• Affirmation, approving. Old Roman
    Affirmation, approving. Old Roman
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n affirmation a judgment by a higher court that the judgment of a lower court was correct and should stand
    • n affirmation (religion) a solemn declaration that serves the same purpose as an oath (if an oath is objectionable to the person on religious or ethical grounds)
    • n affirmation a statement asserting the existence or the truth of something
    • n affirmation the act of affirming or asserting or stating something
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Affirmation, approbation. N.A. Indian Affirmation, approbation. N.A. Indian
Yes, affirmation. Dakota Yes, affirmation. Dakota

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Affirmation (Law) A solemn declaration made under the penalties of perjury, by persons who conscientiously decline taking an oath, which declaration is in law equivalent to an oath.
    • Affirmation Confirmation of anything established; ratification; as, the affirmation of a law.
    • Affirmation That which is asserted; an assertion; a positive statement; an averment; as, an affirmation, by the vender, of title to property sold, or of its quality.
    • Affirmation The act of affirming or asserting as true; assertion; -- opposed to negation or denial.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n affirmation The assertion that something is, or is true; the assignment of a certain character to an object: opposed to denial or negation. In ordinary formal logic, the distinction relates merely to the form of expression, but usually affirmation is taken to mean the assertion of something positive and definite, as opposed to a merely negative assertion.
    • n affirmation That which is affirmed; a proposition that is declared to be true; averment; assertion.
    • n affirmation Confirmation; ratification; establishment of something of prior origin.
    • n affirmation In law, the solemn declaration made by Quakers, Moravians, or others conscientiously opposed to taking oaths, in cases where an oath is generally required. False affirmations made by such persons are punishable in the same way as perjury.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Affirmation act of asserting: that which is affirmed:
    • n Affirmation (law) the solemn declaration made by Quakers and others incapable of taking an oath
    • ***


  • Claude M. Bristol
    “It's the repetition of affirmations that leads to belief. And once that belief becomes a deep conviction, things begin to happen.”
  • Florence Scovel Shinn
    Florence Scovel Shinn
    “You will be a failure, until you impress the subconscious with the conviction you are a success. This is done by making an affirmation which clicks.”
  • John Burroughs
    “It is always easier to believe than to deny. Our minds are naturally affirmative.”
  • Henry S. Haskins
    Henry S. Haskins
    “The time to stop talking is when the other person nods his head affirmatively, but says nothing.”
  • Simone Weil
    “The mysteries of faith are degraded if they are made into an object of affirmation and negation, when in reality they should be an object of contemplation.”
  • Roman Gary
    Roman Gary
    “Humor is an affirmation of dignity, a declaration of man's superiority to all that befalls him.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. affirmatio,: cf. F. affirmation,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. afermer—L. affirmāread, firmus, firm. See Firm.


In literature:

After a little while, I asked her if she had seen him; she replied in the affirmative without further remarks.
"The Pacha of Many Tales" by Frederick Marryat
They replied in the affirmative; and I boarded her.
"Peter Simple" by Frederick Marryat
To have affirmed it is, I fear, to have given a new impetus to the barren, unspiritual negations which he represents.
"Fifteen Chapters of Autobiography" by George William Erskine Russell
Thirty-eight replies were received, of which twenty-nine were negative and nine affirmative.
"On the Firing Line in Education" by Adoniram Judson Ladd
Except it be the word of God, I dar affirme nothing.
"The Works of John Knox, Vol. 1 (of 6)" by John Knox
The sentence was affirmed.
"Face to Face with Kaiserism" by James W. Gerard
I deny: does he affirm?
"The Comedies of Terence" by Publius Terentius Afer, (AKA) Terence
The circumstances affirm his criminality.
"Oswald Langdon" by Carson Jay Lee
Would to God, both for your sakes and ours, that an affirmative answer could be truthfully returned to these questions.
"Masterpieces of Negro Eloquence" by Various
We affirm that Jesus Christ was and is Jehovah, the Eternal One.
"Jesus the Christ" by James Edward Talmage
Henry replied in the affirmative, declaring that he unfortunately could not overhear the subject under discussion.
"The Doctor of Pimlico" by William Le Queux
When sitting for that purpose, they shall be on oath or affirmation.
"Diary in America, Series Two" by Frederick Marryat (AKA Captain Marryat)
Popular belief would answer this question in the affirmative.
"The Physical Life of Woman:" by Dr. George H Napheys
Again we affirm that God is doing everything that occurs in the universe, except those things which are being done by His children.
"What and Where is God?" by Richard La Rue Swain
On the other hand there are the strongest reasons for affirming that such phenomena are antecedently incredible.
"Supernatural Religion, Vol. I. (of III)" by Walter Richard Cassels
I answered in the affirmative, and desired to know the motive of his inquiry.
"Guy Fawkes" by William Harrison Ainsworth
In the preceding sentence, I have intently affirmed that the cause of the Allies was that of the whole British Empire.
"England, Canada and the Great War" by Louis-Georges Desjardins
Strabo affirms that he saw at Rome some British youths, who were considerably taller than the Romans.
"Old English Chronicles" by Various
Qualities which they do not recognise were found to belong to certain mental affirmations.
"Know the Truth; A critique of the Hamiltonian Theory of Limitation" by Jesse H. Jones
Six states voted in the affirmative.
"The Life of Lyman Trumbull" by Horace White

In poetry:

The abhorred spring of Dis,
With seething presciences
The preparate worm.
"To The Dead Cardinal Of Westminster" by Francis Thompson
Tell him, though sin prolong the term,
Yet love can scarce delay:
Thy want, his promise, all affirm,
Thy Husband must not stay.
"The Believer's Jointure : Chapter I." by Ralph Erskine
But the old Earth brooding,
All wisdom including,
Affirms and assures
That above the material,
Triumphal imperial
Beauty endures.
"Mist And Frost" by Duncan Campbell Scott
Honey-white figs of the north, black figs with scarlet inside,
of the south.
Ripe figs won't keep, won't keep in any clime.
What then, when women the world over have all bursten into
And bursten figs won't keep?
"Figs" by D H Lawrence
Next morn, a startled Empire learnt the all-important news;
Next week, the Aged Councillor was shaking in his shoes.
Next month, I met Delilah and she did not show the least
Hesitation in affirming that Ulysses was a "beast."
"Delilah" by Rudyard Kipling
The Bookworm's an uninteresting grub,
Whether he's all alone or in a club.
Of stupid books which seem to us a bore,
The Bookworm will devour the very core.
Did Solomon or somebody affirm
The early reed-bird catches the bookworm?
"A Phenomenal Fauna" by Carolyn Wells

In news:

COLUMBIA — Columbia City Council members affirmed their patriotism but not their support for putting a 60-foot flagpole on top of the Fifth and Walnut parking garage.
Phoenix —A Phoenix City Council subcommittee Sept 11 affirmed the policy of fluoridating the drinking water of the city's 1.4 million residents.
They might not be Affirmed and Alydar, but the 3-year-old colts Free House and Silver Charm have had memorable battles all season long here at Santa Anita.
As we reported earlier this month, the Third Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed the US District Court for the District of New Jersey's ruling dismissing Charles F Kerchner v.
The Government Accountability Board re-affirmed the new rule on a 5 to 1 vote Tuesday, after first approving it a few weeks ago.
Federal appeals court affirms polar bear harassment rules.
It's more than a slogan or positive affirmation.
Anatoly Rybakov, whose long-suppressed novel about the Stalinist era, "Children of the Arbat," finally appeared in 1987 to affirm the reality of glasnost , died yesterday at his home in Manhattan.
"The gay-affirming 'gospel' is a toxic heresy that must be addressed in 2007".
A ceremony marking the installation of a lesbian pastor to lead a church group affirming diversity in St Paul, Minn.
The Gospel of Luke , read at Mass on most Sundays this year, affirms that God values each of us regardless of age, wealth, health or gender.
A Heritage Is Affirmed In ' Griot New York'.
The Republican victories in the midterm election appear to be a personal victory for President Bush, but not an affirmation of single party control, or even of many aspects of the president's own agenda, a CBS News/New York Times poll finds.
An Affirmative Act Directed by Jana Mattioli Take 2 Releasing BR> Opens April 1, AMC Loews Village 7.
He's not caught up in affirmative action, hasn't created tons of race commissions, and goes out of his way to avoid black-white politics.

In science:

To affirm the quasi-static condit ion is not enough to define the reversible condit ion.
The Energy-Entropy Principle
On page 25 Fermi affirms that an adiabat ic transformat ion is a reversible transformat ion for a thermally iso lated system (dQ=O). But if we are not careful we can commit the paradigmat ic error.
The Energy-Entropy Principle
He affirms the poor conductivity for the air but says nothing about the reversible condit ion. He commits the paradigmat ic error as he confuses reversible with quasi-static.
The Energy-Entropy Principle
Lemma 2.1: The question raised above has an affirmative answer if and only if in the associated multimatrix there exists at least one nonzero multideterminantal monomial.
The Friendship Theorem and Minimax Theorems
Virginia Reilly, Office for Equal Opportunity and Affirmative Action Dr.
Human Information Processing with the Personal Memex
I × R n is a continuous function, which is Cn in x (for a suitable n)? It is classical that the answer is affirmative as to (2) (see, e.g., ).
A generalized Allwright formula and the vector Riccati equation
In it is proved that it is also affirmative as to (3).
A generalized Allwright formula and the vector Riccati equation
The question was asked in 1976 as mentioned above, but it took years before we had the answer which was affirmative as given by Høyer et al. (1981).
Astrometry during the past 2000 years
For the first time in this conversation, S2 explicitly addresses a physical detail relevant to the physical mapping S1 is attempting: “if there’s constant force?” (line 67) S1 quickly affirms that assumption and S2 correctly concludes that more work would be done on the long “R” path.
Analyzing Problem Solving Using Math in Physics: Epistemological Framing via Warrants
The second part of our theorem is new and give an affirmative answer to a part of Hưng’s conjecture [7, Conjecture 1.10].
Sub-Hopf algebras of the Steenrod algebra and the Singer transfer
Is there something similar in mathematics? The answer is affirmative, since there are at least two areas of mathematics that could be confused with the IDC.
The family of Eulerian constants in the isodimensional discrete calculus
Therefore, the result of the test for two outliers is affirmative, the largest and smallest values in the data set having been established as true outliers.
Steady-state cracking in brittle substrates beneath adherent films: revisited
The above question is answered in the affirmative. Also some properties of such Markov chains are studied. This research paper is a culmination of such research efforts.
Graphs: Associated Markov Chains