• Affirmation, approving. Old Roman
    Affirmation, approving. Old Roman
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj affirmative affirming or giving assent "an affirmative decision","affirmative votes"
    • adj affirmative expressing or manifesting praise or approval "approbative criticism","an affirmative nod"
    • adj affirmative expecting the best "an affirmative outlook"
    • n affirmative a reply of affirmation "he answered in the affirmative"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Affirmation, approbation. N.A. Indian Affirmation, approbation. N.A. Indian
Yes, affirmation. Dakota Yes, affirmation. Dakota

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Affirmative A word or phrase expressing affirmation or assent; as, yes that is so, etc.
    • Affirmative Confirmative; ratifying; as, an act affirmative of common law.
    • Affirmative (logic) Expressing the agreement of the two terms of a proposition.
    • Affirmative (Alg) Positive; -- a term applied to quantities which are to be added, and opposed to negative, or such as are to be subtracted.
    • Affirmative Positive; dogmatic. "Lysicles was a little by the affirmative air of Crito."
    • Affirmative That affirms; asserting that the fact is so; declaratory of what exists; answering “yes” to a question; -- opposed to negative; as, an affirmative answer; an affirmative vote.
    • Affirmative That which affirms as opposed to that which denies; an affirmative proposition; that side of question which affirms or maintains the proposition stated; -- opposed to negative; as, there were forty votes in the affirmative, and ten in the negative . "Whether there are such beings or not, 't is sufficient for my purpose that many have believed the affirmative ."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • affirmative Characterized by affirmation or assertion; assertive; positive in form; not negative: as, an affirmative proposition; affirmative principles. In formal logic, the distinction of affirmative and negative propositions relates not to the nature of what is asserted, but only to the form of the proposition, which is called affirmative if it contains no negative particle.
    • affirmative Hence Positive in manner; confident; dogmatic.
    • affirmative Giving affirmation or assent; confirmatory; ratifying; concurring; agreeing: as, an affirmative decree or judgment by an appellate court; an affirmative answer to a request.
    • n affirmative That which affirms or asserts; a positive proposition or averment: as, two negatives make an affirmative.
    • n affirmative That which gives affirmation or assent; the agreeing or concurring part or side: with the definite article: as, to support the affirmative; to vote in the affirmative (that is, in favor of the affirmative side), as in a legislative body.
    • n affirmative In judicial proceedings, the side which, whether in itself an affirmation or a negation, requires first to be supported by proof, presumption in the absence of proof being against it; the side which has the burden of proof.
    • n affirmative Nautical, the signal-flag or pendant by which assent is expressed.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • adj., n Affirmative that affirms or asserts: positive, not negative: dogmatic
    • ***


  • Claude M. Bristol
    “It's the repetition of affirmations that leads to belief. And once that belief becomes a deep conviction, things begin to happen.”
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson
    “Belief consists in accepting the affirmations of the soul; unbelief, in denying them.”
  • Henry S. Haskins
    Henry S. Haskins
    “The time to stop talking is when the other person nods his head affirmatively, but says nothing.”
  • Simone Weil
    “The mysteries of faith are degraded if they are made into an object of affirmation and negation, when in reality they should be an object of contemplation.”
  • Roman Gary
    Roman Gary
    “Humor is an affirmation of dignity, a declaration of man's superiority to all that befalls him.”
  • Simone Weil
    “The role of the intelligence --that part of us which affirms and denies and formulates opinions is merely to submit.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. affirmativus,: cf. F. affirmatif,


In literature:

When such a man, after long study of Mrs Piper's phenomena, affirms their validity, we may believe him.
"Mrs. Piper & the Society for Psychical Research" by Michael Sage
All the awful but sublime affirmations of Puritan theology are gone.
"George Bernard Shaw" by Gilbert K. Chesterton
Sages, he affirms, on account of their studious lives, are little prone to sexual passion.
"Jerome Cardan" by William George Waters
I nodded in affirmation of the truth.
"The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 13, No. 80, June, 1864" by Various
To avoid the just punishment of his crime, he affirmed that Edmund was the author of the horrid deed.
"The Mysteries of All Nations" by James Grant
He was answered in the affirmative.
"Welsh Folk-Lore a Collection of the Folk-Tales and Legends of North Wales" by Elias Owen
Jesus Christ affirmed by His teaching and life this principle of disciplined self-giving.
"Herein is Love" by Reuel L. Howe
The Government must break its silence, which is becoming more and more suspicious, and frankly affirm its intention.
"Current History, A Monthly Magazine" by New York Times
That is the affirmation of Theosophy, that is its root-meaning and its essence.
"London Lectures of 1907" by Annie Besant
We will endeavour to analyse these different affirmations.
"The Mind and the Brain" by Alfred Binet
In every case the answer was in the affirmative.
"The Bush Boys" by Captain Mayne Reid
Things get out of the way of the vigorous, affirmative man, which are always tripping the self-depreciating, negative man.
"Pushing to the Front" by Orison Swett Marden
Each of the two propositions must be taken, not as an approximate affirmation, but as an exact enunciation of an irrefutable truth.
"The Reform of Education" by Giovanni Gentile
Our feeling, we may say, is entirely affirmative.
"Oxford Lectures on Poetry" by Andrew Cecil Bradley
The Secularist is known by setting up and maintaining affirmative propositions.
"The Principles Of Secularism" by George Jacob Holyoake
Affirmative Atheism asserts the realism of Nature; Theism denies it.
"The Limits Of Atheism" by George Jacob Holyoake
Some affirm, with great show of argumentation, that it is man's bestial propensities which lead his race to hell.
"Ancient Faiths And Modern A Dissertation upon Worships, Legends and Divinities" by Thomas Inman
Others affirm it in fact, while they deny it in word.
"Calvinistic Controversy" by Wilbur Fisk
This empirical question is indeed to be answered in the affirmative.
"International Congress of Arts and Science, Volume I" by Various
They are words that any intelligent Christian might, from his standpoint, with propriety affirm.
"Abraham Lincoln: Was He A Christian?" by John B. Remsburg

