alloy

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v alloy make an alloy of
    • v alloy lower in value by increasing the base-metal content
    • n alloy the state of impairing the quality or reducing the value of something
    • n alloy a mixture containing two or more metallic elements or metallic and nonmetallic elements usually fused together or dissolving into each other when molten "brass is an alloy of zinc and copper"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Alloy A baser metal mixed with a finer. "Fine silver is silver without the mixture of any baser metal. Alloy is baser metal mixed with it."
    • Alloy Admixture of anything which lessens the value or detracts from; as, no happiness is without alloy . "Pure English without Latin alloy ."
    • Alloy Any combination or compound of metals fused together; a mixture of metals; for example, brass, which is an alloy of copper and zinc. But when mercury is one of the metals, the compound is called an amalgam.
    • Alloy The quality, or comparative purity, of gold or silver; fineness.
    • Alloy To abate, impair, or debase by mixture; to allay; as, to alloy pleasure with misfortunes.
    • v. t Alloy To form a metallic compound. "Gold and iron alloy with ease."
    • Alloy To mix, as metals, so as to form a compound.
    • Alloy To reduce the purity of by mixing with a less valuable substance; as, to alloy gold with silver or copper, or silver with copper.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • alloy To mix (two or more metals) so as to form a compound, without reference to the relative value of the metals mixed.
    • alloy To reduce to a desired standard or quality by mixing with a less valuable metal: as, to alloy gold or silver with copper.
    • alloy Figuratively, to debase or reduce in character or condition by admixture; impair by the intrusion of a base or alien element; contaminate; modify: as, external prosperity alloyed by domestic trials.
    • alloy To enter into combination, as one metal with another.
    • alloy Formerly written allay.
    • n alloy An artificial compound of two or more metals combined while in a state of fusion, as of copper and tin, which form bronze, or of lead and antimony, which form type-metal. The alloys are numerous, as the brasses, bronzes, solders, type-, gun-, and bell-metals, etc., and are of great importance in the practical arts. There are many varieties of these alloys, the character of each being determined by the proportions of its constituents. An artificial metallic mixture containing quicksilver is termed an amalgam (which see).
    • n alloy An inferior metal mixed with one of greater value. The gold and silver coins of the United States are of the standard fineness of 900 parts of fine metal and 100 parts of copper alloy, of which in the case of gold not more than one tenth may be silver. In the case of silver coins the alloy is wholly of copper. Hence these coins are said to be 900 fine. See alloyage.
    • n alloy Standard; quality; fineness.
    • n alloy Figuratively, admixture, as of good with evil; a deleterious mixture or element; taint: as, no earthly happiness is without alloy.
    • n alloy Formerly written allay. D'Arcetz's, Newton's, Rose's fusible alloy of bismuth. See metal.
    • n alloy A metallic alloy possesses the general physical properties of a metal, but is usually intermediate in properties between those of its constituents. Alloys are divided into three classes: Those which form solid solutions in all proportions;
    • n alloy those which do not form solid solutions in all proportions, and which form no chemical compounds; and.
    • n alloy those which form one or more chemical compounds. An alloy of the first class forms a homogeneous fluid when melted, and a homogeneous solid after freezing. Alloys of the second class form a homogeneous fluid when melted, but on, solidification the components separate from oue another and form microscopic crystals of the different metals intimately associated, but not in chemical combination or solution. A highly magnified section of such an alloy would not show a homogeneous structure, but the individual crystals of the pure components could be distinguished. Alloys of the third class follow the same general laws on solidification as the alloys of the second class, but the crystals which separate do not consist of the pure components, but some of the crystals will be of one or more of the pure components, while other crystals will be formed of chemical compounds of the different components.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.t Alloy al-loi′ to mix one metal with another: to reduce the purity of a metal by mixing a baser one with it:
    • n Alloy a mixture of two or more metals (when mercury is one of the ingredients, it is an amalgam): a baser metal mixed with a finer: anything that deteriorates
    • v.t Alloy al-loi′ (fig.) to debase: to temper or qualify
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Quotations

  • Samuel Butler
    Samuel%20Butler
    “A virtue to be serviceable must, like gold, be alloyed with some commoner, but more durable alloy.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. aloyer, OF. alier, allier, later allayer, fr. L. aligare,. See Alloy (n.) Ally (v. t.), and cf. Allay
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. alei (Fr. aloi), aleier—L. alligāre. The modern Fr. words aloi and aloyer were confounded with Fr. à loi, to law, and the same confusion was transferred into English.

