alcohol

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n alcohol a liquor or brew containing alcohol as the active agent "alcohol (or drink) ruined him"
    • n alcohol any of a series of volatile hydroxyl compounds that are made from hydrocarbons by distillation
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Dipsomania refers to an insatiable craving for alcoholic beverages
    • Alcohol (Organic Chem) A class of compounds analogous to vinic alcohol in constitution. Chemically speaking, they are hydroxides of certain organic radicals; as, the radical ethyl forms common or ethyl alcohol C2H5.OH); methyl forms methyl alcohol CH3.OH) or wood spirit; amyl forms amyl alcohol C5H11.OH) or fusel oil, etc.
    • Alcohol An impalpable powder.
    • Alcohol Pure spirit of wine; pure or highly rectified spirit (called also ethyl alcohol or ethanol CH3.CH2.OH); the spirituous or intoxicating element of fermented or distilled liquors, or more loosely a liquid containing it in considerable quantity. It is extracted by simple distillation from various vegetable juices and infusions of a saccharine nature, which have undergone vinous fermentation.
    • Alcohol The fluid essence or pure spirit obtained by distillation.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The Uape Indians, who live in the Amazon, mix the ashes of their recently cremated relatives with alcohol, then all members of the family drink the mix with fond memories of the deceased
    • n alcohol A liquid, ethyl hydrate, C2H5OH, formed by the fermentation of aqueous sugar-solutions, or by the destructive distillation of organic bodies, as wood. Absolute or pure alcohol is a colorless mobile liquid, of a pleasant spirituous smell and burning taste, of specific gravity. 793 at 60° F., and boiling at 173° F. It is inflammable, and burns without smoke or residue, the products of combustion being carbon dioxid and water. At very low temperatures it becomes viscid, but does not congeal above—200°, and for this reason is used for filling thermometers to register low temperatures. It mixes with water in all proportions, is a general solvent for organic principles, bases, resins, oils, etc., and as such has extensive use in the arts and in medicine. Different grades of alcohol are sometimes designated in trade according to the source from which they are derived, as grain-alcohol, prepared from maize or other grain; root-alcohol, from potatoes and beets; moss-alcohol, which is made in large quantity from reindeer-moss and Iceland moss in Norway, Sweden, and Russia. Alcohol is a powerful stimulant and antiseptic, and in some dilute form is used as an intoxicating beverage among all races and conditions of people.
    • n alcohol In popular usage, any liquor containing this spirit.
    • n alcohol In organic chemistry, the general name of a series of compounds which may be regarded as derived from the normal hydrocarbons by replacing hydrogen with the group OH, or hydroxyl, and which correspond to the hydroxids of the metals. Such compounds are classed as primary, secondary, or tertiary alcohols, according to their constitution and the products of their decomposition. Primary alcohols are regarded as containing the group CH2OH, and by oxidation yield aldehyde and ultimately an acid of the same carbon series. Secondary alcohols are regarded as containing the group CHOH, and by oxidation do not yield aldehyde, but a ketone, which on further oxidation breaks up into two acids of a lower carbon series. Tertiary alcohols are regarded as having the group COH, and break up at once on oxidation into two acids of a lower carbon series.
    • n alcohol An impalpable powder.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Chances of a women getting breast cancer are increased by excesseive use of alcohol
    • n Alcohol al′kō-hol pure spirit, a liquid generated by the fermentation of sugar and other saccharine matter, and forming the intoxicating element of fermented liquors
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Quotations

  • Alvan L. Barach
    Alvan L. Barach
    “An alcoholic has been lightly defined as a man who drinks more than his own doctor.”
  • Winston Churchill
    Winston%20Churchill
    “I have taken more out of alcohol than alcohol has taken out of me.”
  • Finley Peter Dunne
    Finley%20Peter%20Dunne
    “Alcohol is necessary for a man so that he can have a good opinion of himself, undisturbed be the facts.”
  • Marguerite Duras
    Marguerite%20Duras
    “No other human being, no woman, no poem or music, book or painting can replace alcohol in its power to give man the illusion of real creation.”
  • Marguerite Duras
    Marguerite%20Duras
    “Alcohol is barren. The words a man speaks in the night of drunkenness fade like the darkness itself at the coming of day.”
  • Friedrich Nietzsche
    Friedrich%20Nietzsche
    “Two great European narcotics, alcohol and Christianity.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. F. alcool, formerly written alcohol, Sp. alcohol, alcohol, antimony, galena, OSp. alcofol,; all fr. Ar. al-kohl, a powder of antimony or galena, to paint the eyebrows with. The name was afterwards applied, on account of the fineness of this powder, to highly rectified spirits, a signification unknown in Arabia. The Sp. word has both meanings. Cf. Alquifou
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Ar. al-koh'lal, the, koh'l, fine powder of antimony used in the East to stain the eyelids.

