antimony

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n antimony a metallic element having four allotropic forms; used in a wide variety of alloys; found in stibnite
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Antimony (Chem) An elementary substance, resembling a metal in its appearance and physical properties, but in its chemical relations belonging to the class of nonmetallic substances. Atomic weight, 120. Symbol, Sb.☞ It is of tin-white color, brittle, laminated or crystalline, fusible, and vaporizable at a rather low temperature. It is used in some metallic alloys, as type metal and bell metal, and also for medical preparations, which are in general emetics or cathartics. By ancient writers, and some moderns, the term is applied to native gray ore of antimony, or stibnitethe stibium of the Romans, and the sti`mmi of the Greeks, a sulphide of antimony, from which most of the antimony of commerce is obtained. Cervantite senarmontite, and valentinite are native oxides of antimony.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n antimony Chemical symbol, Sb (Latin stibium); atomic weight, 120. A metal of a white color and bright luster which does not readily tarnish, having a specific gravity of 6.7, crystallizing in the rhombohedral system, and in the mass ordinarily showing a crystalline structure and highly perfect cleavage. It conducts both heat and electricity with some readiness, but less perfectly than the true metals, and differs from them also in being brittle like arsenic. It melts at 430° C. (806° F.), and volatilizes slowly at a red heat; when melted in the air it oxidizes readily, forming antimony trioxid, Sb2O3. Antimony occurs uncombined in nature to a limited extent, usually in granular or foliated masses, often with a botryoidal or reniform surface. Many compounds of antimony are found in nature, the most important of them being the sulphid, Sb2S3, called gray antimony, antimony-glance, or stibnite. Dyscrasite is a compound of antimony and silver. There are also a number of minerals containing antimony, sulphur, and lead (like jamesonite), or antimony, sulphur, and silver (like pyrargyrite or ruby silver), or antimony, sulphur, and copper (like tetrahedrite). The oxisulphid kermesite or red antimony and the oxids cervantite and stibiconite (antimony ocher) are also important minerals. Antimony has few uses in the arts; it enters, however, into a number of very valuable alloys, as type-metal, pewter, Britannia metal, and Babbitt metal, and is used in medicine. Tartar emetic is the tartrate of antimony and potassium. James's powder is a mixture of oxid of antimony and phosphate of lime.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Antimony an′ti-mun-i a brittle, bluish-white metal of flaky, crystalline texture, much used in the arts and in medicine
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
LL. antimonium, of unknown origin
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Through Fr. from Low L. antimonium, of unknown origin, prob. a corr. of some Arabic word.

Usage

In literature:

And then Arjuna reached the mountains called Kala that looked like a mound of antimony.
"The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa, Volume 2"
This white sublimate is not antimonious acid, but there is mixed with it the oxide of antimony with which the acid is sublimed.
"A System of Instruction in the Practical Use of the Blowpipe" by Anonymous
Now a tint of antimony on my eyelids.
"A Friend of Caesar" by William Stearns Davis
ANTIMONY (Plate XIV, 3).
"Occult Chemistry" by Annie Besant and Charles W. Leadbeater
F. difference of temperature, or about 100 times that of a bismuth and antimony couple.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 443, June 28, 1884" by Various
How to get the Quintessence of Antimony.
"The Book Of Quinte Essence Or The Fifth Being (1889)" by Unknown
From this single province comes nearly the whole supply of antimony in the world.
"The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 18, No. 110, December, 1866" by Various
Satire, like antimony, if it be used as a medicine, must be rendered less corrosive.
"Dialogues of the Dead" by Lord Lyttelton
The copper-ore is remarkably pure, being, it is said, free from arsenic and antimony.
"Round About the Carpathians" by Andrew F. Crosse
Oxyd of antimony antimony.
"Elements of Chemistry," by Antoine Lavoisier
Dissolve the residue in hydrochloric acid and test separately for antimony and tin.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 1" by Various
Antimony ore is exported from Hu-nan; petroleum is found in the upper Yangtsze region.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 2" by Various
Moreover, her eyelids were darkened with antimony and her beautiful face painted with saffron, like the face of a Princess.
"Old Deccan Days" by M. Frere
To their great disappointment the mine was not gold but antimony.
"The Stronghold" by Miriam Haynie
Where the tartarized antimony, given with this intention, operated as a purgative, it generally produced beneficial effects.
"Observations on Madness and Melancholy" by John Haslam
Here, a stick of antimony!
"The Tour" by Louis Couperus
Crude antimony, which has been much used in the experiments of alchemists, is a combination of sulphur and regulus of antimony.
"Heads of Lectures on a Course of Experimental Philosophy: Particularly Including Chemistry" by Joseph Priestley
He was attacked with croup: his physician bled him, and gave him calomel and antimony.
"The American Reformed Cattle Doctor" by George Dadd
Mineral kermes is trisulphide of antimony, containing a variable portion of trioxide of antimony both free and combined with alkali.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 15, Slice 7" by Various
Two or three doses of arsenic or antimony, and the trick is done.
"Mohawks, Volume 3 of 3" by Mary Elizabeth Braddon
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In poetry:

As if an iron point
With truly consummate art,
Dipped into antimony,
Had scribed you on my heart.
"Meeting" by Boris Pasternak

In news:

Heavy metals in glass beads for highway markings must meet a limit of 200 ppm for arsenic, lead and antimony.
An American Association of State Highway Transportation Officials task force has recommended that heavy metals in glass beads for highway markings meet a maximum allowable limit of 200 ppm each for arsenic, lead, and antimony.
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In science:

Lead plates were doped by 3% of antimony to improve their rigidity.
Performance of a fine-sampling electromagnetic calorimeter prototype in the energy range from 1 to 19 GeV
Antimony plug-in, it does not provide all the features that are available through visual model construction.
TinkerCell: Modular CAD Tool for Synthetic Biology
Antimony and libAntimony documentation. http: // antimony.sourceforge.net/ .
TinkerCell: Modular CAD Tool for Synthetic Biology
For example, doping with Antimony gives an n-type semiconductor or with Boron which gives a p-type semiconductor.
Proceedings for TASI 2009 Summer School on "Physics of the Large and the Small": Introduction to the LHC experiments
The situation changes completely when small amounts of antimony (0.2 ML) are deposited on the surface and the growth mode becomes two dimensional [40,127].
Density Functional Theory of Epitaxial Growth of Metals
The substitutional antimony atoms act as repulsive centers for the silver adatoms (upper panel), whose mean free path is reduced by the presence of the contaminants (middle panel).
Density Functional Theory of Epitaxial Growth of Metals
Moreover, the antimony atoms are expected to affect the form of the Ag islands, and the islands will grow in directions where they can avoid to get close to Sb centers.
Density Functional Theory of Epitaxial Growth of Metals
Into this group enter: antimony and bismuth.
Fugacity of condensed media
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