affect

Definitions

  • AFFECTING IGNORANCE
    AFFECTING IGNORANCE
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v affect act physically on; have an effect upon "the medicine affects my heart rate"
    • v affect have an effect upon "Will the new rules affect me?"
    • v affect make believe with the intent to deceive "He feigned that he was ill","He shammed a headache"
    • v affect have an emotional or cognitive impact upon "This child impressed me as unusually mature","This behavior struck me as odd"
    • v affect connect closely and often incriminatingly "This new ruling affects your business"
    • n affect the conscious subjective aspect of feeling or emotion
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Additional illustrations & photos:

Jo laid herself on the sofa and affected to read Jo laid herself on the sofa and affected to read

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Catnip can affect lions and tigers as well as house cats. It excites them because it contains a chemical that resembles an excretion of the dominant female's urine. Cats have 32 muscles in each ear.
    • Affect Affection; inclination; passion; feeling; disposition.
    • Affect (Psychotherapy) The emotional complex associated with an idea or mental state. In hysteria, the affect is sometimes entirely dissociated, sometimes transferred to another than the original idea.
    • Affect To act upon; to produce an effect or change upon. "As might affect the earth with cold heat.""The climate affected their health and spirits."
    • Affect To aim at; to aspire; to covet. "This proud man affects imperial way."
    • Affect To assign; to appoint. "One of the domestics was affected to his special service."
    • Affect To dispose or incline. "Men whom they thought best affected to religion and their country's liberty."
    • Affect To influence or move, as the feelings or passions; to touch. "A consideration of the rationale of our passions seems to me very necessary for all who would affect them upon solid and pure principles."
    • Affect To love; to regard with affection. "As for Queen Katharine, he rather respected than affected , rather honored than loved, her."
    • Affect To make a show of; to put on a pretense of; to feign; to assume; as, to affect ignorance. "Careless she is with artful care, Affecting to seem unaffected.""Thou dost affect my manners."
    • Affect To show a fondness for; to like to use or practice; to choose; hence, to frequent habitually. "For he does neither affect company, nor is he fit for it, indeed.""Do not affect the society of your inferiors in rank, nor court that of the great."
    • Affect To tend to by affinity or disposition. "The drops of every fluid affect a round figure."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Chocolate can kill dogs; it directly affects their heart and nervous system.
    • affect To aim at; aspire to; endeavor after.
    • affect To use or adopt by preference; choose; prefer; tend toward habitually or naturally.
    • affect To be pleased with; take pleasure in; fancy; like; love.
    • affect To make a show of; put on a pretense of; assume the appearance of; pretend; feign: as, to affect ignorance.
    • affect To use as a model; imitate in any way.
    • affect To resemble; smack of.
    • affect To incline; be disposed.
    • affect To make a show; put on airs; manifest affectation.
    • affect To act upon; produce an effect or a change upon; influence; move or touch: as, cold affects the body; loss affects our interests.
    • affect To urge; incite.
    • affect To render liable to a charge of; show to be chargeable with.
    • affect To assign; allot; apply: now only in the passive.
    • affect Synonyms To work upon; to concern, relate to, interest, bear upon; to melt, soften, subdue, change. Affect and effect are sometimes confused. To affect is to influence, concern; to effect is to accomplish or bring about.
    • n affect Affection; passion; sensation; inclination; inward disposition or feeling.
    • n affect State or condition of body; the way in which a thing is affected or disposed.
    • n affect In psychology: The felt or affective component of a motive to action; the incentive, as opposed to the inducement, to act. See the extract.
    • n affect Emotion.
    • n affect In Spinoza's philosophy, a modification at once of the psychic and the physical condition, the former element being called an idea and the latter an affection.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Chocolate kills dogs. Chocolate affects a dog's heart and nervous system. A few ounces is enough to kill a small sized dog.
    • v.t Affect af-fekt′ to act upon: to produce a change upon: to move the feelings: to assign, apply (only in pass.)
    • v.t Affect af-fekt′ to make a show or pretence of, to assume, to counterfeit or pretend to, to take upon one's self to: :
    • v.t Affect af-fekt′ to act upon: to produce a change upon: to move the feelings: to assign, apply (only in pass.)
    • v.t Affect af-fekt′ (obs.) to aim at, seek to obtain
    • v.t Affect af-fekt′ (arch.) have a liking for, to love: to practise, wear, or frequent: to haunt or inhabit by preference
    • ***

