artery

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n artery a major thoroughfare that bears important traffic
    • n artery a blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the body
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The aorta, which is largest artery located in the body, is about the diameter of a garden hose
    • Artery Hence: Any continuous or ramified channel of communication; as, arteries of trade or commerce.
    • Artery (Anat) One of the vessels or tubes which carry either venous or arterial blood from the heart. They have tricker and more muscular walls than veins, and are connected with them by capillaries.
    • Artery The trachea or windpipe. "Under the artery , or windpipe, is the mouth of the stomach."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: There are some types of chocolates that are actually good for the arteries and heart
    • n artery The trachea or windpipe.
    • n artery One of a system of cylindrical, membranous, elastic, and muscular vessels or tubes, which convey the blood from the heart to all parts of the body by ramifications which as they proceed diminish in size and increase in number, and terminate in minute capillaries which unite the ends of the arteries with the beginnings of the veins. There are two principal arteries: the aorta, which rises from the left ventricle of the heart and ramifies through the whole body, and the pulmonary artery, which conveys venous blood from the right ventricle to the lungs, to undergo arterialization. Most arteries are composed of three coats: an outer or fibrous, of condensed connective tissue well supplied with blood-vessels and nerves; a middle or elastic, consisting chiefly of circular, non-striated, muscular fibers; and an inner, thin, smooth, and dense, composed, from without inward, of an elastic fenestrated membrane, a layer of connective tissue, and a lining of endothelium. The outer coat is the (tunica) adventitia; the middle, the (tunica) media; the inner, the (tunica) intima. The arteries in the human body which have received special names are about 350 in number. They range in caliber from more than the thickness of a finger to microscopic dimensions.
    • n artery A main channel in any ramifying system of communication, as in drainage.
    • artery To supply with arteries; figuratively, to traverse like arteries.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Laid end-to-end, the arteries, capillaries and veins would stretch for about 60,000 miles in the average child and would be about 100,000 miles in an adult - enough to wrap around the world nearly four times.
    • n Artery är′tėr-i a tube or vessel which conveys blood from the heart (see Aorta)—also metaphorically: any main channel of communication
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Quotations

  • Horace Bushnell
    Horace Bushnell
    “Habits are to the soul what the veins and arteries are to the blood, the courses in which it moves.”
  • H. L. Mencken
    H.%20L.%20Mencken
    “As the arteries grow hard, the heart grows soft.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. arteria, windpipe, artery, Gr.
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L.—Gr. artēria, orig. the windpipe most probably—Gr. air-ein, to raise. The ancient conception of the artery as an air-duct gave rise to the derivation from Gr. aēr, air.

Usage

In literature:

My blood boiled through every vein and artery, and I sprang to my feet.
"Amos Kilbright; His Adscititious Experiences" by Frank R. Stockton
Another time he sat all night under fire holding a fellow's artery.
"The Tidal Wave and Other Stories" by Ethel May Dell
The walls of the cavity are formed either of the dilated artery or of the tissues around that vessel.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Part 1, Slice 1" by Various
The heart beats are stronger and quicker, the surface arteries are more visible, the conjunctivae become red.
"Studies in the Psychology of Sex, Volume 5 (of 6)" by Havelock Ellis
And when you realize this, all else is easy, for in your arteries course red corpuscles, and in your heart there is the will to do and be.
"Little Journeys to the Homes of the Great, Volume 5 (of 14)" by Elbert Hubbard
This happened again and again until the artery of fire was discharged.
"Shandygaff" by Christopher Morley
It was through this town that the great arteries of travel ran to the west and south and to the north.
"Have faith in Massachusetts; 2d ed." by Calvin Coolidge
Severed arteries, too, had to be tied without delay.
"The Downfall" by Emile Zola
When an artery is cut the red blood spurts out at each pulsation.
"The Whitehouse Cookbook (1887)" by Mrs. F.L. Gillette
He is badly mauled, but no big arteries are torn.
"Whosoever Shall Offend" by F. Marion Crawford
The waiting-room faced the main artery of the city, and below her was the endless stream of humanity.
"Nedra" by George Barr McCutcheon
The arteries carry blood during life, not air, Galen, A.D. 165.
"Burroughs' Encyclopaedia of Astounding Facts and Useful Information, 1889" by Barkham Burroughs
I compressed the artery, while I gave directions to the others.
"Japhet, In Search Of A Father" by Frederick Marryat
Embolism of coronary artery.
"Aids to Forensic Medicine and Toxicology" by W. G. Aitchison Robertson
The pneuma passes from the heart to the arteries.
"Outlines of Greek and Roman Medicine" by James Sands Elliott
The sharp blade of the ax cut the carotid artery.
"The Man from the Bitter Roots" by Caroline Lockhart
D. External carotid artery branching into lingual, facial, temporal, and occipital arteries.
"Surgical Anatomy" by Joseph Maclise
He describes two kinds of respiration, one by the mouths of the arteries of the lungs, and one by the mouths of the arteries of the skin.
"Fathers of Biology" by Charles McRae
I compressed the artery, while I gave directions to the others.
"Japhet in Search of a Father" by Frederick Marryat
I fancied there was a pulsation, but could not tell but that it might be caused by my own throbbing arteries.
"Witness to the Deed" by George Manville Fenn
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In poetry:

It wrecks the system of a man,
Promotes arterial action,
Inflames the liver and it stands
Amidst diseases' factions.
"Strong Drink" by Frank Barbour Coffin
He chokes the infant throat with slime,
He sets the ferment free;
He builds the tiny tube of lime
That blocks the artery.
"Religio Medici" by Arthur Conan Doyle
I, when in this North wind I see
The straining red woods blown awry,
Feel shuddering like the winter tree,
All vein and artery on cold sky.
"Lines To A Friend Visiting America" by George Meredith
There was an Old Person of Tartary,
Who divided his jugular artery;
But he screeched to his wife,
And she said, 'Oh, my life!
Your death will be felt by all Tartary!'
"Limerick:There was an Old Person of Tartary" by Edward Lear
The clouds that tower in storm, that beat
Arterial thunder in their veins;
The wildflowers lifting, shyly sweet,
Their perfect faces from the plains,—
All high, all lowly things of Earth
For no vague end have had their birth.
"The Age Of Gold" by Madison Julius Cawein
With the stren'th of all my bein', and the heat of hart and brane,
And ev'ry livin' drop of blood in artery and vane,
I love you and respect you, and I venerate your name,
Fer the name of William Leachman and True Manhood's jest the same!
"To My Old Friend, William Leachman" by James Whitcomb Riley

In news:

Can lecithin keep your arteries clean.
Outcomes of endoscopic sphenopalatine artery ligation for epistaxis: A five-year series from a single institution.
Building on the foundation of GE Healthcare's CT platform, the LightSpeed VCT XT is reportedly capable of capturing images of the heart and coronary arteries in as few as five heartbeats.
The Army Corps of Engineers says low water levels on the Mississippi River are expected to last until October, which is bad news for businesses along one of America's main commercial arteries.
As part of a nationwide push against childhood obesity, the Dallas Independent School District is overhauling its cafeteria menu by featuring more healthful food and tossing aside classic artery cloggers.
Noninvasive Detection of Coronary Artery Stenoses with Multislice Computed Tomography or Magnetic Resonance Imaging.
The role of magnetic resonance angiography in renal artery stenosis.
Noninvasive Detection of Coronary Artery Stenoses with Multislice Computed Tomography or Magnetic Resonance Imaging .
Epic Meal Time, a group of YouTubers notorious for cooking comically high-calorie food, have taken cheese-filled pasta to new artery-clogging heights.
Women More Likely Than Men to Avoid Amputation after Minimally Invasive Therapy for Blocked Leg Arteries.
The Minnow 's GRT treats artery disease by precise delivery of controlled radio frequency (RF) energy to open, diseased arteries.
Women's Health Society, MITA Raise Awareness for Imaging Women for Coronary Artery Disease.
The device has been designed to close the puncture or incision site directly or using the sheath to access the arterial wound.
The Quick-Close Vascular Suturing System from Interventional Therapies LLC is used to stop the bleeding of a puncture site following an interventional procedure using the femoral artery.
Richard JD, Vitale GC, Flint LM: Penetrating arterial trauma: Analysis of missed vascular injuries.
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In science:

Estimate variance components Selby et al. (1996) studied the variation in the rates of coronary angiography (a diagnostic procedure using X-rays and a special dye to diagnose coronary artery disease) across 16 hospitals.
Misspecifying the Shape of a Random Effects Distribution: Why Getting It Wrong May Not Matter
The artery feeding the AVM are orange/yellow while the ones leaving it are green.
Improved visualisation of brain arteriovenous malformations using color intensity projections with hue cycling
We assume the part of the boundary Γ = {y = 0} ∪ {y = 1} is sub ject to a pressure, P0 , that we take to be consistent with the arterial pressure: P0 = 104 Pa.
Effects of permeability and viscosity in linear polymeric gels
For the time being, a more detailed evaluation is not reasonable, since the underlying network was not homogeneous: outside Dallas only ma jor arterials were used to hold the traffic which is usually spread over the topmost two or three street hierarchies.
Experiences with a simplified microsimulation for the Dallas/Fort Worth area
Candelario-Jalil E., Mhadu N. H., Gonzalez-Falcon A., Garcia-Cabrera M., Munoz E., Leon O. S. and Fiebich B. L. (2005) Effects of the cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor nimesulide on cerebral infarction and neurological deficits induced by permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion in the rat. J.
Post-ischaemic treatment with the cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor nimesulide reduces blood-brain barrier disruption and leukocyte infiltration following transient focal cerebral ischaemia in rats
Cheung R. T., Pei Z., Feng Z. H. and Zou L. Y. (2002) Cyclooxygenase-1 gene knockout does not alter middle cerebral artery occlusion in a mouse stroke model.
Post-ischaemic treatment with the cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor nimesulide reduces blood-brain barrier disruption and leukocyte infiltration following transient focal cerebral ischaemia in rats
Hacke W., Schwab S., Horn M., Spranger M., De G. M. and von K. R. (1996) 'Malignant' middle cerebral artery territory infarction: clinical course and prognostic signs.
Post-ischaemic treatment with the cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor nimesulide reduces blood-brain barrier disruption and leukocyte infiltration following transient focal cerebral ischaemia in rats
Longa E. Z., Weinstein P. R., Carlson S. and Cummins R. (1989) Reversible middle cerebral artery occlusion without craniectomy in rats.
Post-ischaemic treatment with the cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor nimesulide reduces blood-brain barrier disruption and leukocyte infiltration following transient focal cerebral ischaemia in rats
Reglodi D., Somogyvari-Vigh A., Vigh S., Kozicz T. and Arimura A. (2000) Delayed systemic administration of PACAP38 is neuroprotective in transient middle cerebral artery occlusion in the rat.
Post-ischaemic treatment with the cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor nimesulide reduces blood-brain barrier disruption and leukocyte infiltration following transient focal cerebral ischaemia in rats
Effects of different doses of nimesulide on stroke-induced neuronal damage Transient occlusion (1 h) of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) by the intraluminal suture method consistently produced large infarcts in the territory of the MCA, involving both cortical and subcortical structures.
Wide therapeutic time window for nimesulide neuroprotection in a model of transient focal cerebral ischemia in the rat
Cummins, Reversible middle cerebral artery occlusion without craniectomy in rats, Stroke 20 (1989) 84-91. L. Marnett, S. Rowlinson, D. Goodwin, A. Kalgutkar, C. Lanzo, Arachidonic acid oxygenation by COX-1 and COX-2. Mechanisms of catalysis and inhibition, J.
Wide therapeutic time window for nimesulide neuroprotection in a model of transient focal cerebral ischemia in the rat
J. Wang, X. Yang, C.V. Camporesi, Z. Yang, G. Bosco, C. Chen, E.M. Camporesi, Propofol reduces infarct size and striatal dopamine accumulation following transient middle cerebral artery occlusion: a microdialysis study, Eur. J. Pharmacol. 452 (2002) 303-308. J.H.
Wide therapeutic time window for nimesulide neuroprotection in a model of transient focal cerebral ischemia in the rat
Effect of delayed administration of nimesulide (12 mg/kg; i.p.) on neurological deficit score (A) and rotarod performance (B) after transient middle cerebral artery occlusion in male Sprague-Dawley rats.
Wide therapeutic time window for nimesulide neuroprotection in a model of transient focal cerebral ischemia in the rat
The time course of oxidative damage in different brain regions was investigated in the gerbil model of transient cerebral ischemia. Animals were subjected to both common carotid arteries occlusion for 5 min.
Time course of oxidative damage in different brain regions following transient cerebral ischemia in gerbils
Both common carotid arteries were exposed, separated carefully from the vagus nerve, and occluded for 5 minutes with microaneurysmal clips, which consistently resulted in delayed neuronal death in the CA1 region of the hippocampus (Kirino, 1982; Martínez et al., 2001).
Time course of oxidative damage in different brain regions following transient cerebral ischemia in gerbils
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