ash

Definitions

  • Threw a Pail of Ashes over the Fence 204
    Threw a Pail of Ashes over the Fence 204
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v ash convert into ashes
    • n ash any of various deciduous pinnate-leaved ornamental or timber trees of the genus Fraxinus
    • n ash strong elastic wood of any of various ash trees; used for furniture and tool handles and sporting goods such as baseball bats
    • n ash the residue that remains when something is burned
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Maple and Ash forgot their quarrel Maple and Ash forgot their quarrel
Mountain Ash Mountain Ash
Boxelder. Ash-leaved Maple Boxelder. Ash-leaved Maple
White Ash White Ash
Red Ash Red Ash
Green Ash Green Ash
Blue Ash Blue Ash
Black Ash Black Ash

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: A volcano has enough power to shoot ash as high as 50 km into the atmosphere
    • Ash (Bot) A genus of trees of the Olive family, having opposite pinnate leaves, many of the species furnishing valuable timber, as the European ash (Fraxinus excelsior) and the white ash (Fraxinus Americana).
    • n Ash sing. of Ashes.Ash is rarely used in the singular except in connection with chemical or geological products; as, soda ash, coal which yields a red ash, etc., or as a qualifying or combining word; as, ash bin, ash heap, ash hole, ash pan, ash pit, ash-grey, ash-colored, pearlash, potash.
    • Ash The tough, elastic wood of the ash tree.
    • v. t Ash To strew or sprinkle with ashes.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Fine-grained volcanic ash can be found as an ingredient in some toothpaste
    • n ash In botany: The popular name of trees belonging to the genus Fraxinus (which see). The common ash of Europe, F. excelsior, is native through the greater part of Europe, northern Africa, and some parts of Asia. It is a handsome ornamental tree, and is exceedingly valuable for its timber, which is close-grained and remarkably tongh and elastic. It was therefore in early times the chief material in the construction of bows and spears, and is now largely used wherever these qualities are needed. In its younger state the tree is called ground-ash, and a variety is well known in cultivation as weeping-ash. The flowering ash, F. Ornus, is a small tree of southern Europe, sometimes cultivated for ornament. It yields a saccharine exudation, which forms the best known and most important of the various kinds of manna. In the United States several species of the genus are commonly known under the name, as the black ash, ground-ash, or hoop-ash, F. sambucifolia; the blue ash, F. quadrangulata; the green ash, F. viridis; the red ash, F. pubescens; the water-ash, F. platycarpa; and the white ash, F. Americana. The last is the most valuable; its wood closely resembles that of the European ash, and is used for similar purposes.
    • n ash The name (with some adjunct) of various trees or shrubs of other genera, generally from some resemblance in foliage or qualities of the wood to the common ash. (See below.) Also, in parts of England, the name of some herbaceous plants, chiefly umbelliferous, as the ground-ash, or ashweed, Ægopodium Podagraria and Angelica sylvestris, and the sweet ash, Anthriscus sylvestris.
    • n ash The wood of the ash-tree; hence, something made of ash, as the shaft of a lance or spear.
    • ash Pertaining to or like the ash; made of ash.
    • n ash What remains of a body that is burned; the incombustible residue of organic substances (animal or vegetable) remaining after combustion; in common usage, any incombustible residue of materials used as fuel: usually in the plural. As a commercial term, the word generally means the ashes of vegetable substances, from which are extracted the alkaline matters called potash, pearlash, kelp, barilla, etc.
    • n ash Fine material thrown out of a volcano in eruption. It is not, like ordinary ashes, a residuum of the combustion of a substance containing carbonaceous mingled with inorganic matter, but is finely pulverized lava, derived in part from the actual tearing asunder of the not fully consolidated material by the expansive force of the gases which it contains, and in part from mechanical pulverization by friction in the chimney of the volcano. Larger particles are called capilli; coherent masses of still larger size, scoriœ, cinders, and bombs. If the erupted ashes fall into water, they assume a stratified form. Rocks of this character have been called igneo-aqueous and pluto-neptunian. See lava, volcano, and tuff.
    • n ash plural The remains of the human body when burned; hence, a dead body or corpse; mortal remains.
    • ash To strew or sprinkle with ashes.
    • ash To convert into ashes.
    • n ash In Australia, the name of various trees having a real or fancied resemblance to those of the genus Fraxinus, especially of trees of the genera Elæocarpus and Flindersia.
    • n ash Fraxinus lanceolata.
    • n ash A small Australian tree, Elæodendrum australe, whose close-grained pinkish wood is used for staves, oars, and shingles. Also called olive-wood.
    • n ash The green ash, Fraxinus lanceolata.
    • n ash The involatile constituents of wine; the solid residue evaporated to dryness.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: If a substance is burned and all of the results of its burning (smoke, ash, soot and gas) are captured and weighed, they will be a little heavier than the original substance because they have been combined with oxygen.
    • n Ash ash a well-known timber tree, or its wood, which is white, tough, and hard, much used in carpentry and wheel-work: the ashen shaft of a spear, or a spear itself
    • ***

