archil

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n archil any of various lecanoras that yield the dye archil
    • n archil a purplish dye obtained from orchil lichens
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Archil A violet dye obtained from several species of lichen (Roccella tinctoria, etc.), which grow on maritime rocks in the Canary and Cape Verd Islands, etc.
    • Archil The plant from which the dye is obtained.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n archil A rich violet, mauve, or purple coloring matter obtained from certain lichens, especially the Roccella tinctoria and R. fuciformis.
    • n archil The lichen from which the dye is obtained. See Roccella. It is bruised between stones, moistened with putrid urine, and mixed with quicklime or other alkaline liquor. It first becomes purplish-red in color, and then turns to violet. In the first state it is called archil, and in the second litmus. Dyers rarely use archil by itself, on account of its dearness and the perishableness of its beauty. They employ it to give a bloom to other colors, as pinks, blues, and blacks; but this bloom soon decays. Archil is used for tinting the fluid employed in spirit-thermometers, while litmus is employed by chemists as a test for acidity or alkalinity.
    • n archil Also written orchil, and formerly archall, orchal, orchel, orchella.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Archil är′kil a colouring substance obtained from various species of lichens.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OF. orchel, orcheil, It. orcella, oricello, or OSp. orchillo,. Cf. Orchil
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Corrupt form of Orchil—O. Fr. orchel, orseil (Fr. orseille)—It. orcello, origin undetermined.

Usage

In literature:

ARCHIL`OCHUS, a celebrated lyric poet of Greece; of a satiric and often bitter vein, the inventor of iambic verse (714-676 B.C.).
"The Nuttall Encyclopaedia" by Edited by Rev. James Wood
Archil Substitute N, 10 lb.
"The Dyeing of Woollen Fabrics" by Franklin Beech
Archil substitute N, 229.
"The Dyeing of Cotton Fabrics" by Franklin Beech
The manufacture of Archil and Cudbear from the various lichens is simple in principle.
"Vegetable Dyes" by Ethel M. Mairet
Archil is employed to give silk a bloom, but it is seldom used by itself, unless when the colour wanted is lilac.
"The Cook and Housekeeper's Complete and Universal Dictionary; Including a System of Modern Cookery, in all Its Various Branches," by Mary Eaton
These two sons, Archil and Norman, are included among the King's thanes in Domesday Book.
"Old Church Lore" by William Andrews
Hydrochloric acid turns ammoniacal cochineal pink, but merely discolours the red made from archil.
"The Decoration of Leather" by Georges de Récy
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