assume

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v assume put clothing on one's body "What should I wear today?","He put on his best suit for the wedding","The princess donned a long blue dress","The queen assumed the stately robes","He got into his jeans"
    • v assume take on a certain form, attribute, or aspect "His voice took on a sad tone","The story took a new turn","he adopted an air of superiority","She assumed strange manners","The gods assume human or animal form in these fables"
    • v assume take to be the case or to be true; accept without verification or proof "I assume his train was late"
    • v assume take up someone's soul into heaven "This is the day when May was assumed into heaven"
    • v assume make a pretence of "She assumed indifference, even though she was seething with anger","he feigned sleep"
    • v assume occupy or take on "He assumes the lotus position","She took her seat on the stage","We took our seats in the orchestra","She took up her position behind the tree","strike a pose"
    • v assume seize and take control without authority and possibly with force; take as one's right or possession "He assumed to himself the right to fill all positions in the town","he usurped my rights","She seized control of the throne after her husband died"
    • v assume take on as one's own the expenses or debts of another person "I'll accept the charges","She agreed to bear the responsibility"
    • v assume take on titles, offices, duties, responsibilities "When will the new President assume office?"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Spiral staircases in medieval castles are running clockwise. This is because all knights used to be right-handed. When the intruding army would climb the stairs they would not be able to use their right hand which was holding the sword because of the difficulties of climbing the stairs. Left-handed knights would have had no troubles, except left-handed people could never become knights because it was assumed that they were descendants of the devil
    • Assume To be arrogant or pretentious; to claim more than is due.
    • Assume To pretend to possess; to take in appearance. "Ambition assuming the mask of religion.""Assume a virtue, if you have it not."
    • Assume To receive or adopt. "The sixth was a young knight of lesser renown and lower rank, assumed into that honorable company."
    • Assume To take for granted, or without proof; to suppose as a fact; to suppose or take arbitrarily or tentatively. "The consequences of assumed principles."
    • Assume To take to or upon one's self; to take formally and demonstratively; sometimes, to appropriate or take unjustly. "Trembling they stand while Jove assumes the throne.""The god assumed his native form again."
    • Assume (Law) To undertake, as by a promise.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Assuming that all the offspring survived, 190,000,000,000,000,000,000 flies could be produced in four months by the offspring of a single pair of flies.
    • assume To take into relation or association; adopt; take in; admit: as, “Enoch and Elias were assumed up into heaven,” Abp. Abbot. See assumption, 5.
    • assume To take upon one's self; undertake: as, to assume the responsibility of a proceeding; to assume office; to assume an obligation.
    • assume To take or put on one's self; invest one's self with: as, to assume the garb of a mendicant, or the figure of an animal; to assume a severe aspect; “to assume man's nature,”
    • assume To apply to one's self; appropriate.
    • assume To take for granted or without proof; suppose as a fact; postulate: as, to assume a principle in reasoning.
    • assume To take fictitiously; pretend to possess; take in appearance: as, to assume the garb of humility.
    • assume To claim.
    • assume Synonyms To affect, feign, counterfeit.
    • assume To be arrogant; claim more than is due; presume.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The longest muscle in the human body is the sartorius. This narrow muscle of the thigh passes obliquely across the front of the thigh and helps rotate the leg to the position assumed in sitting cross-legged. Its name is a derivation of the adjective "sartorial," a reference to what was the traditional cross-legged position of tailors (or "sartors") at work.
    • v.t Assume as-sūm′ to adopt, take in: to take up, to take upon one's self: to take for granted: to arrogate: to pretend to possess
    • v.i Assume to claim unduly: to be arrogant
    • ***

Quotations

  • George Washington
    George%20Washington
    “When we assumed the Soldier, we did not lay aside the Citizen.”
  • Lester Bangs
    Lester Bangs
    “The first mistake of Art is to assume that it's serious.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “Beware of assumptions! Whatever you assume to be possible -- or impossible will have a tendency to become real for you.”
  • John Foster Dulles
    John Foster Dulles
    “The United Nations was not set up to be a reformatory. It was assumed that you would be good before you got in and not that being in would make you good.”
  • William Shakespeare
    William%20Shakespeare
    “Assume a virtue if you have it not.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “Many people might have attained wisdom had they not assumed they already had it.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. assumere,; ad, + sumere, to take; sub, + emere, to take, buy: cf. F. assumer,. See Redeem

Usage

In literature:

Deerfoot required little sleep, and within less than two hours after he had lain down, he opened his eyes and assumed the sitting position.
"Camp-fire and Wigwam" by Edward Sylvester Ellis
Civilized life assumes an external appearance corresponding to itself; it remodels the physical world after its own pattern.
"Homer's Odyssey" by Denton J. Snider
Merely for illustrating the method of calculation, let us assume this farm with its equipment to be worth $100 an acre, or $16,000.
"The Young Farmer: Some Things He Should Know" by Thomas Forsyth Hunt
In shooting, the mind assumes command of the arms, hands, fingers and eye, linking them up and making them work in harmony.
"Manual of Military Training" by James A. Moss
General Jackson assumed command on the day after Christmas.
"A History of the Nineteenth Century, Year by Year" by Edwin Emerson
Yes, several: any substance that can assume and maintain the form of an elastic fluid at the temperature of the atmosphere, is called a gas.
"Conversations on Chemistry, V. 1-2" by Jane Marcet
At this juncture Napoleon determined to assume the offensive himself.
"The Life of Napoleon Bonaparte" by William Milligan Sloane
We must not, however, assume that for the general work in an observatory a colossal instrument is the most suitable.
"The Story of the Heavens" by Robert Stawell Ball
Hence banking business did not begin to assume its present form till almost half-way through the 19th century.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Part 1, Slice 3" by Various
And he talked about the husbandman, his father, and assumed the part of the peasant, the man of the people.
"Sentimental Education, Volume II" by Gustave Flaubert
Any century is bad if we assume all the good men to be exceptions.
"The English Utilitarians, Volume I." by Leslie Stephen
In some systems of transmigration the man, forced after death to assume a lower form, may rise by good conduct to a higher form.
"Introduction to the History of Religions" by Crawford Howell Toy
The gossips had never been able to decide which of the Bartlett girls was likelier to assume the role of Phil's stepmother.
"Otherwise Phyllis" by Meredith Nicholson
The Questioner could not in fairness assume more than had been granted by implication.
"Logic, Inductive and Deductive" by William Minto
Assuming a deferential position, I drew back towards the wall, to be laughed at as long as the honorable company should fancy it.
"Confessions Of Con Cregan An Irish Gil Blas" by Charles James Lever
It assumed that the human experience by which legal principles were discovered was determined in some inevitable way.
"An Introduction to the Philosophy of Law" by Roscoe Pound
On the other hand, if we were to assume Nuevitas to have been the starting point, what should we find?
"The History of Cuba, vol. 1" by Willis Fletcher Johnson
But you have no right to assume that they have poisoned the dogs.
"The Lost Manuscript" by Gustav Freytag
I just wanted to know,' with an assumed indifference that barely concealed the tremor in the voice.
"The Wave" by Algernon Blackwood
The names assumed were Gustavus and Anderson.
"Sages and Heroes of the American Revolution" by L. Carroll Judson
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In poetry:

If, with the literate, I am
Impelled to try an epigram,
I never seek to take the credit;
We all assume that Oscar said it.
"Oscar Wilde" by Dorothy Parker

The faces which in common folk
Resembles pumpkin pies
In scouts assumes a texture dark
Yes, lives and breathes and sighs.
"The Turds of the Scouts" by General George S Patton Jnr
Sally, when thou first came over,
Not a smile upon me came;
I assum'd the faithful lover,
Two hearts united in one flame.
"To The Memory Of The Dear Girl, Once Called Sarah Cock, Who Died Jan. 23, 1796" by William Hutton
And now, led on by sad despair,
Does a frightful form obtrude;
Vindictive Spleen assumes the air
Of noble, manly Fortitude.
"The Culprit" by Nathaniel Bloomfield
As you'll assume, he hasn't heard
Of Madame Patti's singing;
But I will stake my solemn word
He knows what maize is bringing.
"Billy Vickers" by Henry Kendall
POLEMIUS.
Think, my son, that I am present,
And that I am not ambitious
To assume your evil mood,
But to find that it is good.
"The Purgatory Of St. Patrick - Act II" by Denis Florence MacCarthy

In news:

One might assume that calling a footwear store by a name like "Boot City" is a tall tale akin to the one about Paul Bunyan and Babe the Blue Ox.
Tim Crawley battled wheel-to-wheel with early race leaders Jerod Roller and Terry Gray before assuming the lead on lap 20 of the 25-lap United Sprint Car Series event at Albany Motor Speedway on Friday night.
"We are extremely pleased that Dr Creel has agreed to assume the permanent role of CMO," said Charlesetta Woodard-Thompson, Erlanger president and CEO.
More soon assuming there's mobile phone service further north.
For a shamefully long time, I assumed everything thrown on a grill was barbecue.
Assuming it is, she has a child on her lap.
Many of the submissions assumed the photo below was taken at Oktoberfest, and indeed it was.
Minneapolis's dance mainstay, the Southern Theater, assumed responsibility for the McKnight choreographer fellowships that MDA had once handled.
The Albany Hemerocallis Society, also known as the Albany Daylily Society, assumes responsibility for educating the public on the improvement and growth of the daylily.
She assumes the role from Bill Clough who held this role in addition to serving as Assistant Head of School.
Death assumes human form and comes to Earth to learn about human existence -- and reduces it to a flat, uninspired, interminable, slow movie.
There's no public listing for the apartment that Barry C Scheck just purchased at 270 West 17th Street, but we'll assume that the $745,000 that he paid for it was probably a very good price.
In the laboratory, experimental psychologists routinely assume (without overtly stating it) that free will is an illusion.
Jim Wilson, for this argument, assumes there is a Christian God and a hell.
He was assumed to have ceruminous accumulation, such that his ear canal was occluded with black wax.
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In science:

As in the previous sections, the temperature is assumed to follow from thermal balance assuming that the disk is passive and irradiated by the star under an angle αirr = 0.05, leading to T (R) = α1/4 irr pR∗/R T∗ .
Dust coagulation in protoplanetary disks: a rapid depletion of small grains
In the current work MAPMT are assumed to be packed into a (2 × 2) EC. A realistic (and possibly conservative) MAPMT pitch is assumed to be 27.0 mm to account also for the large tolerances on the MAPMT dimensions provided by the manufacturer: (25.7 ± 0.5) mm.
Design of a Base-Board for arrays of closely-packed Multi-Anode Photo-Multipliers
Indeed, assume that this is not the case, that is, assume that there exists P ∈ Spechz ′ i (U + ) with z ∈ P .
Primitive ideals and automorphism group of $U_q^+(B_2)$
Indeed, assume that this is not the case, that is, assume that there exists Q ∈ Spech0i (U + ) with zz ′ ∈ Q.
Primitive ideals and automorphism group of $U_q^+(B_2)$
Argument for the walk (environment fixed α ∈ Gn ) In this section we assume that n is sufficiently large such that Proposition 2.11 is true and we assume also that the random environment is fixed and belongs to Gn (denoted α ∈ Gn ).
Almost sure estimates for the concentration neighborhood of Sinai's walk
Now let us assume we are using the convenient coordinates x, with the saddle point asymptotically assumed to be at x = 1, in terms of which ZN is defined by eq. (43).
Random Feynman Graphs
Assume balls of volume n−1 are centered at the points of X and arrive sequentially in an order determined by the time coordinates, and assume as before that each ball is packed or discarded according to whether or not it overlaps a previously packed ball.
Gaussian limits for random measures in geometric probability
Assume that the seeds are centered at the points of X and that they arrive sequentially in an order determined by the associated marks, and assume that each seed is accepted or rejected according to the rules above.
Gaussian limits for random measures in geometric probability
As we have seen in Section 5, a graph Pisot number is a limit of graph Salem numbers whose graphs may be assumed to come from a family obtained by taking a certain multigraph, and assuming that some of its edges have an increasing number of subdivisions.
Salem numbers, Pisot numbers, Mahler measure and graphs
We shall assume that the kernel is graphical; in particular we assume R ψ dµ < ∞, but not necessarily that R ψ2 dµ < ∞.
The phase transition in inhomogeneous random graphs
A computer scientist can safely assume that a qubit is practically realized with a single photon. 2Usually it is assumed that Eve can attack in any way she wants the QKD quantum channel but that she can only passively eavesdrop on the QKD classical channel.
Authentication and routing in simple Quantum Key Distribution networks
Assume that C is not hyperelliptic and identify it with its canonical model in P3 = P(H 0 (C, ωC )) = P(H 0 (A, ΩA )), where it is the intersection of a quadric Q (which will be assumed to be smooth) and a cubic.
Ampleness of intersections of translates of theta divisors in an abelian fourfold
We may assume C contains e′ (otherwise C is a cycle in the corresponding switching σf of f ) and e2 (otherwise we can assume e1 is in σ (by substituting e1 for e2 in σ if necessary), and we obtain a cycle in σf by replacing e′ in C by e and e1 ).
Simple free star-autonomous categories and full coherence
The flux dipole assumes that the mass traces light whereas the num ber dipole assumes that all galaxies have the same mass.
The Dipole Anisotropy of the 2 Micron All-Sky Redshift Survey
Unlike Bryc , we do not assume L2 -stationarity of X (which is proved in ), nor do we assume equality of its one-dimensional distributions (it is stated in Theorem 1).
Bryc's random fields: the existence and distributions analysis
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