Assumption

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n assumption the act of taking possession of or power over something "his assumption of office coincided with the trouble in Cuba","the Nazi assumption of power in 1934","he acquired all the company's assets for ten million dollars and the assumption of the company's debts"
    • n assumption the act of assuming or taking for granted "your assumption that I would agree was unwarranted"
    • n assumption audacious (even arrogant) behavior that you have no right to "he despised them for their presumptuousness"
    • n assumption a hypothesis that is taken for granted "any society is built upon certain assumptions"
    • n assumption a statement that is assumed to be true and from which a conclusion can be drawn "on the assumption that he has been injured we can infer that he will not to play"
    • n Assumption (Christianity) the taking up of the body and soul of the Virgin Mary when her earthly life had ended
    • n Assumption celebration in the Roman Catholic Church of the Virgin Mary's being taken up into heaven when her earthly life ended; corresponds to the Dormition in the Eastern Orthodox Church
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Assumption The act of assuming, or taking to or upon one's self; the act of taking up or adopting. "The assumption of authority."
    • Assumption The act of taking for granted, or supposing a thing without proof; supposition; unwarrantable claim. "This gives no sanction to the unwarrantable assumption that the soul sleeps from the period of death to the resurrection of the body.""That calm assumption of the virtues."
    • Assumption (Logic) The minor or second proposition in a categorical syllogism.
    • Assumption (Rom. Cath. & Greek Churches) The taking of a person up into heaven.
    • Assumption The thing supposed; a postulate, or proposition assumed; a supposition. "Hold! says the Stoic; your assumption's wrong."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n assumption The act of taking to one's self; a taking upon one's self; undertaking.
    • n assumption The act of taking for granted, or supposing without proof; supposition.
    • n assumption The thing supposed; a postulate or proposition assumed.
    • n assumption In logic, the minor premise in a categorical syllogism.
    • n assumption [This use of the word, originating with Cicero (Latin assumptio), was revived in the sixteenth century, and is common in modern Latin, but is rare in English.]
    • n assumption The taking up of a person into heaven; specifically, the traditional anticipated resurrection or bodily taking up into heaven of the Virgin Mary after her death, celebrated by the Roman Catholic, Greek, and Oriental churches by the feast of the Assumption on the 15th of August.
    • n assumption Adoption, or making use of.
    • n assumption In law, the agreement of the transferee of property to pay obligations of the transferror which are chargeable on it.
    • n assumption A conceited disposition, characterized by a tendency to claim more than is one's due; presumption.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Assumption as-sum′shun act of assuming: a supposition: the thing supposed, a proposition:
    • n Assumption as-sum′shun (logic) the minor premise in a syllogism
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Quotations

  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “Beware of assumptions! Whatever you assume to be possible -- or impossible will have a tendency to become real for you.”
  • Scott Mcnealy
    Scott Mcnealy
    “In a start-up company, you basically throw out all assumptions every three weeks.”
  • Denis Waitley
    Denis%20Waitley
    “You must stick to your conviction, but be ready to abandon your assumptions.”
  • Igor Stravinsky
    Igor Stravinsky
    “I have learned throughout my life as a composer chiefly through my mistakes and pursuits of false assumptions, not by my exposure to founts of wisdom and knowledge.”
  • Warren Buffett
    Warren%20Buffett
    “I never attempt to make money on the stock market. I buy on the assumption that they could close the market the next day and not reopen it for five years.”
  • Stephen Vizinczey
    Stephen Vizinczey
    “We now have a whole culture based on the assumption that people know nothing and so anything can be said to them.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. assumpcioun, a taking up into heaven, L. assumptio, a taking, fr. assumere,: cf. F. assomption,. See Assume
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. See Assume.