Usage

In literature:

Janetta's unselfish admiration for her friend was as simple as it was true, and it was never alloyed by envy or toadyism.
"A True Friend" by Adeline Sergeant
It ate through steel and aluminum alloy like putty.
"Gold in the Sky" by Alan Edward Nourse
Prince's metal (so called from Prince Rupert), a fine brass alloyed with copper and arsenicum, is occasionally named.
"Customs and Fashions in Old New England" by Alice Morse Earle
Tiny dots of alloy formed critical junctions, connected by minute, sprayed-in threads of conductor material.
"Alarm Clock" by Everett B. Cole
Nor was this prosperity without alloy.
"The History of Tasmania, Volume I (of 2)" by John West
Not only, however, when metals are united like zinc and copper to form an alloy, is it possible to obtain the bands which belong to them.
"Fragments of science, V. 1-2" by John Tyndall
For that is not pure and perfect which, is alloyed with self-interest.
"The Best of the World's Classics, Restricted to Prose, Vol. VII (of X)--Continental Europe I" by Various
Apparently, it was made of plastic, or some light alloy, for he handled it as though it weighed very little.
"Final Weapon" by Everett B. Cole
It is too soft for such uses unless some alloy, usually copper or silver, is mixed with it to make it harder.
"Diggers in the Earth" by Eva March Tappan
A part of the copper is mixed with zinc to form brass, an alloy much used in light machinery.
"Commercial Geography" by Jacques W. Redway
The temperature would melt anything but the refractory alloys of which a jet motor has to be built.
"Space Platform" by Murray Leinster
But the osmium and uranium alloyed with it are something else.
"The Planet Strappers" by Raymond Zinke Gallun
His satisfaction was soon alloyed, for the means which he had employed to gain his end roused widespread indignation.
"The Political History of England - Vol. X." by William Hunt
In cooling, the moon spewed this new alloy out upon its surface.
"Hunters Out of Space" by Joseph Everidge Kelleam
I know thou hast loved many, with that alloyed metal thou dignifiest by the name.
"Joyce Morrell's Harvest" by Emily Sarah Holt
The only result would be the removal of the plating and the exposure of the alloy beneath.
"A Dixie School Girl" by Gabrielle E. Jackson
He had derived great good from them, but not without alloy.
"The Life of Charles Dickens, Vol. I-III, Complete" by John Forster
Then, whatsoever may betide, as men count weal or woe, we see the gold pass from the fire freed from its base alloy.
"The Arena" by Various
As her dignity is derived from mental power, without any alloy of pride, so her humility has a peculiar grace.
"Characteristics of Women" by Anna Jameson
No alloy, you understand; all pure gold.
"The Tale of Timber Town" by Alfred Grace
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In poetry:

Along her laughter rippled
The melody of joy;
She drank from every chalice,
And tasted no alloy.
"A Laugh -- And A Moan" by Abram Joseph Ryan
O perfect day without alloy!
O song of breeze and wild bird's wing!
It was an ecstasy of joy
To be a living thing.
"A Contrast" by Cicely Fox Smith
For on its wing was dark alloy,
And, as it flutter'd- fell
An essence- powerful to destroy
A soul that knew it well.
"The Happiest Day-The Happiest Hour" by Edgar Allan Poe
The spirit that makes my singing
The gladness without alloy,
Oh, Heart of a Hundred Sorrows,
I bring thee a little joy.
"Heart Of A Hundred Sorrows" by Theodosia Garrison
In sooth, he heard all forest sounds
With real sportsman's joy;
And here he always pleasure found,
With little of alloy.
"The Huntsman And His Hound" by Thomas Frederick Young
Then who shall say the tempest's work
Brings more of pain than joy;
Or that the evil things, to us
Are pain, without alloy?
"A Snow Storm" by Thomas Frederick Young

In news:

He was a heavy equipment operator for SKW Alloys in Calvert City.
He was a heavy-equipment operator for SKW Alloys in Calvert City.
United Performance Metals, Hamilton, OH, a supplier of specialty stainless-steel and high-temperature alloys, has unveiled a redesigned website, with plenty of new additions.
Ceramic crowns are an aesthetically pleasing alternative to alloy crowns.
Revision of A90 / A90M - 11Standard Test Method for Weight of Coating on Iron and Steel Articles with Zinc or Zinc-Alloy Coatings .
PVD coatings , as shown, are best applied when turning high-temperature alloys.
Chromate conversion coatings have been used on magnesium alloys and Zn-Ni platings mainly for temporary corrosion protection and to improve the adhesive bonding characteristics of the surface.
The crusher has a special hardened alloy one piece cutting drum fitted with over 200 tapered teeth.
Website a Cornucopia of Copper-Alloy Info.
This paper introduces a newly developed system for increased corrosion protection for zinc and zinc-alloy coated surfaces.
The gilt copper alloy plaque is from 17th century Nepal.
These days, for high-end bikes where weight is at a premium, they use aluminium alloys or even carbon fibre.
Indian stocks had their biggest drop this month as earnings reports from companies including State Bank of India, the largest lender, and Tata Steel Ltd, the biggest producer of the alloy, disappointed investors.
Located on the shores of the St Lawrence River in Québec, Aluminerie de Bécancour is an aluminum smelter that produces 400,000 metric tons of aluminum annually in the form of rolling ingots, T-ingots (pure and alloyed), and billets.
A component of the forward fuselage, the part was milled from a block of aluminum alloy by a five-axis, high-performance machining center.
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In science:

N , N being the number of unit cells of the alloy.
Electron states in a one-dimensional random binary alloy
It comprises inter alia high temperature superconducting oxides1 and various heavy fermion alloys.2 Two models are usually used to study such system.
Interplay of Disorder and Correlations
Comparison of the DOS of (a) disordered noninteracting A1−xBx alloy with x = 0.5, εA = 0, εB = −0.3eV with that calculated for the same alloy but with interacting carriers (b).
Interplay of Disorder and Correlations
Continuing along those lines, it may be possible to tune some of the properties of the metal-boron tubes by forming alloys.
Metal-Boron Nanotubes
Typical examples of random-anisotropy magnets are amorphous rareearth – transition metal alloys.
Phase Transition in the Random Anisotropy Model
Here we consider the binary-alloy type randomness, that is, εi takes ±Wimp/2 in equal probability in each site.
Anomaly in Spin Excitation Spectrum of Double-Exchange Systems with Randomness
Let us shortly explain this notion in the case of a disordered solid, e.g., an alloy of two metals with a crystal structure where the nuclei of the two metals are randomly distributed at the lattice points.
Integrated density of states for ergodic random Schr\"odinger operators on manifolds
The non-randomness of spectral data implies that the alloy exhibits almost surely a particular behaviour of conductivity.
Integrated density of states for ergodic random Schr\"odinger operators on manifolds
Then we can consider the following potential, which is an analogue of an alloy-type potential in the Euclidean setting: Let u : X → R be a smooth function with compact support.
Integrated density of states for ergodic random Schr\"odinger operators on manifolds
One particular aspect that seems very promising is the effect of atomic ordering on the properties of these alloys.
On Site Percolation on Correlated Simple Cubic Lattice
As with the SNS cavities, Nb-Ti flanges and Al alloy gaskets were used for the vacuum seal on the beam tubes.
Status Report on Multi-Cell Superconducting Cavity Development for Medium-Velocity Beams
Prominently, random anisotropies are present in most ferromagnets, including soft materials, and are believed to be particularly relevant in amorphous rare earth alloys .
Critical Hysteresis from Random Anisotropy
The N = 2 case was proposed in the past as a model of rare earth alloys, and its hysteretic behavior was studied numerically .
Critical Hysteresis from Random Anisotropy
An important class of systems is formed by amorphous alloys of rare earths with aspherical electron distribution and transition metals, for instance TbFe2 and YFe2 .
Spin models with random anisotropy and reflection symmetry
In amorphous alloys the distribution of ~ux is usually taken to be isotropic, since in the absence of crystalline order there is no preferred direction.
Spin models with random anisotropy and reflection symmetry
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