asper

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n asper 20 aspers equal 1 kurus in Turkey
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Asper A Turkish money of account (formerly a coin), of little value; the 120th part of a piaster.
    • a Asper ăs"pẽr Rough; rugged; harsh; bitter; stern; fierce. "An asper sound."
    • n Asper ăs"pẽr (Greek Gram) The rough breathing; a mark (ʽ) placed over an initial vowel sound or over ρ to show that it is aspirated, that is, pronounced with h before it; thus "ws, pronounced hōs "rh`twr, pronounced hrā"tōr.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • asper Rough; rugged; harsh; cruel; savage.
    • n asper In Greek grammar, a sign (′ ) placed before or over an initial vowel or ρ to show that it is aspirated, that is, pronounced as if h preceded it; the rough breathing. Thus, ο=ς = hos; ῤίς = hris. [In Latin, and hence in modern, words derived from the Greek, aspirated r is represented by rh, as in rhinoceros, rhythm, the h being silent in the modern pronunciation.]
    • n asper An old Egyptian and Turkish silver coin: now only a money of account. A piaster is considered equal to 100 good aspers or 120 current ones. One current asper is equal to four ninths of a United States mill.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Asper as′pėr a small silver Turkish coin.
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Quotations

  • Francois De La Rochefoucauld
    Francois%20De%20La%20Rochefoucauld
    “It is only persons of firmness that can have real gentleness. Those who appear gentle are, in general, only a weak character, which easily changes into asperity.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. aspre, or It. aspro, fr. MGr. 'a`spron 'a`spros, white (prob. from the whiteness of new silver coins)

Usage

In literature:

A smile softened the asperity of the railroad man's face.
"Whispering Smith" by Frank H. Spearman
The earth was dead, it gave forth nothing; the sky was clean and hard, without a cloud to soften its asperity.
"Hidden Water" by Dane Coolidge
The word "friend" softened down so many asperities!
"Is He Popenjoy?" by Anthony Trollope
Vendome's men stretched across the plain, from the hill of Asper on the left, to Warreghem on the right.
"Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, Volume 59, No. 364, February 1846" by Various
He had been looking for her everywhere, he declared with some asperity.
"" by E.W. Hornung
But his worldly prosperity had not for a moment succeeded in lessening the asperity of the blow which had fallen upon him.
"Marion Fay" by Anthony Trollope
A noble young heart's ideal and asperations wrought out by loveng memory in brick and mortar.
"Around the World with Josiah Allen's Wife" by Marietta Holley
Melbourne replied with some asperity, and the Bishop of London (Blomfield) retorted fiercely upon him.
"The Greville Memoirs" by Charles C. F. Greville
Its preface is remarkable enough; it is pathetic, till Drayton loses the dignity of genius in its asperity.
"Calamities and Quarrels of Authors" by Isaac Disraeli
You would learn to rub off some of your asperities.
"Hazlitt on English Literature" by Jacob Zeitlin
Since the revival of interest in his work he has often been criticized with considerable asperity, but not always justly.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 2" by Various
At first he did not comprehend, then he replied with some asperity.
"The House of Fulfilment" by George Madden Martin
For pious she really was, though her piety was a little debased by coarseness, and not a little disfigured by asperity.
"Coelebs In Search of a Wife" by Hannah More
But the soul of the deformed was now changed, and his countenance, though still melancholy, had lost its asperity.
"Wilson's Tales of the Borders and of Scotland, Vol. 9" by Various
Great heat and asperity were manifested in the discussions of Congress throughout the present session.
"The Student's Life of Washington; Condensed from the Larger Work of Washington Irving" by Washington Irving
A tinge of annoyance began to mix with Dr. Grey's laugh, and he spoke to the squire with a touch of asperity.
"Windyridge" by W. Riley
Her asperity must surely be smoothed down by the sight of the baby's face.
"A Top-Floor Idyl" by George van Schaick
This epistle I wrote, as my poor brains dictated, but with perhaps too much of boldness and asperity.
"The Memoirs of Count Carlo Gozzi" by Count Carlo Gozzi
So they began to be exasperated and to show some asperity of temper.
"History of the Spanish Conquest of Yucatan and of the Itzas" by Philip Ainsworth Means
The asperity of her restless and ardent temperament had already for some time been changing into mildness.
"Maximina" by Armando Palacio Valdés
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In poetry:

Pause and ponder: who could write
A triolet or roundelay
While a Megatherium yawped all night
And a Hesperornis yamped all day,
While now and again the bray sonorous
Of Glyptodon Asper swelled the chorus?
"Extinct Monsters" by Eugene Field

In news:

Michelle and Mark Asper with baby Maci.
Jefferson, Mark Asper to roster.
Jefferson for undisclosed draft pick compensation and the claiming of Bills offensive lineman Mark Asper off waivers.
Oregon offensive lineman Mark Asper talks about a crazy week and finally winning the big one.
View full size AP Photo/Mark J Terrill Oregon QB Darron Thomas (center) celebrates after throwing a touchdown pass as Oregon offensive linesman Mark Asper (left) and USC linebacker Shane Horton look on.
Public Safety Minister Vic Toews speaks at the Jewish Federation of Winnipeg's Rally for Israel at the Asper Jewish Community Campus gym Sunday afternoon.
HANDOUT PHOTO Eryn Kirshenbaum presents a cheque to Gail Asper Wednesday.
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In science:

The plastic deformation of small asperities on the surface of the grain is an easy way to dissipate the energy and increase the critical velocity.
Numerical determination of the material properties of porous dust cakes
Y is the yield strength of the deforming material and Vasp is the volume of the asperities that are flattened during the c ollision.
Numerical determination of the material properties of porous dust cakes
To calculate the dissipated energy we need to get the volume of asperities.
Numerical determination of the material properties of porous dust cakes
In our model the volume of the asperities deformed upon collision is very small.
Numerical determination of the material properties of porous dust cakes
When we assume surface roughness to be hemispheres with radii rasp = 1 nm, the fraction of the area occupied by the asperities is only about 2%.
Numerical determination of the material properties of porous dust cakes
We can thus still say that the molecular size asperities may be responsible for increasing the critical velocity.
Numerical determination of the material properties of porous dust cakes
We have shown that a numerical N-particle method for studying the properties of aggregates can be calibrated to experimental results by including the flattening of small asperities on the surface of the grain s, and by using critical displacements for rolling of grains consistent with measured values.
Numerical determination of the material properties of porous dust cakes
Sokoloff, ”Static Friction between Elastic Solids due to Random Asperities,” Phys.
Dry Friction due to Adsorbed Molecules
R ≃ 5 nm) on top of which is half-embedded a small spherical asperity (radius Ra ≪ R).
Analytical Approach to the Local Contact Potential Difference on (001) Ionic Surfaces: Implications for Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy
The former equation rigorously describes the potential of a system apex/asperity where the junction point between the two spheres is smoothed and not singular, as sketched in fig.2d.
Analytical Approach to the Local Contact Potential Difference on (001) Ionic Surfaces: Implications for Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy
The second set of image charges42 is quasi-punctual and located at the center of the asperity.
Analytical Approach to the Local Contact Potential Difference on (001) Ionic Surfaces: Implications for Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy
Again, it is more convenient to use a spherical coordinate system centered on the asperity.
Analytical Approach to the Local Contact Potential Difference on (001) Ionic Surfaces: Implications for Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy
Setting x0 = y0 = 0 locates the asperity and therefore the tip on top of an anion, the reference ion within the defined unit cell.
Analytical Approach to the Local Contact Potential Difference on (001) Ionic Surfaces: Implications for Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy
Thus, even in the vicinity of the asperity, expression 18 can be used instead of ref..
Analytical Approach to the Local Contact Potential Difference on (001) Ionic Surfaces: Implications for Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy
The graph of the pro jection of σµ on the tip apex (areas (1) and (2)) is reported in fig.4 on top of an anion (positive charge density on the asperity) at a distance zµ = 4 ˚A from the surface and for R = 5 nm and Ra = 1 ˚A.
Analytical Approach to the Local Contact Potential Difference on (001) Ionic Surfaces: Implications for Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy
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