Usage

In literature:

The assumption is worth testing.
"Fragments of science, V. 1-2" by John Tyndall
From this assumption of superiority Mr. Delony argues victory, asks, 'What about the peace?
"The Continental Monthly, Vol. 2 No 4, October, 1862" by Various
They rested upon the assumption of the equality of races.
"The Negro and the Nation" by George S. Merriam
Such an assumption violates all the Rules of Philosophy.
"Aether and Gravitation" by William George Hooper
As a matter of fact the statement is one long tissue of fallacies and unwarranted assumptions.
"Theism or Atheism" by Chapman Cohen
The history of European politics during that period is a history of renunciation by the rulers and assumption by the ruled.
"The Shadow On The Dial, and Other Essays" by Ambrose Bierce
Still, under the circumstances, it seemed like a reasonable assumption.
"Fearful Symmetry" by Ann Wilson
Mill's exposition is only distinguished from his master's by the clearness with which he brings out the underlying assumptions.
"The English Utilitarians, Volume II (of 3)" by Leslie Stephen
There ran through it, however, the tacit assumption that life is for learning and working.
"The Contemporary Review, January 1883" by Various
There is, as said, more reason in experience for this assumption than in theory.
"Principles of Mining" by Herbert C. Hoover
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In poetry:

Of a girl doing her laundry in the steerage
Ramifies endlessly.
This is being young,
Assumption of the startled century
"How Distant" by Philip Larkin
With time in tempest everywhere,
To rafts of frail assumption cling
The saintly and the insincere;
Enraged phenonmena bear down
In overwhelming waves to drown
Both sufferer and suffering.
"The Waters" by W H Auden
Beware of ruins; the heart is apt to make
Monstrous assumptions on the unburied past;
Though cleverly restored, the Tudor tower
Is spurious, the facade a fake
Whose new face is a death-mask of the last
Despairing effort before it all went sour.
"Beware of Ruins" by A D Hope

In news:

Taylor Swift, 'Cloud Atlas' and assumption junction.
Assumption 's football team was too much for Southern Connecticut, beating the Owls xx-xx in New Haven.
Assumption Blasts Southern, 44-0.
Our assumptions about sentiment analysis, however, may be fundamentally flawed.
Going back 15 years text analysts have built their analytics software on the assumption that, at most, software gets about 20% of sentiment analysis wrong.
Roma Bank received a Community Service Recognition Award at the Cathedral of St Mary of the Assumption Community Recognition Gala Dinner Dance on October 6, 2012.
Just becoming Assumption 's starting kicker is not Beuchert's ultimate goal.
New Haven Routs Assumption , 65-7.
LAST NIGHT Muscatine over Assumption , 38 to 21.
Senior Expo at Assumption Cultural Center.
Forts was not on Assumption 's campus after April 19, according to Renee Buisson, Assumption 's executive director of public affairs.
David Villegas/ESPNHSKatie George and Assumption (Louisville, Ky.) relied on strong defense to get past Berkeley Prep (Tampa, Fla.) in the final of the Asics Challenge.
Today, August 15th, Catholics celebrate the feast of the Assumption of Mary.
Classes next week in the Assumption Parish (La.
Taking Heed to NSA's Assumption on Security Breaches Is Sound First Step.
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In science:

Section 3 identifies an “independentapparatus” assumption (discussed in section 4), and shows the “independent-apparatus” assumption to be closely related to the “no-conspiracy” assumption.
Bell inequalities for random fields
The prohibition of correlations of a with c, and of b with c, the “independent-apparatus” assumption, is closely related to the “no-conspiracy” assumption.
Bell inequalities for random fields
Now to derive equation (17), we have to make only the “independent-apparatus” assumption, so that we can change a → a′ without changing c (or b) and we can change b → b′ without changing c (or a), with the “no-conspiracy” assumption playing no rˆole.
Bell inequalities for random fields
As for the no-conspiracy and independent-apparatus assumptions, there is no requirement that the no-correlation assumption be violated by much, only that the totality of correlations of all three kinds be such that the dynamical evolution will result in the violation of Bell inequalities at the time of measurement.
Bell inequalities for random fields
This is quite a natural assumption for a classical two particle model, because the two particles are imagined to be emitted from a single point in the past, but it is a strong and unjustifiable assumption for a random field model.
Bell inequalities for random fields
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