apportionment

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n apportionment the act of distributing by allotting or apportioning; distribution according to a plan "the apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives is based on the relative population of each state"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Apportionment The act of apportioning; a dividing into just proportions or shares; a division or shares; a division and assignment, to each proprietor, of his just portion of an undivided right or property.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n apportionment The act of apportioning; a dividing into portions or shares; a dividing and assigning of a just and equitable portion to each person interested or entitled to participate in any claim, right, property, or charge.
    • n apportionment In the United States: The distribution of representation in the federal House of Representatives, and in the houses of the different State legislatures. In the former case a fresh apportionment is made by Congress every ten years, shortly after the completion of the decennial census returns, and in the latter generally after stated enumerations made at different dates in different States, or after the federal census. In the federal apportionment, Congress determines the proportion of representatives to population (one to 173,901 of the total population of the United States under the census of 1890, or 356 in all), and the State legislatures fix the boundaries of the elective districts accordingly. [The principle of legislative apportionment according to population has been more recently adopted in the other American and most European states, though in some it is not yet very strictly applied.]
    • n apportionment The allotment of direct taxes on the basis of population: a Congressional power rarely exercised.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. F. apportionnement, LL. apportionamentum,

Usage

In literature:

How would it be possible to agree upon a rule of apportionment satisfactory to all?
"The Federalist Papers" by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison
There now only remained the apportionment of the work-stock.
"The Outlet" by Andy Adams
There was a careful apportionment of rations, but no suffering for lack of food.
"The Story of the Mormons From the Date of their Origin to the Year 1901" by William Alexander Linn
We know what a fair apportionment of representation upon that census would give us.
"The Papers And Writings Of Abraham Lincoln, Volume Three" by Abraham Lincoln
The present apportionment is one committeeman for every fifteen votes.
"The Boss and the Machine" by Samuel P. Orth
We know what a fair apportionment of representation upon that census would give us.
"The Papers And Writings Of Abraham Lincoln, Complete" by Abraham Lincoln
They had no voice in the apportionment of the money thus contributed.
"The Rise of the Dutch Republic, Volume I.(of III) 1555-66" by John Lothrop Motley
Like a cat she watched the apportionment of the meager ration, and Smoke could see that she grudged McCan every munch of his jaws.
"Smoke Bellew" by Jack London
How is this apportionment effected as things are now?
"Supply and Demand" by Hubert D. Henderson
There should be no mistake made as to the apportionment of blame.
"With the "Die-Hards" in Siberia" by John Ward
Mr. Butler urged warmly the justice and necessity of regarding wealth in the apportionment of representation.
"The Anti-Slavery Examiner, Part 3 of 4" by American Anti-Slavery Society
Mr. Butler urged warmly the justice and necessity of regarding wealth in the apportionment of representation.
"The Anti-Slavery Examiner, Omnibus" by American Anti-Slavery Society
The main cause of Lincoln's defeat was the unfairness of the existing apportionment, which was based upon the census of 1850.
"Abraham Lincoln, A History, Volume 2" by John George Nicolay and John Hay
What do you think of the wisdom of the compromise as to apportionment?
"A Short History of the United States" by Edward Channing
But such apportionments are mere book-keeping devices.
"Beneficiary Features of American Trade Unions" by James B. Kennedy
A population of 127,000 is the ratio of apportionment of Representatives among the several States.
"A Compilation of the Messages and Papers of the Presidents" by James D. Richardson
Was the number increased in the last apportionment?
"Our Government: Local, State, and National: Idaho Edition" by J.A. James
To obviate this difficulty the Senate adopted a new principle of apportionment.
"The Student's Life of Washington; Condensed from the Larger Work of Washington Irving" by Washington Irving
In the cases just mentioned there is apportionment in respect of estate by act of the parties.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 3" by Various
But in the case of standing committees the apportionment is decidedly accurate.
"The Government of England (Vol. I)" by A. Lawrence Lowell
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In news:

Taxation – Single Business Tax – Apportionment Of Sales.
Marquette County Apportionment Committee Chairman Gary Walker is drafting legal briefs to respond, on behalf of the panel, to two appeals challenging the committee's redistricting plan adopted last month.
Supreme Court Issues Important Decision Regarding Superfund Apportionment And Arranger Liability Issues.
As the decades rolled on and the bird's habitat changed, so did the apportionment of sandhills .
Apportionment committee created a ' well-balanced plan' for downsized Kalamazoo County Board, chairman says.
GOP Names Apportionment Commission Team.
Every 10 years, after the census, an Apportionment Board redraws General Assembly districts.
Since voters adopted that apportionment machinery in the 1960s, the party with an Apportionment Board majority (currently, the GOP) is able to tailor General Assembly districts to favor that party.
In early November you will receive an apportionment ballot from APA.
Utica, NY (WIBX) – Utica Mayor David Roefaro will present his 2011 budget to the Board of Estimate and Apportionment this afternoon at 3:00.
As the agreement turns 90, demand and data drive states to revisit the apportionment of the river.
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In science:

Industrially synthesized singlewalled carbon nanotubes: compositional data for users, environmental risk assessments, and source apportionment.
Carbon Nanotubes in Biology and Medicine: in vitro and in vivo Detection, Imaging and Drug Delivery
Ibidem, a random division rule of a cell c was called a geometry-independent apportionment if it only depends on the volume Vold (c) of c.
Shape-Driven Nested Markov Tessellations
We have summarized in Table 1 the approximation results proved in this paper (this table also includes another known approximability result for Problem (Pp ), the efficient apportionment rounding of Pukelsheim and Rieder [PR92]).
Approximation of a Maximum-Submodular-Coverage problem involving spectral functions, with application to Experimental Design
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