of concentration and temperature dependencies of precipitation kinetics in iron-copper alloys using kinetic monte carlo and stochastic statistical simulations
Figure 14: (color online) The effective phonon number versus the normalized atomic two-body interaction at ∆d = −ωm in cold damping feedback scheme.
Achieving the Quantum Ground State of a Mechanical Oscillator using a Bose-Einstein Condensate with Back-Action and Cold Damping feedback schemes
The evaporative cooling techniques used to achieve Bose-Einstein condensation in atomic gases [1–4] rely on loading large numbers of atoms into magnetic traps with long trap lifetimes.
Loading a vapor cell magneto-optic trap using light-induced atom desorption
During this process the two capping atoms are also drawn closer to the central atom to form new contacts, thus giving the central atom a coordination number of 14.
Identifying structural patterns in `disordered' metal clusters
The criteria for the discovery of an element were established in 1991: “Discovery of a chemical element is the experimental demonstration, beyond reasonable doubt, of the existence of a nuclide with an atomic number Z not identified before, exiting for at least 10−14 s.” .
Discovery of the Cerium Isotopes
FIG. 14: The solid line gives a parametric plot of the critical atom number, N0 , and the saturation photon number, n0 , for fused-silica microspheres and the D2 transition of atomic Cesium, incorporating the loss mechanisms outlined in section IV.
Optimal Sizes of Dielectric Microspheres for Cavity QED with Strong Coupling
The salt was assumed to be a material with atomic weight and atomic number A=29.2 and Z=14, the mean of sodium and chlorine.
Simulation of Cosmic Ray neutrinos Interactions in Water