arm

Definitions

  • the Heavy Infantry of The Princes Of SiÛt, Armed With Lance and Buckler
    the Heavy Infantry of The Princes Of SiÛt, Armed With Lance and Buckler
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v arm prepare oneself for a military confrontation "The U.S. is girding for a conflict in the Middle East","troops are building up on the Iraqi border"
    • v arm supply with arms "The U.S. armed the freedom fighters in Afghanistan"
    • n arm the part of an armchair or sofa that supports the elbow and forearm of a seated person
    • n arm any projection that is thought to resemble a human arm "the arm of the record player","an arm of the sea","a branch of the sewer"
    • n arm the part of a garment that is attached at the armhole and that provides a cloth covering for the arm
    • n arm any instrument or instrumentality used in fighting or hunting "he was licensed to carry a weapon"
    • n arm a human limb; technically the part of the superior limb between the shoulder and the elbow but commonly used to refer to the whole superior limb
    • n arm a division of some larger or more complex organization "a branch of Congress","botany is a branch of biology","the Germanic branch of Indo-European languages"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Two girls, their arms full of flowers and foliage Two girls, their arms full of flowers and foliage
Both under Arms Both under Arms
Outline for arm positions, profile Outline for arm positions, profile
Outline for arm positions, full face Outline for arm positions, full face
St. Louis Street, Place D'Armes, and New Court House St. Louis Street, Place D'Armes, and New Court House
right Shoulder Shift--arms!' 067 right Shoulder Shift--arms!' 067
arms of constance arms of constance
Basel coat of arms Basel coat of arms

