atmosphere

Definitions

  • ATMOSPHERE IN OUR RIVER BUNGALOWS
    ATMOSPHERE IN OUR RIVER BUNGALOWS
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n atmosphere a distinctive but intangible quality surrounding a person or thing "an air of mystery","the house had a neglected air","an atmosphere of defeat pervaded the candidate's headquarters","the place had an aura of romance"
    • n atmosphere the mass of air surrounding the Earth "there was great heat as the comet entered the atmosphere","it was exposed to the air"
    • n atmosphere the envelope of gases surrounding any celestial body
    • n atmosphere a unit of pressure: the pressure that will support a column of mercury 760 mm high at sea level and 0 degrees centigrade
    • n atmosphere the weather or climate at some place "the atmosphere was thick with fog"
    • n atmosphere a particular environment or surrounding influence "there was an atmosphere of excitement"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Even when all the molecules in a single breath of air have been dispersed evenly in the earth's atmosphere, there will still be one or two of the same ones taken into the lungs with every subsequent breath. Every time you breathe in, you inhale one or two of the same molecules that you inhaled with the first breath you took as a baby.
    • Atmosphere A supposed medium around various bodies; as, electrical atmosphere, a medium formerly supposed to surround electrical bodies.
    • Atmosphere (Physics) Any gaseous envelope or medium.
    • Atmosphere Any surrounding or pervading influence or condition. "The chillest of social atmospheres ."
    • Atmosphere The portion of air in any locality, or affected by a special physical or sanitary condition; as, the atmosphere of the room; a moist or noxious atmosphere.
    • Atmosphere The pressure or weight of the air at the sea level, on a unit of surface, or about 14.7 lbs. to the sq. inch. "Hydrogen was liquefied under a pressure of 650 atmospheres ."
    • Atmosphere (Physics) The whole mass of aëriform fluid surrounding the earth; -- applied also to the gaseous envelope of any celestial orb, or other body; as, the atmosphere of Mars.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The USSR set off the largest nuclear explosion in history, detonating a 50 megaton bomb (2600 times the Hiroshima bomb) in an atmospheric test over the Novaya Zemla Islands, October 30 1961.
    • n atmosphere The aëriform fluid which surrounds the earth, and extends to an undetermined height above its surface; the air. It is a mechanical mixture of 79 parts by volume of nitrogen and 21 of oxygen, with a trace of carbon dioxid and a variable quantity of aqueous vapor, ammonia, ozone, and organic matter. The composition of the normal atmosphere varies but slightly in different localities, although near towns it usually contains impurities, such as sulphuric acid, hydrochloric acid, etc. The movements of the atmosphere constitute the winds, and in it are formed or produced clouds, rain, and snow. Its density is greatest at the earth's surface, and decreases as the height above the earth increases. The atmosphere, like other bodies, gravitates toward the earth, and therefore has weight and exerts pressure. Its average weight at the level of the sea is about 15 pounds (14.7) to the square inch.
    • n atmosphere A conventional unit of atmospheric pressure. An atmosphere is in English use the pressure of a vertical column of 30 inches of mercury at the freezing-point at London; in French use it is the pressure of 760 millimeters of mercury at the freezing-point at Paris. For the absolute atmosphere in the C. G. S. (centimeter-gram-second) system, see absolute. The weight of the atmosphere to the square inch is commonly employed as a convenient unit for pressures arising from other causes, such as the weight of liquids, the force of steam, etc.: thus, a pressure in a steam-boiler of 3 atmospheres means a pressure equal to 45 pounds per square inch.
    • n atmosphere The gaseous envelop surrounding any of the heavenly bodies.
    • n atmosphere Any gaseous medium: as, “an atmosphere of cold oxygen,” Miller.
    • n atmosphere An assumed outer envelop of force, effluvia, etc., surrounding a body: as, an electrical atmosphere.
    • n atmosphere Figuratively, intellectual or moral environment; pervading influence.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: What we call the sky is merely the limit of our vision into the atmosphere. The sky, like the horizon, is always as far away as one can see.
    • n Atmosphere at′mo-sfēr the gaseous envelope that surrounds the earth or any of the heavenly bodies: any gaseous medium: a conventional unit of atmospheric pressure:
    • n Atmosphere at′mo-sfēr (fig.) any surrounding influence
    • ***

