asphalt

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v asphalt cover with tar or asphalt "asphalt the driveway"
    • n asphalt a dark bituminous substance found in natural beds and as residue from petroleum distillation; consists mainly of hydrocarbons
    • n asphalt mixed asphalt and crushed gravel or sand; used especially for paving but also for roofing
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Prior to 1907, when the United States started mass production of asphalt from crude oil, the roads were paved from asphalt bought from Trinidad, which had a pitch lake that was the world’s first large commercial source of natural asphalt.
    • Asphalt A composition of bitumen, pitch, lime, and gravel, used for forming pavements, and as a water-proof cement for bridges, roofs, etc.; asphaltic cement. Artificial asphalt is prepared from coal tar, lime, sand, etc.
    • Asphalt Mineral pitch, Jews' pitch, or compact native bitumen. It is brittle, of a black or brown color and high luster on a surface of fracture; it melts and burns when heated, leaving no residue. It occurs on the surface and shores of the Dead Sea, which is therefore called Asphaltites, or the Asphaltic Lake. It is found also in many parts of Asia, Europe, and America. See Bitumen.
    • v. t Asphalt To cover with asphalt; as, to asphalt a roof; asphalted streets.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n asphalt Same as asphaltum.
    • n asphalt A bituminous material, employed for the covering of roofs and arches, for the lining of tanks, for pavement and flooring, and as a cement. See asphaltum. In the United States the substance so named is commonly made of refuse tar from gas-houses, mixed with slaked lime and gravel. Also called asphaltic cement.
    • n asphalt A thick solution of the finest asphaltum in spirits of turpentine, used by opticians. It is used for making cells on pieces of glass, in which objects may be preserved in liquid, for examination with the microscope.
    • asphalt To cover or treat with asphalt.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Asphalt as-falt′ or as′falt, a black or dark-brown, hard, bituminous substance, anciently used as a cement, and now for paving, cisterns, water-pipes, &c
    • v.t Asphalt to lay or cover with asphalt
    • n Asphalt as-falt′ or as′falt, Asphaltum, as-falt′um, a black or dark-brown, hard, bituminous substance, anciently used as a cement, and now for paving, cisterns, water-pipes, &c
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Gr. , of eastern origin: cf. F. asphalte,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. asphaltos, from an Eastern word.

Usage

In literature:

It is too narrow to have anything in it but asphalt.
"The Battle with the Slum" by Jacob A. Riis
Scores of wretched figures crouched on the icy asphalt of the Square on a pouring night early in November, before its clearing had been ordered.
"Prisoners of Poverty Abroad" by Helen Campbell
This is asphalt, or mineral pitch as it is sometimes called.
"Birdseye Views of Far Lands" by James T. Nichols
I'll cash a cheque of Quint's for you at Monroe's soon as we hit the asphalt!
"The Dark Star" by Robert W. Chambers
The school squatted low within its railed, asphalt yard, that shone black with rain.
"The Rainbow" by D. H. (David Herbert) Lawrence
It runs very smoothly and we would not go too fast nor on any of the streets which are not asphalt.
"A Dear Little Girl at School" by Amy E. Blanchard
The car's tires screeched on the hot asphalt.
"The Hoofer" by Walter M. Miller
The heavy, weather-painted lumber wagon turned at the farm-yard, and rumbled down a country road, bound hard as asphalt in the fall frosts.
"A Breath of Prairie and other stories" by Will Lillibridge
Pale children in their buggies slept with mouths open, gasping like little fish; some played upon the asphalt.
"The Trimming of Goosie" by James Hopper
They may be petroleum residues or native asphalts fluxed with petroleum oils.
"American Rural Highways" by T. R. Agg
Asphalt cannot be very readily used for this purpose unless it is an asphalt oil with but little bitumen paste.
"Rural Hygiene" by Henry N. Ogden
It was opera night, and the lights burned with an official brilliancy that challenged the radiance of the Cafe Monferino across the asphalt.
"Melomaniacs" by James Huneker
July was burning the white asphalt streets, before Beatrix was strong enough to be moved to Monomoy.
"The Dominant Strain" by Anna Chapin Ray
The driver pitched forward, sprawling, to the asphalt.
"Mlle. Fouchette" by Charles Theodore Murray
The asphalte and wooden pavements of London and Paris are unknown there.
"The Truth About America" by Edward Money
So don't hit the asphalt too hard tonight.
"Wings of the Wind" by Credo Harris
We grasp asphaltic apples; blooming poison!
"Calamities and Quarrels of Authors" by Isaac Disraeli
There are, however, in the city of Brooklyn many pleasant rides for an afternoon which are almost entirely on asphalted or macadamized roads.
"Harper's Round Table, June 4, 1895" by Various
Deposits of asphalt and mineral oils are also found.
"The Greater Republic" by Charles Morris
Nature cannot abide the haunts of men; she faints upon the asphalt bosom of the city.
"Just Around the Corner" by Fannie Hurst
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In poetry:

