• WordNet 3.6
    • adj affected acted upon; influenced
    • adj affected speaking or behaving in an artificial way to make an impression
    • adj affected being excited or provoked to the expression of an emotion "too moved to speak","very touched by the stranger's kindness"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Jo laid herself on the sofa and affected to read Jo laid herself on the sofa and affected to read

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Asthma affects one in fifteen children under the age of eighteen
    • Affected Assumed artificially; not natural. "Affected coldness and indifference."
    • Affected Given to false show; assuming or pretending to possess what is not natural or real. "He is . . . too spruce, too affected , too odd."
    • Affected Inclined; disposed; attached. "How stand you affected to his wish?"
    • Affected (Alg) Made up of terms involving different powers of the unknown quantity; adfected; as, an affected equation.
    • Affected Regarded with affection; beloved. "His affected Hercules."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Coffee beans are similar to grapes that produce wine in that they are affected by the temperature, soil conditions, altitude, rainfall, drainage and degree of ripeness when picked.
    • affected Beloved: as, “his affected Hercules,”
    • affected Having an affection, disposition, or inclination of any kind; inclined or disposed: as, well affected to government or toward a project.
    • affected Assumed artificially; not natural: as, affected airs.
    • affected Given to affectation; assuming or pretending to possess characteristics which are not natural or real: as, an affected lady.
    • affected Synonyms Artificial, feigned, insincere. Pretentious, self-conscious.
    • affected Acted upon; influenced; particularly, influenced injuriously; impaired; attacked, as by climate or disease.
    • affected In algebra, same as adfected.
    • affected In the Roman Catholic Church, said of a benefice the collation of which is reserved to persons possessed of certain qualifications; specifically, when the pope, by some disposition of the benefice, prevents the regular collation and tacitly signifies his intention of himself providing for the benefice when it shall become vacant.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: When the Black Death swept across England one theory was that cats caused the plague. Thousands were slaughtered. Ironically, those that kept their cats were less affected, because they kept their houses clear of the real culprits, rats.
    • adj Affected touched with a feeling either for or against (with by): full of affectation: feigned
    • ***


  • Nathaniel Hawthorne
    “All brave men love; for he only is brave who has affections to fight for, whether in the daily battle of life, or in physical contests.”
  • Jean Paul Richter
    “Woman and men of retiring timidity are cowardly only in dangers which affect themselves, but the first to rescue when others are in danger.”
  • Samuel Butler
    “There is nothing which at once affects a man so much and so little as his own death.”
  • W. Somerset Maugham
    “Death doesn't affect the living because it has not happened yet. Death doesn't concern the dead because they have ceased to exist.”
  • Lord Chesterfield
    “Any affectation whatsoever in dress implies, in my mind, a flaw in the understanding.”
  • George Eliot
    “The egoism which enters into our theories does not affect their sincerity; rather, the more our egoism is satisfied, the more robust is our belief.”


Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. afficĕre, affectumad, to, facĕre, to do.


In literature:

I was sure from your constant affection for us that you would feel much interested in the event of the 24th.
"The Letters of Queen Victoria, Volume 1 (of 3), 1837-1843)" by Queen Victoria
Only second to the library in the affection of its young mistress was her bed chamber with which it was connected by a small boudoir.
"The Mask" by Arthur Hornblow
SYMPTOMS: Generally only one side of the lungs is affected and that being the right, although it may affect both sides at the same time.
"The Veterinarian" by Chas. J. Korinek
How they revive the dying affections!
"Ernest Linwood" by Caroline Lee Hentz
But if he had set his heart or affections on any person, he would unite with that desire the whole force of his mental nature.
"Palmistry for All" by Cheiro
It isn't fair of you to try to alienate the affections of an engaged young person like this.
"Jill the Reckless" by P. G. (Pelham Grenville) Wodehouse
Simple, impartial, earnest and sympathetic, he won, I know, the deepest affection and respect of many.
"Letters to His Friends" by Forbes Robinson
I take it that it affects our whole lives; ay, that it runs over the grave, sweeps by death, and affects our future condition.
"Aims and Aids for Girls and Young Women" by George Sumner Weaver
The changes which affect the cellulose are physical rather than chemical.
"Human Foods and Their Nutritive Value" by Harry Snyder
Your mother and sister are regarded with affection by me and my brother Quintus.
"The Letters of Cicero, Volume 1" by Marcus Tullius Cicero
But neither would overtly admit that its solemnity had affected him.
"Clayhanger" by Arnold Bennett
If Athens lives in the memory and affections of men, it is her devotion to art that will immortalize her.
"Pushing to the Front" by Orison Swett Marden
Cough in an infant or growing child is usually the result of a cold and the structure affected is some part of the nose, throat or bronchi.
"The Eugenic Marriage, Volume IV. (of IV.)" by Grant Hague
She is affected with facial muscular spasms, especially affecting the corners of the mouth, the eyelids, and the neck.
"The Sexual Life of the Child" by Albert Moll
The shoulder is seldom the seat of disease, and most affections of the joint are met with in adults.
"Manual of Surgery Volume Second: Extremities--Head--Neck. Sixth Edition." by Alexander Miles
It affected me strangely, Chetwynde.
"The Cryptogram" by James De Mille
The habit affected me as the application of a spur affects a well-fed and not unwilling steed.
"The Record of Nicholas Freydon" by A. J. (Alec John) Dawson
Apples so affected will fall prematurely, and should be picked up and fed to swine.
"Soil Culture" by J. H. Walden
She was very much affected by the view of his disposition towards her, which all these things made apparent.
"The Complete Project Gutenberg Works of Jane Austen" by Jane Austen
How does frost affect rocks?
"The Elements of Agriculture" by George E. Waring

