arbitration

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n arbitration the act of deciding as an arbiter; giving authoritative judgment "they submitted their disagreement to arbitration"
    • n arbitration (law) the hearing and determination of a dispute by an impartial referee agreed to by both parties (often used to settle disputes between labor and management)
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Arbitration The hearing and determination of a cause between parties in controversy, by a person or persons chosen by the parties.☞ This may be done by one person; but it is usual to choose two or three called arbitrators; or for each party to choose one, and these to name a third, who is called the umpire. Their determination is called the award.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n arbitration The hearing and determining of a cause between parties in controversy by a person or persons chosen or agreed to by the parties. This may be done by one person, but it is usual to choose more than one. Frequently two are nominated, one by each party, the two being authorized in turn to agree upon a third, who is called the umpire (or, in Scotland, sometimes the oversman), and who either acts with them or is called on to decide in case the primary arbitrators differ. The determination of arbitrators or umpires is called an award. By the common law an award properly made is binding; but the arbitrators' authority may be revoked before award at the will of either party. Permanent boards of arbitration are sometimes constituted by legislative or corporate authority, but the submission of cases to their decision is always voluntary.
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Quotations

  • Lawrence Durrell
    Lawrence Durrell
    “The richest love is that which submits to the arbitration of time.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. arbitration, L. arbitratio, fr. arbitrari,

Usage

In literature:

When the quarrel's getting bitter, we refer it to his arbitration.
"The Summons" by A.E.W. Mason
It is probable, however, that the whole matter will be settled by arbitration.
"The Great Round World and What Is Going On In It, Vol. 1, No. 58, December 16, 1897" by Various
Disputes may be settled by arbitration by the courts of the debtor country, or by the mixed arbitral tribunal.
"World's War Events, Volume III" by Various
This discussion waxed furious till finally I was called on to arbitrate.
"Fanny Goes to War" by Pat Beauchamp
THE SICILIAN AND THE SCOTTISH ARBITRATIONS.
"The History of England" by T.F. Tout
He is the general counsellor, the reconciler of family quarrels, the arbitrator in differences, the guardian of morals.
"A Canadian Manor and Its Seigneurs" by George M. Wrong
Let the two o' them get arbitrators and settle it out of court.
"All on the Irish Shore" by E. Somerville and Martin Ross
They declined this, and had the modesty to propose an arbitration before merchants of their own town.
"Memoir, Correspondence, And Miscellanies, From The Papers Of Thomas Jefferson" by Thomas Jefferson
Then it was moved to refer the matter to a commission of arbitrators.
"Luther and the Reformation:" by Joseph A. Seiss
The storm priests, as neutral arbitrators, had divided up the Koros grounds.
"Plague Ship" by Andre Norton
He therefore urged arbitration of the dispute, winning the assent of England and Italy.
"History of the United States" by Charles A. Beard and Mary R. Beard
Another matter that the Kaiser discussed with derision was Mr. Bryan's arbitration treaty.
"The Life and Letters of Walter H. Page, Volume I" by Burton J. Hendrick
By all means; but where is Phaedria, our arbitrator?
"The Comedies of Terence" by Publius Terentius Afer, (AKA) Terence
Under the London Chamber of Arbitration.
"In the Forbidden Land" by Arnold Henry Savage Landor
We do not believe in fighting on the one hand nor in an anaemic and temporary thing like arbitration on the other.
"The Ghost in the White House" by Gerald Stanley Lee
His Advance Position on International Arbitration.
"History of the United States, Volume 6 (of 6)" by E. Benjamin Andrews
The establishment of National Courts of Arbitration for the speedy and satisfactory adjustment of disputes.
"Six days of the Irish Republic" by Louis Redmond-Howard
And they chose Bosambo, paramount and magnificent chief of the Ochori, as arbitrator.
"Bones" by Edgar Wallace
He regained his liberty in a few weeks; and the arbitrators between him and Miss Fry made their award against him.
"Memoirs of Extraordinary Popular Delusions and the Madness of Crowds" by Charles Mackay
Let Time and Providence arbitrate our controversies.
"The Negro and the Nation" by George S. Merriam
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In poetry:

"Oh," said the Judge, in robe and fur,
"The matter in dispute
To arbitration pray refer -
This is a friendly suit."
"Damon vs. Pythias" by William Schwenck Gilbert
Now, who shall arbitrate?
Ten men love what I hate,
Shun what I follow, slight what I receive;
Ten, who in ears and eyes
Match me: we all surmise,
They this thing, and I that: whom shall my soul believe?
"Rabbi Ben Ezra" by Robert Browning
My neighbor chose three men in his employ,
I three, at least, accepted them with joy;
Not chosen these to arbitrate our case,
But from material at command to trace,
In harmony with law, the primal line
For boundary fence, between his farm and mine.
"Alaskan Boundary Settlement" by Joseph Horatio Chant

