aniline

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n aniline oily poisonous liquid amine obtained from nitrobenzene and used to make dyes and plastics and medicines
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Aniline (Chem) An organic base belonging to the phenylamines. It may be regarded as ammonia in which one hydrogen atom has been replaced by the radical phenyl. It is a colorless, oily liquid, originally obtained from indigo by distillation, but now largely manufactured from coal tar or nitrobenzene as a base from which many brilliant dyes are made.
    • a Aniline Made from, or of the nature of, aniline.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n aniline Amidobenzol, C6H5NH2, a substance which furnishes a number of brilliant dyes. It was discovered in 1826 by Unverdorben, as a product of the distillation of indigo, and called by him crystallin. It did not acquire commercial importance until 1856, when the purple dye mauve was prepared from it by Perkin. It is found in small quantities in coal-tar, but the aniline of commerce is obtained from benzol, another product of coal-tar, consisting of hydrogen and carbon, C6H6. Benzol when acted on by nitric acid produces nitrobenzol; and this latter substance when treated with nascent hydrogen, usually generated by the action of acetic acid upon iron filings or scraps, produces aniline, which is an oily liquid, colorless when pure, somewhat heavier than water, having a peculiar vinous smell and a burning taste. It is a strong base, and yields well-characterized salts. When acted on by arsenic acid, potassium bichromate, stannic chlorid, etc., aniline produces a great variety of compounds of very beautiful colors, known by the names of aniline purple, aniline green, violet, magenta, etc. Also called anilia.
    • aniline Pertaining to or derived from aniline: as, aniline colors.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Aniline an′il-in a product of coal-tar extensively used in dyeing and other industrial arts.
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
See Anil
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Port. anil, indigo, from which it was first obtained.

Usage

In literature:

This is always made of material and sometimes painted in aniline dye; if painted in water color or oil it would crack.
"The Art of Stage Dancing" by Ned Wayburn
The most commonly used dyes for cover-slip film preparations are the aniline dyes.
"The Elements of Bacteriological Technique" by John William Henry Eyre
They stain well with the aniline stains.
"All About Coffee" by William H. Ukers
Here the laboratories of the Badische Anilin und Soda Fabrik were located.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume IV (of 8)"
The aniline dyes are, of course, not to be compared to the vegetable, although the best of them are not to be utterly condemned.
"Rugs: Oriental and Occidental, Antique & Modern" by Rosa Belle Holt
The bacteria on this plate are partly from tissues, partly from cultures, and stained artificially with aniline colors (fuchsin or methylene blue).
"Special Report on Diseases of Cattle" by U.S. Department of Agriculture
It can be dyed easily, and with little expense, with Diamond or aniline dyes.
"Hand-Loom Weaving" by Mattie Phipps Todd
Aniline (red violet), 16 parts; boiling distilled water, 80 parts; glycerine, 7 parts; molasses, 3 parts.
"Paper and Printing Recipes" by J. Sawtelle Ford
Concentrated hydrochloric acid converts it into chlorbenzene, aniline and nitrogen.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 4" by Various
Sometimes, however, the green in them shows the faults of an aniline dye.
"The Oriental Rug" by William D. Ellwanger
The large quantity of aniline and toluidine now made has opened up a channel for the use of the waste borings from cast-iron.
"Coal" by Raphael Meldola
Thy streams they have made sewers for their dyes aniline.
"Satan Absolved" by Wilfred Scawen Blunt
An aniline dye, called soluble blue, does very well.
"Soap-Bubbles" by C. V. Boys
Then he boiled in a pot a handful of red aniline bought at a druggist's, and dipped the ancient cotton in this dye.
"The Blood of the Arena" by Vicente Blasco Ibáñez
The salts, like aniline itself, become coloured on exposure to air.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia. Vol. 1 Part 2" by Various
The soap colors used for this purpose are mostly aniline dyestuffs.
"Soap-Making Manual" by E. G. Thomssen
Perkin to prepare the first aniline dye, namely, the purple colouring matter Mauve (1856).
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 8" by Various
These fluids are nothing more than solutions in spirit of various aniline dyes.
"Sharps and Flats" by John Nevil Maskelyne
When cheap colored edges are to be produced even aniline colors can be taken into consideration.
"The Progress of the Marbling Art" by Josef Halfer
First commercial Aniline Dyes by Perkins.
"The Progress of Invention in the Nineteenth Century." by Edward W. Byrn
***

In news:

We plan to have a reaction in which the main products will be 6% to 7% aniline, 3% to 4% hydrochloric acid, and temperature of around 120-130 degrees C.
We plan to have a reaction in which the main products will be 6% to 7% aniline, 3% to 4% hydrochloric acid , and temperature of around 120-130 degrees C.
***

In science:

CCl4 and aniline (with two confined molecular layers) adsorbed in ACF.
Quasi-two-dimensional melting in porous media: effect of multi-layers and cross-over in scaling behavior
CCl4 and aniline (with two confined molecular layers) adsorbed in ACF.
Quasi-two-dimensional melting in porous media: effect of multi-layers and cross-over in scaling behavior
NDE for (a) CCl4 , and (b) aniline, confined in activated carbon fiber ACF A-10.
Quasi-two-dimensional melting in porous media: effect of multi-layers and cross-over in scaling behavior
NDE scaling for aniline confined in activated carbon fiber ACF A-10.
Quasi-two-dimensional melting in porous media: effect of multi-layers and cross-over in scaling behavior
Aniline and Methylaniline versus logarithm of mole fractions lnX.
Effect of Chemical Composition on Enthalpy of Evaporation and Equilibrium Vapor Pressure
***