• WordNet 3.6
    • n archpriest a senior clergyman and dignitary
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Archpriest A chief priest; also, a kind of vicar, or a rural dean.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n archpriest Eccles., the chief among the priests, called by the Greeks protopresbyter, and later protopope. As a title it dates from the fourth century, and was originally given to the senior by ordination in a diocese, a rule long strictly observed in the West. The archpriest or dean of the cathedral assisted the bishop in solemn functions and in his spiritual administration, though without ordinary jurisdiction; the rural archpriest or dean had a limited superintendence over the parish priests of his deanery or district of the diocese, and formed with them the rural chapter, as the bishop with his canons formed the cathedral chapter. For relations with other officials, see archdeacon. At present, in the Roman Catholic Church, archpriest is, for the most part, a title of honor only, the former duties of the office being performed by the auxiliary bishop or the dean of the cathedral chapter. The duties of the rural archpriests, since the Council of Trent, have commonly develoved on the vicars forane, still sometimes called rural deans, or directly on the bishop's vicar-general. In the rare case when rural archpriests and vicars forane are found in the same diocese, the latter have the precedence.
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In literature:

BLACKWELL made Archpriest of England, by Pope Clement VIII.
"Notes and Queries, Number 56, November 23, 1850" by Various
At Pasqua we had no music, and the archpriest was hooted by all in the Piazza.
"The Call of the Blood" by Robert Smythe Hichens
To their summons, the archpriest made answer like a stout old persecutor, and bade his garrison fire upon the mob.
"The Works of Robert Louis Stevenson - Swanston Edition" by Robert Louis Stevenson
He must be properly accredited, since he was an archpriest.
"A Budget of Paradoxes, Volume II (of II)" by Augustus de Morgan
And that spark was shortly afterwards supplied by the archpriest Chayla, director of missions at Pont-de-Montvert.
"The Huguenots in France" by Samuel Smiles
He has the right to certain procurations, and to appoint and depose archpriests and rural deans.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 4" by Various

In news:

This year's akathist, a hymn of thanksgiving or supplication, was written by Archpriest Gregory Petrov in the 1940s.