In poetry:

Thought is the mind's swift messenger,
Affection gives it birth;
She only values such a gift,
And estimates its worth.
"Address To Emma, On Her Departure For The Country" by Elizabeth Bath
The mild and soft as infant love
His fond affections melt;
Tho' all that kindest spirits prove
Sir Eldred keenly felt:
"Sir Eldred Of The Bower : A Legendary Tale: In Two Parts" by Hannah More
Tell, in what tender breast to find
Affection half so true?--
Ah, BIBI, who of human kind
Has learnt to love like you!
"Lines On The Tomb Of A Favorite Dog" by Helen Maria Williams
"A prowling bear burst from the wood,
And seiz'd my younger son;
Affection lent my weakness wings
And after them I run.
"Valentine and Ursine" by Anonymous British
In silence Arthur look'd to heaven,
And clasp'd his Edwin's hand;
The eyes of Emily in tears
Express'd affection bland.
"A Tale" by John Logan
How all thy fond affection
Seemed a thing of certain course;
A love that asked no love again,
Mine by some hidden force.
"To My Mother" by Edwin Arnold

In news:

Our regular column on issues affecting retired military.
AVE MARIA — A US Supreme Court health-care ruling this week won't directly affect lawsuits filed by religious-affiliated employers like Ave Maria University over a controversial contraception mandate earlier this year.
Baja California power outage affects 760,000 clients.
The dates of these events may be affected by the storm.
Oral arguments begin today on two separate cases, which don't involve biotech firms but will affect the industry.
Why is that, given that this fraud potentially affected trillions of dollars in assets.
Why can we talk about roof dogs, the kiss-cam and dressage horses during election season, but not about something that affects more than 6 million American toddlers and infants every day.
TBI affects over two million people in the US each year, and there are currently no treatments for it.
Barnaby 's attorney Frank LoTempio declined to discuss how Barnaby 's plea might affect his status.
Here are the communities affected by the closure.
Contracts affect drivers, mechanics and dispatchers.
Not only does the charger deliver power to the tools, it affects their economy, efficiency and performance.
Hospital board members say the departure is friendly and will not affect care.
What makes osteoporosis, which affects 10 million Americans, particularly alarming, Dallas internist Mitch Carroll says, is that "it has no symptoms whatever until a bone breaks.".
As the entire East Coast prepares to get slammed by Hurricane Sandy, politicians from all affected states are taking necessary precautions to keep people safe.

In science:

The standard background fields gauge transformations: general coordinate, U (1) and Weyl dilations, do not affect the particle dynamics in the sense they do not change the action after compensation by a canonical transformation with generating function of a first order.
Point particle in general background fields and generalized equivalence principle
Usually it is assumed that at these energies the galactic and extragalactic (EG) magnetic fields do not affect the orbit of the cosmic rays, thus they should point back to their origin within a few degrees.
Grand Unification Signal from Ultra High Energy Cosmic Rays?
We discuss both possibilities that the UHECR protons are produced in the halo of our galaxy and that they are of EG origin and their propagation is affected by CMBR.
Grand Unification Signal from Ultra High Energy Cosmic Rays?
As a result, if the motion of the parent and its offspring is not affected by other particles then the probability of their mutual annihilation equals to those of returning to the starting site for a simple random walk.
Branching annihilating random walk on random regular graphs
This simplification is exact in the limits P and c → 0 when the random walks of the parent and his offspring are practically not affected by other particles.
Branching annihilating random walk on random regular graphs
The two-point configuration probabilities are also affected by the random walk itself, because a given particle leaves an empty site behind when it steps to one of the neighboring sites.
Branching annihilating random walk on random regular graphs
However, only the pre-factor of Eq. (1) was affected; the scaling exponent remained constant (n = 1).
Elastic moduli of model random three-dimensional closed-cell cellular solids
We have mentioned the possibility that the apparatus misses to detect the particle because such an occurrence affects (and in some case in an appreciable way) many experimental situations (e.g. the efficiency of photodetectors is usually quite low).
A General Argument Against the Universal Validity of the Superposition Principle
Therefore the electron beam does not affect the diffracted waves with the wave vectors ki = k + τi if τi 6= 0. a, b, {mi}, c, d, t, {fα}, {gi} are the coefficients defined from boundary conditions on the surfaces of discontinuity.
Influence of guiding magnetic field on emission of stimulated photons in generators utilizing periodic slow-wave structures
Mazzei, De Zotti & Xu 1994), these general results are not believed to be much affected.
High-Redshift Galaxies: The Far-Infrared and Sub-Millimeter View
IRAS data are to be considered as preliminary, large-scale inhomogeneities badly affecting these shallow samples.
High-Redshift Galaxies: The Far-Infrared and Sub-Millimeter View
Modest differences in the absolute calibration of FIRAS and DIRBE around 100 µ have been reported (Hauser et al. 1998), but these do not seem to affect the overall result.
High-Redshift Galaxies: The Far-Infrared and Sub-Millimeter View
Obviously, far-IR selected samples are even more seriously affected by confusion.
High-Redshift Galaxies: The Far-Infrared and Sub-Millimeter View
Because of the geometric (thin disk) configuration of the diffuse ISM and the modest incidence of dusty molecular clouds, the quiescent phase is only moderately affected by dust extinction, and naturally originates most of the optical/NIR background (included early-type galaxies completely deprived of an ISM).
High-Redshift Galaxies: The Far-Infrared and Sub-Millimeter View
These mergers can affect the cooling flow in several ways: (1) Shock waves may be excited directly, or (2) may result from induced AGN activity, including strong radio jets, or from induced starbursts which will lead to a burst of supernovae.
A Moderate Cluster Cooling Flow Model