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Pretzels were originally invented for Christian Lent. The twists of the pretzels are to resemble arms crossed in prayer
    • Arm A branch of a tree.
    • n Arm (Mil) A branch of the military service; as, the cavalry arm was made efficient.
    • Arm A limb, or locomotive or prehensile organ, of an invertebrate animal.
    • Arm A slender part of an instrument or machine, projecting from a trunk, axis, or fulcrum; as, the arm of a steelyard.
    • Arm A support for the elbow, at the side of a chair, the end of a sofa, etc.
    • Arm An inlet of water from the sea.
    • Arm Anything resembling an arm
    • Arm Fig.: Power; might; strength; support; as, the secular arm; the arm of the law. "To whom is the arm of the Lord revealed?"
    • Arm Fig.: To furnish with means of defense; to prepare for resistance; to fortify, in a moral sense. "Arm yourselves . . . with the same mind."
    • Arm The end of a yard; also, the part of an anchor which ends in the fluke.
    • Arm The fore limb of an animal, as of a bear.
    • Arm The limb of the human body which extends from the shoulder to the hand; also, the corresponding limb of a monkey.
    • Arm To cover or furnish with a plate, or with whatever will add strength, force, security, or efficiency; as, to arm the hit of a sword; to arm a hook in angling.
    • Arm To furnish or equip with weapons of offense or defense; as, to arm soldiers; to arm the country. "Abram . . . armed his trained servants."
    • Arm To furnish with arms or limbs. "His shoulders broad and strong, Armed long and round."
    • v. i Arm To provide one's self with arms, weapons, or means of attack or resistance; to take arms. "'Tis time to arm ."
    • Arm To take by the arm; to take up in one's arms. "And make him with our pikes and partisans
      A grave: come, arm him."
      "Arm your prize;
      I know you will not lose him."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: A British term for slot machine is "fruit machine" or "one-armed bandit."
    • n arm In ordinary language: The upper limb of the human body, extending from the shoulder to the hand, and including the latter.
    • n arm The same, exclusive of the hand; the upper limb from the shoulder to the wrist. It is divided into upper arm, or arm proper, from the shoulder to the elbow, and lower arm, or forearm, from the elbow to the wrist.
    • n arm In human anatomy, the anterior extremity from the shoulder-joint to the elbow-joint, represented by the extent of the humerus; the brachium, as distinguished from the forearm or antebrachium.
    • n arm In comparative anatomy and zoology: The fore limb of any vertebrate, especially when terminating in a prehensile extremity like a hand, more or less removed from the office of locomotion; the pectoral or thoracic limb; the diverging appendage of the scapular arch or shoulder-girdle; a fore leg, wing, pectoral fin, etc.
    • n arm Some diverging or radiating part or organ like or likened to an arm, as the arm of a cephalopod, the wing of a pteropod, the brachium of a brachiopod, and the ray of a starfish, sand-star, or crinoid.
    • n arm Anything formed on the type of the arm, or resembling an arm in shape, position, or function. Any projecting part from a main body, trunk, axis, etc.: as, the arm of a lever or of the yard of a ship; an arm of the sea; the arm of an anchor.
    • n arm Figuratively, power; might; strength; authority: as, the secular arm.
    • n arm Hence That on which one relies for support or assistance; a prop; a stay.
    • arm To take by the arm; also, to seize or hold in the arms.
    • n arm Milit.: A weapon. In this sense most commonly used in the plural, and when used in the singular for the most part referring rather to a particular kind of weapon than to an individual piece.
    • n arm plural Armor; coverings for the body intended as defenses against weapons of war.
    • n arm A branch of the military service, as cavalry or artillery: as, the enemy was strong in artillery, but we were weak in that arm.
    • n arm Hence plural The use of weapons; military occupations; war.
    • n arm plural Deeds or exploits of war.
    • n arm In law, anything which a man takes in his hand in anger to strike or assault another.
    • n arm plural In botany, anything that serves as a defense to a plant, as prickles, thorns, or spines.
    • n arm plural In falconry, the legs of a hawk from the thigh to the foot.
    • n arm plural The heraldic bearings of an individual or a community, consisting of some device in heraldic tinctures (see tincture) borne on a shield, generally with the addition of a crest and sometimes with supporters. A description in heraldic terms of shield, crest, etc., is called blazoning (which see). The right to bear the arms of the father is inherited by the sons, but in strictness each of the younger sons should add to the paternal shield a label as a mark of cadency; the same right descends to a daughter only if she is her father's heiress. A person inheriting an estate other than the paternal one often assumes the arms of the former possessor, but should in strictness apply to the proper authorities. See king-at-arms, herald, and heralds' college. Arms not paternal may be classed as follows: Arms of dominion, or the national arms borne by the sovereign, in which generally the bearings inherited by the prince as an individual have come to have a certain national character.
    • n arm Synonyms Arm, Weapon. Arm is especially applied to those things which are designed for fighting and recognized as such; it includes means of defense as well as of offense. Weapon applies to any means of offense made for the purpose or (as a scythe, chisel, or hammer) used for the nonce.
    • arm To furnish or equip with weapons for offense or defense: as, to arm the militia.
    • arm To cover or provide with whatever will add strength, force, or security: as, to arm the hilt of a sword; to arm a man-of-war with armor-plates.
    • arm To furnish with means of defense; prepare for resistance; fortify.
    • arm To provide with the requisite appliances or authority for any work or undertaking: as, armed with axes and alpenstocks, we started out; armed with a warrant.
    • arm To fit or prepare (a thing) for any specific purpose or effective use: as, to arm a hook in angling; to arm a dressing in surgery.
    • arm To provide one's self with arms, weapons, or means of attack or resistance; take arms: as, the nations arm for war.
    • n arm In violin-playing, the arm or its action in reference to the style of bowing: as, he plays with a good arm.
    • n arm In archery, the longitudinal half of a bow, extending from the handle to the end of the bowstaff: limb: classified as upper and lower arm, according to their relative position when the bow is held perpendicularly, as in shooting.
    • n arm At a disadvantage: as, to work at arm's length.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: At one time, Venus de Milo had arms.
    • n Arm ärm the limb extending from the shoulder to the hand: anything projecting from the main body, as an inlet of the sea, a rail or support from a chair, sofa, or the like: one of the branches into which a main trunk divides:
    • n Arm ärm a weapon: a branch of the military service
    • v.t Arm to furnish with arms or weapons: to fortify
    • v.i Arm to take arms
    • n Arm ärm (fig.) power
    • ***

Quotations

  • Elizabeth Fuller
    Elizabeth Fuller
    “Never reach out your hand unless you're willing to extend an arm.”
  • John F. Kennedy
    John%20F.%20Kennedy
    “We dare not tempt them with weakness. For only when our arms are sufficient beyond doubt can we be certain beyond doubt that they will never be employed.”
  • Richard Holmes
    Richard Holmes
    “A biography is like a handshake down the years, that can become an arm-wrestle.”
  • Pope Paul VI
    Pope Paul VI
    “If you wish to be brothers, let the arms fall from your hands. One cannot love while holding offensive arms.”
  • Paul Scherer
    Paul Scherer
    “God walked down the stairs of heaven with a Baby in His arms.”
  • Sir Thomas Browne
    Sir%20Thomas%20Browne
    “Though it be in the power of the weakest arm to take away life, it is not in the strongest to deprive us of death.”