In news:

If you read our newspapers you have learned that forced arbitration has resulted in what appears to be only minor increases in teacher salaries.
Labor – Arbitration board properly resolved railroad seniority dispute.
An arbitration board acted within its authority when resolving a seniority dispute among two railroad workers' unions and a railroad.
Air Canada's arbitration winning streak continues with Chorus ruling.
Because many of the lending contracts contain an arbitration provision, said the Appeals Court, there are often issues relating to the permissible scope of the arbitration and the role of the arbitrator .
As a result, the Supreme Court held that the challenge was one that must go to the arbitrator .
The US Supreme Court will decide whether a broad arbitration clause can implicitly authorize class arbitration .
Speedy outfielder Brett Gardner and the New York Yankees have agreed to a $2.85 million, one-year contract that avoids salary arbitration .
Eckenrode appealed his termination in 2008, and an arbitrator ruled that even though he never denied fondling the girl, the city failed to prove wrongdoing.
Arbitrators upheld just six of the 13 firings that police or firefighters appealed under their union contracts.
The board and union representatives will meet with an arbitrator 9 am Tuesday.
The Village of Sag Harbor Board of Trustees and the Sag Harbor Police Benevolent Association (PBA) have reached a stalemate in their contract negotiations, forcing the PBA to file for binding arbitration last month.
Yankees and Brett Gardner agree on one-year contract and avoid salary arbitration .
Owasso officials plan appeal of arbitrator 's ruling in police controversy.
ILWU may appeal the arbitrators decision, but that process usually takes weeks or months.
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In science:

Finally, on the basis of the scores assigned to the plans in DPout and according to some arbitration plan, we select an optimal outcome or set of optimal outcomes, i.e., a unique solution or a set of solutions.
Dialogue as Discourse: Controlling Global Properties of Scripted Dialogue
One would like an arbitration plan to satisfy certain criteria which de fine a fair balancing of different constraints.
Dialogue as Discourse: Controlling Global Properties of Scripted Dialogue
Nash came up with an arbitration plan which satisfies not only Pareto Optimality, but all four of the proposed axioms.
Dialogue as Discourse: Controlling Global Properties of Scripted Dialogue
The idea is that by satisfying the four axioms, Nash’s arbitration plan provides a ‘fair’ solution to the problem of maximizing the degree to which both (in general: all) contraints are satisfied, that is, a solution that treats the two constra ints evenhandedly.
Dialogue as Discourse: Controlling Global Properties of Scripted Dialogue
According to the Nash arbitration plan, the optimal solution is the solution hST , SE i with the highest value for ST × SE .
Dialogue as Discourse: Controlling Global Properties of Scripted Dialogue
Since Trent is now an active part in the protocol, and shares both classical and quantum keys with Alice and Bob, he does not play anymore the role of trusted arbitrator, but becomes a full member of the quantum protocol.
Authentication and routing in simple Quantum Key Distribution networks
Coalitional models, in contrast, are suitable for scenarios where the attainability of cooperation is not a problem (because it is usually assumed that there is a powerful arbitrator), but how to cooperate is, i.e. how to share the bene fit gained by cooperation fairly among players .
Complementary cooperation, minimal winning coalitions, and power indices
Each source arbitrates between overlapping grants from different destinations when their number exceeds its transmission capability.
A Flow-aware MAC Protocol for a Passive Optical Metropolitan Area Network
This observation is the key for algebraizing “point evaluations” to an arbitr ary integro-differential algebra where one cannot evaluate elements as in C¥ [0, 1].
Symbolic Analysis for Boundary Problems: From Rewriting to Parametrized Gr\"obner Bases
If a broadcast packet enters a crossbar hub, the arbitration logic waits until all output ports are available.
Cluster Computing White Paper
Apart from scheduling user jobs, a scheduler is also expected to arbitrate access to the cluster to optimize the resource usage, provide security, and to perform accounting.
Cluster Computing White Paper
Two track candidates are allowed to share a single hit, but if a track candidate shares more than one hit with another candidate, an arbitration scheme is used to select the better candidate.
SiD Letter of Intent
Logic Request : components managing access requests from master for slave. each component has one logic request component. 4. Logic Arbitrator: component managing access of one slave according to request of one master of more.
The New Embedded System Design Methodology For Improving Design Process Performance
Motivated by known results in the study of fixed size list decoding for a point-to-point arbitr arily varying channel, we define for every AVMAC whose capacity region for random codes has a nonempty interior, a nonnegative integer Ω called its symmetrizability.
On the Deterministic Code Capacity Region of an Arbitrarily Varying Multiple-Access Channel Under List Decoding
AP plays the role of arbitrator to improve the global performance of the network, by forcing desired equlibria conditions.
MAC design for WiFi infrastructure networks: a game-theoretic approach
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