Quotations

  • Frank Smith
    Frank Smith
    “Neither comprehension nor learning can take place in an atmosphere of anxiety.”
  • Henry David Thoreau
    Henry%20David%20Thoreau
    “Behave so the aroma of your actions may enhance the general sweetness of the atmosphere.”
  • Dorothy Parker
    Dorothy%20Parker
    “The best way to keep children at home is to make the home a pleasant atmosphere and let the air out of the tires.”
  • Charles Baudelaire
    Charles%20Baudelaire
    “The life of our city is rich in poetic and marvelous subjects. We are enveloped and steeped as though in an atmosphere of the marvelous; but we do not notice it.”
  • Dag Hammarskjold
    Dag%20Hammarskjold
    “Every deed and every relationship is surrounded by an atmosphere of silence. Friendship needs no words -- it is solitude delivered from the anguish of loneliness.”
  • Jean Paul Richter
    Jean%20Paul%20Richter
    “The conscience of children is formed by the influences that surround them; their notions of good and evil are the result of the moral atmosphere they breathe.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Gr. vapor (akin to Skr. ātman, breath, soul, G. athem, breath) + sphere: cf. F. atmosphère,. See Sphere
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. atmos, air, sphaira, a sphere.

Usage

In literature:

Of course, as soon as we enter an atmosphere, it behoves us to travel slowly to avoid overheating.
"Pharaoh's Broker" by Ellsworth Douglass
He relieved the somewhat sordid atmosphere which pervaded the chamber.
"The Day of Judgment" by Joseph Hocking
Between the earth and space, however, is interposed the atmosphere, and at the bottom of the atmosphere we live.
"The World's Greatest Books - Volume 15 - Science" by Various
One of the many names given to those solid masses or stones which occasionally fall from the atmosphere to the surface of the earth.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
The atmosphere was pallid with haze and dense with mystery.
"A Son of Hagar" by Sir Hall Caine
Thus the little store stood in an atmosphere that thought, breathed, and talked of the theater.
"Charles Frohman: Manager and Man" by Isaac Frederick Marcosson and Daniel Frohman
And there is something wholesome in such an atmosphere, the atmosphere of the West, at least by contrast.
"A Spoil of Office" by Hamlin Garland
It is perfectly amazing to what a degree the physical conditions of the atmosphere appear to be bound up with one's own mental atmosphere.
"Antony Gray,--Gardener" by Leslie Moore
Along the whole coast of Peru the atmosphere is almost uniformly in a state of repose.
"Travels in Peru, on the Coast, in the Sierra, Across the Cordilleras and the Andes, into the Primeval Forests" by J. J. von Tschudi
But when the atmosphere is colder than the lake, the colder surface of the water will descend, for the very reason that the warmer will not.
"Conversations on Chemistry, V. 1-2" by Jane Marcet
An atmosphere of uneasiness pervaded the dining-room.
"The Dead Command" by Vicente Blasco Ibáñez
In this hot, steamy atmosphere plants and trees grow in luxuriant abundance.
"The Heart of Nature" by Francis Younghusband
It seemed to suggest the still atmosphere of some eerie psychological story.
"What I Saw in America" by G. K. Chesterton
The chemical nature of the atmosphere was then a discovery of barely twenty years' standing.
"Manures and the principles of manuring" by Charles Morton Aikman
It creates atmosphere for the number.
"The Art of Stage Dancing" by Ned Wayburn
What can be told about the shooting-stars which so often dash into our atmosphere and perish in a streak of splendour?
"The Story of the Heavens" by Robert Stawell Ball
This atmosphere was disturbing.
"The Orchard of Tears" by Sax Rohmer
Usually, however, they are so small that on entering our atmosphere they become fused by the friction and changed to dust.
"To Mars via The Moon" by Mark Wicks
Atmospheric pressure had its eager advocates.
"Lives of the Engineers The Locomotive. George and Robert Stephenson" by Samuel Smiles
In a pure atmosphere the highest temperatures are comfortable, but in a foul one they become insupportable.
"The Turkish Bath" by Robert Owen Allsop
***

In poetry:

Then softly downward falling,
If we listen, we can hear,
From a purer atmosphere,
A warning and a calling.
"Warning" by Marietta Holley
"And through another atmosphere,
My spirit seemed to gaze
For never more wore life to me
The hues of other days.
"The Vesper Chime" by Mary Gardiner Horsford
Dusty vehicles together;
Darkies with the horses near
Tied to trees; the atmosphere
Redolent of bark and leather.
"One Day And Another: A Lyrical Eclogue – Part II" by Madison Julius Cawein
Still from the ground it sprouted,
Statelier year by year,
Till loveliness clung about it,
And was its atmosphere.
"A Snow-White Lily" by Alfred Austin
But is it God?—Once more the fear
Of No God loads my breath:
Amid a sunless atmosphere
I fight again with death.
"The Disciple" by George MacDonald
Come to me, O ye children!
And whisper in my ear
What the birds and the winds are singing
In your sunny atmosphere.
"Children. (Birds Of Passage. Flight The First)" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

In news:

London Olympic atmosphere drastically different from 1948.
Baylor's Christian atmosphere a drawing card for hoops recruits.
A suite retreat evokes a resort atmosphere in the home.
But others say an anti-pork atmosphere in Washington means their concerns are overblown.
Twister-like swirl kicked up column half a mile up into Red Planet's atmosphere.
'The Dynamiter ' review: Southern drama long on atmosphere, short on momentum.
6 Wild Tricks of Earth's Complicated Atmosphere.
This upscale downtown bar and grill offers Northern Indian cuisine in a romantic atmosphere that's perfect for a date or special occasion.
HUNDREDS of rockets roar to life every year, some trailing clouds of toxic exhaust that chew up the life-protecting ozone shield high in the atmosphere.
If it's atmospheric you're looking for, iPoe doesn't disappoint.
Olenjack's Grille delivers exciting flavor combinations in a sophisticated-casual atmosphere.
Electric atmosphere and patriotic pride are order of the day.
Electric atmosphere at Academy game.
Oxygen-free, nitrogen-hydrocarbon heat-treating atmospheres can offer improved part quality and cost benefits compared to conventional endothermic atmosphere and vacuum processes.
Dark Atmospheric Lighthouse Shining A Beacon Off Into The Night Mist And Fog In A Storm Warning Of Dangerous Weather Conditions, Cape Byron Lighthouse Australia.
***

In science:

Figure 13 shows the spin evolution of the atmosphere assuming that the whole atmosphere rigidly rotates.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
F I G . 1 3 . — The spin evolution of the atmosphere for convective (s atmosphere.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
Even in the best atmospheric conditions, the zenith sky opacity of the atmosphere at 450µm is ∼ 0.6, and therefore the accuracy of the final 450µm fluxes depends critically on the accuracy of the extinction correction.
The SCUBA Local Universe Galaxy Survey II. 450 micron data - evidence for cold dust in bright IRAS Galaxies
Atmospheric neutrinos are produced by the interactions of the primary cosmic rays on nuclei of the Earth atmosphere.
Neutrino Oscillations. Theory and Experiment
This is done by unfolding the effect of the atmosphere transmission using, in this preliminary analysis, a standard atmosphere model to deal with Rayleigh and aerosol components.
Performance of the Pierre Auger Fluorescence Detector and Analysis of well recontructed events
Finally, we have proved that the coupled atmosphere-ocean model is ergodic under suitable conditions for physical parameters and randomness, and thus for any observable of the coupled atmosphere-ocean flows, its time average approximates the statistical ensemble average, as long as the time interval is sufficiently long.
Stochastic Dynamics of a Coupled Atmosphere--Ocean Model
We consider a two-dimensional coupled atmosphere-ocean model in the latitudedepth plane, with atmospheric dynamics highly simplified, i.e., the atmospheric dynamics is described by an energy balance model.
Stochastic Dynamics of a Coupled Atmosphere--Ocean Model
Sagan & Salpeter (1976) discuss many aspects of a possible Jovian biology, an investigation motivated mainly by the fact that contemporary Jovian atmosphere has many similarities to the primitive terrestrial atmosphere.
The Aleph Cosmological Principle
Two subsequent triplets of colunms are the mean abundances in the atmosphere of δ Sct for three sets or atmospheric parameters: the best values, and effective temperature and surface gravity shifted by -0.2 dex and +100 K respectively.
About the chemical composition of delta Scuti - the prototype of the class of pulsating variables
Atmospheric muons, produced in the upper atmosphere by the interaction of cosmic rays, can be discarded because of their downward direction.
ANTARES Status & Milestones : News from Deep-Sea
We have inferred the presence of carbon monoxide, and perhaps water, in the atmosphere of TrES-1 and have determined that both atmospheres are hot (∼1000-2000 K).
Theoretical Interpretation of the Measurements of the Secondary Eclipses of TrES-1 and HD209458b
In all our figures, the shaded region is the background of atmospheric neutrinos, computed as predicted by FLUKA (at the SuperKamiokande site) and taking into account atmospheric oscillations.
Spectra of neutrinos from dark matter annihilations
Eν >∼ 10 GeV (because due to two factors: I. the flux of atmospheric (ν ) only at low energy atmospheric µ± decay in the atmosphere producing (ν ) e rather than colliding with the Earth).
Spectra of neutrinos from dark matter annihilations
II. atmospheric (ν ) τ are generated almost only through atmospheric oscillations, that at baseline 2R⊕ and at large energies Eν give a small Pµτ ≈ (40 GeV/Eν )2 .
Spectra of neutrinos from dark matter annihilations
Napiwotzki et al. 1999) we have validated the results with an independent analysis technique (FITSB2; Napiwotzki et al. 2004) and a different set of model atmospheres (the LTE atmospheres used by Koester et al. 2001).
New Praesepe white dwarfs and the initial mass-final mass relation
***