Idioms

Arm and a leg - If something costs an arm and a leg, it is very expensive.
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Armed to the teeth - If people are armed to the teeth, they have lots of weapons.
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At arm's length - If something is at arm's length, it is a safe distance waway from you.
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Babe in arms - A babe in arms is a very young child, or a person who is very young to be holding a position.
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Deep pockets but short arms - Someone who has money but never puts his hand in his pocket to pay for anything has deep pockets but short arms.
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It cost an arm and a leg - If something costs an arm and a leg, it is very expensive indeed.
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Keep someone at arm's length - If you keep someone or something at arm's length, you keep a safe distance away from them.
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Shot in the arm - If something gives you a shot in the arm, it encourages you, gives you energy or improves morale.
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Talk your arm off - Someone who talks so much that it is a strain to listen can talk your arm off.
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Twist someone's arm - If you twist someone's arm, you put pressure on them to try to make them do what you want them to do.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
AS. arm, earm,; akin to OHG. aram, G., D., Dan., & Sw. arm, Icel. armr, Goth. arms, L. armus, arm, shoulder, and prob. to Gr. joining, joint, shoulder, fr. the root to join, to fit together; cf. Slav. rame,. . See Art Article
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S.; cog. with L. armus, the shoulder-joint, Gr. harmos, a joint.

Usage

In literature:

Suddenly Pauline put one arm around Briar's neck and the other arm round Patty's neck.
"Girls of the Forest" by L. T. Meade
In the navy, yard-arm and yard-arm, sides touching.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
Then her face twitched, and she staggered back into the arms of the constable behind her.
"A Son of Hagar" by Sir Hall Caine
But Carmen, with her arms folded upon her breast, looked at him with such disdain that his arm fell at his side.
"The Son of Monte Christo" by Jules Lermina
Arm in arm, mother and daughter visited again each hallowed spot, with the sweet sense of ownership.
"The Clansman" by Thomas Dixon
When he took her tightly in his arms she began to cry.
"The Fighting Edge" by William MacLeod Raine
The others were armed with axes and big clubs of oak.
"A Virginia Scout" by Hugh Pendexter
At the command =arms= execute port arms and continue in cadence to the position ordered.
"Manual of Military Training" by James A. Moss
The envoys of England and France were found to be in accord against armed intervention in southern Italy.
"A History of the Nineteenth Century, Year by Year" by Edwin Emerson
He wore his arm in a sling, it is true, but thought it better to have a broken arm with the Senorita than a sound one without her.
"The Dodge Club" by James De Mille
Once during the night her sisters came up arm-in-arm, singing sorrowfully, as they floated on the water.
"Fairy Tales of Hans Christian Andersen" by Hans Christian Andersen
He grabbed her arm and helped her to the elevator.
"Colorado Jim" by George Goodchild
Then he came closer and put his hand on Kenneth Gregory's arm.
"El Diablo" by Brayton Norton
He said nothing more, but hung on my arm pretty limp, as we struggled through the darkness, and presently we both fell over a bale of goods.
"Hurricane Island" by H. B. Marriott Watson
Through the falling snow she could see a giant pine throw out appealing arms.
"Rose O'Paradise" by Grace Miller White
But Daoud twisted his arms free, drove in, and caught Celino's neck in the bend of his left arm.
"The Saracen: Land of the Infidel" by Robert Shea
She gripped Daoud's arm, digging her nails into his muscle.
"The Saracen: The Holy War" by Robert Shea
He half extended his arms in mute apology, and, surprised, he found her lips caressing his, her warm arms about his neck.
"Peter the Brazen" by George F. Worts
And she sat in a chair, her slim arms, coming through the slits of her cloak, resting on her lap.
"The Rainbow" by D. H. (David Herbert) Lawrence
She had round white arms; and as she bent over the tub, the outline of her hips showed broad and firm.
"'Jena' or 'Sedan'?" by Franz Beyerlein
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In poetry:

Now he is dead
How should I know
My true love's arms
From wind and snow?
"The End of Love" by Kathleen Raine
But the mountains I raise
Elude my embrace,
Flowing over my arms
And into my face.
"Gathering Leaves" by Robert Frost
A sleeper lies on the beach
On an arm bent
Out of the waters reach
Smiling content.
"A Sleeper on the Beach" by Anonymous Oceania
On! on!
His arms rattle loudly,
His wings rustle proudly,
And flames fill his eyes.
"From Gotz Von Berlichingen" by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Strong are his skinny arms,
As panther-claws;
He shaketh thee,
And rends thy frame.
"To My Friend - Ode III" by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
The maiden in danger
Was saved by the swain,
His stout arm restored her
To Broadway again:
"Tact" by Ralph Waldo Emerson

In news:

The Mets are losing the arms race .
IBM Adds To Escalating Social Arms Race .
ABB in Cyber Arms Race With IBM as Industries Collide.
Daniels' hire may leave Purdue shooting blanks in arms race .
Nuclear Iran would start regional arms race .
(CBS News) A nuclear armed Iran would start a regional arms race that would destabilize the region, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said.
Arms race proves recession-proof.
Raise your left arm up (just be sure your arm is not directly above your head, it should be slightly forward) and bend your right knee slightly.
A woman who lost her arm in the London terror attacks has regained movement through the use of a bionic arm that attaches right to her bone.
Hold your arms straight out in front of your body at shoulder level, so that your arms parallel to the floor.
It's the 150th Anniversary of the beginning of American Civil War this year—a war marked by radical innovations in small arms and, in the war's aftermath, the first great market in military surplus arms.
Last week, an appeals court in Florida overturned a 60-year sentence for a young defendant who shot someone when he was almost 17 years old and was convicted of attempted murder, armed robbery and armed burglary.
Do 8 reps on each arm, and then do 8 reps of the double curl (both arms at once).
RPM A-arms for the Axial EXO Terra Buggy are designed with unique features found only on RPM A-arms.
The X-Ar is an exoskeletal arm that attaches to your arm and provides dynamic support throughout your natural range of motion.
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In science:

UGC 12695 shows solid body rotation but has a very lopsided morphology of the H I disk, with the majority of the H I lying in the southern arm of the galaxy.
Star Formation and Tidal Encounters with the Low Surface Brightness Galaxy UGC 12695 and Companions
The southern spiral arm seems to be sharply outlined while the northern arm is extremely diffuse.
Star Formation and Tidal Encounters with the Low Surface Brightness Galaxy UGC 12695 and Companions
The upper left panel of Figure 3 shows the blue POSSII image of UGC 12687, a strongly barred two-armed spiral.
Star Formation and Tidal Encounters with the Low Surface Brightness Galaxy UGC 12695 and Companions
Nevertheless, it is clear that the H I gas in UGC 12687 is concentrated near the tips of the bar and to some extent along both optically visible spiral arms.
Star Formation and Tidal Encounters with the Low Surface Brightness Galaxy UGC 12695 and Companions
After the encounter the HSB galaxy exhibited two definitive spiral arms, a central inflow of gas and an oval central region.
Star Formation and Tidal Encounters with the Low Surface Brightness Galaxy UGC 12695 and Companions
However, it did induce long-lived spiral arms, an overall lopsided distortion of the galaxy, and possibly localized compressions and instabilities in the disk.
Star Formation and Tidal Encounters with the Low Surface Brightness Galaxy UGC 12695 and Companions
Their HSB system (UGC 12687 in our case) shows a strong bar from which two well defined spiral arms emerge.
Star Formation and Tidal Encounters with the Low Surface Brightness Galaxy UGC 12695 and Companions
By varying the relative importance of the two mechanisms they showed that the ratio σz /σR decreases when the contribution of spiral arm structure increases.
Disc heating in NGC 2985
Since both galaxies are multi-armed type spiral galaxies but the Sab galaxy NGC 2985 is of slightly earlier type than NGC 488, which is an Sb galaxy.
Disc heating in NGC 2985
In addition to the argument from the global star formation rate given above, Blitz & Shu (1980) also point to the extent of the presence of molecular clouds behind spiral arm shocks and the stellar ages then thought to be associated with the clouds as evidence for their lifetime estimate.
The Dynamical Interstellar Medium: Insights from Numerical Models
Individual clouds might be quite short-lived, though cloud-forming regions might last significantly longer, explaining the observed spatial relationships with spiral arms.
The Dynamical Interstellar Medium: Insights from Numerical Models
Also, the correlation is in the sense that while in low-L ob jects the SF activity is spread over the galactic disk (enhanced in the spiral arms), at increasing luminosity the SF gets more and more concentrated in the nuclear regions.
High-Redshift Galaxies: The Far-Infrared and Sub-Millimeter View
In normal inactive spirals the disk SFR is enhanced in spiral arms in correspondence with density waves compressing the gas.
High-Redshift Galaxies: The Far-Infrared and Sub-Millimeter View
It is assumed that Eve is able to perfectly eavesdrop the classical channel, and that she has full access to the losses along at least one “transmission arm” of the EPR beam (this is a strong hypothesis, but it is usually done for evaluating the security of standard quantum cryptography).
Evaluating quantum teleportation of coherent states
This provided a much needed shot in the arm for the Hubble pro ject.
The Formation of Star Clusters
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