In poetry:

"Yes . . ." that peculiar
affirmative. "Yes . . ."
A sharp, indrawn breath,
half groan, half acceptance,
that means "Life's like that.
We know it (also death)."
"The Moose" by Elizabeth Bishop
No change do Thy promises know,
And with truth's glow our hearts they affirm;
Thou so dost punish should one offend,
That in him Thy sacred suffering works gain.
"Song I" by Mikolaj Sep Szarzynski
What with affirming, denying,
Holding, risposting, subjoining,
All's like… it's like… for an instance I'm trying…
There! See our roof, its gilt moulding and groining
Under those spider-webs lying!
"Master Hugues Of Saxe-Gotha" by Robert Browning
Of Thee she shall own and affirm, hand uplifted,
'Twas Thou that didst breathe her in me, and as due
For that work she shall pour out her thanks and bear witness
That to me she was given Thy bidding to do.
"My Soul Shall Declare" by Shlomo ibn Gabirol
Thus having strove some tedious years
With feign'd desires and real fears, And tired with answers and replies
Of John affirms, and Martha lies,
Leaving this endless altercation,
The mind affects a higher station.
"Alma; or, The Progress of the Mind. In Three Cantos. - Canto II." by Matthew Prior
Why all this vain debate? The Landgrave's brief
Affirms the Jews fling poison in the wells.
Shall we stand by and leave them unmolested,
Till they have made our town a wilderness?
I say, Death to the Jews!
"The Dance To Death. Act IV" by Emma Lazarus

In news:

I know I'm kidding myself, but I say it as a positive affirmation anyway.
The former House of Affirmation at 120 Hill St, Whitinsville, has been sold to a Northbridge businessman.
Young buyers, who came of age during a dark time for the housing industry, are affirming their faith in the American Dream and buying first homes.
Liberte, Egalite , Affirmative Action An Algerian-born executive is leading the campaign to counter racism in hiring.
Halfway through his set at New York's Irving Plaza, Killer Mike made an affirming proclamation.
Affirmative action or affirmative elitism .
Rather than discard these embryos created during in vitro fertilization, or turn them over for research that destroys them, these families have chosen a life-affirming alternative.
A pair of court rulings in Illinois and Indiana affirmed their enforceability in those jurisdictions.
Conviction affirmed for man who put semen in co-worker's water bottle.
My Oct 6, 2009, blog entry identified five common equitable affirmative defenses that can be used by a party accused of patent infringement.
The Indiana Court of Appeals affirmed a trial court's order that the two beneficiaries of a piece of property who objected to the sale of the land must each pay a $100,000 cash bond.
Your "Dialogue" of Nov 2 is an affirming statement of ethical principle, and your initiatives to implement University-wide ethical behavior are overdue and welcome.
Debate #2, part 2: Romney's affirmative-action fib .
WOODBRIDGE — The Inland-Wetlands Agency on Wednesday affirmed a cease-and-restore order requiring the Volunteer Fire Association to remove a fire pit and patio they built on the side of the new firehouse property.

In science:

To affirm the quasi-static condit ion is not enough to define the reversible condit ion.
The Energy-Entropy Principle
On page 25 Fermi affirms that an adiabat ic transformat ion is a reversible transformat ion for a thermally iso lated system (dQ=O). But if we are not careful we can commit the paradigmat ic error.
The Energy-Entropy Principle
He affirms the poor conductivity for the air but says nothing about the reversible condit ion. He commits the paradigmat ic error as he confuses reversible with quasi-static.
The Energy-Entropy Principle
Lemma 2.1: The question raised above has an affirmative answer if and only if in the associated multimatrix there exists at least one nonzero multideterminantal monomial.
The Friendship Theorem and Minimax Theorems
Virginia Reilly, Office for Equal Opportunity and Affirmative Action Dr.
Human Information Processing with the Personal Memex
I × R n is a continuous function, which is Cn in x (for a suitable n)? It is classical that the answer is affirmative as to (2) (see, e.g., ).
A generalized Allwright formula and the vector Riccati equation
In it is proved that it is also affirmative as to (3).
A generalized Allwright formula and the vector Riccati equation
The question was asked in 1976 as mentioned above, but it took years before we had the answer which was affirmative as given by Høyer et al. (1981).
Astrometry during the past 2000 years
For the first time in this conversation, S2 explicitly addresses a physical detail relevant to the physical mapping S1 is attempting: “if there’s constant force?” (line 67) S1 quickly affirms that assumption and S2 correctly concludes that more work would be done on the long “R” path.
Analyzing Problem Solving Using Math in Physics: Epistemological Framing via Warrants
The second part of our theorem is new and give an affirmative answer to a part of Hưng’s conjecture [7, Conjecture 1.10].
Sub-Hopf algebras of the Steenrod algebra and the Singer transfer
Is there something similar in mathematics? The answer is affirmative, since there are at least two areas of mathematics that could be confused with the IDC.
The family of Eulerian constants in the isodimensional discrete calculus
Therefore, the result of the test for two outliers is affirmative, the largest and smallest values in the data set having been established as true outliers.
Steady-state cracking in brittle substrates beneath adherent films: revisited
The above question is answered in the affirmative. Also some properties of such Markov chains are studied. This research paper is a culmination of such research efforts.
Graphs: Associated Markov Chains