Quotations

  • Book Of Common Prayer
    Book Of Common Prayer
    “We therefore commit his body to the ground; earth to earth, ashes to ashes, dust to dust; in sure and certain hope of the Resurrection.”
  • Chinese Proverb
    Chinese Proverb
    “He who sacrifices his conscience to ambition burns a picture to obtain the ashes.”
  • Anne Baxter
    Anne Baxter
    “It's best to have failure happen early in life. It wakes up the Phoenix bird in you so you rise from the ashes.”
  • Paul De Man
    Paul De Man
    “Fashion is like the ashes left behind by the uniquely shaped flames of the fire, the trace alone revealing that a fire actually took place.”
  • Abigail Van Buren
    Abigail Van Buren
    “People who fight fire with fire usually end up with ashes.”
  • Marcus Valerius Martial
    Marcus%20Valerius%20Martial
    “Glory paid to our ashes comes too late.”

Idioms

Dine on ashes - I someone is dining on ashes he or she is excessively focusing attention on failures or regrets for past actions.
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Reduce to ashes - If something is reduced to ashes, it is destroyed or made useless. His infidelities reduced their relationship to ashes.
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Rise from the ashes - If something rises from the ashes, it recovers after a serious failure.
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Wear sackcloth and ashes - If someone displays their grief or contrition publicly, they wear sackcloth and ashes.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. asch, esh, AS. æsc,; akin to OHG. asc, Sw. & Dan. ask, Icel. askr, D. esch, G. esche,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. æsc—Ger. esche, Ice. askr.

Usage

In literature:

Delicious plant, by all the world consumed, 'Tis pity thou, like man, to ashes too art doom'd.
"Tobacco; Its History, Varieties, Culture, Manufacture and Commerce" by E. R. Billings
Then, out of the four, only one, Feet-in-the-Ashes, was left awake.
"The Boy Who Knew What The Birds Said" by Padraic Colum
To dream of the ash, is the sign of a long journey; and of an oak, prognosticates long life and prosperity.
"Memoirs of Extraordinary Popular Delusions and the Madness of Crowds" by Charles Mackay
He sat dreaming, the ashes cold in is pipe.
"The Snowshoe Trail" by Edison Marshall
In roots and tubers the variations are less, and all, except the potato and the turnip, contain about seven per cent of ash.
"Elements of Agricultural Chemistry" by Thomas Anderson
The Plain of Ash stretches wide and grey between the hovel of the Ash Goblin and the Borderland where the Elf dwells.
"The Shadow Witch" by Gertrude Crownfield
The rocky cliff for the wild Ash's reign.
"The Continental Monthly, Vol 2, No 6, December 1862" by Various
Ashes and burning fragments carried by the wind fell thickly through the forest.
"The Border Watch" by Joseph A. Altsheler
An ash-heap turned to stone.
"Hunters Out of Space" by Joseph Everidge Kelleam
When Bevis looked down, there was his hat, hung on a branch of ash, far beyond his reach.
"Wood Magic" by Richard Jefferies
There were only ashes on the hearth.
"Black Oxen" by Gertrude Franklin Horn Atherton
But Ashe, himself, could not agree to a speed-up.
"The Defiant Agents" by Andre Alice Norton
They lie down in those ashes and sing, and another rabbit cover them up with ashes.
"The Woman from Outside" by Hulbert Footner
Down-stairs, in the kitchen, by the ashes of the raked-out fire, he discussed the situation with his wife.
"The Creators" by May Sinclair
A receptacle for ashes before the fire-bars in a steamer, or under them in most fire-places.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
In the ashes of peats, we almost always find small quantities of sulphate of lime, magnesia and phosphoric acid.
"Peat and its Uses as Fertilizer and Fuel" by Samuel William Johnson
This was but a semi-circular fringe, however, for San Francisco was a city desolate with twenty square miles of its best area in ashes.
"Complete Story of the San Francisco Horror" by Richard Linthicum
By means of the ashes, he follows the path until he comes to the cannibal's house.
"Nights With Uncle Remus" by Joel Chandler Harris
They hunted for three-quarter-inch willow rods, but discarded them for seasoned ash from the lumber-yard.
"The Trail of the Hawk" by Sinclair Lewis
A great deal of ash was in his fire, cold ash.
"The Rainbow" by D. H. (David Herbert) Lawrence
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In poetry:

Throwing away the ashes,
The white plum-blossoms
Became cloudy.
"Throwing away the ashes" by Nozawa Boncho
Through clouds like ashes
The red sun flashes
On village windows
That glimmer red.
"Afternoon in February" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Spicy sweet-briar bush,
The uneasy wren
Fluttering from ash to birch
And back again.
"Fox's Dingle" by Robert Graves
And ere to bed
Go we, go we,
Down on the ashes
We kneel on the knee,
Praying together!
"Old Song" by Edward FitzGerald
Dim grow its fancies;
Forgotten they lie;
Like coals in the ashes,
They darken and die.
"Curfew" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Thus I hear myself
become ash and crumble.
Ever smaller in flesh
I gain faith in my soul.
"O You, My Silent Sadness" by Krzysztof Kamil Baczynski

In news:

News Fungus attacks European ash trees.
A deadly fungus has decimated Denmark's ash trees and may lead to import restrictions.
Imports of ash trees could be banned to save the U.K.'s estimated 80 million of the species from a deadly fungus.
Roaming around eastern Europe under a volcanic ash cloud.
Dusted with soot and ash, the group of 10 raked soil and installed erosion barriers.
From the Ashes of Typecasting, Fag Hag Debra Messing Rises Again.
It took Mark Cuban and Dirk Nowitzki nearly a dozen years to raise the Dallas Mavericks from the ashes of the 1990s to the pinnacle of the NBA as champions.
Firefighters create a burnout to protect homes in the Ash Canyon area near Sierra Vista, Ariz. On Monday, June 13, 2011.
Today is Fat Tuesday , or Mardi Gras, that last hurrah before Ash Wednesday and the Catholic season of Lent begins.
Partying has begun today in major cities to mark Mardi Gras, or Fat Tuesday , a last gastronomical hurrah before the Christian fasts that start on Ash Wednesday and continue during the season of Lent.
White ash trees' subtle beauty remains a hi.
Moisture, Oil Ash Pepsin Digestibility Ammonia Nitrogen.
Government has launched an investigation into the decision to ship potentially toxic fly ash from an incinerator in Burnaby to a landfill in Cache Creek.
Launches formal investigation into hazardous fly ash shipment.
Fly Ash Recycler Stands Tall with Custom-Designed Portable Platform.
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In science:

We show that the Kelvin-Helmholtz instability is quenched by the strong stratification, and that mixing between the burning fuel and underlying ashes by the baroclinic instability does not occur.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
This simple picture demands that the hot burning material decouples from the cooler underlying ashes and conserves its angular momentum, completing a few phase wraps with the underlying star during the burst.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
In §4, we discuss hydrodynamic mechanisms that could transport angular momentum within the burning layers or couple the hot burning material to the underlying colder and denser ashes.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
We take the base at yb to be at fixed radius R, even though the old ashes below heat up and expand a little.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
In the convective models, this gives rise to jumps in ∆Ω/Ω at the boundaries between the convection zone and both the underlying ashes and the overlying radiative layer.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
Our models do not include the composition jump at the base between the burning layers and the ashes.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
Thus we do not expect the Kelvin-Helmholtz instability to operate either within the burning layers or between the burning layer and the underlying ashes.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
Thus in the context of our plane-parallel model, we conclude that, when H = 10 m, large scale mixing between the burning layers and ashes by the baroclinic instability does not occur.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
Summary of Coupling Mechanisms We have investigated a number of different mechanisms that could enforce rigid rotation within the burning layers, or act to couple the burning layers to the underlying ashes.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
We find tha t the strong buoyancy of the atmosphere prohibits the KelvinHelmholtz instability and mixing between the ashes and the burning layers by the baroclinic instability.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
To compare the predicted spin down with observed values, we assume that some mechanism operates to enforce rigid rotation within the burning layers, but that the burning layers remain decoupled from the underlying ashes, as suggested by the results of §4.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
If the oscillation frequency could be shown to be more stable than this from one burst to the next, it would imply that the ashes and burning layers must recouple during the burst decay.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
The physics of expansion-induced shear during shell flashes may prove important in other contexts.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
We show the total buoyancy by a solid line, the thermal buoyancy as a dotted line and the composition base = (g/Hb )(∆ ln µ), where we take the ashes as having µ = A/(1 + Z ) = 2.1.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
The burning layers an d ashes are represented by layers of different constant density.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
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