animosity

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n animosity a feeling of ill will arousing active hostility
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Animosity Mere spiritedness or courage. "Such as give some proof of animosity , audacity, and execution, those she [the crocodile] loveth."
    • Animosity Violent hatred leading to active opposition; active enmity; energetic dislike. "Such [writings] as naturally conduce to inflame hatreds and make enmities irreconcilable.""These] factions . . . never suspended their animosities till they ruined that unhappy government."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n animosity Animation; courage; spiritedness.
    • n animosity Active enmity; hatred or ill-will which manifests itself in active opposition.
    • n animosity Synonyms Animosity, Ill-will, Enmity, Malice, Hostility, Hatred, Hate, Malevolence, Malignity, Rancor, Grudge, Spite. These words differ from those described under acrimony, anger, and antipathy (which see) in that they represent deeper feelings or more permanent passions. Ill-will may represent the minimum of feeling, being a willing or wishing of ill to another, generally without disposition to be active in bringing the evil about. Enmity is a somewhat stronger feeling, and it often gratifies itself in trifling and cowardly ways. Animosity is more intense than enmity; it is avowed and active, and what it does is more serious than the covert attacks of enmity or the hasty attacks of spite. Malice is pure badness of heart, delighting in harm to others for its own sake. Hostility is less passionate than animosity, but not less avowed or active, being a state of mind inclining one to aggressive warfare. Hatred and hate are the general words to cover all these feelings; they may also be ultimate, expressing the concentration of the whole nature in an intense ill-will. Malevolence is more casual and temporary than malice, arising upon occasion furnished, and characterized by a wish that evil may befall another rather than by an intention to injure. Malignity is malice intensified; it is hatred in its aspect of destructiveness or desire to strike at the most vital interests of another. Rancor is hatred or malice turned sour or bitter; it is implacable in its vindictiveness. A grudge is a feeling of sullen ill-will or enmity, caused by a trifling wrong, and likely to be appeased when it has spent itself in a similar return against the offender. Spite is sudden, resentful, and generally quite as well pleased to mortify as to damage another; it may be as strong as malice or as weak as pique.
    • n animosity In Spinoza's philosophy, the desire by which each man endeavors to preserve his own being after the guidance of reason alone; or, as sometimes interpreted, the steadfast and intelligent purpose to promote one's own welfare.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Animosity an-im-os′i-ti bitter hatred: enmity.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. animosité, fr. L. animositas,. See Animose Animate (v. t.)
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. animositas, fullness of spirit.

Usage

In literature:

Not that I had any animosity toward him, but so as to meet him on his own ground.
"The Underdog" by F. Hopkinson Smith
In the strong excitements and animosities of the preceding day he had forgotten his mother.
"The Coryston Family" by Mrs. Humphry Ward
Lord B. has no personal animosity to Colonel Greville.
"The Works of Lord Byron: Letters and Journals, Volume 2." by Lord Byron
During the solemnization of the Olympic Games, the bitterest animosities were laid aside.
"Philothea" by Lydia Maria Child
Neither revealed the expected animosity.
"Kazan" by James Oliver Curwood
No line of these songs breathes political animosity.
"The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 1, Issue 2, December, 1857" by Various
But the iniquitous Fourth Crusade (1204) produced an ineradicable feeling of animosity in the minds of the Byzantine people.
"The Great Events by Famous Historians, Volume 5" by Various
He only knew that it was there, within arm's-length, waiting, tense, prepared, and somehow deadly in its animosity.
"Alias The Lone Wolf" by Louis Joseph Vance
Though he provoked animosities, he had many friends.
"Beacon Lights of History, Volume I" by John Lord
The people were devoured by religious animosities, and split up into hostile factions.
"Beacon Lights of History, Volume II" by John Lord
Zeal in discussion created acrimony and partisan animosity.
"Beacon Lights of History, Volume IV" by John Lord
Though a zealous Protestant, she seemed to have no great animosities.
"Beacon Lights of History, Volume VI" by John Lord
An animosity diffused over creation is exhausting, like every solitary pleasure.
"The Man Who Laughs" by Victor Hugo
For every city was torn to pieces by civil animosities.
"The World's Greatest Books, Vol XI." by Edited by Arthur Mee and J.A. Hammerton
Not one of them but hated Herzog with a bitter animosity.
"The Air Trust" by George Allan England
Religious animosities were more violent than ever.
"Is Ulster Right?" by Anonymous
Heaven is the region of gentleness and friendship hell of fierceness and animosity.
"English Grammar in Familiar Lectures" by Samuel Kirkham
This is a scene, gentlemen, of clan animosity.
"David Balfour, Second Part" by Robert Louis Stevenson
Nevertheless he accepted the fact, showing not the smallest animosity.
"If Winter Comes" by A.S.M. Hutchinson
Poor fellows, thought Tom, who held no particular animosity against them, they had had a hard time of it lately.
"The Radio Boys on the Mexican Border" by Gerald Breckenridge
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In poetry:

"Of Shyness here's a lump -
A hole for Animosity -
And like my fist his bump
Of Impecuniosity.
"Phrenology" by William Schwenck Gilbert
His was the heavy hand, and his
The service of the despot blade;
His the soft answer that allayed
War's giant animosities.
"The Death Of Grant" by Ambrose Bierce
To be more revolutionary than a nun
is our desire, to be secular and intimate
as, when sighting a redcoat, you smile
and pull the trigger. Anxieties
and animosities, flaming and feeding
"On Seeing Larry Rivers' Washington Crossing The Delaware At The Museum Of Modern Art" by Frank O Hara
The winds, and the waves, and the fast-falling show'rs,
The stars in their courses, and th' heavenly pow'rs,
Against us with fell animosity fight,
And our rife offences with famine requite.
"Another, On The Same Occasion" by Rees Prichard
For blooming Chia, Cupid has a feeling more than brotherly;
He knows a handsaw from a hawk whenever winds are southerly.
He pats her pretty cheeks, but looks on you as a monstrosity;
Your wrinkles and your yellow teeth excite his animosity.
"An Appeal To Lyce" by Roswell Martin Field

In news:

Butler careful not to show animosity toward Pats.
Butler keeps Patriots animosity under wraps.
Corrosion Of Conformity Guitarist Woody Weatherman Talks ' Animosity ' Lineup, Gear and Self-Titled Album.
Township clerk's race sizzles with animosity .
No animosity in this rivalry.
Liberals do blacks no favors by pushing racial animosity .
IRGC's deeply-rooted animosity for reformists.
Rice and Gaddafi Hammer at Wall Built by Decades of Animosity .
But justices won't let animosity, as with Congress, infect them.
Survivors of tiger attacks often hold no animosity.
Energy Inc, argued during a hearing last month that consumer animosity and bungling by BP corporate executives after the nation's worst offshore spill severely damaged the company's brand name .
Corrosion Of Conformity Guitarist Woody Weatherman Talks 'Animosity' Lineup, Gear and Self-Titled Album.
Corrosion of Conformity came to prominence in the mid-'80s, making musical history with its early releases Animosity and Technocracy.
There's No Animosity: Woody Weatherman Of Corrosion Of Conformity Takes The Oath.
Riddled by conflict and animosity, the Oklahoma City Council rejected a deferral process proposed by a targeted councilman.
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In science:

Edges may represent friendship, but they could also represent animosity, or professional acquaintance, or geographical proximity.
The structure and function of complex networks
Similar or complementary variable-states among agents caused the creation of affinity groups while dissimilar variable states created distance and animosity.
Organization and Complexity in a Nested Hierarchical Spin-Glass like Social Space
As we just mentioned, these are passively fostered by existence and propagation of dual states and give rise to optimal bonds (friendship) or conflicting bonds (animosity).
Organization and Complexity in a Nested Hierarchical Spin-Glass like Social Space
We can mathematically formulate the situation as follows: Let us assume that two agents interact based on a certain variable (form friendship or animosity based on the value of J a ij ) only when they can intercept the state of the other agent.
Organization and Complexity in a Nested Hierarchical Spin-Glass like Social Space
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