amyloid

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj amyloid resembling starch
    • n amyloid (pathology) a waxy translucent complex protein resembling starch that results from degeneration of tissue
    • n amyloid a non-nitrogenous food substance consisting chiefly of starch; any substance resembling starch
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Amyloid A non-nitrogenous starchy food; a starchlike substance.
    • a Amyloid Resembling or containing amyl; starchlike.
    • Amyloid (Med) The substance deposited in the organs in amyloid degeneration.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • amyloid Resembling amylum, or starch.
    • n amyloid In botany, a semi-gelatinous substance, analogous to starch, met with in some seeds, and becoming yellow in water after having been colored blue by iodine (Lindley); a member of the cellulose group of vegetable organic compounds, comprising cellulose, starch, gum, the sugars, etc.
    • amyloid In pathology, noting a degenerative change characteristic of lardaceous disease (which see, under lardaceous).
    • n amyloid A precipitate obtained from a gelatinous solution of cotton which has been treated with concentrated sulphuric acid. Vegetable parchment is due to the partial transformation of the vegetable fibers into this substance.
    • n amyloid In pathology, same as lardacein.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Amyloid am′i-loid a half-gelatinous substance like starch, found in some seeds
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. amylum, starch + -oid,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. amylon, the finest flour, starch; lit. 'unground'—a, neg., mylē, a mill, and eidos, form.

Usage

In literature:

Urine; amyloid bodies; spores; no sporangia.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 385, May 19, 1883" by Various
Amyloid degeneration is often combined with wasting diseases, such as atrophy, tuberculosis and dropsy.
"Valere Aude" by Louis Dechmann
The cells represented in division B are amyloid concretions, found where there is an enlarged prostate gland.
"The People's Common Sense Medical Adviser in Plain English" by R. V. Pierce
UEBER DAS PFLANZLICHE AMYLOID.
"Researches on Cellulose" by C. F. Cross
To these may be added the fatty degenerations associated with amyloid and interstitial processes.
"A System of Practical Medicine by American Authors, Vol. I" by Various
Faville has found in some cases amyloid degeneration.
"Barium, A Cause of the Loco-Weed Disease" by Albert Cornelius Crawford
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In news:

Lilly trials boost amyloid link to Alzheimer's-analysis.
Phase III Results for Investigational Imaging Agent Flutemetamol Demonstrate Ability to Accurately Detect Beta Amyloid in Living Patients.
With the FDA approval last month of the radioactive diagnostic agent florbetapir, the industry continued the trend toward improved identification of beta- amyloid , the brain plaque associated with Alzheimer's disease.
Lilly Buys Avid for $300M for Phase III Amyloid Plaque Imaging Agent.
Imaging of haemodialysis-associated amyloidosis with 123 I-serum amyloid P component.
Long-term haemodialysis is frequently complicated by amyloid deposition in which the fibrils consist of ?
Earlier this week, Pfizer announced the failure of the first Phase III trial of the anti-amyloid antibody bapineuzumab — "bapi" for short — as a treatment for Alzheimer's disease.
Enzymes are thought to cut fragments of beta-amyloid in Alzheimer's disease (Photo credit: Wikipedia).
The amyloid hypothesis is dead, at least for now.
Amyloid-beta plaques in brain tissue Wikimedia Commons, Nephron.
Millimolar concentrations of MO?DG completely dissociated AP from human and murine splenic amyloid deposits.
Availability of this material thus provides for the first time the opportunity for specific molecular dissection of amyloid deposits.
The discovery is interesting because after testing hundreds of enzymes , the research team found that the BACE 2 enzyme was closely related to the enzyme involved in beta-amyloid production.
In systemic amyloidosis, a fatal disorder for which there is no effective treatment, the extracellular protein deposits are composed of amyloid fibrils together with a non- fibrillar glycoprotein, amyloid P component (AP).
Imaging of haemodialysis -associated amyloidosis with 123 I-serum amyloid P component.
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