Quotations

  • Georg C. Lichtenberg
    Georg%20C.%20Lichtenberg
    “Affectation is a very good word when someone does not wish to confess to what he would none the less like to believe of himself.”
  • Aristotle
    Aristotle
    “The two qualities which chiefly inspire regard and affection [Are] that a thing is your own and that it is your only one.”
  • Aristotle
    Aristotle
    “Most people would rather give than get affection.”
  • Jane Austen
    Jane%20Austen
    “In nine cases out of ten, a woman had better show more affection than she feels.”
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson
    Ralph%20Waldo%20Emerson
    “The moment we indulge our affections, the earth is metamorphosed, there is no winter and no night; all tragedies, all ennui s, vanish, all duties even.”
  • Washington Irving
    Washington%20Irving
    “A woman's life is a history of the affections.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. affectus, p. p. of afficere, to affect by active agency; ad, + facere, to make: cf. F. affectere, L. affectare, freq. of afficere,. See Fact
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. affectāre, freq. of afficĕre. See Affect above.

Usage

In literature:

My appetite at breakfast was not affected by my ignorance of the facts, motives, events and conclusions.
"Chance" by Joseph Conrad
Even the understanding of the best woman seems to work mainly through her affections.
"Searchlights on Health: Light on Dark Corners" by B.G. Jefferis
It affected Katherine to a certain seriousness.
"The History of Sir Richard Calmady" by Lucas Malet
Then her affection became fixed on a young girl; but how could she make her suit to one apparently of her own sex?
"The Physical Life of Woman:" by Dr. George H Napheys
Hence the ills of life are the mode of manifestation of the aleatory element which has most affected life policy.
"Folkways" by William Graham Sumner
We have already spoken of this power, as affecting the intellect of children.
"The Young Maiden" by A. B. (Artemas Bowers) Muzzey
She was not willing that the children should witness the tender and affecting interview which, under such circumstances, must take place.
"Hortense, Makers of History Series" by John S. C. Abbott
If the father is affected, but not the wife, the child may escape.
"The Eugenic Marriage, Vol 2 (of 4)" by W. Grant Hague
How did the invasion of England by William of Normandy affect the commerce of the English people?
"Commercial Geography" by Jacques W. Redway
The bird was so much affected that he could not stand upon his legs, he appeared drunk, and his excrements became reddish.
"An Account of the Foxglove and some of its Medical Uses" by William Withering
It was not, therefore, the argument, or the logical structure of the sermon, which so profoundly affected young Elsmere.
"Robert Elsmere" by Mrs. Humphry Ward
Courtiers simply believed it dangerous to be outspoken on a matter affecting the purity of the Virgin Queen's household circle.
"Sir Walter Ralegh" by William Stebbing
The patient lies on the affected side, and cannot rest on the sound side.
"An Epitome of Homeopathic Healing Art" by B. L. Hill
When people who were risking so much for us begged for a little of our affection, we never thought of that.
"The Kingdom Round the Corner" by Coningsby Dawson
I have been much affected by the little biography at the beginning, and I thought you would like to share the emotion it had raised in me.
"The Life of Charles Dickens, Vol. I-III, Complete" by John Forster
In any case, however, the impressions which he had received did not affect his nature.
"My Recollections of Lord Byron" by Teresa Guiccioli
That which had absorbed her affections and adoration had proved an unstable, excitable being!
"Hopes and Fears scenes from the life of a spinster" by Charlotte M. Yonge
Her eyes were beaming with affection, while those of Haydee had in them a dreamy, faraway look.
"The Son of Monte Christo" by Jules Lermina
In the retreat, Fawdon, tired, or affecting to be so, would go no farther.
"Anecdotes of Dogs" by Edward Jesse
Lord George was surprised to find how little his wife was affected by the terrible thunderbolt which had fallen among them.
"Is He Popenjoy?" by Anthony Trollope
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In poetry:

CHRYSANTHUS.
Ah me, to find
Words, that might affect thy mind!
Melt thy heart!
"The Purgatory Of St. Patrick - Act III" by Denis Florence MacCarthy
How should it affect him
If some mocking-birds
Clamour at his words,
Or the world neglect him?
"The Sense Of Right" by Martin Farquhar Tupper
Talent that's cheapest
Affects singularity.
Thoughts that dive deepest
Rise radiant in clarity.
"Art Maxims" by William Watson
The young man's fancy turns
In almost all directions;
Promiscuously burns
The lamp of his affections.
"A Pastoral" by P G Wodehouse
The glorious light of golden days
Do ye again unfold?
The old affections that I lost,
Do I once more behold?
"The Resurrection" by Count Giacomo Leopardi
Achilles loved the pretty slave
Briseis for her fair complexion;
And to Tecmessa Ajax gave
His young affection.
"Xanthias Jollied" by Franklin Pierce Adams

