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Definitions

  • Showing main oblong building and semicircular apse
    Showing main oblong building and semicircular apse
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n apse a domed or vaulted recess or projection on a building especially the east end of a church; usually contains the altar
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Additional illustrations & photos:

Apse, Bonn Cathedral Apse, Bonn Cathedral
Apse of La Couture, Le Mans Apse of La Couture, Le Mans
Apse Apse

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Apse (Arch) A projecting part of a building, esp. of a church, having in the plan a polygonal or semicircular termination, and, most often, projecting from the east end. In early churches the Eastern apse was occupied by seats for the bishop and clergy.
    • Apse A reliquary, or case in which the relics of saints were kept.
    • Apse (Arch) The bishop's seat or throne, in ancient churches.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n apse In architecture: Strictly, any recess, or the termination of a building, of semicircular plan, covered by a semicircular vault or semi-dome; hence, a similar feature of polygonal plan.
    • n apse In ordinary use, the termination of the choir or
    • n apse sanctuary of any church, particularly if it presents a superficial resemblance to an apse in the stricter sense, in that it is at least approximately semicircular in plan, and vaulted: commonly equivalent to chevet, and applied to the altar extremity of a church, even if of rectangular plan and not vaulted, and including the apse-aisles, chapels, and any other adjunct to the ritual east end of a church. The apse in its origin was a characteristic feature of the ancient Roman basilica, in which it formed the raised tribune for the court magistrates. The throne of the quæstor or presiding judge stood in the center of the chord of the are of the apse. When the basilicas became Christian churches, the throne was replaced by the high altar, which still occupies this position in Latin churches of the strict basilica type, and has regularly kept it in Oriental churches. Some types of church regularly have secondary apses in other positions than at the eastern end, as at the western end, at the extremities of the transepts or of aisles, etc. See cuts under basilica and bema. Also apsis.
    • n apse In astronomy, same as apsis.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Apse aps an arched semicircular or polygonal recess at the east end of the choir of a church—here, in the Roman basilica, stood the prætor's chair
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Etymology

Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
See Apsis.

Usage

In literature:

Would Wren have approved of the breaking of the vista by shutting out the windows of the apse?
"Bell's Cathedrals: The Cathedral Church of St. Paul" by Arthur Dimock
On either side of these central windows, a shaft, made in short joints, runs up the apse from base to eaves.
"Bell's Cathedrals: The Cathedral Church of Ripon" by Cecil Walter Charles Hallett
Sully's work had been Romanesque, and choir and apse were now rebuilt in the new style, to harmonise with the remainder of the church.
"The Story of Paris" by Thomas Okey
The apse, as in the Roman basilicas, was at the west end.
"The Ground Plan of the English Parish Church" by A. Hamilton Thompson
An apse was added and other alterations made.
"Hampstead and Marylebone" by Geraldine Edith Mitton
PART OF THE ARCADE AND APSE.
"Architecture" by Thomas Roger Smith
The choir was originally terminated by apses, which can still be traced, and there were other apses on the eastern side of each transept.
"England, Picturesque and Descriptive" by Joel Cook
The rose window over the western apse is pitifully weak and quite lacking in effectiveness.
"The Cathedrals of Northern France" by Francis Miltoun
Before that time there was only one apse.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 3" by Various
In the west wall is an apse with a gilt semi-dome, which appears in some of Lord Leighton's pictures.
"Frederic Lord Leighton" by Ernest Rhys
Within this apse there is a platform, with polished oak rail in front, resting on carved pillars.
"A History of Horncastle from the earliest period to the present time" by James Conway Walter
The transept is about 136 ft. long, with an apse 32 ft. 6 in.
"The Shores of the Adriatic" by F. Hamilton Jackson
The central group is put first, that it may be seen how the series on the two sides of the apse answer each other.
"The Stones of Venice, Volume II (of 3)," by John Ruskin
Apse, forms of, in southern and northern churches compared, i.
"The Stones of Venice, Volume III (of 3)" by John Ruskin
A more usual number is five, and the central apse, being of larger dimensions, becomes the Lady chapel.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 1" by Various
The three apses unfold grandly, with the high altar in the most easterly or middle termination.
"The Cathedrals and Churches of the Rhine" by Francis Miltoun
The apse is prominent and generally five-sided, warlike in its severe outline.
"The Cathedrals of Northern Spain" by Charles Rudy
The western termination of the church is formed by three semicircular apses crowned by semicircular vaults.
"Cathedrals of Spain" by John A. (John Allyne) Gade
The new cathedral is in the Early French (pointed) style, with an eastern apse and a striking west front.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 4" by Various
In the apse of the church at Murano, near Venice, it is similarly employed.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 6" by Various
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In news:

Columbian's Calkins tops APSE awards.
Matt Calkins garners APSE honors.
NewsOK Sports honored with APSE award for third straight year.
When singing Eric Whitacre's "Lux Aurumque," a contemporary hymn composed of tight harmonies, Callista Gingrich's is just one of 26 voices blending to form a ripe sound that rings through the basilica 's apse.
Sant'Apollinare in Classe has an apse of breathtaking loveliness.
The Gothic Cathedral of Chartres, 40 miles southwest of Paris, stretches nearly an eighth of a mile from western doors to eastern apse.
Sacre Coeur features the world's largest apse mosaic, designed by Luc-Olivier Merson.
Former president of APSE, the national sports editors group.
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In science:

Somerville and Haehnelt suggested that during the first coll apse, the low angular momentum material may already form a bulge, containing a black hole, and that its properties are related to those of the dark halo.
Coevolution of Black Holes and Galaxies: Conference Summary
Strictly speaking, the second kind of the above perturbations might reach the limit of detectability in some systems (see Borkovits et al. 2003), but from our point of view the “apse-node ” terms have an exclusive importance.
Tidal and rotational effects in the perturbations of hierarchical triple stellar systems. II. Eccentric systems - the case of AS Camelopardalis
So, in what follows we concentrate on the so-called “apse-node ” time-scale perturbative terms.
Tidal and rotational effects in the perturbations of hierarchical triple stellar systems. II. Eccentric systems - the case of AS Camelopardalis
Furthermore, some other terms which represent low-amplitude, short-period perturbations in a, e, ω give large-amplitude “apse-node ” terms in ˙u due to the multiplication with some of the cos nv terms.
Tidal and rotational effects in the perturbations of hierarchical triple stellar systems. II. Eccentric systems - the case of AS Camelopardalis
As in the present approximation there are no “apse-node ” or secular changes in the orbital elements of the tertiary, we considered its orbital elements as constant.
Tidal and rotational effects in the perturbations of hierarchical triple stellar systems. II. Eccentric systems - the case of AS Camelopardalis
As mentioned in the text, in the most interesting cases the amplitude of the eccentricity variation on the apse-node time scale reaches the unity.
Tidal and rotational effects in the perturbations of hierarchical triple stellar systems. II. Eccentric systems - the case of AS Camelopardalis
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