advowson

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n advowson the right in English law of presenting a nominee to a vacant ecclesiastical benefice
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Advowson (Eng. Law) The right of presenting to a vacant benefice or living in the church. [Originally, the relation of a patron (advocatus) or protector of a benefice, and thus privileged to nominate or present to it☞ The benefices of the Church of England are in every case subjects of presentation. They are nearly 12,000 in number; the advowson of more than half of them belongs to private persons, and of the remainder to the crown, bishops, deans and chapters, universities, and colleges.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n advowson Originally, the obligation to defend an ecclesiastical office or a religious house. See advocate of the church, under advocate.
    • n advowson In English law, the right of presentation to a vacant benefice. It was originally vested in the bishop of the diocese, but was often transferred to the founder or patron of the church. Advowsons are of three kinds, presentative, collative, and donative: presentative when the patron presents a clergyman to the bishop with a petition that he be instituted with the benefice; collative when the bishop is the patron, and both presents and institutes (or collates) the incumbent; donative when the sovereign, or any subject by his license, having founded a church, appoints its incumbent without any reference to the bishop. Advowsons are also appendant, that is, annexed to the possession of a certain manor; or in gross, that is, separated by legal conveyance from the ownership of the manor.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Advowson ad-vow′zun the right of patronage or presentation to a church benefice
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. avoweisoun, OF. avoëson, fr. L. advocatio,. Cf. Advocation
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. avoëson—L. advocation-em, right of the patron—L. advocatus, a patron.

Usage

In literature:

The Baron de Caupene in Chalosse and I have betwixt us the advowson of a benefice of great extent, at the foot of our mountains, called Lahontan.
"The Essays of Montaigne, Complete" by Michel de Montaigne
The advowson belongs to the Earl, who will dispose of it only to great interest, I am afraid.
"Precaution" by James Fenimore Cooper
In 1874 the advowson was sold to a private person.
"Bell's Cathedrals: The Churches of Coventry" by Frederic W. Woodhouse
Associated Words: advowson, simony, donative.
"Putnam's Word Book" by Louis A. Flemming
By the 1100s, many lords had given their advowsons to abbeys.
"Our Legal Heritage, 5th Ed." by S. A. Reilly
The twenty-fifth clause vests in the crown all advowsons possessed by Papists.
"The Land-War In Ireland (1870)" by James Godkin
A word or two of Dr. Napper, who lived at Great Lindford in Buckinghamshire, was parson, and had the advowson thereof.
"William Lilly's History of His Life and Times" by William Lilly
Advowsons are the last offices to retain a proprietary character.
"The English Utilitarians, Volume I." by Leslie Stephen
The Leade, Belles and advowsons excepted.
"A History of Giggleswick School" by Edward Allen Bell
A few years later, however, we have official evidence that the manor and advowson of Thimbleby were vested in the sovereign.
"A History of Horncastle from the earliest period to the present time" by James Conway Walter
And if you could get the advowson of a living, it would be all to the good.
"The Squire's Daughter" by Archibald Marshall
As previously stated, the earliest record of the Advowson is of the year 1408.
"The Annals of Willenhall" by Frederick William Hackwood
An advowson cannot be held by either a Roman Catholic or an alien.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia. Vol. 1 Part 1" by Various
Lock, the patron of the advowson of Hilgay, the Crown had seized the living and presented the Rev.
"Norfolk Annals A Chronological Record of Remarkable Events in the Nineteeth Century, Vol. 1" by Charles Mackie
To this gift the Dean and Chapter owe the advowson of Steventon, Berkshire, which they still retain.
"William de Colchester" by Ernest Harold Pearce
The abbot was sued in respect of the advowson of certain churches, and gained the case.
"The Chronicle of Jocelin of Brakelond: A Picture of Monastic Life in the Days of Abbot Samson" by Jocelin de Brakelond
Thus it is applied to rights of advowson or of common, when possessed simply, and not as incident to any particular lands.
"Villainage in England" by Paul Vinogradoff
It was also very common to make grants of tithes out of piety to a monastery, even when a grant of the advowson of the church was not made.
"Medieval English Nunneries c. 1275 to 1535" by Eileen Edna Power
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In poetry:

"A Jew?" said SIMON, "happy find!
I purchase this advowson, mind.
My life shall be devoted to
Converting that unhappy Jew!"
"The Reverend Simon Magus" by William Schwenck Gilbert
A rich advowson, highly prized,
For private sale was advertised;
And many a parson made a bid;
The REVEREND SIMON MAGUS did.
"The Reverend Simon Magus" by William Schwenck Gilbert
"Who sells this rich advowson, pray?"
The agent winked - it was his way -
"His name is HART; 'twixt me and you,
He is, I'm grieved to say, a Jew!"
"The Reverend Simon Magus" by William Schwenck Gilbert