Usage

In literature:

I swear it by the devil that dwells in this entrancing but execrated form of alcohol.
"The Belovéd Vagabond" by William J. Locke
If it is ever necessary to use an alcohol lamp, use the solid alcohol.
"Scouting For Girls, Official Handbook of the Girl Scouts" by Girl Scouts
Extreme alcoholism is usually a consequence of a mental make-up in which self-control of the appetite for liquor is lacking.
"Introduction to the Science of Sociology" by Robert E. Park
The aqueous solution so obtained is then fermented to alcohol.
"All About Coffee" by William H. Ukers
The drunkard who is himself responsible for his habit, is, strictly speaking, an alcoholic and is vicious and degraded.
"A Plea for the Criminal" by James Leslie Allan Kayll
In the ghostly light of the alcohol lamp his eyes were wide open and staring.
"The Country Beyond" by James Oliver Curwood
Wine, it should be said, is the product of alcoholic fermentation of the grape.
"Manual of American Grape-Growing" by U. P. Hedrick
Squeeze from this washing and put through a bath of half-and-half alcohol and spirits of turpentine.
"Taxidermy" by Leon Luther Pray
Do not drink beer or whisky, or any other alcoholic liquors.
"The Automobile Storage Battery" by O. A. Witte
He did not know, as he knew now, that the demon of inherited alcoholism laughs at such poor precautions as this.
"The Missionary" by George Griffith
Now mix two teaspoonfuls of alcohol with about half a cup of water and enough blueing to color the mixture.
"Common Science" by Carleton W. Washburne
Like savages, too, they are passionately fond of alcohol, orgies, and sensual pleasures, which alone rouse them to activity.
"Criminal Man" by Gina Lombroso-Ferrero
The spermatozoa of alcoholics suffer like the other tissues from the toxic action of alcohol on the protoplasm.
"The Sexual Question" by August Forel
The only genuine claim they could set up for their merchandise was that it was at all events alcoholic.
"With Manchesters in the East" by Gerald B. Hurst
Stimulants, such as alcohol and ether, should be administered.
"Special Report on Diseases of Cattle" by U.S. Department of Agriculture
No raiding the bosun's locker for shellac or wood-alcohol this voyage.
"Fire Mountain" by Norman Springer
Messrs. Gladstone & Tribe have been investigating the results of the decomposition of alcohol by aluminium.
"The Galaxy, Volume 23, No. 2, February, 1877" by Various
The liver is sure to suffer if one uses much alcoholic drink because the alcohol goes direct from the food tube to the liver.
"Health Lessons" by Alvin Davison
It is very slightly soluble in water, but readily dissolves in alcohol and ether.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 2" by Various
The cases of ordinary clean water and alcohol are strongly contrasted, the motion of the needle upon the former being comparatively sluggish.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 3" by Various
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In poetry:

Said Demagogue skeleton
Don't smoke Pot
Said Alcoholic skeleton
Let your liver rot
"Ballad Of The Skeletons" by Allen Ginsberg
The lucent, thin, and alcoholic flame
Runs in the stubble with a nervous aim,
But, when the eye pursues, will point with fire
Each single stubble-tip and strain no higher.
"Sonnet To The Moon" by Yvor Winters
And the shape of the body also,
Lying as it has fallen,
Disdainfully crumpling earthward
Out of alcohol.
Drunken under their eyelids
Like children sleeping toward Christmas,
"Bums On Waking" by James Dickey
Many I grieve with a grave, deep love
Who are deep in the grave, whose faces I never saw:
Poets who died of alcohol, bullets, or birthdays
Doss in the damp house, forbidden now to snore.
"An Old Lament Renewed" by Vernon Scannell
The more's the pity, I must say,
That so many men and women are by it led astray,
And decoyed from the paths of virtue and led on to vice
By drinking too much alcohol and acting unwise.
"A Tribute to Mr Murphy and the Blue Ribbon Army" by William Topaz McGonagall
In Eighteen Hundred and Sixty-three
A. Lincoln set the darkies free;
In Nineteen Hundred and Nineteen
A. Volstead muzzled the canteen
And freed the millions, great and small,
From bondage to King Alcohol.
"Owed To Volstead" by Wallace Irwin

In news:

Three people were hurt early Sunday after a man suspected of driving under the influence of alcohol crashed into two stopped vehicles in Smithfield, Madison County sheriff's deputies said.
Sex offender allegedly used alcohol to rape Brownsville girl.
Vice President Joe Biden enjoyed Buckler , a non-alcoholic brew today at the 'beer summit'.
BONITA SPRINGS — The dinner crowd is back at Buffalo Chips in Bonita Springs, but the wait for a reinstated alcohol license continues.
'A functioning organization with no one in charge is a description of Alcoholics Anonymous.
The US Department of Transportation has obtained a temporary restraining order against an Oregon bus company that it says allowed drivers without proper licensing or drug and alcohol testing to drive its buses.
How Welch's started as alcohol-free wine.
Young people on college campuses and in rural towns are risking their lives -- at least four people have died due to alcohol in the last few months.
Alcohol is exempt from initiative, but debate about genetically engineered crops draws proponents and critics.
The relationship between alcohol and weight gain is complex and the complications begin in your head.
Authorities shut down Dietrich's Bar in Shawnee Wednesday night, where they confiscated alcohol and arrested a bartender on complaints of possession of alcohol with intent to sell without a permit.
Authorities shut down Dietrich's Bar in Shawnee Wednesday night, where they confiscated alcohol and arrested a bartender on complaints of possession of alcohol with intent to sell without a perm.
The Crookston Police Department reported Monday that three local businesses licensed to sell alcohol were cited after failing the CPD 's latest round of alcohol compliance checks.
A bill passed a house committee today that would require the Department of Alcoholic Beverage Control commission to consist of at least two drinkers of alcohol.
Distillation can turn a wine at roughly 12 percent alcohol by volume into a brandy at perhaps 40 percent alcohol by volume (80 proof).
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In science:

For example, in order to be allowed to buy alcohol, someone only need to prove that he or she is over 16 years old (or 18 or 21, depending on local laws).
The Identity Crisis. Security, Privacy and Usability Issues in Identity Management
Reagent strips for the qualitative detection of alcohol in spit: SIMS-2 alcoho l sensor.
Influence of Alcohol Smell and Imagination on the Condition of the Human Organism and Subjective Human Experience
Reagent strips for the qualitative detection of alcohol in urine: SIMS-2 alcoho l sensor.
Influence of Alcohol Smell and Imagination on the Condition of the Human Organism and Subjective Human Experience
The presence of alcohol in urine was est imated.
Influence of Alcohol Smell and Imagination on the Condition of the Human Organism and Subjective Human Experience
Description of the data from the Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism (COGA) and single-nucleotide polymorphism genotyping for Genetic Analysis Workshop 14.
An efficient group test for genetic markers that handles confounding
Then the powder is mixed with an organic binder (PolyVinyl Alcohol, named PVA) and ultra pure water.
Review of double beta experiments
The incoming gas used inside the tracking chamber (mixture of 95% of Helium, 4% of alcohol, 1% of Argon) needs also to be as low radiopure as possible in Radon.
Review of double beta experiments
However, alcohol and Argon can be trapped and can saturate the Radon trap, which will become inefficient.
Review of double beta experiments
The CPPM group in cooperation with chemistry laboratories, is studying the best adapted charcoal or organic zeolith able to trap Radon and not Argon nor alcohol. 5.
Review of double beta experiments
But recycling of the gas, gas purification, and helium-alcohol separation could be necessary for the whole SuperNEMO detector and must be studied seriously.
Review of double beta experiments
We have done a preliminary analysis of the Framingham Heart Study (FHS) data, a longitudinal social network study which includes many covariates (e.g. obesity, marriage, depression, smoking, alcohol) and link types (friend, neighbor, co-worker, sibling, spouse) [3, 2].
Statistical Tests for Contagion in Observational Social Network Studies
In the glassy alcohol materials with Cr(V) complexes, where the dynamic nuclear cooling is the dominant mechanism for DNP, hole burning is not expected.
Large enhancement of deuteron polarization with frequency modulated microwaves
Thus, we can mix one mole of water and one mole of alcohol to form two moles of whiskey.
The Physics and Mathematics of the Second Law of Thermodynamics
Making full use of this velocity difference between amines and alcohols, Yilgor and coworkers investigated the polymerizability of diisocyanates and diamines in isopropyl alcohol (IPA).
Theory of Gel Formation
It has been known earlier that isocyanates (−NCO) can react with alcohols (−OH) to form urethane bonds (−NHCOO−).
Theory of Gel Formation
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