Yea, your footsteps can chime
With the myriad feet,
Finding rhythm and rhyme
On the asphalted street.
"Modern Poets" by Mary Eliza Fullerton
Let the earth, overripe and placid, cry out:
"You would rape the green Spring!"
I'll yell at the sun with an impudent grin
"I prefer to prance on smooth asphalt!"
"The Fop's Blouse" by Vladimir Mayakovsky
How far is it to peace, the piper sighed,
The solitary, sweating as he paused.
Asphalt the noon; the ravens, terrified,
Fled carrion thunder that percussion caused.
"Our Lady Peace" by Mark Van Doren
How many millions of beer cans are tossed
in Oceans of Mother? How much does She cost?
Cigar gasoline and asphalt car dreams
Stinking the world and dimming star beams--
"September On Jessore Road" by Allen Ginsberg
…Come! let us dance once more on the ancient asphalt:
Seeing, beneath its strange and recent shape,
The eternal horror of rock, from which, for ever,
We toss our tortured hands, to no escape.
"Asphalt" by Conrad Potter Aiken
I hear the rattle of the moving car;
The children crying in the lighted street,
I walk along the same old asphalt way.
I see the church,-I hear the organ play.
I see the hills I wandered on afar,
And spots of rain at my feet.
"Lemnos Harbour" by Leon Gellert

In news:

Online Calculator Identifies CO2 Credits for Asphalt Operations.
For Friday's Facebook Story of the day many of you wanted to know what decides whether a road is paved in concrete or asphalt.
While most of the Townsquare Media crew was in Jacksonville, Texas, yesterday slogging through the mud at Mudstock, yours truly was burning up the asphalt again in Bossier City.
A Hemet construction worker suffered first- and second-degree burns apparently inflicted by hot asphalt Tuesday afternoon, Nov 27.
Weather permitting, crews will continue widening and paving the shoulders, placing sod at the edge of the new asphalt, and will begin concrete work at the bridges.
Lane by lane, curb cut by parking space, in steps so scattered and incremental that they hardly get noticed, people on foot are wresting control of the asphalt from those behind the wheel.
Compact Asphalt Pavements Built "Hot on Hot" Recognized as Durable and Cost Effective.
Revision of D2027 / D2027M - 10 Standard Specification for Cutback Asphalt (Medium- Curing Type).
In August 2010, the severely charred body of 14-year-old Alicia DeBolt was found at an asphalt plant in central Kansas.
Florida Department of Transportation crews will be patching the asphalt on US 231 at the Bear Creek Bridge in Bayou George next week.
"The cost of petroleum, road asphalt and the oil we use has doubled or even tripled over the last five years".
Dynapac upgrades SAD2500CS high- density asphalt paver.
A day later, by the killing fields of Marikana, 90 minutes by car from Johannesburg, patches of scorched asphalt inside a workers' compound mark the spot where frustration turned to fury and the dreams of a Rainbow Nation caught fire.
Its City Council is expected to vote Monday on an ordinance that would prohibit coal tar-based sealants used to recondition asphalt driveways , parking lots and other surfaces.
It does all a river can do to distinguish itself from the asphalt lanes at Newark and La Guardia and Kennedy.
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In science:

Two tonnes is a modest vehicle mass; 0.6g is the deceleration at which a vehicle begins to skid on dry asphalt.
Human Gravity-Gradient Noise in Interferometric Gravitational-Wave Detectors
Several materials in the areas of of polymer mechanics, asphalt mechanics, and biomechanics that show non-linear viscoelastic behavior swell in the presence of a fluid.
Diffusion of a fluid through a viscoelastic solid
In addition, asphalt based materials (that are well know to show non-linear viscoelastic fluid-like behavior) degrade in the presence of moisture (Kim et al. (2004)).
Diffusion of a fluid through a viscoelastic solid
Furthermore, our work in this paper can be easily extended to study the diffusion of fluids in biological materials as well as in studying moisture-induced damage in asphalt mixes and other geomaterials that show viscoelastic behavior.
Diffusion of a fluid through a viscoelastic solid
Kim, Y.R., Little, D.N., Lytton, R.L., 2004. Effect of moisture damage on material properties and fatigue resistance of asphalt mixtures.
Diffusion of a fluid through a viscoelastic solid
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