• WordNet 3.6
    • n antagonism (biochemistry) interference in or inhibition of the physiological action of a chemical substance by another having a similar structure
    • n antagonism an actively expressed feeling of dislike and hostility
    • n antagonism the relation between opposing principles or forces or factors "the inherent antagonism of capitalism and socialism"
    • n antagonism a state of deep-seated ill-will
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Antagonism Opposition of action; counteraction or contrariety of things or principles.☞ We speak of antagonism between two things, to or against a thing, and sometimes with a thing.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n antagonism The state of being mutually opposed; mutual resistance or opposition of two forces in action; contrariety of things or principles.
    • n antagonism The act of antagonizing; opposition.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Antagonism ant-ag′on-izm a contending or struggling against: opposition (with to, and also with)
    • ***


  • Henry Miller
    “The real enemy can always be met and conquered, or won over. Real antagonism is based on love, a love which has not recognized itself.”
  • John Knox
    John Knox
    “You cannot antagonize and influence at the same time.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Gr. , fr. to struggle against; against + to contend or struggle, contest: cf. F. antagonisme,. See Agony
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. anti, against—agōn, contest. See Agony.


In literature:

It was as if the waving antennae of their minds had touched and established a sense of antagonism.
"The Tyranny of Weakness" by Charles Neville Buck
Because she dreaded it, it antagonized her.
"The Brentons" by Anna Chapin Ray
This feature is the antagonism which is discoverable in these classes.
"Folklore as an Historical Science" by George Laurence Gomme
While there is some truth in this there is really no antagonism between them; in fact, they are usually found together.
"How to Add Ten Years to your Life and to Double Its Satisfactions" by S. S. Curry
There was a stormy antagonism in his bearing.
"The Trail of '98" by Robert W. Service
What possessed the woman to antagonize everyone with whom she came in touch?
"Peggy Stewart at School" by Gabrielle E. Jackson
Thenceforward the antagonism between the two parties grew in intensity from year to year.
"The Story of the Upper Canada Rebellion, Volume 1" by John Charles Dent
"The Theories of Darwin and Their Relation to Philosophy, Religion, and Morality" by Rudolf Schmid
Hito, recognizing him, scowled with an instantly aroused antagonism.
"Nicanor - Teller of Tales" by C. Bryson Taylor
There is some antagonism between Asiatic and Europeans; there is little between Europeans and American sweet.
"Northern Nut Growers Association Report of the Proceedings at the Second Annual Meeting" by Northern Nut Growers Association

In news:

For insight into just how risky it is for Republican presidential candidates to antagonize Latino voters, talk to people who ran GOP presidential campaigns.
Japanese macaques will completely flip out when presented with flying squirrels, a new study in monkey-antagonism has found.
While other tech companies have worked to establish an uneasy truce with hackers, Sony has antagonized them with lawsuits and prosecutions.
It's inspired by the antagonism directed toward JT Hodges by local musicians.
Frank (Charlie Hunnam) and Bruce (Chris O'Dowd) are brothers who have taken sibling antagonism to extremes.
That wasn't just the result of President Obama's antagonism toward Jerusalem and George W Bush's friendship.
President Barack Obama has signed a bill that will expand trade with Russia but could antagonize relations with Moscow over its treatment of dissidents.
Japanese manufacturers are increasingly gloomy about their prospects as exports take a hit from antagonisms with China over a territorial dispute, a quarterly survey by Japan 's central bank showed Friday, Dec 14.
A quarterly survey by Japan 's central bank on Friday showed major Japanese manufacturers are increasingly gloomy, due largely to weakening exports that resulted from antagonisms with China over a territorial dispute.
Music Crew Shrug Off Antagonism.
The government's unexplainable antagonism toward changes in organ policy is perplexing, particularly because the two groups most affected by the prohibition are sympathetic constituents: the sick and the poor.
Modern dual-systems models of judgment and decision-making are Platonic in the sense that they endorse the antagonism between reason and emotion.
) seems designed to provoke liberal antagonism.
The attendance-challenged Miami Marlins have antagonized fans again by deciding a low-budget team is good enough for their new ballpark.
The head of New York's Democratic Party suggested last week that one of the two Democratic rivals for governor drop out to avoid another round of the racial antagonism that infected the mayoral campaign.

In science:

Motter AE, Improved network performance via antagonism: From synthetic rescues to multidrug combinations.
Controlling Complex Networks with Compensatory Perturbations
An heuristic justification of this procedure can be easily understood by noting that the P´eclet number parametrizes the antagonism between the advection term v0 > 0, which carries the information from the left to the right, and the diffusion term µ0 which diffuses back the information.
Spectral methods in general relativistic astrophysics
The antagonism of these two phenomena differing in spin ordering is a cause for the strong suppression of superconductivity in the contact area of the S and F materials .
Proximity Effect and Spontaneous Vortex Phase in Planar SF-Structures
In §3, with the mutual antagonism or the cross inhibition, the complete homochirality is concluded if there is a linear autocatalysis.
Chirality Selection Models in a Closed System
Frank has introduced the mutual antagonism between the enantiomers, R and S, and succeeded in explaining the chiral symmetry breaking in an open reaction system.
Chirality Selection Models in a Closed System