• WordNet 3.6
    • n anachronism an artifact that belongs to another time
    • n anachronism a person who seems to be displaced in time; who belongs to another age
    • n anachronism something located at a time when it could not have existed or occurred
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Anachronism A misplacing or error in the order of time; an error in chronology by which events are misplaced in regard to each other, esp. one by which an event is placed too early; falsification of chronological relation.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n anachronism An error in respect to dates; any error which implies the misplacing of persons or events in time; hence, anything foreign to or out of keeping with a specified time. Thus, Shakspere makes Hector quote Aristotle, who lived many centuries after the assumed date of Hector. Anachronisms may be made in regard to mode of thought, style of writing, and the like, as well as in regard to events.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Anachronism an-a′kron-izm an error in regard to time, whereby a thing is assigned to an earlier or to a later age than it belongs to: anything out of keeping with the time
    • ***


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Gr. , fr. to refer to a wrong time, to confound times; + time: cf. F. anachronisme,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. ana, backwards, chronos, time.


In literature:

The bloody shirt is an anachronism.
"A Spoil of Office" by Hamlin Garland
Gradually, however, unwelcome critics pointed out gross anachronisms and blunders.
"The Quarterly Review, Volume 162, No. 324, April, 1886" by Various
R. (G. T.) on anachronisms of painters, 517.
"Notes and Queries, Index of Volume 3, January-June, 1851" by Various
Legend never sticks at absurdity or anachronism.
"The Cornwall Coast" by Arthur L. Salmon
Mr. Sibbel has incorporated an anachronism in one of these figures that will be exceedingly interesting in coming years.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 488, May 9, 1885" by Various
Looked at from the political point of view it is a pure anachronism.
"Progress and History" by Various
This review is an anachronism.
"A Modern Mercenary" by Kate Prichard and Hesketh Vernon Hesketh-Prichard
Other pieces were disfigured by glaring anachronisms in time and dress.
"Pilgrimage from the Alps to the Tiber" by James Aitken Wylie
Who could be troubled by the anachronism in the book being of modern shape?
"The New Hudson Shakespeare: Julius Caesar" by William Shakespeare
It is these confounded glaring and unshorn anachronisms that upset everything.
"Select Conversations with an Uncle" by H. G. Wells
It is so strange to come upon a purely modern town in this neighborhood that Exefeld strikes us as an anachronism.
"Lippincott's Magazine, Vol. 20, August 1877" by Various
He was one of Nature's anachronisms.
"The Twins of Suffering Creek" by Ridgwell Cullum
Anachronisms never troubled the story-teller.
"My First Book:" by Various
In view of such praise as Ruskin's, the question of anachronism more or less is of course quite secondary.
"Henry Wadsworth Longfellow" by Thomas Wentworth Higginson
Mr. MARKS might call it an Anachronism.
"Punch, or the London Charivari. Volume 93, September 10, 1887" by Various
The institution was an anachronism, an anomaly, and a scandal.
"Irish History and the Irish Question" by Goldwin Smith
For one thing, in such a play one would not be troubled by little flaws and anachronisms and inconsistencies.
"Euripedes and His Age" by Gilbert Murray
Another nationalistic anachronism is the geographical standard in governmental matters.
"Fundamental Peace Ideas including The Westphalian Peace Treaty (1648) and The League Of Nations (1919)" by Arthur Mac Donald
Mr. Colpus is a harmless enough anachronism, except for the waste of L400 a year in which his stipend involves the community.
"Three Plays by Granville-Barker" by Harley Granville-Barker
An anachronism in our modern New York City.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science January 1930" by Victor Rousseau

In news:

Can you spot the one anachronism in the photo.
The Society For Creative Anachronism .
The Society For Creative Anachronism RSS.
But now I'm not only old, I'm an anachronism .
The members of the Society for Creative Anachronism must wear extensive medieval-styled garb for protection during fights.
The antitrust laws are anachronisms when applied to industries of constant innovation.
Excellent Anachronism at Schmidt's Tobacco and Trading.
Statutes Rolled Back As Anachronisms.
Consider an alternative interpretation of the Budget and Control Board ’s power grab: It actually illustrates why we should abolish this hermaphroditic anachronism.
NEW YORK—The days of watching Election Night coverage on a single television set may soon be a quaint anachronism.
The Electoral College is widely regarded as an anachronism, a nondemocratic method of selecting a president that ought to be superseded by declaring the candidate who receives the most popular votes the winner.
'Moulin Rouge': An Eyeful , an Earful, Anachronism.
The call of the Society for Creative Anachronism (SCA) pledges bouts of fierce fighting and blissful festivities from the historical era of knights and chivalry.
' Moulin Rouge': An Eyeful, an Earful, Anachronism.
If you're not the sort of person who enjoys old cars, you might wonder why someone would want something that is, by today's standards, an anachronism.

In science:

Indeed, almost all matter constituting the Universe at the subsequent radiation-dominated stage was created from the reheating after inflation. 200z The term “reheating” here is an anachronism after the first inflationary models in which the Universe was hot before inflation and was reheated again after inflation.
The Origin of Matter in the Universe: Reheating after Inflation