Frontera, F., Costa, E., dal Fiume, D., Feroci, M., Nicastro, L., Orlandini, M., Palazzi, E., and Zavattini, G., “PDS experiment on board the BeppoSAX satellite: design and in-ﬂight performance results,” in [EUV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Instrumentation for Astronomy VIII, Oswald H.
New results on focusing of gamma-rays with Laue lenses
The introduction covers 2000 years of astronomy from Ptolemy to modern times. The Hipparcos satellite of the European Space Agency was the first satellite specifically designed for astrometry.
Astrometry during the past 2000 years
The window to the high-energy (> 30 MeV) gamma-ray cosmos has been open now for four decades, with measurements by OSO-3 satellite (Kraushaar et al. 1972) followed by the second Small Astronomy Satellite (SAS-2)(Fichtel et al. 1975) and the Energetic Gamma Ray Experiment Telescope (EGRET) (Sreekumar et al. 1998).
Inverse Compton Contribution to the Star-Forming Extragalactic Gamma-Ray Background
During the time before GLAST becomes operational, two initiatives in satellite-based γ -ray astronomy are planned to provide astronomical data at GeV energies.
For the ﬁeld of neutrino astronomy, the most crucial question is the SN rate in our own Milky Way because even the largest foreseen detectors will not reach beyond our galaxy and its satellites.
Physics with Supernovae
Like all other parts of astronomy, the study of galaxy collisions has ridden the breaking waves of the vast technological advances in detectors, satellite engineering, and computational resources.
Galaxy Collisions - Dawn of a New Era
This is driven both by advances in observational data with the launch of the C handra and XM M − N ewton X-ray astronomy satellites, both statistical quality and spectral resolution, and by advances in the tools available to the physics community.
Atomic Data for X-ray Astrophysics
The discovery of X-ray emission from comets by the ROSAT X-ray astronomy satellite (Lisse et al., 1996) led to the appreciation of the importance of charge transfer of solar wind nuclei with neutrals in comets and gaseous planets.
Atomic Data for X-ray Astrophysics
Schlegel, Finkbeiner, & Davis (1998) combined 100µm maps of IRAS (Infrared Astronomy Satellite) and DIRBE (Difuse Infrared Background Experiment on board the COBE satellite) and removed the zodiacal foreground and point sources to construct a full-sky map.
Statistics of Galactic Synchrotron and Dust Foregrounds: Spectra, PDFs and Higher-Order Moments
The radio astronomy satellite HALCA (Highly Advanced Laboratory for Communications and Astronomy) was launched by the Institute of Space and Astronautical Science in February 1997 to participate in Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) observations with arrays of ground radio telescopes.
Conclusions from the image analysis of the VSOP Survey
Modern UV astronomy began with the ﬁrst UV all-sky survey by the ESRO TD-1 satellite, described by Boksenberg et al. (1973).
Ultraviolet Sky Surveys
Multiwavelength detection of GRB counterparts has been made possible recently by Beppo-SAX, the ItalianDutch satellite for X-ray astronomy (Piro et al. 1995): several gamma ray bursts (GRBs) have been localized with an accuracy of ∼ 3 arcmin within a few hours from their occurrence.
The Optical Transient of GRB970228, 16 hours after the burst
The present generation of X–ray astronomy satellites (Chandra and NewtonXMM) and large ground–based telescopes (VLT, Gemini, Subaru and KeckII) opens new prospectives in the ﬁeld.
Observations of Anomalous X-ray Pulsars
In the remainder of this section, we shall concentrate on a description of the applicability of this theory in astronomy. Input data needed for modeling the internal structure of a planet, satellite or asteroid within this theory are the mass and radius of the object.
Classical dense matter physics:some basic methods and results
Key words: Internet, networking, satellite, astronomy.
Saratoga: scalable, speedy data delivery for sensor networks