In news:

Researchers have discovered a chemical that could be used to develop completely new drugs to treat metabolic disorders like type 2 diabetes – a condition affecting 25 million people in the United States.
Bioscience Authority Controversy Won't Affect NBAF.
Same-sex unions may not affect my marriage specifically, but it will affect my children.
New cancer drug affects sperm, study shows.
The fertility rate is not expected to rebound for at least two years and could affect birthrates for years to come, according to Demographic Intelligence, a Charlottesville, Va.
The rise may also reflect a broader trend that affects all age groups, because birthrates have also increased among women in their 20s, 30s and 40s and older unmarried women.
Now I may not be environmentalist but, I do know when (A) affects (B) eventually C is about to be effected.
The Congressional Black Caucus was founded in 1971 to advocate on behalf of black Americans and hold the president and lawmakers accountable for policies that adversely affect African Americans.
It's unrealistic to think that you'll have the same feelings of affection and connection with stepchildren as you do with your biological children, particularly early in the " blending " process.
A "genetic thrombophilia," or an inherited predisposition to develop blood clots, affects both you and your family.
Blood type may affect heart risk.
Your blood type might affect your risk for stroke.
Researchers say blood type may affect stroke risk.
(AP) — Your blood type might affect your risk for stroke.
Blood vessel /nitric oxide health may affect Alzheimer's risk.
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In science:

Mutatis mutandis disorder in the system affects the parameters of the Mott-Hubbard metal-insulator transition.
Interplay of Disorder and Correlations
Let us stress that all other properties of such systems will also be strongly affected by interaction induced disorder.
Interplay of Disorder and Correlations
Due to a steep rotation curve, the line emission at the center of UGC 12687 spans the entire bandpass, leaving only 4 line-free continuum channels at the high velocity end of the data cube while some line emission at the low velocity edge of the bandpass is severely affected by the high noise level.
Star Formation and Tidal Encounters with the Low Surface Brightness Galaxy UGC 12695 and Companions
One of the more curious aspects of the KennicuttCowie-Toomre star formation criterion is that it successfully works at all, considering the number of physical processes which affect the value of Σc .
Star Formation and Tidal Encounters with the Low Surface Brightness Galaxy UGC 12695 and Companions
Additionally, there is energy dissipation, magnetic field lines, etc. which should also affect Σc (i.e.
Star Formation and Tidal Encounters with the Low Surface Brightness Galaxy UGC 12695 and Companions
Consider now how the random magnetic field affects the wave front upon its propagation.
Paraxial propagation of a quantum charge in a random magnetic field
Fig. 4) restricted by the path (xin , y∗ ) → (xin , y ) → (xout , y )) → (xout , y∗); choice of y∗ is arbitrary affecting only the overall phase of ψout .
Paraxial propagation of a quantum charge in a random magnetic field
However, one must be sure that its inclusion does not affect the particular feature that the model intends to capture; otherwise, the results can be misleading.
Random deaths in a computational model for age-structured populations
It is in fact known that density-dependent components of the demographic parameters respond to and affect usually only the numbers of individuals in a restricted sub-group of the population, called the critical age-group . A word of caution is in order here.
Random deaths in a computational model for age-structured populations
The concept of dominance on the other hand relates to loci in the genome in which a mutation in just one strand is enough to make it affect the organism’s life.
Random deaths in a computational model for age-structured populations
The fluctuations of the zero-momentum modes, the constant fields, are not affected by the kinetic term and are limited only by the mass term.
Random Matrix Theory and Chiral Symmetry in QCD
In this case we are thinking on a “dark fluid”, which is not seen but it is thought that it could be there affecting the geometry in the way needed in order to have the observed behavior in the tangential velocities of the luminous matter, as just mentioned.
Quintessence-like Dark Matter in Spiral Galaxies
Following factors can affect the electron’s dynamics and scattering near Fermi energy: 1.
Hierarchic Models of Turbulence, Superfluidity and Superconductivity
Anisotropy of v s means the anisotropy of superconductor properties and can be affected by external factors, such as pressure.
Hierarchic Models of Turbulence, Superfluidity and Superconductivity
But in this analysis there was no consideration of the relatively large logarithmic corrections predicted by the asymptotic analysis presented in Section II, so that the reliability of the above conclusion is seriously affected by this omission.
II. Territory covered by N random walkers on stochastic fractals. The percolation aggregate
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